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The linked legal data landscape: linking legal data across different countries

Erwin Filtz, Sabrina Kirrane, Axel Polleres
2021 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
We demonstrate the usefulness of this approach by exemplifying practical use cases from legal information search, which are not possible in an automated fashion so far.  ...  In this paper we describe a methodology to transform the existing legal information system used in Austria to such a legal knowledge graph covering different steps from modeling national specific aspects  ...  , we model our Austrian legal knowledge graph based on the ELI and ECLI ontologies.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-021-09282-8 fatcat:kwfz46rnv5afbce2maeovva7sm

The Case for a Linked Data Research Engine for Legal Scholars

2019 European Journal of Risk Regulation  
In addition, most systems focus on search of legal information but do not facilitate advanced visualisation and analytics.  ...  Such software can provide a powerful platform for visualising and exploring connections and correlations in EU case law, helping to unravel the "DNA" behind EU legal systems.  ...  Legal researchers manually search, read, and interpret court decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1017/err.2019.51 fatcat:ztjyxarrkjbdhl6455jbhcgufi

Semantic keyword search for expert witness discovery

Siraya Sitthisarn, Lydia Lau, Peter M Dew
2011 2011 International Conference on Semantic Technology and Information Retrieval  
A case study on expert witness discovery for the resolution of a legal dispute is chosen as the domain of interest and a system named SKengine is implemented to illustrate the approach.  ...  base.  ...  However to discover an expert who has germane subject knowledge as well as relevant court experience it is necessary to search for information on the expert's background in the dispute issue as well as  ... 
doi:10.1109/stair.2011.5995759 fatcat:a4bjdu7k2fcprkvfsweisoc56a

Visualizing Law - A Norm-Graph Visualization Approach based on Semantic Legal Data

Dirk Burkhardt, Kawa Nazemi
2018 Zenodo  
The Norm-graph is based on semantic legal data, a so called Legal-Concept-Ontology.  ...  In fact, in this paper we introduce a new approach to visualize legal texts in a Norm-graph visualization.  ...  The company offers several platforms for the search of legal facts. Among other things, the solutions enable search in case databases.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2543728 fatcat:c6wm6xq7erbybga4a3hkhuamkm

Generation of Legal Norm Chains: Extracting the Most Relevant Norms from Court Rulings [chapter]

Ingo Glaser, Sebastian Moser, Florian Matthes
2021 Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications  
A dataset constituting over 42k labeled court rulings was used in order to train different classifiers.  ...  Before a legal practitioner can utilize state-of-the-art information retrieval features to retrieve relevant court rulings, the textual document must be processed.  ...  The final model we tested is utilizing bert-base-german-cased a BERT-model [5] which is pre-trained on a German corpus which also contains legal documents.  ... 
doi:10.3233/faia210315 fatcat:dd7cbts7ffgxdl3xze4mwcscvi

Using Mapping Languages for Building Legal Knowledge Graphs from XML Files [article]

Ademar Crotti Junior and Fabrizio Orlandi and Declan O'Sullivan and Christian Dirschl and Quentin Reul
2019 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents our experience on building RDF knowledge graphs for an industrial use case in the legal domain.  ...  In order to improve search accuracy one may avail of knowledge graphs, where the semantics of the data can be made explicit.  ...  The key focus of building such knowledge graphs is to improve search accuracy by understanding its intent and context.  ... 
arXiv:1911.07673v1 fatcat:6qjpatn42jejneavxrwnalqdla

Representing Standard Text Formulations as Directed Graphs

Frieda Josi, Christian Wartena, Ulrich Heid, Elisa H. Barney Smith E.H., Umapada Pal
2021 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
To test the proposed methods, we use two corpora of German contracts and court decisions, specially compiled for this purpose.  ...  In order to ensure validity in legal texts like contracts and case law, lawyers rely on standardised formulations that are written carefully but also represent a kind of code with a meaning and function  ...  The first corpus consists of court decisions and the second of contract texts. 3 Case Law Corpus The first corpus contains anonymized court decisions from German criminal procedures from the years 2015  ... 
doi:10.25968/opus-2073 fatcat:m3qyinchjjhv7eqfy4i75e23ny

Administrative Courts and Judicial Comparativism in Central and Eastern Europe [chapter]

Joanna Krzemińska-Vamvaka
2017 Transnational Judicial Dialogue on International Law in Central and Eastern Europe  
The figures are based on a very detailed search of the database of the case law of the Polish administrative courts but a small margin of error cannot be excluded.  ...  According to the information provided by the Legal and Information Department of the Supreme Court of Estonia, the relevant case law largely coincides with the German case law, although the Estonian courts  ... 
doi:10.18778/8088-707-7.04 fatcat:ecsqbl4o4nasnilo5ul26j6dh4

Know-How in Postwar Business and Law

Douglas O'Reagan
2017 Technology and Culture  
As businesses embraced it, legal scholars and business lawyers during the 1950s through the 1970s scrambled to clarify legal bases for intellectual property protections for know-how.  ...  In the 1970s Supreme Court decisions undermined this effort, and a consortium of legal organizations turned instead to lobbying for statutory protection for the related, narrower category of "trade secrets  ...  know-how became a hot topic in the legal world. 43 From the 1950s to late '60s, legal scholars pored over decades of court cases, piecing together arguments for treating know-how as a property right,  ... 
doi:10.1353/tech.2017.0004 pmid:28569707 fatcat:tj6sfgalhvan3coazo3eiio74u

Lynx D2.2 Intermediate report on Lynx acquired vocabularies

Ilan Kernerman, Patricia Martín Chozas, Andis Lagzdiņš
2018 Zenodo  
Both types of legal and general vocabularies will play a vital role in the Legal Knowledge Graph that is at the heart of Lynx, to enable and facilitate its monolingual and crosslingual services.  ...  The aim is to further reinforce, enhance and improve the legal knowledge services provided by Lynx, and align more closely with its three use case partners.  ...  court-thesaurus Court Thesaurus legal Wolters Kluwer de A monolingual thesaurus in German containing names of German and international courts.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1745231 fatcat:mg3qiyrdebdvjfdkpn4irbgdsq

LOD2 for Media and Publishing [chapter]

Christian Dirschl, Tassilo Pellegrini, Helmut Nagy, Katja Eck, Bert Van Nuffelen, Ivan Ermilov
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
As a concrete example, the processing of legal information at Wolters Kluwer as a global legal publisher through the whole data life cycle is introduced.  ...  Introduction Rationale for the Media and Publishing Use Case The media and publishing use case within the LOD2 project 1 aims at enabling largescale interoperability of (legal) domain knowledge based  ...  First, we built a knowledge framework based on the information we already stored in the XML documents. This led to an initial version of the knowledge graph describing our domain.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-09846-3_7 fatcat:j322vm2mnnes3hq6uraj5um2li

The Strict Necessity Test on Data Protection by the CJEU: A Proportionality Test to Face the Challenges at the Beginning of a New Digital Era in the Midst of Security Concerns

Zlatan Meškić, Darko Samardžić
2017 Croatian Yearbook of European Law & Policy  
In the spirit of article 52 (3) and (4) CFR it becomes evident that the CJEU, the ECtHR and the German Constitutional Court go in the same direction.  ...  It is astonishing that the Court does not use the existing methodology on proportionality to strengthen legal discipline and confidence.  ...  The case law on strict necessity unavoidably leads to increased Kontrolldichte of the Court over legislation.  ... 
doi:10.3935/cyelp.13.2017.275 fatcat:lfgvorniajhmfl4767rwduuowm

Managing the Life-Cycle of Linked Data with the LOD2 Stack [chapter]

Sören Auer, Lorenz Bühmann, Christian Dirschl, Orri Erling, Michael Hausenblas, Robert Isele, Jens Lehmann, Michael Martin, Pablo N. Mendes, Bert van Nuffelen, Claus Stadler, Sebastian Tramp (+1 others)
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
for knowledge base access and integration between the different tools of the LOD2 Stack. (3) Integration of the LOD2 Stack user interfaces based on REST enabled Web Applications.  ...  The architecture of the LOD2 Stack is based on three pillars: (1) Software integration and deployment using the Debian packaging system. (2) Use of a central SPARQL endpoint and standardized vocabularies  ...  Provenance Graph: Each software package is able to log system wide provenance information to reflect the evolution of a certain knowledge base. Different ontologies are developed for that use-case.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-35173-0_1 fatcat:5bn4o4ug5zgx5o3ybn65ptyvz4

Proceedings of the 17th Dutch-Belgian Information Retrieval Workshop [article]

Alex Brandsen, Anne Dirkson, Wessel Kraaij, Wout Lamers, Suzan Verberne, Hugo de Vos, Gineke Wiggers
2018 arXiv   pre-print
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors wish to thank the employees of Legal Intelligence for their cooperation in this research. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Supported by "Google Digital News Initiative" 5  ...  higher courts over case law from lower courts; sources which are considered authoritative (government publications) over blogs or news items, well-known authors over lesser-know authors, and/or the official  ...  Users of the Legal Intelligence system have reported a preference of documents with certain characteristics over others, for example a preference for recent case law over older case law, case law from  ... 
arXiv:1812.04265v1 fatcat:ezpjxeybmnfhlooy6sk4yo62lm

Evaluating Document Representations for Content-based Legal Literature Recommendations [article]

Malte Ostendorff, Elliott Ash, Terry Ruas, Bela Gipp, Julian Moreno-Schneider, Georg Rehm
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Recommender systems assist legal professionals in finding relevant literature for supporting their case.  ...  We evaluate text-based (e.g., fastText, Transformers), citation-based (e.g., DeepWalk, Poincar\'e), and hybrid methods.  ...  The research presented in this article is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through the project QURATOR [42] (Unternehmen Region, Wachstumskern, no. 03WKDA1A) and  ... 
arXiv:2104.13841v1 fatcat:rfncpa7skrg7jnw3iogmkzwvae
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