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Knowledge base revision using circumscription [chapter]

Li Yan Yuan, Jia-Huai You
1993 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Secondly, we de ne the revision operation by applying a form of prioritized circumscription to this representation of the knowledge base.  ...  In this paper we present a framework of retrospective reasoning to deal with the belief revision problem in knowledge systems.  ...  The revision operation is de ned by applying a form of circumscription to the representation of the knowledge base.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-57530-8_29 fatcat:fje76om4ina4xi2adytu747xsm

Reducing belief revision to circumscription (and vice versa)

Paolo Liberatore, Marco Schaerf
1997 Artificial Intelligence  
In this paper we greatly extend Winslett's work by establishing new relations between circumscription and a large number of belief revision operators.  ...  Nonmonotonic formalisms and belief revision operators have been introduced as useful tools to describe and reason about evolving scenarios.  ...  Dalal 's revision The same reductions between Satoh's revision and usual (set-containment-based) circumscription hold between Dalal's revision [ lo] and cardinality-based circumscription.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(97)00016-7 fatcat:dhz4yqodzfazrougv3k642nupu

Page 1660 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 94c [page]

1994 Mathematical Reviews  
The method is illustrated in a simple case: a knowledge base with a rule base modeled by implications of propositional logic, the uncertainty being measured by certainty  ...  In this paper we choose circumscription as the underlying inference mechanism and use two different belief constraints to define two semantics, the stable circumscriptive semantics and the well-founded  ... 

Forthcoming papers

1996 Artificial Intelligence  
Pearl, Uncovering trees in constraint networks This paper examines the possibility of removing redundant information from a given knowledge base and restructuring it in the form of a tree to enable efficient  ...  This revised set is shown to provide the same conclusion sets on a hierarchy as path-based theories for three classical variants of preclusion.  ...  Based on this transformation, our second result concerns the direct comparison of the two main GAS used today, and provides the conditions under which these two GAS are fundamentally distinct search algorithms  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(96)90021-1 fatcat:pawfkp6puvbwbo4zlx5s6ftjdu

Page 8136 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 2000k [page]

2000 Mathematical Reviews  
Fuzziness Knowledge-Based Systems 7 (1999), no. 4, 363-370.  ...  The revising processing is based on some kind of relation between antecedent and con- sequent, which can be a linear relation or a semantic relation.  ... 

Space Efficiency of Propositional Knowledge Representation Formalisms

M. Cadoli, F. M. Donini, P. Liberatore, M. Schaerf
2000 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
In particular, we consider formalisms for nonmonotonic reasoning, such as circumscription and default logic, as well as belief revision operators and the stable model semantics for logic programs with  ...  We investigate the space efficiency of a Propositional Knowledge Representation (PKR) formalism.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper is an extended and revised version of a paper by the same authors appeared in the proceedings of the fifth international conference on the principles of knowledge representation  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.664 fatcat:mimtpnqjwfbzbnuycb6uv4lwqe

McCarthy variations in a modal key

Johan van Benthem
2011 Artificial Intelligence  
First, we re-analyze circumscription in dynamic logics of belief change under hard and soft information.  ...  Acknowledgements Several colleagues provided useful comments.  ...  And in tandem with this, I would say that circumscriptive inference is about belief formation that takes place on the basis of incoming new information. 4 Clearly, knowledge update and belief revision  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.artint.2010.04.014 fatcat:fnjbjaj5kndvppwvtdj3lkml7m

Page 3391 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 92f [page]

1992 Mathematical Reviews  
We propose an implementation of the belief revision formalism using truth maintenance techniques.”  ...  Summary: “When new information is added to a knowledge base, the derived beliefs must be updated.  ... 

Page 2076 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 98D [page]

1998 Mathematical Reviews  
ISBN 1-57586-084-8 Publisher’s description: “Because it allows grammars to be treated as purely declarative knowledge bases, logic has long been consid- ered a suitable medium for specifying syntactic  ...  After introducing the basic notions of belief revision operators and criteria of circumscription, they study some translations between them and give a general methodology to transform any belief revision  ... 

The Prometheus Taxonomic Model: A Practical Approach to Representing Multiple Classifications

Martin R. Pullan, Mark F. Watson, Jessie B. Kennedy, Cédric Raguenaud, Roger Hyam, Cedric Raguenaud
2000 Taxon  
Using specimens as the fundamental elements of taxon circumscription also allows for the automatic naming of taxa based upon the distribution and priority of types within each circumscription, and by application  ...  A selection of taxonomic database system Database systems/models using single classifications  ...  of taxonomic knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1223932 fatcat:rvj2fk3dqnb4nerzn55g72mle4

Modeling Design Process

Hideaki Takeda, Paul Veerkamp, Tetsuo Tomiyama, Hiroyuki Yoshikawa
1990 The AI Magazine  
Acknowledgments We would like to thank Paul ten Hagen for various discussions on design process models, Kazuto Hayashi for useful discussions on logical formalization, and Juro Baba for contributions to  ...  abduction on P and Ko; revision of P by deduction on Ds and Ko; and revision Ko by circumscription on Ds, P, and Ko.  ...  We can avoid this contradiction by defining exceptions for these pieces of knowledge using circumscription.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v11i4.855 dblp:journals/aim/TakedaVTY90 fatcat:5vkueekixbbuxikgxjnfzlrs4i

Page 1071 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 91B [page]

1991 Mathematical Reviews  
We describe a logically oriented language for representation of knowledge that allows us to formalize a relation of logical depen- dence for the lexicon of specific subject areas.  ...  It is intended to be used as “a learning and reference source for students and researchers” with a knowledge of standard logic. The book is certainly suited as a reference source.  ... 

Page 6326 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 93k [page]

1993 Mathematical Reviews  
A revision, or an update, is a single formula, say p, that should be incorporated to 68 COMPUTER SCIENCE 6326 the knowledge base. This new knowledge base is denoted by T op.  ...  This extension allows us to define circumscription of predicates that appear within the context of a modal operator.  ... 

Systematic studies in the genus Lebeckia and related genera: A revision of Lebeckia section Stiza (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae)

J.S. Boatwright, B.-E. Van Wyk, P.M. Tilney
2007 South African Journal of Botany  
Project managers in charge of alien plant removal use various clearing methods, usually based on experience and knowledge.  ...  Based on morphological evidence the genus does not appear to be a natural group. As part of an ongoing study on the generic circumscription of Lebeckia, the section Stiza was revised.  ...  Project managers in charge of alien plant removal use various clearing methods, usually based on experience and knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2007.02.021 fatcat:43blvout5nekjlrhrlpfkgs66u

Opportunities and challenges presented by cryptic bryophyte species

Matthew Renner, National Herbarium of New South Wales
2020 Telopea  
species circumscription should be re-established and maintained.  ...  Fully two-thirds of all studies on cryptic bryophyte species rested their claims of morphological crypsis on previous taxonomic investigations, without revision of morphology to confirm cryptic species  ...  Acknowledgements I thank Jochen Heinrichs, David Glenny, Lindsey Gray, Matt von Konrat, and Trevor Wilson for useful discussions on this topic, and two reviewers and Peter Wilson for comments that improved  ... 
doi:10.7751/telopea14083 fatcat:4d2gmeh635fbtmndeikzjzoeum
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