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Justified Representation for Perpetual Voting

Laurent Bultaeu, Noam Hazon, Rutvik Page, Ariel Rosenfeld, Nimrod Talmon
2021 IEEE Access  
We adapt the well-established Justified Representation and Proportional Justified Representation axioms, commonly used in the social choice literature, to perpetual voting, resulting in two axiomatic variants  ...  INDEX TERMS Computational social choice, justified representation, perpetual voting. 96598 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.  ...  Following Lackner [1] , we refer to this setting as Perpetual Voting (PV). A particularly important motivation for the study of perpetual voting stems from the temporal notions that it entails.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3095087 fatcat:wn57llgm4bec7nldxi7garf5ja

Page 789 of The Insurance Law Journal Vol. 1, Issue 10 [page]

1872 The Insurance Law Journal  
The incorrect representations in regard to the sur- render of the Investment policies; the weak and partial attempt to justify the valuation of the Lien policies, and the testy manner in which the recommendation  ...  The object of the proxy is to enable the several members of a cor- poration who, for any cause, can not be present at the election of of- ficers, to give their voice in such election, by representation  ... 

Perpetual Voting: Fairness in Long-Term Decision Making

Martin Lackner
2020 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
In this paper we introduce a new voting formalism to support long-term collective decision making: perpetual voting rules.  ...  We identify two perpetual voting rules as particularly recommendable in long-term collective decision making.  ...  Acknowledgements The author would like to thank Piotr Faliszewski, Marie-Louise Lackner, and Jan Maly for valuable feedback and discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v34i02.5584 fatcat:dtjqrwzltnezbigrqjv6azijyi

Perpetual Voting: The Axiomatic Lens [article]

Martin Lackner, Jan Maly
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Perpetual voting was recently introduced as a framework for long-term collective decision making.  ...  For two simple but natural classes, we fully characterize the axiomatic possibilities. Second, we ask how proportionality can be formalized in perpetual voting.  ...  Let us briefly discuss two stronger axioms from the approval-based multi-winner literature: Proportional Justified Representation [24] and Extended Justified Representation (EJR) [1] .  ... 
arXiv:2104.15058v1 fatcat:fsr6rygnofezvd3ksbhmzha2pa

The prisoner 's right to vote and civic responsibility: Reaffirming the social contract?

Susan Easton
2009 Probation Journal  
This article considers the issue of the prisoner's right to vote in the light of recent developments in law and policy.  ...  It critically reviews the purported justifications for disenfranchisement and argues that re-enfranchisement should be pursued on the grounds of both principle and policy.  ...  Although the Forfeiture Act 1870 removed most of these sanctions, offender disenfranchisement was retained and perpetuated in the UK by subsequent Representation of the People Acts.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0264550509337455 fatcat:k6aujej645dnfkg45ewdej6thy

Evaluating democracy in New Zealand under MMP

Jack H Nagel
2012 Policy Quarterly  
representational fairness.  ...  In the debate that culminated in the November 2011 referendum, arguments for and against New Zealand's mixed member proportional (MMP) electoral system focused on two values: governmental strength and  ...  Although the FPP voting system is often justified (and analysed) in terms of majority rule, it awards every seat to the candidate winning a mere plurality of votes in the electorate, which need not be  ... 
doi:10.26686/pq.v8i2.4412 fatcat:y4aai2lo75ephovu32ylvi7vxy

Theorising representation in the Māori seats: The crucial role of accountability

Sylvia Nissen, Lindsey Te Ata o Tu MacDonald
2017 MAI Journal: A New Zealand Journal of Indigenous Scholarship  
This paper makes the opposite claim: that principles of equality create convincing and coherent justifications for the Mäori seats.  ...  Drawing on feminist theories of representation, particularly the work of Iris Marion Young, Melissa Williams and Anne Phillips, this paper argues that the Mäori seats provide crucial mechanisms of accountability  ...  Only Mäori could vote or stand for election in the seats.  ... 
doi:10.20507/maijournal.2017.6.2.5 fatcat:cluakxh6djed3pjn2nj2v7csru

Deliberation and Collaboration in the Policy Process: A Web 2.0 approach

Klaus Petrik
2010 JeDEM - eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government  
The paper will introduce a new democratic theory and a Web 2.0 based e-democracy platform, and demonstrate how different actors would use the platform to develop and justify policy issues.  ...  system: A Web 2.0 framework for the mutual evaluation of policy strategies -Decision-making system: An online platform for voting upon evaluated policy strategies -Proxy representation system: A Web 2.0  ...  Those who do not fulfil the condition of e-inclusion (e.g. for cultural, educational, or age-related reasons) can choose between conventional methods of either full representation (e.g. through voting  ... 
doi:10.29379/jedem.v2i1.14 fatcat:uzz3t2fclnbx3asb4k7y52lcqa

Neural classifiers with limited connectivity and recurrent readouts [article]

Lyudmila Kushnir, Stefano Fusi
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
For many neural network models in which neurons are trained to classify inputs like perceptrons, the number of inputs that can be classified is limited by the connectivity of each neuron, even when the  ...  We make an assumption P f n ν k , which is justified for a large number of patterns, and that allows us to use the approximation of the error function for small arguments to get r ν = sgn(h ν k ) n ν k  ...  For dense representations the optimal architecture is convergent (M < N ), while for sparse representations it can be either convergent or divergent.  ... 
doi:10.1101/157289 fatcat:6myvtdoih5fpzp5n7lz7gerkke

Felon Disenfranchisement

Brian P. Schaefer, Peter B. Kraska
2012 Race and Justice  
Felon disenfranchisement is deeply rooted in U.S. history as a form of punishment and as a tool to inhibit African Americans from voting.  ...  The objective of this study is to demonstrate, through a socio-legal approach, the federal court system's role in perpetuating and maintaining the ethnoracial divisions in society through the validation  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their invaluable and insightful comments and critiques.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2153368712456211 fatcat:vgtenv6pkrhrjgdrmoh5gdmnqq

Page 112 of The Church Quarterly Review Vol. 29, Issue 57 [page]

1889 The Church Quarterly Review  
Hence there sprang into being a multitude of paid offices to be filled at frequent intervals by popular vote.  ...  Among the most signal disadvantages of the American Constitution we should be disposed to place foremost this perpetual and unending recurrence of elections.  ... 

New Politics for the South

James W. Garner
1910 The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science  
But the facts hardly justify such a conclusion.  ...  In recent years we have seen the people of Massachusetts, Minnesota, Ohio, Rhode Island and Indiana voting by large majorities in favor of Democratic governors yet voting by still larger majorities for  ... 
fatcat:csj4mj5bt5cwxmllfvrk5j4xuq

Should voting be compulsory? Democracy and the ethics of voting [chapter]

Annabelle Lever, Alexandru Volacu
2018 The Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy  
For example, many more people are likely to attend the polls if voting takes place at the weekend, rather than during the working week (Ballinger 2006, 20) and proportional representation is thought to  ...  The ethics of voting may seem a strange subject for a book on ethics and public policy.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Alan Hamlin for his thoughtful comments on an earlier draft of this chapter, and Yoann Della Croce and Melis Akdag for research help.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315461731-20 fatcat:zungflc52zcdvkdnx6ouwgmkte

Compulsory voting and right-wing populism: mobilisation, representation and socioeconomic inequalities

Anthoula Malkopoulou
2020 Australian Journal of Political Science  
When all citizens vote, the influence of radical parties decreases. Despite this being a central justification for compulsory voting in the past, it has been absent from contemporary debates.  ...  And third, it reverses socioeconomic inequalities that drive support for populism through the egalitarian effects that compulsory voting has on policymaking.  ...  First of all, obliging everybody to vote diminishes the vicious cycle of abstentionism that perpetuates feelings of disempowerment.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10361146.2020.1774507 fatcat:57us5aogfnhafnezc766234iwm

New Politics for the South

James W. Garner
1910 The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science  
Its political thought has been that of a single party whose sway for the most part has been absolute and undisputed.  ...  But the facts hardly justify such a conclusion.  ...  In recent years we have seen the people of Massachusetts, Minnesota, Ohio, Rhode Island and Indiana voting by large majorities in favor of Democratic governors yet voting by still larger majorities for  ... 
doi:10.1177/000271621003500122 fatcat:bbjin3thnzbgrkjf6d2ovfghie
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