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Salmonella in Peripheral Lymph Nodes of Healthy Cattle at Slaughter

Hattie E. Webb, Dayna M. Brichta-Harhay, Mindy M. Brashears, Kendra K. Nightingale, Terrance M. Arthur, Joseph M. Bosilevac, Norasak Kalchayanand, John W. Schmidt, Rong Wang, Sophie A. Granier, Tyson R. Brown, Thomas S. Edrington (+3 others)
2017 Frontiers in Microbiology  
To more fully characterize the burden of Salmonella enterica in bovine peripheral lymph nodes (PLN), PLN (n = 5,450) were collected from healthy cattle at slaughter in 12 commercial abattoirs that slaughtered feedlot-fattened (FF) cattle exclusively (n = 7), cattle removed (or culled) from breeding herds (n = 3), or both FF and cull cattle (n = 2). Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to estimate prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in PLN. Isolates were subjected to a variety
more » ... phenotypic, serological, and molecular assays. Overall, Salmonella prevalence in PLN from FF and cull cattle was 7.1 and 1.8%. However, burden varied by season in that observed prevalence in PLN collected in cooler or warmer seasons was 2.4 and 8.2%, respectively. Prevalence in PLN from cull cattle in the southwest region of the US was 2.1 and 1.1% for cool and warm seasons, respectively; however, prevalence in FF PLN was far greater in that it was 6.5 and 31.1%, respectively. Salmonella was recovered from 289 (5.6%) PLN and 2.9% (n = 160) of all PLN tested had quantifiable concentrations that varied from 1.6 to 4.9 log 10 colony forming units/PLN. The most common serotypes isolated from PLN were Montevideo (26.9%), Lille (14.9%), Cerro (13.0%), Anatum (12.8%), and Dublin (6.9%). In all, 376 unique isolates were collected from the 289 Salmonella-positive PLN. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing revealed the majority (80.6%) of these isolates were pansusceptible; however, 10.7% of isolates were found to be resistant to two or more antimicrobial classes. We were able to document an observed increased in prevalence of Salmonella in PLN during the warmer season, particularly in FF cattle from the southwest region of the US. The mechanisms underlying the observed association between season, region, and production source have yet to be elucidated. Nevertheless, these findings increase our understanding of the sources of contamination of beef products and shed light on transmission dynamics that may be useful in targeting these sources.
doi:10.3389/fmicb.2017.02214 pmid:29170662 pmcid:PMC5684184 fatcat:pwgx7n6mk5gpdkq7hfutbfktna

Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism associated with the I758S mutation of the ATP1A3 gene: a neuropathologic and neuroanatomical study of four siblings

Adrian L. Oblak, Matthew C. Hagen, Kathleen J. Sweadner, Ihtsham Haq, Christopher T. Whitlow, Joseph A. Maldjian, Francine Epperson, Jared F. Cook, Mark Stacy, Jill R. Murrell, Laurie J. Ozelius, Allison Brashear (+1 others)
2014 Acta Neuropathologica  
disease and Alzheimer disease, were evident in all subjects. We evaluated areas that may be relevant to rDP separately from those affected by the comorbid conditions. Anatomical areas identified as potential targets of I758S mutation were globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus, red nucleus, inferior olivary nucleus, cerebellar Purkinje and granule cell layers, and dentate nucleus. Involvement of subcortical white matter tracts was also evident. Furthermore, in the spinal cord, a loss of dorsal
more » ... umn fibers was noted. This study has identified rDP-associated pathology in neuronal populations, which are part of complex motor and sensory loops. Their involvement would cause an interruption of cerebral and cerebellar connections which are essential for maintenance of motor control. Keywords DYT12 • rDP • rapid-onset dystoniaparkinsonism • Neuropathology Abstract rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism (rDP) is a movement disorder associated with mutations in the ATP1A3 gene. Signs and symptoms of rDP commonly occur in adolescence or early adulthood and can be triggered by physical or psychological stress. Mutations in ATP1A3 are also associated with alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC). The neuropathologic substrate of these conditions is unknown. The central nervous system of four siblings, three affected by rDP and one asymptomatic, all carrying the I758S mutation in the ATP1A3 gene, was analyzed. This neuropathologic study is the first carried out in ATP1A3 mutation carriers, whether affected by rDP or AHC. Symptoms began in the third decade of life for two subjects and in the fifth for another. The present investigation aimed at identifying, in mutation carriers, anatomical areas potentially affected and contributing to rDP pathogenesis. Comorbid conditions, including cerebrovascular
doi:10.1007/s00401-014-1279-x pmid:24803225 pmcid:PMC4059967 fatcat:uzruvkcwzbf6fimvoxhx47ier4

Cross-sectional Study Examining Salmonella enterica Carriage in Subiliac Lymph Nodes of Cull and Feedlot Cattle at Harvest

Sara E. Gragg, Guy H. Loneragan, Mindy M. Brashears, Terrance M. Arthur, Joseph M. Bosilevac, Norasak Kalchayanand, Rong Wang, John W. Schmidt, J. Chance Brooks, Steven D. Shackelford, Tommy L. Wheeler, Tyson R. Brown (+2 others)
2013 Foodborne pathogens and disease  
., 2003; Loneragan and Brashears, 2005; Brichta-Harhay et al., 2008; Kunze et al., 2008; Loneragan et al., 2012) , and it is theorized that animal carriage of Salmonella ultimately contributes to ground  ...  E/F G/H Table 2 . 2 Salmonella Serotypes Recovered from Subiliac Lymph Nodes (LNs) of Feedlot Cattle and Cull Cows Indicates predicted serotype-serotype data incomplete due to the presence of R  ... 
doi:10.1089/fpd.2012.1275 pmid:23566273 pmcid:PMC3696922 fatcat:zlfscag6ajfrtb2qulstlyokya

Page 153 of American Spirit Vol. 80, Issue 3 [page]

1946 American Spirit  
MARRIAGES Basil Brashears married Peggy Horton Aug. 3, 1800. DEATHS Basil Brashears died Aug. 10, 1826. Joseph Brashears died Nov. 2, 1861. Geo. Washington C. Brashears died 1840.  ...  Brashears born Feb. 19, 1795 (or 94). Nancy born May 1, 1800. David F. born July 17, 1807. Zedekiah born Oct. 29, 1809. Elizabeth born Sept 4, 1802. Hackey R. Isaac born July 3, 1812.  ... 

Page 399 of Astronomy and Astro-Physics Vol. 10, Issue 8 [page]

1891 Astronomy and Astro-Physics  
Brashear Clark Stewart Merz Ertel Clark Clark Clark Clark Brashear, 1891 Clark, 1881 Clark, 1885 Clark Clark Brashear Clark, 1883 Byrne Clark, 1881 Clark, 1885 Brashear, 1888 Clark, 1887 Spencer Hastings  ...  Joseph Rigge. Director Mary W. Whitney, Director Charles A. Young, Director; Mal- colm McNeill, Observer Winslow Upton, Director Frank E. Seagrave, Director Lewis Swift, Director; Edward D. T.  ... 

Page 136 of Indiana Medicine : The Journal of the Indiana State Medical Association Vol. 75, Issue 2 [page]

1982 Indiana Medicine : The Journal of the Indiana State Medical Association  
Diane Brashear. It was Adkins. Stanley R Ahler. Kenneth J.. Rensselaer Ali. Syed A.. Boonville Angeles. Armando E.. Connersville Breitenfield, Richard V.. Muncie Brillhart. James R..  ...  Joseph C.. Columbus Stegemoller. Ronald K.. Danville Stein. Mark H.. Indianapolis Stone. Dennis E.. Columbus Walker. Adolph P.. Munster Worley. Joseph P.. Indianapolis February 1982  ... 

Page 454 of National Union Catalog Vol. 18, Issue [page]

1942 National Union Catalog  
Brashears, Noah. Poems on severa Brash Washington city, Printed + w. mw. R, ‘i822 Mp. mi”. 1. Title. 20-17%1 Library of Congress PS1121.B8PS5 1822 Brashears, Noah. Lage p pee, by Noah Brashears ...  ...  John Lakin Brasher, p. p.; introduction by President Joseph Owen University Park, Ia., John Fletcher college press ,“1927, 14 p. 20".  ... 

Page 552 of Journal of Engineering Education Vol. 6, Issue 8 [page]

1916 Journal of Engineering Education  
Brashear. John H. Finney. Dr. F. G. Cottrell. Geo. S. Rice, for H. M. Wilson. Dr. L. C. Howard. s S. S. Voorhees. Dr. Joseph Hyde Pratt. Dr. David White. Major R. U. Patterson. Dr. P. S.  ...  Joseph D. Cannon. A. W. Gibbs (not pres- ent). O. P. Hood. J. W. Paul. Dr. Charles D. Walcott (not present). Van. H. Manning.  ... 

Page 11 of American Ceramic Society Bulletin Vol. 19, Issue 11 [page]

1940 American Ceramic Society Bulletin  
THE BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY Volume 19 Contents for November, 1940 Number 11 PAPERS Properties and Characteristics of Enameling Iron—Joseph C. Eckel and John A.  ...  Koenig......... 424 Effect of Water Content and Mixing Time on Properties of Air-Setting Refractory Mortars Containing Sodium Silicate—R. A. Heindl and W. L. Pendergast......  ... 

Page 565 of Popular Astronomy Vol. 8, Issue 10 [page]

1900 Popular Astronomy  
Pennock, Felix R. P. Scaife, W. Dilworth, Isaac Jones, A. Garrison, Laird Campbell, George A. Berry, John A. Wilson, William Wilkins, R. B. Sterling, Joseph Smith, C. W. Ricketson, R. Ashworth, B.  ...  Bakewell, R. S. Hays, William Morrison, Henry  ... 

Page 172 of Guernsey Breeders' Journal Vol. 92, Issue 2 [page]

1954 Guernsey Breeders' Journal  
R. Young¬ man, Shelby ville; 2, Wilise Farms Dictator, W. H. Wagg, Bloomfield; 3, Purple Dawn Golden George, J. G. Wootton and Vernon B. Brashear, Cox’s Oeek.  ...  R.  ... 

Page 1915 of Mechanical Engineering Vol. 37, Issue 12 [page]

1915 Mechanical Engineering  
R. Whitney, ( hairman, Law rence Addicks, L. H. Baekeland, Joseph W. Richards, M. Bb. Sellers, A. G. Webster, R. S. Woodward. AERONAUTICS, INCLUDING AERO Motors. Henry A.  ...  Brashear, President, H. L. Gantt, R. M. Dixon, Chair man, Finance Committee, D. C. Jackson, A. M. Greene, Jr., Henry Hess, Spencer Miller, James E. Sague, Fred erick R. Hutton, William H.  ... 

Page 506 of Science Vol. 52, Issue [page]

1920 Science  
Joseph Ransohoff reviewed work of Drake and Holmes and other teachers in the college. Following the addresses, honorary degrees were conferred, and a portrait in oil of Dr. Chris- tian R.  ...  John Alfred Brashear, scientific man and maker of astronomical instruments, who died last April in Pittsburgh at the age of eighty years. The principal eulogy of Dr. Brashear will be delivered by Dr.  ... 

Page 61 of American Spirit Vol. 85, Issue 1 [page]

1951 American Spirit  
Anderson, Robert—Mary Brashears—Mch. 12, 1796. Anderson, William—Cavey Brashears—Sept. 26, 1778. Anderson, William—Anna Thomas—-May 12, 1796 Ankrom, Aaron—Mary Marley—-Apl. 30, 1783.  ...  R., Frederick, Maryland Abell, John—Sarah Thomas—October 23, 1790. Abey, Peter—Elizabeth Heffner—July 25, 1778. Able, John—Magdaline Decloe—June 5, 1780. Abricks, Hermanus—Jane Liggat—Jany. 1, 1791.  ... 

Page 596 of Popular Astronomy Vol. 6, Issue 10 [page]

1898 Popular Astronomy  
I Free expansion of gases Harper's scientific memoirs by Joseph S. Ames (h 0k notice) Gegenschein and zodiacal hghbt (note)....  ...  Brashear Graphical computation of the occultations of star clusters, On ¢ for the—Wm. E. Sperra method of determining the elements ot a double star orbit, A new— H.N Russell  ... 
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