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Job Transitions in a Time of Automation and Labor Market Crises [article]

Nikolas Dawson, Marian-Andrei Rizoiu, Mary-Anne Williams
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Job security can never be taken for granted, especially in times of rapid, widespread and unexpected social and economic change. These changes can force workers to transition to new jobs.  ...  Perhaps it is a global crisis, such as COVID-19, which shutters industries and displaces labor en masse.  ...  For visualizing the distance between occupations in Fig 1.B in Skill-driven Recommendations for Job Transition Pathways, the 6-digit grouping level was applied.  ... 
arXiv:2011.11801v1 fatcat:vyv5hbvmnzeyvh72uivm2wo2iu

Skill-driven recommendations for job transition pathways

Nikolas Dawson, Mary-Anne Williams, Marian-Andrei Rizoiu, Shihe Fu
2021 PLoS ONE  
Job security can never be taken for granted, especially in times of rapid, widespread and unexpected social and economic change. These changes can force workers to transition to new jobs.  ...  Perhaps it is a global crisis, such as COVID-19, which shutters industries and displaces labor en masse.  ...  We thank Stijn Broecke and other colleagues from the OECD for their ongoing input and guidance in the development of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0254722 fatcat:rw3nmonxg5hbtclamg5j4sv7t4

Skill Shortage in Labor Market and COVID19: Some Policy Recommendations

İbrahim ÜNALMIŞ
2020 Annals of Social Sciences & Management studies  
As Hyman and Ni (2020) show workers who lost their job during crisis times and attend training courses can find a job relatively quickly in the post crisis period 3 .  ...  Mass Skill Changes are Crucial for the Future of Our Societies Considering the recent developments and our previous insight about the effects of crises on labor market we propose the following policy  ... 
doi:10.19080/asm.2020.05.555673 fatcat:gsxgeoj5rvek5h5neljt75x27i

Capitalism and poverty. Automation signals the final stage of capitalism. Basic income for a peaceful transition to post-capitalism

Julio Boltvinik, El Colegio de México
2013 Estudios Críticos del Desarrollo  
An examination of Marxist and mainstream theories of capitalist crises shows both that financiarization has become the main mechanism to keep afloat financial monopoly capitalism, and that conventional  ...  This article provides an impressionistic history of recent capitalism by describing its intrinsic tendencies to produce poverty and crises.  ...  He clarifies: «when I speak about the end of work, I mean the slow decline in full-time jobs with full benefits and its replacement with part-time jobs and piecework».  ... 
doi:10.35533/ecd.0305.jb fatcat:fcjay3up4vdgnevshscekmxl2q

Accomodation to a "New Normality" – Risk or Benefit?

Oana Maria Sicoe-Murg, Teodor Mateoc, Simona Cristina Constantinescu, Carmen Dumitrescu, Hunor Vass
2021 Review on Agriculture and Rural Development  
In the paper, the authors present the effects of automation on employed people in various fields of activity, including the field of insurance, which has the effect of losing jobs and replacing human staff  ...  The pandemia has accentuated the need of automation, even on the level of the insurance market, a fact that creates a lot of stress among the employees.  ...  These jobs have to be concentrated on the re-qualification of the employees, as a consequence of the automation and digitalization trends existing on the labor market in the fields of insurances.  ... 
doi:10.14232/rard.2021.1-2.156-161 fatcat:hgqp2qskrrhevfzrxc2vlyot74

Career Stability in 14 Finnish Industrial Employee Cohorts in 1988–2015

Satu Ojala, Pasi Pyöriä, Aart-Jan Riekhoff
2021 Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies  
We analyze career stability over time by examining annual main labor market statuses (employed, unemployed, student, disabled, retired, out of the labor force), adding estimators for workplace and industry  ...  It is often argued that global competition and technological development have made industrial jobs more unstable.  ...  Acknowledgments The financial support of the Finnish Work Environment Fund (117355) is gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.18291/njwls.123167 fatcat:w4stpih5xvhgvabhdv5duggg3q

Volunteering, A Skills Incubator for Future Organizations

Loredana Nicoleta Zainea, Sorin-George Toma, Dragoș Tohănean
2019 Ovidius University Annals: Economic Sciences Series  
accumulating competitive advantages, professional skills and qualifications that meet the requirements of the labor market and facilitate the insertion into the labor market.  ...  It increases people degree of adaptability to the future demands of the labor market, taking into account the permanent changes from the economic and technological environment.  ...  The labor market will be influenced in the future by several factors such as the demographic changes, the transition to the knowledge-based economy, the decline of traditional jobs, etc., which require  ... 
doaj:e496861ccf5441ddb9ade9ca95bc2c78 fatcat:uxkieso2mvharbh5bb7njm7k3i

Austria: Selected Issues

International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
2021 IMF Staff Country Reports  
Going forward, policies should aim at securing the recovery and facilitating the efficient reallocation of labor and capital through active labor market policies and solvency support for viable firms in  ...  Supply, demand, and policy factors can all play a role in explaining economic scarring. 3 Supply factors include employment losses that do not recover later (labor market hysteresis) and deterioration  ...  the labor market in the future.  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781513596655.002 fatcat:uv6ojd47kbbkvl4iivnssvvsxy

Digitalization and Labor Market—A Perspective within the Framework of Pandemic Crisis

Grigore Ioan Piroșcă, George Laurențiu Șerban-Oprescu, Liana Badea, Mihaela-Roberta Stanef-Puică, Carlos Ramirez Valdebenito
2021 Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research  
In a turbulent environment in which the labor market has encountered a long series of changes generated by the processes of automation, robotization and digitalization, the COVID-19 pandemic has revealed  ...  of jobs.  ...  The empirical literature on digitalization, automation, and the labor market is much richer in its analysis of the United States of America and other advanced economies, with a particular focus on labor  ... 
doi:10.3390/jtaer16070156 fatcat:txyflgwkzjbotkhrradi277bke

Conclusions and Resources for Next Steps [chapter]

Valerie Cerra
2021 How to Achieve Inclusive Growth  
Finally, the chapter provides an extensive set of resources for more information and policy support for readers interested in delving deeper into specific topics.  ...  The final chapter provides recap of the main takeaways from the rest of the book, including the high and rising global disparities, headwinds going forward, and the required policy response.  ...  In the past, major crises have acted as a catalyst for equality in some areas (e.g. women entering the labor market during and after the Second World War), but they may also result in the widening of gaps  ... 
doi:10.1093/oso/9780192846938.003.0022 fatcat:xpgs3cv2hrg6xmyb6flv3vekve

One Paradoxical Nature of Market Economy

Rongqing Dai
2016 Journal of Socialomics  
As a matter of fact, market economy is paradoxical in nature in the sense that some good will of development in a market economy would logically hurt the economy itself.  ...  The goal of individual enterprise to maximize the profit for shareholders is often in conflict with the economic goal of a society to improve the standard of living of its citizens in general.  ...  the time when old jobs were lost and the time when new jobs are created.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2167-0358.1000167 fatcat:kkimohfmkzhl3bmzgg6bhba7vq

One Paradoxical Nature of Market Economy

Rongqing Dai
2016 Journal of Socialomics  
As a matter of fact, market economy is paradoxical in nature in the sense that some good will of development in a market economy would logically hurt the economy itself.  ...  The goal of individual enterprise to maximize the profit for shareholders is often in conflict with the economic goal of a society to improve the standard of living of its citizens in general.  ...  the time when old jobs were lost and the time when new jobs are created.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2471-8726.1000167 fatcat:kz5qyn4g45d25d32k56s5kvywq

Labor market performance and the rise of populism

Sergei Guriev, Sciences Po, France
2020 IZA World of Labor  
Growing evidence suggests that labor market disruptions due to globalization and technological progress as well as the crisis-driven spikes in unemployment have played a major role in the rise of populism  ...  labor market policies should be enacted.  ...  in all major parts of this article [1] .  ... 
doi:10.15185/izawol.479 fatcat:o6w6usosfbawndr3b6vmnww3nq

The Neo-Industrial Role of Digital and Converged Technologies in the Russian Economy

Natalia Ezdina, Elena Dotsenko, E.B. Dvoryadkina, E.G. Animitsa
2021 SHS Web of Conferences  
At the same time, in the conditions of the transitional Russian economy, the conducted scientific and technological policy is essentially catching up and is not able to ensure the elimination of technological  ...  In the process of diffusion of convergent technologies into the structure of the industry, its radical innovative development is expected with an exit to many times higher levels of labor productivity.  ...  The digital economy itself is not capable of generating a huge number of jobs, however, at the same time, labor in it is, as a rule, highly paid, which has a positive synergetic effect.  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20219301003 fatcat:tg4girfs6fde7hmw2wgelqccmy

Unter den bedingungen der wirtschaftlichen entwicklung moderne ansichten der beschäftigung

Turakhujaev Zayniddin
2021 Zenodo  
Daher hat die Republik Usbekistan in diesem Artikel die Möglichkeiten der Nutzung moderner Beschäftigungsformen in Beschäftigungsbedingungen analysiert und Empfehlungen entwickelt.  ...  Kurzfassung: Die rasante technologische Entwicklung führt zu einer Zunahme der Mitarbeitermobilität und der Entstehung neuer Arbeitsplätze in Bezug auf die Qualität.  ...  Also in the labor market there is a growing trend of polarization.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5597038 fatcat:skqxv7yjkvfjnjk2tyhk6uqa2i
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