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Zhang Jian and City Planning in Nantong, 1895–1926

Haiyi Yu, Takao Morita
2008 Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering  
Zhang Jian ( 張謇 ) was responsible for the great achievements that were made in city planning in modern Nantong from 1895 to 1926.  ...  planning history of modern Nantong, summarizes Zhang's city planning thoughts, and examines how it has inspired contemporary city planning by investigating historical remains, interviewing experts in Zhang  ...  Furthermore, literature written by Zhang himself can be found in the Collected Edition of Zhang Jian, Nine Collections of Zhang Jian, Chronicle of Zhang Jian's Life, Zhang Jian Diary, etc.  ... 
doi:10.3130/jaabe.7.263 fatcat:6q67wmfxyzgohjrwwsgc5ig2ya

Compare Leadership Characteristics of CEOs in Chinese Hospitality Industry: A Case Study of Zhang Yong and Sun Jian

Shuman Wang, Yao Ma
2020 Business and Management Research  
With rapid development, China's catering and hotel industry has produced a number of well-known and influential leaders, such as Zhang Yong and Sun Jian.  ...  It conclude that Zhang has a paternalistic leadership style and Sun has a transformational leadership style with Chinese characteristics.  ...  Through analysis, it can be concluded that Zhang leadership style is paternalistic leadership. Sun Jian works hard and has a strong spirit of dedication.  ... 
doi:10.5430/bmr.v9n4p1 fatcat:wnrmzfwdwvgd3aqkma3ftoaahy

Zhang Jian and Modern Nantong Architecture

Zenglin Guo, Qingzhou Wu
2018 Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Social Science (ISSS 2018)   unpublished
After a brilliant development from the founding of the Dasheng Cotton Mill in 1895 to the death of Zhang Jian in 1926, Nantong was creatively managed by Zhang Jian.  ...  This has given the society a new understanding of the cause of building the city in Nantong in the modern times led by Zhang Jian.  ... 
doi:10.2991/isss-18.2018.41 fatcat:nrnsua54frd6njtuoagxkjek3u

Analysis of Zhang Jian Memorial Hall Design

Dingding Shi
2022 Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research   unpublished
This paper focuses on the expression of commemorative emotion in the exhibition space of Zhang Jian Memorial Hall in Jiangsu Province, China, and discusses its design concept and how to design the exhibition  ...  As a spiritual carrier of great sages, the construction of Zhang Jian Memorial Hall is designed to present a peaceful and quiet state, giving the audience a plain and low-key impression, but also a sense  ...  Zhang Jian.  ... 
doi:10.2991/assehr.k.220110.200 fatcat:dd5r4jvztzdurcdu2vqwvz47wq

Surgical Instruction Generation with Transformers [article]

Jinglu Zhang, Yinyu Nie, Jian Chang, Jian Jun Zhang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Automatic surgical instruction generation is a prerequisite towards intra-operative context-aware surgical assistance. However, generating instructions from surgical scenes is challenging, as it requires jointly understanding the surgical activity of current view and modelling relationships between visual information and textual description. Inspired by the neural machine translation and imaging captioning tasks in open domain, we introduce a transformer-backboned encoder-decoder network with
more » ... lf-critical reinforcement learning to generate instructions from surgical images. We evaluate the effectiveness of our method on DAISI dataset, which includes 290 procedures from various medical disciplines. Our approach outperforms the existing baseline over all caption evaluation metrics. The results demonstrate the benefits of the encoder-decoder structure backboned by transformer in handling multimodal context.
arXiv:2107.06964v2 fatcat:amg7quglirfk3imwp62rhwjo44

BRCA mutations and survival in breast cancer: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Yaning Zhu, Jian Wu, Chengwan Zhang, Suan Sun, Jian Zhang, Wenjie Liu, Jian Huang, Zhihong Zhang
2016 OncoTarget  
BRCA mutations occur frequently in breast cancer (BC), but their prognostic impact on outcomes of BC has not been determined. We conducted an updated meta-analysis on the association between BRCA mutations and survival in patients with BC. Electronic databases were searched. The primary outcome measure was overall survival (OS), and the secondary outcome measures included breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and event-free survival (EFS). Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI)
more » ... e abstracted and pooled with random-effect modeling. Data from 297, 402 patients with BC were pooled from 34 studies. The median prevalence rates of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations were 14.5% and 8.3%, respectively. BRCA mutations were associated with worse OS (BRCA1: HR = 1.69, 95% CI, 1.35 to 2.12, p < 0.001; BRCA2: HR = 1.50, 95% CI 1.03 to 2.19, p = 0.034). However, this did not translate into poor BCSS (BRCA1: HR = 1.14, 95% CI, 0.81 to 1.16, p = 0.448; BRCA2: HR = 1.16; 95% CI 0.82 to 1.66, p = 0.401) or EFS (BRCA1: HR = 1.10, 95% CI, 0.86 to 1.41, p = 0.438; BRCA2: HR= 1.09; 95% CI 0.81 to 1.47, p = 0.558). Several studies analyzed BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations together and found no impact on OS (HR = 1.21; 95% CI, 0.73 to 2.00, p = 0.454) or EFS (HR = 0.94; 95% CI, 0.60 to 1.48, p = 0.787). BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations were associated with poor OS in patients with BC, but had no significant impact on BCSS or EFS. An improved survival was observed in BC patients who had BRCA1 mutation and treated with endocrinotherapy. The results may have therapeutic and prognostic implications important for BRCA mutation carriers with BC.
doi:10.18632/oncotarget.12158 pmid:27659521 pmcid:PMC5342539 fatcat:mcczm2arczdzrf3rfn7kfvbiqe

Two Winding Transformer Equivalent Model of Three Winding Transformers for MATPOWER

MD MUNNA TALUKDER, JIAN-MIN ZHANG, YONG-JIAN ZHANG, JIAN-GUANG ZHANG
2020 DEStech Transactions on Engineering and Technology Research  
MATPOWER is one of wide used authoriterative open source software of power flow calculation in the world. However, it only provides a model of the two-winding transformer thus limiting its application in power system with a three-winding transformer which is very popular in the power system. This paper proposes a method to convert three -winding transformer into a model with two-winding transformer structure. The effectiveness of treatment method has been proved through a case study of the power system.
doi:10.12783/dtetr/amee2019/33452 fatcat:5qvgs5lm7bdnfjb6noxai6spne

Adversarial AutoAugment [article]

Xinyu Zhang, Qiang Wang, Jian Zhang, Zhao Zhong
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Data augmentation (DA) has been widely utilized to improve generalization in training deep neural networks. Recently, human-designed data augmentation has been gradually replaced by automatically learned augmentation policy. Through finding the best policy in well-designed search space of data augmentation, AutoAugment can significantly improve validation accuracy on image classification tasks. However, this approach is not computationally practical for large-scale problems. In this paper, we
more » ... velop an adversarial method to arrive at a computationally-affordable solution called Adversarial AutoAugment, which can simultaneously optimize target related object and augmentation policy search loss. The augmentation policy network attempts to increase the training loss of a target network through generating adversarial augmentation policies, while the target network can learn more robust features from harder examples to improve the generalization. In contrast to prior work, we reuse the computation in target network training for policy evaluation, and dispense with the retraining of the target network. Compared to AutoAugment, this leads to about 12x reduction in computing cost and 11x shortening in time overhead on ImageNet. We show experimental results of our approach on CIFAR-10/CIFAR-100, ImageNet, and demonstrate significant performance improvements over state-of-the-art. On CIFAR-10, we achieve a top-1 test error of 1.36%, which is the currently best performing single model. On ImageNet, we achieve a leading performance of top-1 accuracy 79.40% on ResNet-50 and 80.00% on ResNet-50-D without extra data.
arXiv:1912.11188v1 fatcat:uy3fh3xpuzcorpwyzfuys65vpm

Field Test of Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution [article]

Yan-Lin Tang, Hua-Lei Yin, Si-Jing Chen, Yang Liu, Wei-Jun Zhang, Xiao Jiang, Lu Zhang, Jian Wang, Li-Xing You, Jian-Yu Guan, Dong-Xu Yang, Zhen Wang (+7 others)
2014 arXiv   pre-print
A main type of obstacles of practical applications of quantum key distribution (QKD) network is various attacks on detection. Measurement-device-independent QKD (MDIQKD) protocol is immune to all these attacks and thus a strong candidate for network security. Recently, several proof-of-principle demonstrations of MDIQKD have been performed. Although novel, those experiments are implemented in the laboratory with secure key rates less than 0.1 bps. Besides, they need manual calibration
more » ... to maintain the system performance. These aspects render these demonstrations far from practicability. Thus, justification is extremely crucial for practical deployment into the field environment. Here, by developing an automatic feedback MDIQKD system operated at a high clock rate, we perform a field test via deployed fiber network of 30 km total length, achieving a 16.9 bps secure key rate. The result lays the foundation for a global quantum network which can shield from all the detection-side attacks.
arXiv:1408.2330v1 fatcat:hxyycuid3bhurmntrn7grtbbm4

Photothermal Enhanced Photocatalytic Properties of Titanium Dioxide (B)/Glass Fiber Cloth

ZHU Ben-Bi, ZHANG Wang, ZHANG Zhi-Jian, ZHANG Jian-Zhong, IMRAN ZADA, ZHANG Di
2019 Journal of Inorganic Materials  
Scientific Reports, 2016, 6: 27713. [2] ZHANG TENG, LIN WENBIN. Metal-organic frameworks for artificial photosynthesis and photocatalysis.  ... 
doi:10.15541/jim20180547 fatcat:vblmq6yu4ncf7albiosnjgczs4

A feminizing switch in a hemimetabolous insect

Ji-Chong Zhuo, Hou-Hong Zhang, Qing-Ling Hu, Jin-Li Zhang, Jia-Bao Lu, Han-Jing Li, Yu-Cheng Xie, Wei-Wei Wang, Yan Zhang, Hai-Qiang Wang, Hai-Jian Huang, Gang Lu (+4 others)
2021 Science Advances  
LuJian-Ping ChenJun-Min LiZhi-Jian TuChuan-Xi Zhang Sci.  ...  Acknowledgments A feminizing switch in a hemimetabolous insect Ji-Chong ZhuoHou-Hong ZhangQing-Ling HuJin-Li ZhangJia-Bao LuHan-Jing LiYu-Cheng XieWei-Wei WangYan ZhangHai-Qiang WangHai-Jian HuangGang  ... 
doi:10.1126/sciadv.abf9237 pmid:34826246 pmcid:PMC8626073 fatcat:b2myb5zl2zdu5mt2xndzhibjki

Research on distribution of leaf water by terahertz spectrum

Jian Zuo Jian Zuo, Zhenwei Zhang Zhenwei Zhang, Liangliang Zhang Liangliang Zhang, Kaijun Mu Kaijun Mu, Cunlin Zhang Cunlin Zhang
2012 Chinese Optics Letters (COL)  
The influence of varied water distribution in different locations of the mesophyll and mid-vein of the same leaf on the absorption and refraction coefficient is described. And the further comparisons between green leaf and yellow leaf reveal that the complex permittivity of leaf can provide important information about the water content and can characterize the changes of the water distribution of the leaf. So our measurements tend to demonstrate that the dielectric material parameters will be
more » ... ployed to determine the leaf water status in plant leaves.
doi:10.3788/col201210.s13001 fatcat:zissrviukvcl3lw7zppnuwimhq

Efficacy of coenzyme Q10 in mitigating spinal cord injury-induced osteoporosis

XUE-XUE ZHANG, KE-JIAN QIAN, YONG ZHANG, ZHI-JIAN WANG, YAN-BO YU, XIAO-JIAN LIU, XIN-TIAN CAO, YUN-HUA LIAO, DA-YING ZHANG
2015 Molecular Medicine Reports  
Spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced osteoporosis may cause mild trauma to bone and increase the risk of bone fracture. The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of coenzyme Q (CoQ10) on SCI-induced osteoporosis in rats. SCI was induced by surgical transection of the cord at the T10-12 level. Animals were treated with CoQ10 (10 mg/kg; intragastrically) daily from 12 h after the surgery and over 10 subsequent days. At the end of the experimental period, blood was collected from the animals
more » ... and femurs and tibiae were removed for evaluation using biochemical assays. Treatment with CoQ10 prevented SCI-induced bone loss by rescuing the decreased levels of bone mineral density and bone mineral content observed in the SCI rats. Furthermore, CoQ10 administration reduced bone malondialdehyde levels with a concomitant increase in superoxide dismutase levels, thus alleviating SCI-induced oxidative injury. In addition, serum inflammatory cytokine levels were markedly increased in rats post-SCI, which was attenuated by treatment with CoQ10. Finally, the osteoclast-specific genes receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand and cathepsin K were significantly upregulated and the osteoblast-specific gene core-binding factor alpha 1 in the femur was downregulated following SCI, which was effectively restored following treatment with CoQ10. The results suggested that CoQ10 treatment may be effective in attenuating SCI-induced osteoporosis.
doi:10.3892/mmr.2015.3856 pmid:26016719 fatcat:hjcbu24wtjbovkabnjspfzpxyu

Involvement of Drp1 in hypoxia-induced migration of human glioblastoma U251 cells

YU-YING WAN, JIAN-FENG ZHANG, ZHANG-JIAN YANG, LI-PING JIANG, YONG-FANG WEI, QI-NAN LAI, JIAN-BIN WANG, HONG-BO XIN, XIAO-JIAN HAN
2014 Oncology Reports  
Glioblastoma is one of the most aggressive brain tumors with high morbidity and mortality. Hypoxia is often the common characteristic of tumor microenvironment, and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is an essential factor regulating the migratory activity of cancer cells including glioblastoma. Recently, mitochondrial dynamics was found to be involved in the aggression of cancer cells. However, whether dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) contributes to the migration of human glioblastoma cells
more » ... nder hypoxia remains unknown. In the present study, hypoxia was found to upregulate the transcription and expression of Drp1, and stimulated mitochondrial fission in glioblastoma U251 cells. Inhibition of HIF-1α with echinomycin blocked hypoxia-induced expression of Drp1. Notably, Drp1 inhibitor Mdivi-1 efficiently attenuated hypoxia-induced mitochondrial fission and migration of U251 cells. In addition, three U251 stable cell lines expressing GFP, GFP-Drp1 and dominant negative GFP-Drp1-K38A were established to examine the direct role of Drp1 in hypoxiainduced migration. MTT assay showed that there was no significant difference in proliferation of three cell lines. Compared with the GFP cell line, exogenously expressed GFP-Drp1-K38A inhibited hypoxia-induced migration of U251 cells, while stable expression of GFP-Drp1 enhanced the migration of U251 cells under hypoxia. Therefore, this study indicates the involvement of Drp1 in hypoxia-induced migration of human glioblastoma U251 cells, and suggests Drp1 to be a potential therapeutic target to suppress the aggression of glioblastoma in the future.
doi:10.3892/or.2014.3235 pmid:24899388 fatcat:ul7ob2wshbdi5dibzhxf24qzmi

Altered neurotransmitter levels with post-traumatic stress ddisorder

Gui-qing Zhang, Jian-xia Yang, Yue-qi Zhang, Xia Liang, Min Hu, Jian Fan
2013 Turkish Neurosurgery  
Zhang G. et al: Neurotransmitter Levels in Patients with PTSD Our results probably did not agree with most of the previous studies because of several factors.  ...  The over-expression of the 5-HT 1A receptor (5-HT1AR) was found to induce PTSD and other related alertness behaviours, which is similar to the results of Zhang et al. (26) . Both Brady et al.  ... 
doi:10.5137/1019-5149.jtn.8723-13.1 pmid:25448198 fatcat:cgaihy5wlffgpczk2oc6ork6sa
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