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Phospholipid fatty acid and lipopolysaccharide fatty acid signature lipids in methane-utilizing bacteria

John P. Bowman, Jennifer H. Skerratt, Peter D. Nichols, Lindsay I. Sly
1991 FEMS Microbiology Ecology  
The phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-hydroxy fatty acids of a variety of methane-utilizing bacterial strainswere analysed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Type I methanotroph PLFA profiles contained a number of unusual monenoic 16carbon fatty acids. Significant levels of 16 : lw8c were found in Methylomonas methanica (41 %), Methylomonas fodinarum (26%), Methylomonas aurantiaca (30%) and 'Methylomonas agile' (14%). High levels of 16:lw6c, 1 6 : l w k and
more » ... 5t were also detected in most Methylomonas and Methylococcus strains. The type I1 methanotroph 'Methylosinus trichosporium ' possessed the unusual PLFA 18: lw8c as its major polar lipid. Certain type I1 methanotrophs contained (w-1)-OH fatty
doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.1991.tb01704.x fatcat:6zzz5w3d2ffzvaohygm4sgu45i

The effect of natural and anthropogenic nutrient and sediment loads on coral oxidative stress on runoff-exposed reefs

Mark E. Baird, Mathieu Mongin, Farhan Rizwi, Line K. Bay, Neal E. Cantin, Luke A. Morris, Jennifer Skerratt
2021 Marine Pollution Bulletin  
The model considers inputs of dissolved and particulate constituents from 21 rivers along the Queensland coast (for the location of these rivers boundaries see Skerratt et al. (2019) ).  ...  The sediment , optical and biogeochemical models are similarly described in detail, with a further 600+ pages documenting model configuration and skill assessment Skerratt et al., 2019) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112409 pmid:33957497 fatcat:invhf4kpbfemfiyojnkd2jirry

Transformation in a changing climate: a research agenda

Ioan Fazey, Peter Moug, Simon Allen, Kate Beckmann, David Blackwood, Mike Bonaventura, Kathryn Burnett, Mike Danson, Ruth Falconer, Alexandre S. Gagnon, Rachel Harkness, Anthony Hodgson (+12 others)
2017 Climate and Development  
The concept of transformation in relation to climate and other global change is increasingly receiving attention. The concept provides important opportunities to help examine how rapid and fundamental change to address contemporary global challenges can be facilitated. This paper contributes to discussions about transformation by providing a social science, arts and humanities perspective to open up discussion and set out a research agenda about what it means to transform and the dimensions,
more » ... itations and possibilities for transformation. Key focal areas include: (1) change theories, (2) knowing whether transformation has occurred or is occurring; (3) knowledge production and use; (4), governance; (5) how dimensions of social justice inform transformation; (6) the limits of human nature; (7) the role of the utopian impulse; (8) working with the present to create new futures; and (9) human consciousness. In addition to presenting a set of research questions around these themes the paper highlights that much deeper engagement with complex social processes is required; that there are vast opportunities for social science, humanities and the arts to engage more directly with the climate challenge; that there is a need for a massive upscaling of efforts to understand and shape desired forms of change; and that, in addition to helping answer important questions about how to facilitate change, a key role of the social sciences, humanities and the arts in addressing climate change is to critique current societal patterns and to open up new thinking. Through such critique and by being more explicit about what is meant by transformation, greater opportunities will be provided for opening up a dialogue about change, possible futures and about what it means to re-shape the way in which people live.
doi:10.1080/17565529.2017.1301864 fatcat:uuzbi2gtizae3itecoqbj3r7tu

CSIRO Environmental Modelling Suite (EMS): scientific description of the optical and biogeochemical models (vB3p0)

Mark E. Baird, Karen A. Wild-Allen, John Parslow, Mathieu Mongin, Barbara Robson, Jennifer Skerratt, Farhan Rizwi, Monika Soja-Woźniak, Emlyn Jones, Mike Herzfeld, Nugzar Margvelashvili, John Andrewartha (+11 others)
2020 Geoscientific Model Development  
In addition to providing a range of skill metrics, the assessment included analysis of seasonal plankton dynamics (Skerratt et al., 2019) .  ...  This study was followed up by a number of studies developing scenarios to inform management strategies of the region (Wild-Allen et al., 2011 , 2013 Skerratt et al., 2013; Hadley et al., 2015a, b) .  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-13-4503-2020 fatcat:4x7xtnyhlvd4tb7be2sg62ho3q

CSIRO Environmental Modelling Suite (EMS): Scientific description of the optical and biogeochemical models (vB3p0)

Mark E. Baird, Karen A. Wild-Allen, John Parslow, Mathieu Mongin, Barbara Robson, Jennifer Skerratt, Farhan Rizwi, Monika Soja-Woznaik, Emlyn Jones, Mike Herzfeld, Nugzar Margvelashvili, John Andrewartha (+11 others)
2019 Geoscientific Model Development Discussions  
In addition to providing a range of skill metrics, the assessment included analysis of seasonal15 plankton dynamics (Skerratt et al., 2019) .The techniques and observations used in Skerratt et al. (  ...  , 2013 Skerratt et al., 2013; Hadley et al., 2015a, b) . From 2010 onwards, EMS has been applied to consider the impacts of catchment loads on the Great Barrier Reef.  ... 
doi:10.5194/gmd-2019-115 fatcat:hdhah56cpjflbpgxlv7tofhrsy

The equine Hendra virus vaccine remains a highly effective preventative measure against infection in horses and humans: 'The imperative to develop a human vaccine for the Hendra virus in Australia'

Alison J. Peel, Hume E. Field, Peter A. Reid, Raina K. Plowright, Christopher C. Broder, Lee F. Skerratt, David T. S. Hayman, Olivier Restif, Melanie Taylor, Gerardo Martin, Gary Crameri, Ina Smith (+12 others)
2016 Infection Ecology & Epidemiology  
doi:10.3402/iee.v6.31658 pmid:27151273 pmcid:PMC4858501 fatcat:hivrktqkrna5dobtyplnik7hg4

Recent Asian origin of chytrid fungi causing global amphibian declines

Simon J. O'Hanlon, Adrien Rieux, Rhys A. Farrer, Gonçalo M. Rosa, Bruce Waldman, Arnaud Bataille, Tiffany A. Kosch, Kris A. Murray, Balázs Brankovics, Matteo Fumagalli, Michael D. Martin, Nathan Wales (+46 others)
2018 Science  
Globalized infectious diseases are causing species declines worldwide, but their source often remains elusive. We used whole-genome sequencing to solve the spatiotemporal origins of the most devastating panzootic to date, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, a proximate driver of global amphibian declines. We traced the source of B. dendrobatidis to the Korean peninsula, where one lineage, BdASIA-1, exhibits the genetic hallmarks of an ancestral population that seeded the
more » ... ic. We date the emergence of this pathogen to the early 20th century, coinciding with the global expansion of commercial trade in amphibians, and we show that intercontinental transmission is ongoing. Our findings point to East Asia as a geographic hotspot for B. dendrobatidis biodiversity and the original source of these lineages that now parasitize amphibians worldwide.
doi:10.1126/science.aar1965 pmid:29748278 fatcat:mjzibxbegbckbffuybv4tmog6i

Development and worldwide use of non-lethal, and minimal population-level impact, protocols for the isolation of amphibian chytrid fungi

Matthew C. Fisher, Pria Ghosh, Jennifer M. G. Shelton, Kieran Bates, Lola Brookes, Claudia Wierzbicki, Gonçalo M. Rosa, Rhys A. Farrer, David M. Aanensen, Mario Alvarado-Rybak, Arnaud Bataille, Lee Berger (+44 others)
2018 Scientific Reports  
Parasitic chytrid fungi have emerged as a significant threat to amphibian species worldwide, necessitating the development of techniques to isolate these pathogens into culture for research purposes. However, early methods of isolating chytrids from their hosts relied on killing amphibians. We modified a pre-existing protocol for isolating chytrids from infected animals to use toe clips and biopsies from toe webbing rather than euthanizing hosts, and distributed the protocol to researchers as
more » ... rt of the BiodivERsA project RACE; here called the RML protocol. In tandem, we developed a lethal procedure for isolating chytrids from tadpole mouthparts. Reviewing a database of use a decade after their inception, we find that these methods have been applied across 5 continents, 23 countries and in 62 amphibian species. Isolation of chytrids by the non-lethal RML protocol occured in 18% of attempts with 207 fungal isolates and three species of chytrid being recovered. Isolation of chytrids from tadpoles occured in 43% of attempts with 334 fungal isolates of one species (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) being recovered. Together, these methods have resulted in a significant reduction and refinement of our use of threatened amphibian species and have improved our ability to work with this group of emerging pathogens. Published: xx xx xxxx OPEN www.nature.com/scientificreports/ 2 SCIEntIFIC REPORTS | (2018) 8:7772 |
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24472-2 pmid:29773857 pmcid:PMC5958081 fatcat:meoomz7r7beqxiabkyohod7hyu

Development and worldwide use of a non-lethal and minimal population-level impact protocols for the isolation of chytrids from amphibians [article]

Matthew C Fisher, Pria Ghosh, Jennifer M. G. Shelton, Kieran Bates, Lola Brookes, Claudia Wierzbicki, Goncalo M Rosa, Rhys A Farrer, David M Aanensen, Mario Alvarado-Rybak, Arnaud Bataille, Lee Berger (+44 others)
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
several smaller samples before transferring to liquid culture media. 181Isolating chytrids from tadpoles 182Tadpoles often have higher burdens of infection than adults, especially long-lived tadpoles 183 (Skerratt  ... 
doi:10.1101/246538 fatcat:46xdewun7vfz7h47az6ncipylq

Historic occurrence of the amphibian chytrid ­fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in ­hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis ­populations from Missouri

CM Bodinof, JT Briggler, MC Duncan, J Beringer, JJ Millspaugh
2011 Diseases of Aquatic Organisms  
Chad Montgomery and Truman State University; Jennifer Mittelhauser and Central Missouri State University; and Richard Daniel and the University of Missouri. We thank Dr.  ...  The naivety of some amphibians to Bd can result in clinical disease (i.e. chytridiomycosis), lethality, and population decline (Skerratt et al. 2007) .  ... 
doi:10.3354/dao02380 pmid:21991660 fatcat:3bav76b3yvefxbi4l7lnkiuloa

BASELINE CUTANEOUS BACTERIA OF FREE-LIVING NEW ZEALAND NATIVE FROGS (LEIOPELMA ARCHEYI AND LEIOPELMA HOCHSTETTERI) AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THEIR ROLE IN DEFENSE AGAINST THE AMPHIBIAN CHYTRID (BATRACHOCHYTRIUM DENDROBATIDIS)

Stephanie D. Shaw, Lee Berger, Sara Bell, Sarah Dodd, Tim Y. James, Lee F. Skerratt, Phillip J Bishop, Rick Speare
2014 Journal of Wildlife Diseases  
Many thanks to Reid Harris, Brianna Lam, and Jennifer Walke for technical advice. Thanks also to the New Zealand Maori iwi for supporting native frog research.  ...  The cause of the decline was thought to be chytridiomycosis, as has occurred in many amphibian populations worldwide (Berger et al. 1998; Lips 1999; Daszak et al. 2000; Skerratt et al. 2007; Vredenburg  ... 
doi:10.7589/2013-07-186 pmid:25121401 fatcat:aukndfrje5c6nllblckhsig2lu

Is the international frog legs trade a potential vector for deadly amphibian pathogens?

Brian Gratwicke, Matthew J Evans, Peter T Jenkins, Mirza D Kusrini, Robin D Moore, Jennifer Sevin, David E Wildt
2010 Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment  
Bd, on the other hand, is an unusual example of a disease that is a primary cause of extinction (Skerratt et al. 2007 ).  ...  Brian Gratwicke 1* , Matthew J Evans 1 , Peter T Jenkins 2 , Mirza D Kusrini 3 , Robin D Moore 4 , Jennifer Sevin 1 , and David E Wildt 1 There have been surprisingly few analyses of how the international  ... 
doi:10.1890/090111 fatcat:fnhk7jbmj5hrnh2rx63dz62wxy

Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans and the Risk of a Second Amphibian Pandemic

Tiffany A. Yap, Natalie T. Nguyen, Megan Serr, Alexander Shepack, Vance T. Vredenburg
2017 EcoHealth  
We thank Jennifer R. Ballard, Deanna H. Olson, Jeffrey M. Lorch, Jonathan Sleeman, Thomas B. Lentz, and anonymous reviewers for valuable suggestions and feedback.  ...  Bd is implicated in the declines and extinctions in at least 200 species, most of which occurred in anurans (Skerratt et al. 2007; Fisher and Garner 2007) , though there have been documented Bd-related  ...  Like with Bd, the prevalence and severity of Bsal infection is likely dependent on the host's developmental stage, host susceptibility, and environmental temperature (Berger et al. 2004; Skerratt et al  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10393-017-1278-1 pmid:29147975 fatcat:5zo6anefbjdufc7hqrazlht3ja

Hydrocarbons and sterols in marine sediments and soils at Davis Station, Antarctica: a survey for human-derived contaminants

Graham Green, Peter D. Nichols
1995 Antarctic Science  
We thank Jennifer Skerratt, David Nichols and Jo-Anne Cavanagh for help and support with field work; fellowANAREpersonne1 for their assistance at sea and on base; Andrew Revill, Liz Sikes and Patrick Deprez  ...  concentrations found previously in Antarctica, for example; Bransfield Strait, 0.15-0.42 pg g' (Venkatesan e l al. 1986 ); McMurdo Sound, 0.40-8.Opg g-' (Venkatesan 1988) ; Vestfold Hills, 1.0-16.2 pg g" (Skerratt  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954102095000198 fatcat:fsgo3mpot5bhzftzltrl63udje

Crustose coralline algal species host distinct bacterial assemblages on their surfaces

Jennifer M Sneed, Raphael Ritson-Williams, Valerie J Paul
2015 The ISME Journal  
Planomicrobium spp. have been isolated from diverse marine environments and exhibit algicidal and antimicrobial activity (Skerratt et al., 2002) .  ...  Members of this genus isolated from coral mucus reduced growth and biofilm formation of coral pathogens (Skerratt et al., 2002; Shnit-Orland and Kushmaro, 2009; Alagely et al., 2011) .  ... 
doi:10.1038/ismej.2015.67 pmid:25918832 pmcid:PMC4611515 fatcat:narpvitr5fblvhcjimrd557wni
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