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Use of Multiple Documents as Evidence with Decreased Adding in a Japanese Question-answering System

Masaki Murata, Masao Utiyama, Hitoshi Isahara
2005 Journal of Natural Language Processing  
We propose a new method of using multiple documents as evidence with decreased adding to improve the performance of question-answering systems.Sometimes,the answer to a question may be found in multiple  ...  of candidate answers extracted from various documents.However,because simply adding the scores can degrade the performance of question-answering systems, we add the scores with progressively decreasing  ...  Use of Multiple Documents in a Japanese Question-answering System Table 5 Candidate answers obtained by decreased adding,where"Kyoto"is the correct answer In this section,we describe the question-answering  ... 
doi:10.5715/jnlp.12.2_209 fatcat:msyfde5lvrafjbvimomchqufeu

English-to-Japanese Cross-Language Question-Answering System using Weighted Adding with Multiple Answers (pp. 17-22)

Masaki Murata, Masao Utiyama, Toshiyuki Kanamaru, Hitoshi Isahara
2009 POLIBITS Research Journal on Computer Science and Computer Engineering With Applications  
We describe a method of using multiple documents with decreasing weights as evidence to improve the performance of a question-answering system.  ...  Because simply adding scores degrades the performance of question-answering systems, we add scores with decreasing weights to reduce the negative effect of simply adding.  ...  USE OF MULTIPLE DOCUMENTS AS EVIDENCE WITH DECREASED ADDING Suppose that the question, "What is the capital of Japan?"  ... 
doi:10.17562/pb-40-3 fatcat:mivoqyqvjjhcxki7huwz45y3q4

JaQuAD: Japanese Question Answering Dataset for Machine Reading Comprehension [article]

ByungHoon So, Kyuhong Byun, Kyungwon Kang, Seongjin Cho
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present the Japanese Question Answering Dataset, JaQuAD, which is annotated by humans. JaQuAD consists of 39,696 extractive question-answer pairs on Japanese Wikipedia articles.  ...  Question Answering (QA) is a task in which a machine understands a given document and a question to find an answer.  ...  For training models, we used cloud TPUs provided by TRC. We also thanks to anotators who geernated and labeled JaQuAD.  ... 
arXiv:2202.01764v1 fatcat:m445sc2hdjd5tmb3nrov6eilma

Fully automatic scoring of handwritten descriptive answers in Japanese language tests [article]

Hung Tuan Nguyen, Cuong Tuan Nguyen, Haruki Oka, Tsunenori Ishioka, Masaki Nakagawa
2022 arXiv   pre-print
There are about 400,000 answers with more than 20 million characters. Although all answers have been scored by human examiners, handwritten characters are not labelled.  ...  Our proposed method combines different training strategies, ensembles multiple recognizers, and uses a language model built from a large general corpus to avoid overfitting into specific data.  ...  By adding the information of the handwritten answers to it, we can make reasonable estimates using the knowledge obtained from the large-scale model.  ... 
arXiv:2201.03215v1 fatcat:huavc5bd7nh3rgqgdqhineavgq

Japanese Translation and Cultural Adaptation of the Listening to Mothers II Questionnaire

Rieko Kishi, Beverly McElmurry, Susan Vonderheid, Susan Altfeld, Barbara McFarlin, Junko Tashiro
2011 The Journal of Perinatal Education  
The number of problems with the translated questionnaire effectively decreased in the iterative process.  ...  Methods included expert panels and two phases of cognitive interviews with 20 postpartum Japanese adult women.  ...  In the original U.S.based questionnaire with multiple-answer options, it was asked whether or not the current malpractice system causes providers of maternity care to take more protective actions such  ... 
doi:10.1891/1058-1243.20.1.14 pmid:22211056 pmcid:PMC3209736 fatcat:txqowolwxja2vjukd6i4u67jtu

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Serious Games for Cultural Awareness: The Icura User Study [chapter]

Michela Mortara, Chiara Eva Catalano, Giusy Fiucci, Michael Derntl
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
With this research we aim to provide a handy toolkit for evaluating the effectiveness a serious games for cultural awareness and heritage.  ...  The evaluation methodology extends the set of instruments used in previous studies by evaluating the effects of the game on raising awareness, by avoiding the selective attention bias and by assessing  ...  Questions about topics addressed both by the Information Agent and within dialogues witness a decrease of 3-4 correct answers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-12157-4_22 fatcat:mjgi43uebnc7plkuahmtz5rofi

Incremental Prediction of Sentence-final Verbs: Humans versus Machines

Alvin Grissom II, Naho Orita, Jordan Boyd-Graber
2016 Proceedings of The 20th SIGNLL Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning  
As a basis of comparison, we examine incremental verb prediction with human participants in a multiple choice setting using crowdsourcing to gain insight into incremental human performance in a constrained  ...  We then examine a computational approach to incremental verb prediction using discriminative classification with shallow features.  ...  Adding the reference to the temple decreases confidence again to 0.79.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/k16-1010 dblp:conf/conll/GrissomOB16 fatcat:d3yzyyp725esldyrytc7x6dz5y

Longitudinal analysis of risk factors for dementia based on Mild Cognitive Impairment Screen results and questionnaire responses from healthy Japanese individuals registered in an online database

Masayo Ogawa, Kazushi Maruo, Daichi Sone, Hiroyuki Shimada, Keisuke Suzuki, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hiroshi Matsuda, Hidehiro Mizusawa
2019 Alzheimer s & Dementia Translational Research & Clinical Interventions  
To meet this need, a large-scale online registry system, the Integrated Registry of Orange Plan (IROOP®), was created for healthy individuals.  ...  Given the multifactorial etiology of dementia, preventive measures targeting multiple domains are required for maintaining cognitive function, instead of focusing on one lifestyle factor.  ...  MPI significantly decreased with advancing age.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trci.2019.06.003 pmid:31417956 pmcid:PMC6690416 fatcat:ix34a2abijfr7onclgssyxcnja

A Report of the Survey on Shelter Management under COVID-19 in Japanese Local Governments [chapter]

Arisa Yasui, Muneyoshi Numada
2021 Science-Based Approaches to Respond to COVID and Other Public Health Threats  
From the answer of 346 municipalities, we found that some municipalities took measures against COVID-19 such as adding new shelters and conducting the training, and these proactive measures were very useful  ...  These results can be useful in proceeding consideration of better shelter management under COVID-19.  ...  This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.98493 fatcat:veqrrr2hjbebxcd6kdcroo7yey

Interactional behavior of foreign language learners in synchronous CMC: Are they really interacting?

Nobue Tanaka-Ellis
2011 The JALT CALL Journal  
The participants were learners of Japanese at an Australian secondary school and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners at a Japanese high school, who communicated through a bulletin board system  ...  (BBS) using Japanese and English, to complete weekly tasks designed to develop understanding of the participants' cultures.  ...  decreased the Japanese students' likelihood of producing multiple Rs.  ... 
doi:10.29140/jaltcall.v7n3.129 fatcat:5n7znxre3rfp3obfjgipdd4l7a

Understanding the EMR-Related Experiences of Pregnant Japanese Women to Redesign Antenatal Care EMR Systems

Samar Helou, Victoria Abou-Khalil, Goshiro Yamamoto, Eiji Kondoh, Hiroshi Tamura, Shusuke Hiragi, Osamu Sugiyama, Kazuya Okamoto, Masayuki Nambu, Tomohiro Kuroda
2019 Informatics  
However, women's preferences regarding EMR systems in antenatal care remain unknown. This work aims to understand the EMR-related experiences that pregnant Japanese women want.  ...  We analyzed the data following a thematic analysis approach and found multiple EMR-related experiences that pregnant women encounter during antenatal care.  ...  A1 The survey questions and their corresponding answer sets.  ... 
doi:10.3390/informatics6020015 fatcat:dfsv7mkrivfchpfol4hxa62are

Generalization support environment for understanding ways to use English words

Tomoko Kojiri, Takushi Yamada
2020 Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning  
According to the experimental results, participants who used the system in learning English words reduced the number of incorrectly choosing the words and promoted to derive the own understanding of the  ...  When we translate Japanese sentence into English, sometimes several English words become the candidates. However, the usage situation of these candidate words is not the same.  ...  According to the result of the one-sample t test for the multiple-choice question test, there was a significant difference between the learning result without the system and that with the system (t (11  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41039-020-00142-8 fatcat:mpezha3kz5c5ti2kwfw4sob5gu

Development of a Mobile Application for Listening and Scaffolded Autonomous Summary Speaking and Its Effectiveness for Increasing Fluency

Kae Nakaya, Masao Murota
2016 The Journal of Information and Systems in Education  
Hence, MALS compares favorably with reading aloud activities that are judged effective for only increasing the number of non-repeated words and decreasing silent time.  ...  Although summarizing English texts is an effective method for improving English speaking skills, it is difficult for learners to use this approach through self-study without teachers' support.  ...  Kahoko Matsumoto, Professor of Tokai University, for reviewing the scaffolding materials and giving us many useful comments. We also thank Ms.  ... 
doi:10.12937/ejsise.15.48 fatcat:gy24cfnsqvdkxomzkvelspev4m

The Lean Manufacturing Tools in Polish Foundries

J. Jezierski, K. Janerka
2013 Archives of Metallurgy and Materials  
The answers were thoroughly analysed and the results show that, among others, only 29% of all foundries use lean tools, and the main reason why most of them do not is that these tools are not understood  ...  The concept of Lean Manufacturing (or Lean Production) is widely present in the quality management systems of the best factories.  ...  For this question it was possible to select multiple answers from a list of the most common lean tools, such as Kaizen (Japanese for "improvement" or "change for the better"), Kanban (Japanese for "signboard  ... 
doi:10.2478/amm-2013-0105 fatcat:i3fppijzezdbbmdhzxf4jeb5c4

Design and Development of an Automated Coimagination Support System [article]

John Noel Victorino, Naoto Fukunaga, Tomohiro Shibata
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Healthy participants have operated the system using voice, while elderly participants managed to use the system with minimal assistance.  ...  Healthy participants experienced longer speaking round and question-and-answer round than with elderly participants; while, the latter had preparation time before the speaking round.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Japan (MEXT) for the scholarship grant and Sawayaka Club of Kitakyushu for allowing us  ... 
arXiv:2006.04864v2 fatcat:6icipx6akbabnlrqaamrcbhmau
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