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Paper conservation methods: a literature review

Spiros Zervos, Irene Alexopoulou
2015 Cellulose  
Specific consolidation and strengthening methods for paper, such as lamination and paper splitting are also discussed.  ...  The targets, the historical aspects, the general principles, the materials and equipment, the acceptance and criticism pertaining to each method are briefly reviewed, and the most important research for  ...  The Austrian National Library Process or Vienna method (Anders 2013; Blüher and Vogelsanger 2001; Lienardy 1994; Wächter 1987a) : In operation since 1987, the method is used for treating bound newspapers  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10570-015-0699-7 fatcat:cuzyp62cwnfm5fj2jjzbw5vkmm

An intelligent multilingual information browsing and retrieval system using information extraction

Chinatsu Aone, Nicholas Charocopos, James Gorlinsky
1997 Proceedings of the fifth conference on Applied natural language processing -  
The system takes advantage of information extraction (IE) technology in novel ways to improve the accuracy of cross-linguistic retrieval and to provide innovative methods for browsing and exploring multilingual  ...  The system indexes texts in different languages (e.g., English and Japanese) and allows the users to retrieve relevant texts in their native language (e.g., English).  ...  , e.g., "International Business Machine," "International Business Machine Corp." and Japanese translations for "IBM" and their aliases in Japanese.  ... 
doi:10.3115/974557.974606 dblp:conf/anlp/AoneCG97 fatcat:ko56xsmr5rakfdif23weqiqbwy

An experiment in hybrid dictionary and statistical sentence alignment

Nigel Collier, Kenji Ono, Hideki Hirakawa
1998 Proceedings of the 36th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
Our results show that for our English-Japanese corpus of newspaper articles, the hybrid system using lexical matching and sentence length ratios outperforms the pure methods.  ...  This paper seeks to further our knowledge of the alignment task by comparing the performance of the alignment models when used separately and together, i.e. as a hybrid system.  ...  We are grateful to Miwako Shimazu for hand aligning the judgement sct used in the experiments and to Akira Kumano and Satoshi Kinoshita for useful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.3115/980845.980889 dblp:conf/acl/CollierOH98 fatcat:uf5k2reazzcfhgnpdfphwmftcq

Extracting Paraphrases of Japanese Action Word of Sentence Ending Part from Web and Mobile News Articles [chapter]

Hiroshi Nakagawa, Hidetaka Masuda
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The precision is 90% for highest ranked candidate and 83% to 59% for each top three candidates of 100 most frequently used action nouns.  ...  In this research, we extract paraphrases from Japanese Web news articles that are long and aimed at displaying on personal computer screens and mobile news articles that are short and compact and aimed  ...  We use Japanese morphological analyzer: Chasen to extract words from the corpus.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-31871-2_9 fatcat:p4de5alhl5cphmiv5zwgnnxihi

Text Summarization Challenge: An Evaluation Program for Text Summarization [chapter]

Hidetsugu Nanba, Tsutomu Hirao, Takahiro Fukushima, Manabu Okumura
2020 Evaluating Information Retrieval and Access Tasks  
In this chapter, we describe our TSC series, the data used, and the evaluation methods for each task, and the features of TSC evaluation. 1 Many survey papers are now available on text summarization, e  ...  The purpose of the workshop was to facilitate collecting and sharing text data for summarization by researchers in the field and to clarify the issues of evaluation measures for summarization of Japanese  ...  These workshops incorporated summarization tasks for Japanese texts. The evaluation was done using both extrinsic and intrinsic evaluation methods.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-5554-1_3 fatcat:q4rvb5jklzc7jivoazy2p2yqam

Improving robust domain independent summarization

Jim Cowie, Eugene Ludovik, Hugo Molina-Salgado
1996 Proceedings of a workshop on held at Baltimore, Maryland October 13-15, 1998 -  
Many of these methods are already incorporated in a multi-lingual summarization system, MINDS, developed at CRL.  ...  We discuss those techniques which, in the opinion of the authors, are needed to support robust automatic summarization.  ...  Here techniques to identify coherent sections of text are required as well as methods for summarizing tables and groups of frames.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1119089.1119118 dblp:conf/tipster/CowieLM98 fatcat:4lsec7p75jfrfihfhnwrqire7y

Mobilizing resources and signaling intentions: a neoclassical realist analysis of Japan's domestic and international instrumentalization of the Senkaku Islands dispute and China's maritime assertiveness

Alana Camoça Gonçalves de Oliveira
2021 Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional  
Using a neoclassical realist model, this paper builds an analytical model to understand how countries are able to change or adjust their security and foreign policies.  ...  The article analyzes Japan's foreign and security policies under the Shinzo Abe government, exploring how the Japanese government's internal and international propaganda on Chinese maritime assertiveness  ...  Still, neoclassical realism could be complemented with the discussion about which methods one government can use to boost its resource extraction capacity, to achieve deeper alignment between state goals  ... 
doi:10.1590/0034-7329202100102 doaj:2a11036ae4d8426d815c87cb7f29e8ce fatcat:ykfst43duvcubk437jd6ybxh2a

Page 61 of The Electrical Review Vol. 18, Issue 425 [page]

1886 The Electrical Review  
The former read extracts from the report of the Brooklyn Commission, which stated that, after examin- ing six hundred methods, the commission was of opinion that no permanent underground system had yet  ...  The Japanese Government proposes to introduce this system of prac- tical instruction into the elementary schools as well as into the normal schools of Japan. Prof.  ... 

Human Resource Management: Functions, Challenges and the Assessment of the Methods of Enhancing Employees Performances and Preventing Industrial Conflicts to its Bearable Minimum in an Organization

Oladimeji Sogo Osewa, Olushola Titilope Osewa
2020 Zenodo  
This paper also emphasizes on the fact that the certification method of selecting applicants for an interview is not the best, as many applicants with higher grade certificates are found not being able  ...  increase productivity, while data are retrieved from textbooks, journals articles, and internet materials as they are used in the justification of the position of this paper.  ...  Nevertheless, the Japanese system of administration has proven the American system wrong as the Japanese system allows for the flow of power from the bottom to the top administration in an organization  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3997390 fatcat:nazp7vwqxjecvnetvrnlolwa6y

An Overview of the Studies on Biochar Fertilizer Carried Out at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century in Japan [chapter]

Naoki Moritsuka, Kaori Matsuoka
2016 Organic Fertilizers - From Basic Concepts to Applied Outcomes  
After we read a Japanese book entitled Nibai Shukaku Tenri Nouhou (How to Double Crop Yield by Almighty Farming System) originally published in 1912, we found that there were conflicting opinions between  ...  Biochar is a recently coined term for charred organic matter used as a soil amendment.  ...  Fesca used strong hydrochloric acid for extracting soil samples. This method is not suitable to evaluate the content of soil nutrients available to crops.  ... 
doi:10.5772/62526 fatcat:ds3ll7nkifbmjd3jxnw5oqsy54

The Cowra breakout [chapter]

DCS Sissons
2020 Bridging Australia and Japan: Volume 2  
The concept underlying his fire plan appears to have been that No. 2 Vickers Gun would be covered by five men and a light machine gun to its right and by No. In my opinion Gen.  ...  But they could maintain the system only by searching out its deficiencies.  ...  Figure 3. 2 is one of a number of advertisements published in the newspapers by the Department of Information in April 1942 as part of a campaign called 'The Japanese as he is', which sought to strengthen  ... 
doi:10.22459/baj.2020.03 fatcat:iru6dbiimzcf5gbt5ghvgdtxue

Expert consensus on hospitalization for assessment: a survey in Japan for a new forensic mental health system

Akihiro Shiina, Mihisa Fujisaki, Takako Nagata, Yasunori Oda, Masatoshi Suzuki, Masahiro Yoshizawa, Masaomi Iyo, Yoshito Igarashi
2011 Annals of General Psychiatry  
Methods: We conducted a written survey that included a questionnaire regarding hospitalization for assessment; the questionnaire consisted of 335 options with 9 grades of validity for 60 clinical situations  ...  The survey was mailed to 50 Japanese forensic mental health experts, and 42 responses were received. Results: An expert consensus was established for 299 of the options.  ...  for Assessment'.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1744-859x-10-11 pmid:21473787 pmcid:PMC3080841 fatcat:fsp4ii24jvad3nzncrmwhczc7y

Arabic Text Categorization Using Mixed Words

Mahmoud Hussein, Hamdy M. Mousa, Rouhia M. Sallam
2016 International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science  
It also introduces a new features selection technique depends on Term Frequency (TF) and uses Frequency Ratio Accumulation Method (FRAM) as a classifier.  ...  In addition, three data sets of different categories have been collected from online Arabic documents for evaluating the proposed approach.  ...  The technique is evaluated through a number of the experiment using newspaper articles from Japanese CD-Mainichi 2002 and English Reuters-21578.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijitcs.2016.11.09 fatcat:6afnmfbfgnfdhjyjo4mzyfpk24

Why Shareholders Sue: The Evidence from Japan

Mark D. West
2000 Social Science Research Network  
I also thank Eric Smith and Nancy Vettorello for excellent research assistance. Opinions and errors are of course mine.  ...  I conducted twenty formal and numerous informal interviews for this project; those that are unsourced were conducted on the condition of anonymity.  ...  ., THE JAPANESE STOCK MARKET : PRICING SYSTEMS AND ACCOUNTING INFORMATION (1988).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.251012 fatcat:efmhmdm5yfgf5pyuozp7uhnzpy


1965 Kyoto University Economic Review  
using Western machines and technical advisers.  ...  and skill for operating the machines.  ... 
doi:10.11179/ker1926.35.2_33 fatcat:iljbpltcezb63dlu77xy3aagfu
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