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Phrase detectives

Massimo Poesio, Jon Chamberlain, Udo Kruschwitz, Livio Robaldo, Luca Ducceschi
2013 ACM transactions on interactive intelligent systems (TiiS)  
An illustration of this new approach is Phrase Detectives, an interactive online game with a purpose for creating anaphorically annotated resources that makes use of a highly distributed population of  ...  The purpose of this article is to first of all give an overview of all aspects of Phrase Detectives, from the design of the game and the HLT methods we used to the results we have obtained so far.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS A great number of people in the community have helped us to develop the game and promote it.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2448116.2448119 fatcat:jqyu4ua7jvcoldn4jo23kncumu

Using Games to Create Language Resources: Successes and Limitations of the Approach [chapter]

Jon Chamberlain, Karën Fort, Udo Kruschwitz, Mathieu Lafourcade, Massimo Poesio
2013 The People's Web Meets NLP  
In this chapter we provide a brief overview of collaborative creation and the different approaches that have been used to create language resources, before analysing games used for this purpose.  ...  The most significant challenges collaborative systems face are how to train users with the necessary expertise and how to encourage participation on a scale required to produce high quality data comparable  ...  The original Phrase Detectives game was funded as part of the EPSRC AnaWiki project, EP/F00575X/1.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-35085-6_1 dblp:series/tanlp/ChamberlainFKLP13 fatcat:s4y3t2g7obfznkpleeg6maeonm

Optimising crowdsourcing efficiency: Amplifying human computation with validation

Jon Chamberlain, Udo Kruschwitz, Massimo Poesio
2018 it - Information Technology  
A validation model is described, simulated and tested on real data from an online crowdsourcing game to collect data about human language.  ...  This research investigates whether crowdsourcing can be optimised with a validation process, as measured by four criteria: quality; cost; noise; and speed.  ...  The creation of the original game was funded by EPSRC project AnaWiki, EP/F00575X/1.  ... 
doi:10.1515/itit-2017-0020 fatcat:smo72cwf7veaxjn5bivmuvz43u

Shallow features as indicators of English–German contrasts in lexical cohesion

Kerstin Kunz, Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski, José Manuel Martínez Martínez, Katrin Menzel, Erich Steiner
2017 Languages in Contrast: International Journal for Contrastive Linguistics  
Descriptive analyses of the corpus are then presented and statistically validated with the help of univariate and multivariate analyses.  ...  This paper contrasts lexical cohesion between English and German spoken and written registers, reporting findings from a quantitative lexical analysis.  ...  This distinction is out of the scope of the syntactic phase as it is a target of the overall process of frame annotation.  ... 
doi:10.1075/lic.16005.kun fatcat:p7pa2crm6rgkrfmsdf7m5265ea

Unrestricted Bridging Resolution

Yufang Hou, Katja Markert, Michael Strube
2018 Computational Linguistics  
The PhD student colloquium provides me with a platform to get to know various research topics, to discuss new ideas and to get feedback about my own research.  ...  In contrast to identity anaphora which indicates that a noun phrase refers back to the same entity introduced by previous descriptions in the discourse, bridging anaphora or associative anaphora links  ...  The approach models two mutually supportive tasks (i.e., bridging anaphora resolution and sibling anaphors clustering) jointly, on the basis of the observation that semantically/syntactically related anaphors  ... 
doi:10.1162/coli_a_00315 fatcat:ezgwhbvbrffi5jgx3edhigvx4a

Rule-Based Pronominal Anaphora Treatment for Machine Translation

Sharid Loáiciga, Eric Wehrli
2015 Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Discourse in Machine Translation  
The properties of a text which enable the conveyance of meaning have been defined as coherence and cohesion.  ...  These two linguistic phenomena have the particularity that either a pronoun and its antecedent (the token which gives meaning to it), or a verbal tense and its referent, are potentially placed in di erent  ...  Acknowledgements Predicting the boundedness of English SP verbs We chose to work with the bounded/unbounded distinction for two main reasons: availability of resources and the need for a disambiguation  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w15-2512 dblp:conf/discomt/LoaicigaW15 fatcat:nqb7ci7tc5gajbonpbwi4ku4k4

A Study and Survey on Sentiment Analysis

Kajaree Das
2017 IJARCCE  
In essence, Sentiment Analysis (SA) is detection and determination of the response of the targeted consumers to a certain brand or product or maybe even a situation.  ...  Human mind is biased with preferences and judgements.  ...  Resolution of Anaphoric References To identify what exactly a pronoun or a phrase referring to in a sentence involving multiple entities is another major challenge in sentiment analysis.  ... 
doi:10.17148/ijarcce.2017.6131 fatcat:nvcfnk6qx5doxptgx7yh57v7y4

Evaluation of text coherence for electronic essay scoring systems

E. MILTSAKAKI, K. KUKICH
2004 Natural Language Engineering  
, might be a significant contributor to the evaluation of essays.  ...  They not only justify Rough-Shifts as a valid transition type, but they also support the original formulation of Centering as a measure of discourse continuity even in pronominal-free text.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Jill Burstein who provided us with the essay set and human and e-rater scores used in this study; Mary Fowles, Peter Cooper, and Seth Weiner who provided us with  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1351324903003206 fatcat:lggkpfesq5bxngmmdzwykq52ee

Dependency Treebank Annotation and Null Elements: An Experiment with VIT [chapter]

Rodolfo Delmonte
2015 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
driven fields, by hampering the mapping of a complete logical form.  ...  However it is a fact that in this way the semantics of the representation used and produced is inconsistent and will reduce dramatically its usefulness in real life applications, like Q/A and other semantically  ...  In the case of Italian, SUBJects of tensed classed will search for the antecedent in a previous stretch of discourse with an anaphoric binding algorithm which is not the topic of this paper, but see [  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-14206-7_2 fatcat:evtgf5hjnzazdcnwp3yfk5y7uq

Linguistic Resources and Technologies for Romanian Language

Dan Cristea, Corina Forascu
2006 Computer Science Journal of Moldova  
This paper revises notions related to Language Resources and Technologies (LRT), including a brief overview of some resources developed worldwide and with a special focus on Romanian language.  ...  It then describes a joined Romanian, Moldavian, English initiative aimed at developing electronically coded resources for Romanian language, tools for their maintenance and usage, as well as for the creation  ...  Detection of text entities referred by pronouns, or nouns having a referential role (anaphors), is a vital process in many applications of text processing.  ... 
doaj:c3be4ea014bd449da61c7f881c8a2e33 fatcat:mnd4cjfi3bcezk425v5wfkghgm

The language instinct in extreme circumstances: The transition to tactile Italian Sign Language (LISt) by Deafblind signers

Alessandra Checchetto, Carlo Geraci, Carlo Cecchetto, Sandro Zucchi
2018 Glossa  
We argue that the transformation of LIS (Italian Sign Language) into tactile Italian Sign Language (LISt) is constrained by grammatical principles, rather than reflecting communication strategies that  ...  A natural question is which repair strategies are adopted to compensate for the loss of the grammatical features of the visual language that can no longer be perceived.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the Lega del Filo D'Oro for supporting our research.  ... 
doi:10.5334/gjgl.357 fatcat:z47ogmz7ujbsvl6t6aglvntany

Learning from Disagreement: A Survey

Alexandra N. Uma, Tommaso Fornaciari, Dirk Hovy, Silviu Paun, Barbara Plank, Massimo Poesio
2021 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
We systematically compare these different approaches by training them with each of the available datasets, considering several ways to evaluate the resulting models.  ...  Our results suggest, first of all, that even if we abandon the assumption of a gold standard, it is still essential to reach a consensus on how to evaluate models.  ...  Barbara Plank is in part supported by the Independent Research Fund Denmark (DFF) grant 9131-00019B and grant 9063-00077B.  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.1.12752 fatcat:l2dvmhtqtzelnbdcxdgra4ejwu

Processing of discourse anaphors by L2 speakers of English

Derya Cokal, Patrick Sturt, Fernanda Ferreira
2021 Dialogue and Discourse  
of this and that), which means they would prefer this for a referent mentioned in the proximal chunk of text and that for a referent mentioned in the distal chunk.  ...  We predicted that these speakers would assign referents in relation to the linear distance between discourse-linked anaphors and their referents in the discourse (i.e., based on spatial-temporal features  ...  Acknowledgements The project was funded by OYP and the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK), Grant No. 108K405 and the ERC, grant number 695662.  ... 
doi:10.5210/dad.2021.202 fatcat:3jvlo3etovhgjn2k3fbixm5ixe

H2020 692819 Simpatico - D5.1: Simpatico Platform Requirements And Architecture V1

Filograna Antonio
2016 Zenodo  
This document is the deliverable "D5.1 – SIMPATICO platform requirements and architecture" of the European project "SIMPATICO - SIMplifying the interaction with Public Administration Through Information  ...  The aim of this document is to give an overview on the SIMPATICO Architecture describing the its Requirements, the methodology used to collect them, and each component that builds the platform.  ...  Acknowledgement of previously published material and of the work of others has been made citation, quotation or both.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1042578 fatcat:4suqcv5gpbgbnkm2skpqoqh6c4

Acceptability Judgements via Examining the Topology of Attention Maps [article]

Daniil Cherniavskii, Eduard Tulchinskii, Vladislav Mikhailov, Irina Proskurina, Laida Kushnareva, Ekaterina Artemova, Serguei Barannikov, Irina Piontkovskaya, Dmitri Piontkovski, Evgeny Burnaev
2022 arXiv   pre-print
However, the ability of the attention heads to judge the grammatical acceptability of a sentence has been underexplored.  ...  Topological features enhance the BERT-based acceptability classifier scores by 8 languages (English, Italian, and Swedish).  ...  The performance is high on sentences with default syntax (Simple) and marked argument structure, including prepositional phrase arguments (Arg. Type), and verb phrases with unusual structures (Arg.  ... 
arXiv:2205.09630v1 fatcat:6uq6jbudgzeedmw33cjqphp2lm
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