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Responsibility in Context

Ann Whittle
2017 Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy  
Some have argued that our intuitive reactions to a number of cases of moral responsibility can only be preserved at the expense of a unified account of moral responsibility for acts and omissions.  ...  I argue against this conclusion, proposing that a plausible condition on responsibility, the Causal Condition can, when properly elaborated, justify the relevant intuitive data.  ...  Work on this paper was generously funded by a grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10670-017-9884-4 fatcat:v6afmu2i3bbffnpz56vb4exw6u

Conceptual Overlays: A Mechanism for the Interpretation of Sentence Meaning in Context

Charles J. Rieger III
1975 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
Since no sentence is ever perceived outside some context, it is reasonable to inquire into the nature of context as it affects the interpretation of sentence meaning at a deep conceptual level.  ...  A collection of such implicitly activated algorithms constitutes context, and the interpretive process is one of identifying future input as steps in these algorithms.  ...  Acknowledgments My thanks to Dave Levy and Bob Abelson, who taught me about cattle thefts last summer.  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/Rieger75 fatcat:53oo2u5cgfedfdoqvsvu65vrdy

Definability in the Real Universe [chapter]

S. Barry Cooper
2011 Computability in Context  
It has led me along an unexpected path, a path where new vistas open up, a path leading to new territory, where one can set up a base of operations, from which one can survey the surroundings and plan  ...  Logic has its origins in basic questions about the nature of the real world and how we describe it.  ...  based on an earlier talk of Rogers, appeared in the proceedings volume of the 1965 Logic Colloquium in Leicester.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9781848162778_0005 fatcat:rxb24a4nizd3rkcqpuz7zv3ske

Quantum Cognitive Triad. Semantic geometry of context representation [article]

Ilya A. Surov
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The obtained triad of quantum cognitive representations functions as a minimal carrier of semantic relations between the contexts, which are quantified by phase relations between the corresponding quantum  ...  The contexts are mapped to vector states in the two-dimensional quantum Hilbert space describing a dichotomic decision alternative in relation to which the contexts are subjectively recognized.  ...  But in practice the latter process depends on ability to recover relations between the components, which may be lost or destroyed in the former one.  ... 
arXiv:2002.11195v1 fatcat:faswj5yipraz3bqw7pdi7c634e

Determinants of Army Structures Development in the Context of Middle Sized Country Experiences in Contemporary Tactical Operations

Leszek Elak
2016 Journal on Baltic Security  
The article is an attempt to reveal multiple mutual relations of tactical, technical and economical inventions inflicting structural transformation of the army in the context of the reality of a middle-sized  ...  Although a military organization is a special form of institution, grouping people and resources for the special purposes of defence and fighting in general, it is influenced by the same rules and conditions  ...  Most frequently, depending on the planned tasks, there is a discussion about the setting up of task forces.  ... 
doi:10.1515/jobs-2016-0034 fatcat:kixcbttrqvacvjcbmdpgjpfy3i

AFChecker: Effective model checking for context-aware adaptive applications

Yepang Liu, Chang Xu, S.C. Cheung
2013 Journal of Systems and Software  
A large body of such applications relies on user-configured adaptation rules to customize their behavior. We call them rule-based context-aware applications (or RBAs for short).  ...  Our experiments on two real RBAs report that this approach successfully removes 46.5% of false positives and ranks 86.2% of true positives to the top of the fault list.  ...  We also thank anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2012.11.055 fatcat:zvzogoxqebbzfd7igiynppvukm

Ontology-based context representation and reasoning for object tracking and scene interpretation in video

Juan Gómez-Romero, Miguel A. Patricio, Jesús García, José M. Molina
2011 Expert systems with applications  
Computer vision research has been traditionally focused on the development of quantitative techniques to calculate the properties and relations of the entities appearing in a video sequence.  ...  tracking procedure to improve its accuracy and performance.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in part by Projects CICYT TIN2008-06742-C02-02/TSI, CICYT TEC2008-06732-C02-02/TEC, SINPROB, CAM MADRINET S-0505/TIC/0255 and DPS2008-07029-C02-02.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2010.12.118 fatcat:kkoj3phxa5gntbt4dhccl2g7dy

Cognitive Supervisor for an Autonomous Swarm of Robots

Vladimir G. Ivancevic, Darryn J. Reid
2017 Intelligent Control and Automation  
The meta-cognitive supervisor model is a modal logic of actions and plans that hinges on a weak causality relation that specifies when atoms may change their values without specifying that they must change  ...  The atoms and action primitives of the logic framework also provide a straightforward way of connecting the meta-cognitive supervisor with the cognitive supervisor, with other modules, and to the meta-cognitive  ...  This work is a part of the DSTG TAS SRI (Tyche) project.  ... 
doi:10.4236/ica.2017.81004 fatcat:gfwhnyknmjh7tmj5ebwkmw4rxi

Context-based scene recognition from visual data in smart homes: an Information Fusion approach

Juan Gómez-Romero, Miguel A. Serrano, Miguel A. Patricio, Jesús García, José M. Molina
2011 Personal and Ubiquitous Computing  
In this paper, we propose a cognitive framework for the implementation of AmI applications based on visual sensor networks.  ...  The framework, inspired by the Information Fusion paradigm, combines a priori context knowledge represented with ontologies with real time single camera data to support logic-based high-level local interpretation  ...  Acknowledgments This research activity is supported in part by Projects CICYT TIN2008-06742-C02-02/TSI, CICYT TEC2008-06732-C02-02/TEC, CAM CONTEXTS (S2009/TIC-1485) and DPS2008-07029-C02-02.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00779-011-0450-9 fatcat:vvuv2lijdnbqhm7wotmpdji6y4

Discourse about United Russia in the Post-imperial Context
Дискурс о Единой России в постимперском контексте

Lyudmila Klyukina
2019 Historia provinciae – the journal of regional history(rus )  
The existence of the Third Rome depends on the divine patience, which, in its turn, depends on the moral education and spiritual transformation of Christians and, above all, of "the one who reigns." 14  ...  the position of an external observer in relation to the national culture of the late 20 th -early 21 st centuries and consider it as a culture experiencing an explosion, which is a "consequence" or an  ... 
doi:10.23859/2587-8344-2019-3-3-3 fatcat:w4znxeazz5dzfkfhxmjbdlxb4m

Biofuels in Brazil in the Context of South America Energy Policy [chapter]

Luiz Pinguelli, Rosa Alberto, Christiano Pires de Campos
2013 Biofuels - Economy, Environment and Sustainability  
Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge COPPE/UFRJ researcher Rodrigo Ribas contribution to the revision of this article.  ...  Author details Luiz Pinguelli 1 , Rosa Alberto Villela 2 and Christiano Pires de Campos 3  ...  It is aimed to serve as a policy instrument in order to provide a basis for decisionmaking and planning actions, contextualizing the discussion within the global framework.  ... 
doi:10.5772/54419 fatcat:pfhkhyafxzhrjpge2tv2ytyk5q

Beyond knowing that: a new generation of epistemic logics [article]

Yanjing Wang
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Despite its various successful applications in theoretical computer science, AI, and game theory, the technical development of the field has been mainly focusing on the propositional part, i.e., the propositional  ...  We survey our recent line of work on the epistemic logics of "knowing whether", "knowing what" and "knowing how" to demonstrate the use of this new approach.  ...  The author is grateful to Hans van Ditmarsch for his very detailed comments on an early version of this paper.  ... 
arXiv:1605.01995v3 fatcat:n2vpwbpkafflxfzkjwl7lnaqzm

Formalizing action and change in modal logic I: the frame problem

M. Castilho
1999 Journal of Logic and Computation  
We present the basic framework of a logic of actions and plans de ned in terms of modal logic combined with a notion of dependence.  ...  An example is the family of action logics based on A 19], which was explicitly designed to have a clear and simple language and semantics.  ...  Particular thanks are due to Fabio Massacci, who has pointed out an error in a previous version of the paper. This work was partially supported by CAPES/Brazil, under grants to the rst author.  ... 
doi:10.1093/logcom/9.5.701 fatcat:qpjanifqkvgrdgfwbp5mcclmb4

Rule-based process-cell, monitor and control design

Yehonathan Hazony
2002 Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing  
PDS focuses on the productivity of the individual designer in the context of extensive teamwork.  ...  This paper describes a new approach to the design and implementation of a Rule-Based Process-Design-System (PDS).  ...  The fact that the logic structure of a complicated-decision tree is replaced by a cascade of ternary rules makes it easy to add to the cascade, delete from it, or substitute a ternary rule.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0736-5845(01)00032-1 fatcat:btxhpqzw2bf23nqjctiqaj7tpu

Administration Model for Or-BAC [chapter]

Frédéric Cuppens, Alexandre Miège
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Even though the final objective of an access control model is to provide a framework to decide if actions performed by subjects on objects are permitted or not, it is not convenient to directly specify  ...  The Organization Based Access Control (Or-BAC) model further generalizes the RBAC model by introducing the concepts of activity and view as abstractions of action and object.  ...  Acknowledgement For this work, Alexandre Miège is funded by France Télécom R&D and Frédéric Cuppens is partially funded by the MP6 RNRT project of the ministry of Research.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-39962-9_76 fatcat:ptjjbbpffrahlku2iiacahg5ha
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