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Infectious Random Walks [article]

Alberto Pettarin, Andrea Pietracaprina, Geppino Pucci, Eli Upfal
2011 arXiv   pre-print
In the gossiping scenario, each agent is given a distinct rumor at time 0 and all agents start random walks. When two agents meet, they share all rumors they are aware of.  ...  At time 0, one agent is informed of a rumor and starts a random walk. When an informed agent meets an uninformed agent, the latter becomes informed and starts a new random walk.  ...  A model similar to our Gossiping scenario is often employed to model the spreading of computer viruses in networks and the spreading time is also referred to as infection time.  ... 
arXiv:1007.1604v2 fatcat:jxmsp5vrmrg6lchlonhlgn46eq

Preface to the Special Issue on Theory of Genetic and Evolutionary Computation

Carola Doerr, Dirk Sudholt
2019 Algorithmica  
In this special issue nine selected papers from the 2017 edition of the GECCO theory track are collected, each one of them carefully revised and extended to meet the high quality standards of Algorithmica  ...  The paper Island Models Meet Rumor Spreading by Doerr, Fischbeck, Frahnow, Friedrich, Kötzing, and Schirneck introduces a novel way of implementing communication: instead of each island broadcasting migrants  ...  to all neighboring islands, the authors use rumor spreading, where each island only communicates with one randomly chosen island.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00453-018-00543-8 fatcat:m5zqhwy5uvh5dntwq2uhssenfy

Tight bounds on information dissemination in sparse mobile networks

Alberto Pettarin, Andrea Pietracaprina, Geppino Pucci, Eli Upfal
2011 Proceedings of the 30th annual ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS symposium on Principles of distributed computing - PODC '11  
The spread of the rumor is governed by a dynamic communication graph process {Gt(r) | t ≥ 0}, where two agents are connected by an edge in Gt(r) iff their distance at time t is within their transmission  ...  Modeling the physical reality that the speed of radio transmission is much faster than the motion of the agents, we assume that the rumor can travel throughout a connected component of Gt before the graph  ...  A model similar to our scenario is often employed to represent the spreading of computer viruses in networks, and the spreading time is also referred to as infection time.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1993806.1993882 dblp:conf/podc/PettarinPPU11 fatcat:rhg62mpazzc7hhlb3yzpqakalm

Tight Bounds on Information Dissemination in Sparse Mobile Networks [article]

Alberto Pettarin, Andrea Pietracaprina, Geppino Pucci, Eli Upfal
2011 arXiv   pre-print
The spread of the rumor is governed by a dynamic communication graph process G_t(r) | t ≥ 0, where two agents are connected by an edge in G_t(r) iff their distance at time t is within their transmission  ...  Modeling the physical reality that the speed of radio transmission is much faster than the motion of the agents, we assume that the rumor can travel throughout a connected component of G_t before the graph  ...  A model similar to our scenario is often employed to represent the spreading of computer viruses in networks and the spreading time is also referred to as infection time.  ... 
arXiv:1101.4609v2 fatcat:us5z2umpwndajmfnwlpymjbo5e

Page 2096 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 80, Issue 5 [page]

1993 Psychological Abstracts  
—Describes the spread of a rumor through a low-income neighborhood in Day- ton, Ohio.  ...  (U Dayton, OH) “Snakes in the ” and rumor in the . Annual Meetings of the Midwest Sociological Society (1991, Chicago, Illinois). Social Science Journal, 1992, Vol 29(4), 381-393.  ... 

Editorial

Patrick Doreian
2001 The Journal of mathematical sociology  
This paper describes two related epidemic models of rumor transmission in an age-structured population.  ...  Rumors share with communicable disease certain basic aspects, which means that formal models of epidemics may be applied to the transmission of rumors.  ...  This paper is an outgrowth of the author's models of measles epidemics, presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, New York City, March 1999.  ... 
doi:10.1080/0022250x.2001.9990252 pmid:20351799 pmcid:PMC2846379 fatcat:6onkj2xfuvctzbdtij5w6qkpfy

The transmission and persistence of 'urban legends': Sociological application of age‐structured epidemic models

Andrew Noymer
2001 The Journal of mathematical sociology  
This paper describes two related epidemic models of rumor transmission in an age-structured population.  ...  Rumors share with communicable disease certain basic aspects, which means that formal models of epidemics may be applied to the transmission of rumors.  ...  This paper is an outgrowth of the author's models of measles epidemics, presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, New York City, March 1999.  ... 
doi:10.1080/0022250x.2001.9990256 fatcat:phe6pafinfdujpbmnocjpakepi

Exploring Regression-Based Narrative Planning

Stephen G. Ware, Orion Fisher
2020 Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment Conference  
A valid and believable narrative plan must often meet at least two requirements: the author's goal must be satisfied by the end, and every action taken must make sense based on the goals and beliefs of  ...  This anticipated action is necessary to explain how Hawkins' choice to spread the rumor of the treasure-to take the rumor action-is justified.  ...  This represents the obviously redundant story: {rumor, rumor, sail, dig, take(H, T )} Hawkins spreading the rumor that he has the map twice is possible, but unnecessary, because the proposition produced  ... 
dblp:conf/aiide/WareF20 fatcat:cybrmtndyjfnrk2jro4bcbo55q

Media use and antimicrobial resistance misinformation and misuse: Survey evidence of information channels and fatalism in augmenting a global health threat

Jacob Groshek, James E. Katz, Brittany Andersen, Chelsea Cutino, Qiankun Zhong, Udo Schumacher
2018 Cogent Medicine  
Specifically, traditional media (newspaper, radio, television) consumption and social media use are modeled as factors which may not only reinforce but perpetuate AMR misinformation and misuse.  ...  s (2013) discussion of rumors spreading in crisis situations via Twitter.  ...  In a study on the spread of rumors through online sources (e.g. news, blogs) versus through email, Garrett (2011) found that email was a particularly dangerous space in which political rumors were spread  ... 
doi:10.1080/2331205x.2018.1460898 fatcat:kbgc3shnqndctpwbgw5zlnpu5q

Impact of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on Belief in Rumors: The Role of Risk Perception and Communication

Seoyong Kim, Sunhee Kim
2017 Sustainability  
Our research will contribute to providing a more persuasive theoretical model for belief in rumors by combining communication and psychometric paradigm.  ...  Rumors related to the Fukushima nuclear accident rapidly spread across the country border, and, once spread, they remained in people's minds for a long time, sometimes exacerbating the disaster situation  ...  Rumors spread easily in situations characterized by anxiety and ambiguity. Rosnow et al.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su9122188 fatcat:rg6qi573xrfsjduxarloteibyi

Retransmitting Messages Online in Evolving Disasters: A Scenario Simulation

Fang Liu
2015 International Conference on Information Systems  
After proposing my research model, I propose a way to test it by simulating a disaster scenario in an experiment.  ...  Theoretically, I seek to offer insights for research on online crisis communication, rumor theory, and information diffusion.  ...  To develop my model, I largely draw on two bodies of literature: information diffusion and rumor theory.  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/Liu15 fatcat:okorclcx7ffzxpw7zit4iyk3na

Page 405 of The Living Age Vol. 300, Issue 3893 [page]

1919 The Living Age  
Ever since the French troops landed a year ago at Corfu, rumors were spread broadcast anticipating such a German victory.  ...  may meet a submarine between Corfu and Patras!  ... 

Lack of Cross-Scale Linkages Reduces Robustness of Community-Based Fisheries Management

Richard Cudney-Bueno, Xavier Basurto, Craig R. McClain
2009 PLoS ONE  
The "tragedy of the commons" model is often accepted as a universal paradigm, which assumes that unless managed by the State or privatized, common-pool resources are inevitably overexploited due to conflicts  ...  build on social and ecological research before (1997-2001), during (2002) and after (2003-2004) the establishment of marine reserves, which included participant observation in .100 fishing trips and meetings  ...  For instance, it was common for rumors of poaching to develop and quickly spread within the group. However, these rumors were usually dismissed during cooperative meetings.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006253 pmid:19606210 pmcid:PMC2705799 fatcat:opzf77na6rcadkuam4j674u3te

Lack of Cross-Scale Linkages Reduces Robustness of Community-Based Fisheries Management [chapter]

Richard Cudney-Bueno, Xavier Basurto
2011 Fisheries Management and Conservation  
The "tragedy of the commons" model is often accepted as a universal paradigm, which assumes that unless managed by the State or privatized, common-pool resources are inevitably overexploited due to conflicts  ...  build on social and ecological research before (1997-2001), during (2002) and after (2003-2004) the establishment of marine reserves, which included participant observation in .100 fishing trips and meetings  ...  For instance, it was common for rumors of poaching to develop and quickly spread within the group. However, these rumors were usually dismissed during cooperative meetings.  ... 
doi:10.1201/b14535-9 fatcat:brwxfedouzcrdku4ebviuoeude

Page 331 of Anglo American, a Journal of Literature, News, Politics, the Drama, Fine Arts, Etc Vol. 1, Issue 14 [page]

1843 Anglo American, a Journal of Literature, News, Politics, the Drama, Fine Arts, Etc  
Sir Thomas then requested the Queen to call a meeting of all the inhabitants on the islaud, to know whether it) were their wish that the French should hold possession and govern the island.; ‘The meeting  ...  We do not anticipate hostilities upon the meeting of the \|two commanders, but rather a suspension of authority on both sides with regard to the islands until instructions be sent out from Europe.  ... 
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