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Attentive documents

Georg Buscher, Andreas Dengel, Ralf Biedert, Ludger V. Elst
2012 ACM transactions on interactive intelligent systems (TiiS)  
In addition, the second study demonstrates the effect of using reading behavior as implicit relevance feedback for personalizing search.  ...  Reading is one of the most frequent activities of knowledge workers. Eye tracking can provide information on what document parts users read, and how they were read.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Tristan King for his help improving the style of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2070719.2070722 fatcat:sm4eph2jzzfhhnuodbfwguysby

Document Representation [chapter]

Zhiyuan Liu, Yankai Lin, Maosong Sun
2020 Representation Learning for Natural Language Processing  
A document is usually the highest linguistic unit of natural language.  ...  How to pretrain document representation models with efficient and effective strategies is still a critical and challenging problem.  ...  Moreover, there are also some methods that leverage useful signals such as anchor-document information to supervise document representation learning [67] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-5573-2_5 fatcat:e2olk7crlrhsxgcrobtu3e3ifa

Automating Content Extraction of HTML Documents

Suhit Gupta, Gail E. Kaiser, Peter Grimm, Michael F. Chiang, Justin Starren
2005 World wide web (Bussum)  
Our key insight is to work with DOM trees, a W3C specified interface that allows programs to dynamically access document structure, rather than with raw HTML markup.  ...  Extraction of "useful and relevant" content from web pages has many applications, including cell phone and PDA browsing, speech rendering for the visually impaired, and text summarization.  ...  We would like to extend a special thanks to David L.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11280-004-4873-3 fatcat:35wwwz6fznbvtkk2r7qjv6e55y

Faster document navigation with space-filling thumbnails

Andy Cockburn, Carl Gutwin, Jason Alexander
2006 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in computing systems - CHI '06  
SFT provides two views: a standard page view for reading, and a thumbnail view that shows all pages. We tested SFT in three experiments that involved finding pages in documents.  ...  Scrolling is the standard way to navigate through many types of digital documents.  ...  Although real users would almost certainly use Search tools for navigating through long documents, these tasks are intended to expose interface differences in extreme cases of use.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1124772.1124774 dblp:conf/chi/CockburnGA06 fatcat:fxmvykfxgvbqngh6nn4sxh2mie

Explicit Structure in Print and On-Screen Documents

David K. Farkas
2005 Technical Communication Quarterly  
In print, unpopulated locations arise when a heading is followed not by body text but by another, lower-level heading. A prevalent term for this is stacked headings.  ...  Because the display unit of a document frames and bounds the text and graphical content, the display-unit properties of any document significantly affect how the document is organized and formatted-hence  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15427625tcq1401_3 fatcat:k6xgvhvay5h5tpff3hxlqngiu4

Textlets: Supporting Constraints and Consistency in Text Documents

Han L. Han, Miguel A. Renom, Wendy E. Mackay, Michel Beaudouin-Lafon
2020 Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems  
We argue that Textlets serve as a generative concept for creating powerful new tools for document editing.  ...  Writing technical documents frequently requires following constraints and consistently using domain-specific terms.  ...  As the user edits the text, the counter updates, avoiding the need for special commands or re-selection. The user can set a threshold above which the textlet will signal that the text is too long.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3313831.3376804 dblp:conf/chi/HanRMB20 fatcat:vxe3suum6vfh7iuvxvezgogijy

Employing voice back channels of facilitate audio document retrieval

Chris Schmandt
1988 ACM SIGOIS Bulletin  
Acoustic evidence based on duration and prosody (rhythm and melody) of listeners' utterances is employed as a means of discriminating responses by discourse function without using word recognition.  ...  This paper describes an attempt to build a user interface capable of employing these back channel responses for flow control purposes while presenting a variety of audio information to a listener.  ...  tools, and to Jim Davis for discovering the direction giving domain in the first place and much work with the linguistics literature, as well as a review of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/966861.45433 fatcat:h43zs7cee5hdph57fbywahlgiu

Employing voice back channels of facilitate audio document retrieval

Chris Schmandt
1988 Conference Sponsored by ACM SIGOIS and IEEECS TC-OA on Office information systems -  
Acoustic evidence based on duration and prosody (rhythm and melody) of listeners' utterances is employed as a means of discriminating responses by discourse function without using word recognition.  ...  This paper describes an attempt to build a user interface capable of employing these back channel responses for flow control purposes while presenting a variety of audio information to a listener.  ...  tools, and to Jim Davis for discovering the direction giving domain in the first place and much work with the linguistics literature, as well as a review of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/45410.45433 fatcat:ohz3c2g7u5hjjdqwxdvcr3pnk4

Storing and indexing XML documents upside down

Christian Mathis, Theo Härder, Karsten Schmidt
2009 Computer Science - Research and Development  
Because this elementless storage format provides an efficient reconstruction of a document using its path synopsis, all processing properties are preserved and the semantics of navigational and declarative  ...  The cornerstones for such a solution are suitable node labels and a path synopsis which efficiently represents all path classes of an XML document.  ...  Acknowledments The authors are grateful for the hints of the anonymous referees, which improved the readability of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00450-009-0056-x fatcat:fvj3acd67vekfj3n4oyv4krcii

Spoken document understanding and organization

Lin-shan Lee, B. Chen
2005 IEEE Signal Processing Magazine  
The user's instructions can be entered not only by text but possibly through speech as well since speech is a convenient user interface for a variety of user terminals, especially for small handheld devices  ...  As a result, the spoken documents associated with the network content will become key for retrieval and browsing.  ...  Text-to-speech synthesis can be used to transform the text information in the content into speech when required.  ... 
doi:10.1109/msp.2005.1511823 fatcat:3agy74qwjfcunf5xdroqqjzoge

Document Analysis Systems for Digital Libraries: Challenges and Opportunities [chapter]

Henry S. Baird, Venugopal Govindaraju, Daniel P. Lopresti
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The state-of-the-art is summarized, including a digest of themes that emerged during the recent International Workshop on Document Image Analysis for Libraries.  ...  DL's; (c) the presentation of doc-images to DL users; (d) navigation within and among doc-images in DL's; and (e) effective use of personal and interactive DL's.  ...  Does an image contain any printed or handwritten text? 2. Does it contain a long passage (e.g., 50 or more words) of text? 3.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-28640-0_1 fatcat:3szb2elcm5amvlhvma3kbwmzza

How may multimedia and hypertext documents support deep processing for learning?

F. Amadieu, J. Lemarié, A. Tricot
2017 Psychologie Francaise  
Digital documents as multimedia and hypertext documents provides for learning multiple information formats as well as multiple tasks (e.g. reading, exploration, interactions with information).  ...  In this paper, we examined three sets of research about learning with (a) multiple representations, (b) animations and (c) hypertexts.  ...  Acknowledgement This paper was written in the framework of the research project CISH supported by ANR (National Research Agency) -JCJC SHS 2 -2011.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.psfr.2015.04.002 fatcat:b4glumczvzaglbkytvm4qxyvbm

Improving Document Review Practices in Pharmaceutical Companies

Stephen A. Bernhardt
2003 Journal of business and technical communication  
Assessing the overall pragmatics of a document is difficult when texts are long and complex, loaded with data, and shaped by complex histories.  ...  - izing the study signals efficiency and reassures health authorities that the company is not delaying publication to manipulate the conclu- sions.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1050651903255345 fatcat:qhnxuvbnivfr5cskvnabao45lu

ADD+: Including rhetorical structures in active documents

Ana Cristina Bicharra Garcia, Clarisse Sieckenius De Souz
1997 Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing  
Active Design Documents (ADDs) are powerful tools for cooperative design because they account for revealing the rationale among design participants while assisting each of them in their own.  ...  A design is a plan containing guidelines to build and understand an artifact.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors are thankful to a number of people and institutions who have provided the necessary infrastructure for this work to be achieved.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0890060400001906 fatcat:xhkxui324zejbmhe2wi4r6ztpu

Consistent document engineering

Jan Scheffczyk, Uwe M. Borghoff, Peter Rödig, Lothar Schmitz
2003 Proceedings of the 2003 ACM symposium on Document engineering - DocEng '03  
Instead, our novel semantics precisely pinpoints inconsistent document parts and indicates when, where, and why documents are inconsistent. Speed is a key issue in consistency management.  ...  When a group of authors collaboratively edits interrelated documents, consistency problems occur almost immediately.  ...  The second column shows how many documents were added (n) or changed (c) by a check-in. We use man for manuals, key for key resolvers, and txt for plain text documents.  ... 
doi:10.1145/958243.958246 fatcat:sf237xsgabgbtemnscvzxiaql4
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