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Neuroenhancement by noninvasive brain stimulation is not a net zero-sum proposition

Bruce Luber
2014 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
Overview: Over the last decade, it has become increasingly clear that cognitive enhancement with noninvasive brain stimulation (NBS) is a real phenomenon.  ...  It is in this sense that using a zero-sum framework in the context of NBS cognitive enhancement is not particularly appropriate.  ...  Conflict of Interest Statement: The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2014.00127 pmid:25071479 pmcid:PMC4085567 fatcat:bkvi4si2u5awtdjusfv5ajobse

Is neuroenhancement by noninvasive brain stimulation a net zero-sum proposition?

Anna-Katharine Brem, Peter J. Fried, Jared C. Horvath, Edwin M. Robertson, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
2014 NeuroImage  
We argue that to guide future neuroenhancement studies, the net-zero sum concept is helpful, but only if its limits are tightly defined.  ...  The "net zero-sum model", based on the assumption that brain resources are subjected to the physical principle of conservation of energy, is one of the theoretical frameworks proposed to account for such  ...  of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.07.038 pmid:23880500 pmcid:PMC4392930 fatcat:c3uu4llsqfepndddktkznza7wq

The regulation of consumer tDCS: engaging a community of creative self-experimenters

Nick J. Davis
2016 Journal of Law and the Biosciences  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The author is grateful to Peter Simpson-Young for helpful comments.  ...  ., Is Neuroenhancement by Noninvasive Brain Stimulation a Net Zero-Sum Proposition?, 85 NEUROIMAGE 1058, 1068 (2014).  ...  However, not everyone is convinced by this argument: Bruce Luber, Neuroenhancement by Noninvasive Brain Stimulation is not a Net Zero-Sum Proposition, 8 FRONT. SYS. NEUROSCI. 127 (2014).  ... 
doi:10.1093/jlb/lsw013 fatcat:7tl7mslt2vgjdnzsunghn3iu6q

Tuning noninvasive brain stimulation with MRI to cope with intersubject variability

Annegret Habich, Santiago Canals, Stefan Klöppel
2016 Current Opinion in Neurology  
Recent findings Knowledge about the underlying physiological principles of excitability changes as induced by noninvasive brain stimulation or repetitive sensory stimulation is accumulating, revealing  ...  Purpose of review The review aims at highlighting the additional benefit that can be gained from combining noninvasive brain stimulation as well as repetitive sensory stimulation protocols with MRI techniques  ...  Is neuroenhancement by noninvasive brain stimulation a net zero-sum proposition? Neuroimage 2014; 85:1058-1068. 7. Wiethoff S, Hamada M, Rothwell JC.  ... 
doi:10.1097/wco.0000000000000353 pmid:27257946 fatcat:xv2xxhtkandatbi7aipywpvcxi

Outstanding questions concerning the regulation of cognitive enhancement devices†

Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste, Farah Focquaert
2014 Journal of Law and the Biosciences  
., Is Neuroenhancement by Noninvasive Brain Stimulation a Net Zero-Sum Proposition?  ...  Techniques such as neurofeedback, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), or tDCS are typically framed as non-invasive brain stimulation techniques. 1 Or would a regulation like alcohol, ie not below  ... 
doi:10.1093/jlb/lsu024 pmid:27774170 pmcid:PMC5033536 fatcat:k6jahkv5srbjjccep3t6dikxt4

The multiplicity of memory enhancement: Practical and ethical implications of the diverse neural substrates underlying human memory systems [article]

Kieran C.R. Fox, Nicholas S. Fitz, Peter B. Reiner
2016 arXiv   pre-print
The neural basis of human memory is incredibly complex.  ...  The overall project - exploring how human enhancement technologies affect society - stands to benefit from a deeper appreciation of memory's neurobiological diversity.  ...  Is   neuroenhancement  by  noninvasive  brain  stimulation  a  net  zero-­‐sum  proposition?   Neuroimage,  85,  1058-­‐1068.     Cabrera,  L.  Y.  ... 
arXiv:1609.08083v1 fatcat:ixd5swqnavahtdrlysjlqul3ru

Does transcranial direct current stimulation enhance cognitive and motor functions in the ageing brain? A systematic review and meta- analysis

Jeffery J. Summers, Nyeonju Kang, James H. Cauraugh
2016 Ageing Research Reviews  
Five analyses on moderator variables indicated significant tDCS beneficial effects: (a) on both cognitive and motor task performances, (b) across a wide-range of cognitive tasks, (c) on specific brain  ...  The use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to enhance cognitive and motor functions has enjoyed a massive increase in popularity.  ...  Neuroenhancement by noninvasive brain stimulation is not a net zero-sum proposition. Front Syst Neurosci 8, 127. Luft, C.D., Pereda, E., Banissy, M.J., Bhattacharya, J., 2014.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.arr.2015.11.004 pmid:26607412 fatcat:vuwrc4hdwjdmpbl25hzgcz32iq

Cosmetic Neurocognitive Enhancement and Healthcare Providers

Tracy D. Gunter
2015 Indiana Health Law Review  
., Is Neuroenhancement by Noninvasive Brain Stimulation a Net Zero-Sum Proposition?, 85 NEUROIMAGE 1058 (2013). 96 Kimberly R.  ...  using an experimental medication with the by line "Accessing 100% of your brain is now possible with….") 32 How Do Stimulants Affect the Brain and Body, NAT'L INST.  ...  If cosmetic neurocognitive enhancement is not a treatment covered by health insurers or employers then the cost will necessarily fall to the individual.  ... 
doi:10.18060/3911.0007 fatcat:f3keybvwhfboziaj2dv6nxjz4e

Tuning noninvasive brain stimulation with MRI to cope with intersubject variability

Annegret Habich, Stefan Klöppel, Santiago Canals
2016
Recent findings Knowledge about the underlying physiological principles of excitability changes as induced by noninvasive brain stimulation or repetitive sensory stimulation is accumulating, revealing  ...  Purpose of review The review aims at highlighting the additional benefit that can be gained from combining noninvasive brain stimulation as well as repetitive sensory stimulation protocols with MRI techniques  ...  Is neuroenhancement by noninvasive brain stimulation a net zero-sum proposition? Neuroimage 2014; 85:1058-1068. 7. Wiethoff S, Hamada M, Rothwell JC.  ... 
doi:10.7892/boris.95992 fatcat:niouu3efwjdpndhjpaah2itvne

DOTTORATO DI RICERCA IN COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE Ciclo XXIX SENSORIMOTOR NETWORK IN SOCIAL COGNITION

Presentata Da:, Riccardo Paracampo
unpublished
Embodied simulation of others' action and sensations might constitute the basis of a form of mind-reading that is not propositional and is based on the body and mirror-like mechanisms in the human brain  ...  The aversive outcome on the victim (i.e., pain) is processed by a different network of brain regions.  ... 
fatcat:uqoh2sy4ijbmfgzcz6zwp6kdfa

The modification of perception of emotions by transcranial magnetic stimulation

Vincent Rochas, Christoph Michel
2014
Very early processing of emotional words revealed in temporoparietal junctions of both hemispheres by EEG and TMS. Exp Brain Res, 232(4): 1267-81.  ...  Brain Research, 1217: 110-118. C Cabanac M. 2002. What is emotion? Behavioural Processes, 60(2): 69-83. Cacioppo JT, Petty RE, Losch ME, Kim HS. 1986.  ...  Remerciements Je remercie de manière générale mais de manière totale le Functional Brain Mapping Laboratory du Prof. Christoph M.  ... 
doi:10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:36939 fatcat:bjvkfextoncmhj6no4ixfimwwq

Variety, flexibility, and use of abstract concepts. A multiple grounded perspective

Caterina Villani
2022
Writing a doctoral dissertation is not a walk in the park. For me, it would not have been possible to embark on this journey without the support I received from many people.  ...  A special thanks for her continuous encouragement and, above all, for her joy and enthusiasm in doing scientific research.  ...  In all these cases, language is more than the sum of speaking and listening; rather, it is a cooperative action that individuals do for a given aim.  ... 
doi:10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10310 fatcat:67zmqjkiafhmlknewbi7agozui