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Is bigger always better? The importance of cortical configuration with respect to cognitive ability

Eero Vuoksimaa, Matthew S. Panizzon, Chi-Hua Chen, Mark Fiecas, Lisa T. Eyler, Christine Fennema-Notestine, Donald J. Hagler, Carol E. Franz, Amy J. Jak, Michael J. Lyons, Michael C. Neale, Daniel A. Rinker (+4 others)
2016 NeuroImage  
Notes The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent official views of the NIH or the VA.  ...  Anders Dale is a founder and holds equity in CorTechs Laboratories and also serves on its Scientific Advisory Board. The terms of this  ...  These observations thus appear to be consistent with the idea that "bigger is better" when it comes to brain structure and cognitive ability.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.01.049 pmid:26827810 pmcid:PMC4838639 fatcat:rx3msbe6b5duzgnw6h4isfxiry


Fabiano de Abreu Rodrigues
2020 Brazilian Journal of Development  
When the respective proteins work in the activation of neurotransmitters, they make the attention bigger, creating a better memorization and the easiness of learning, called Synaptic Plasticity, synapses  ...  of the emotion of the game, making memorization to be better exercised.According to Cardoso (2000) :Memory is an extremely important cognitive faculty because it forms the basis for learning.  ... 
doi:10.34117/bjdv6n12-754 fatcat:ouzqlauvg5a2jfoousra7c4lae

Chlorella Vulgaris Alleviates Lead-induced Testicular Toxicity Better than Zingiber Officinale: An Ultrastructural Study [article]

Hesham N. Mustafa
2015 Figshare  
Cemil Bilsel Congress Hall, Faculty of Science, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Oral Presentation; 09/2015  ...  Chlorella Vulgaris Alleviates Lead-induced Testicular Toxicity Better than Zingiber Officinale: An Ultrastructural Study XXIV International Symposium on Morphological Sciences, Prof. Dr.  ...  Kent Bundles and the bundle of His can be within 2mm distance.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.1553286 fatcat:foxjxuwbnzfnlgdumwapjoqdoi

Neural and cognitive plasticity: From maps to minds

Eduardo Mercado
2008 Psychological bulletin  
Specifically, it is hypothesized that cognitive plasticity depends on the number and diversity of cortical modules that an organism has available as well as the brain's capacity to flexibly reconfigure  ...  The proposed framework provides a unified account of variability in cognitive plasticity as a function of species, age, and individual, and it makes specific predictions about how manipulations of cortical  ...  Second, it is suggested that cognitive plasticity entails the ability to flexibly develop new circuit configurations and to switch between them, that is, that assemblies of cortical modules are reconfigurable  ... 
doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.1.109 pmid:18193997 fatcat:eup6qxncvbeojke3442xy4oye4

Multivariate Relationships Between Cognition and Brain Anatomy Across the Psychosis Spectrum

Amanda L. Rodrigue, Jennifer E. McDowell, Neeraj Tandon, Matcheri S. Keshavan, Carol A. Tamminga, Godfrey D. Pearlson, John A. Sweeney, Robert D. Gibbons, Brett A. Clementz
2018 Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging  
The relation of specific cognitive functions to specific brain structures across the psychosis spectrum is less certain.  ...  The Schizo-Bipolar Scale was used to create a psychosis continuum (from purely affective to purely nonaffective).  ...  The authors also would like to thank Brad Witte and Gaurav Poudyal for their contributions to data management and the volunteer study participants who contributed their time and effort to the B-SNIP study  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bpsc.2018.03.012 pmid:29759822 pmcid:PMC6167203 fatcat:kdkq3fuatnfwna3py2yrbnffmu

Diagnostic accuracy of double inversion recovery in delineation of multiple sclerosis lesions and its clinical correlation with expanded disability scoring system

Weaam Hamed, Wessam Fathi, Walaa Mahmoud, Galal Elhawary
2019 The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine  
There was a positive association between patients with cortical lesions and male gender, clinical disability, cognitive changes, and higher EDSS score.  ...  T2W-TSE, FLAIR, and DIR sequences were performed and compared to each other. Each patient was clinically assessed at the time of the MRI examination with EDSS.  ...  In addition to its important role of DIR in MS, it also used in the detection of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) in children and young adults with epilepsy [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/s43055-019-0057-0 fatcat:r5lcorblbnhtfjfbl7gxze55eu

Differences between Old and Young Adults' Ability to Recognize Human Faces Underlie Processing of Horizontal Information

Sven Obermeyer, Thorsten Kolling, Andreas Schaich, Monika Knopf
2012 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
Contrary to most findings in the field of developmental face perception, only a near-significant age effect is apparent in upright and un-manipulated presentation of stimuli, whereas a bigger difference  ...  Recent psychophysical research supports the notion that horizontal information of a face is primarily important for facial identity processes.  ...  At the same time, subjects have been noted to perform better on stimuli depicting faces closer to their own age, which might be linked to the time that is spent with individuals of their own age.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2012.00003 pmid:22536184 pmcid:PMC3332157 fatcat:xqdeblymnjadbag5nux5x3hqc4

Structural brain imaging correlates of general intelligence in UK Biobank

S.R. Cox, S.J. Ritchie, C. Fawns-Ritchie, E.M. Tucker-Drob, I.J. Deary
2019 Intelligence  
The associations between indices of brain structure and measured intelligence are unclear. This is partly because the evidence to-date comes from mostly small and heterogeneous studies.  ...  A general factor of intelligence (g) was derived from four varied cognitive tests, accounting for one third of the variance in the cognitive test scores.  ...  This research was conducted, using the UK Biobank Resource under approved project 10279, in The University of Edinburgh Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology (CCACE) (  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.intell.2019.101376 pmid:31787788 pmcid:PMC6876667 fatcat:lkwmpxxnqrckvnvlzu7jilaece

Missing sights: consequences for visual cognitive development

2005 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Acknowledgements Supported by grants from the National Science and Engineering Council of Canada and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research to Daphne Maurer. References  ...  Shown are the data for each eye (better eye, white bars; worse eye, blue bars) for each patient, where the better eye in bilateral cases is the eye with a better clinical history of ocular alignment and  ...  Review Lessons for understanding visual cognitive development Early experience can be important to preserve the infrastructure for later learning, without any learning taking place at the earlier time  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2005.01.006 pmid:15737823 fatcat:4eb3aqgej5ebnnfeb5ulutp53y

The cortical microstructural basis of lateralized cognition: a review

Steven A. Chance
2014 Frontiers in Psychology  
generalization that "bigger is better" for any given function.  ...  Minicolumn organization in the PT and the prefrontal cortex has been found to correlate with cognitive scores in humans.  ...  Chance was supported by a project grant (#6026) from Autism Speaks, USA, and is supported by a grant from the Shirley Foundation, UK.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00820 pmid:25126082 pmcid:PMC4115615 fatcat:tirxievgdvevtfb5dndrlilhva

tRNS Boosts Perceptual Learning in Peripheral Vision

Giulio Contemori, Yves Trotter, Benoit R. Cottereau, Marcello Maniglia
2019 Neuropsychologia  
After training, the tRNS group showed greater learning rate with respect to the sham group. For both groups, learning generalized to the same extent to the untrained retinal location and task.  ...  Perceptual Learning (PL) has been shown to reduce crowding, although a large number of sessions is required to observe significant improvements.  ...  This consideration is important to better evaluate the strength of the reported results (Rothman, 1990) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.02.001 fatcat:mcvrp7jmkfexxexnjd5j7aquzy

The Functional Foundations of Episodic Memory Remain Stable Throughout the Lifespan

Didac Vidal-Piñeiro, Markus H Sneve, Inge K Amlien, Håkon Grydeland, Athanasia M Mowinckel, James M Roe, Øystein Sørensen, Lars H Nyberg, Kristine B Walhovd, Anders M Fjell
2020 Cerebral Cortex  
Encoding activity was related to general cognitive abilities and variations of grey matter as captured by a multi-modal independent component analysis, variables reflecting core aspects of cognitive and  ...  We clustered regions of the cerebral cortex according to the shape of the lifespan trajectory of memory activity in each region so that regions showing the same pattern were clustered together.  ...  Activity in clusters 5 and 3 was associated with better vocabulary and matrix scores), respectively (F = 6.6, pFDR = 0.01, edf = 2.7; F = 11.4, pFDR = 0.03, edf = 1.3.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhaa348 pmid:33251549 pmcid:PMC7945016 fatcat:drmrotv6aff67czjqbhd65dgqu

Recognition of unfamiliar faces

Peter J.B. Hancock, Vicki Bruce, A.Mike Burton
2000 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
The relationships between different parts of the face (its "configuration") are as important to the impression created of an upright face as local features themselves, suggesting further constraints on  ...  In this review we shall consider some of the factors which affect our abilities to match unfamiliar faces.  ...  The human MDS data gave a much better account, especially when paired with a kernel density estimation model that allocated bigger kernels (regions of face space) to more distinctive faces.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1364-6613(00)01519-9 pmid:10962614 fatcat:6coyh4ehojh5fdvjxfve7ah7kq

You can't always get what you want

Tobias Schlicht, Krzysztof Dolega
2021 Philosophy and the Mind Sciences  
Here, we focus on the tension between the claim that predictive processing is compatible with all of the leading neuroscientific models of consciousness with the fact that most attempts explaining consciousness  ...  Firstly, we argue that predictive processing is unlikely to yield significant breakthroughs in the search for the neural correlates of consciousness as it is still too vague to individuate neural mechanisms  ...  , Nina Poth, Bartosz Radomski, Tobias Starzak and Elmarie Venter, two anonymous reviewers and the editors of this journal.  ... 
doi:10.33735/phimisci.2021.80 fatcat:z4wgh2tr4faerltid7l2t2ru5a

The Physiological Foresight in Freeman's Work: Predictions and Verifications

Leslie M Kay
2018 Journal of Consciousness Studies  
His models of neural masses therefore allow us to link between basic physiology and cognitive processes.  ...  Through the study of brain physiology at the mesoscopic level, we can understand how internally generated meaning-based responses to sensory input become action and how action leads to perception.  ...  KII sets are linked with delay lines to form a model of a distributed system, such as the olfactory system (Freeman, 1975; 1987) .  ... 
pmid:30740028 pmcid:PMC6364850 fatcat:yn6pekb5ufasnhptuv3wdv3t7a
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