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Need for Cognition and the process of lie detection

Marc-André Reinhard
2010 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  
Both experiments found that participants with higher Need for Cognition achieved higher accuracy at classifying truthful and deceptive messages than participants with lower Need for Cognition.  ...  In both Experiments 1 and 2, participants saw a film in which nonverbal cues (fidgety vs. calm movements) and verbal cues (low vs. high plausibility) were manipulated.  ...  This finding is in line with the theoretical arguments of dual process theories that assume that stereotypical nonverbal cues (e.g., gaze aversion) can be more easily used in a heuristic way (e.g., "gaze  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2010.06.002 fatcat:wgzkhl6vwzcvbhbemieiu3pewy

Supporting User Autonomy with Multimodal Fusion to Detect when a User Needs Assistance from a Social Robot [article]

Alex Reneau, Jason R. Wilson
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We use four independent high-precision, low-recall models, a mutual gaze model, task model, confirmatory gaze model, and a lexical model, that predict a user's need for assistance.  ...  It is crucial for any assistive robot to prioritize the autonomy of the user.  ...  by determining if they do or do not need help.  ... 
arXiv:2012.04078v1 fatcat:tbiim4tlg5fbhkdwzthscyl6q4

Natural Turn-Taking Needs No Manual: Computational Theory and Model, from Perception to Action [chapter]

Kristinn R. Thórisson
2002 Text, Speech and Language Technology  
the only indication of direction is the presenter's gaze, since a manual deictic gesture is a more reliable indicator of direction than gaze alone.  ...  DATA-2: get-gaze-direction FUNC: x-looking-at-y Other-is-looking-at-own-right-hand 23 TYPE: Unimodal-RL-body-perceptor DATA-1: get-gaze-direction DATA-2: get-r-wrist-position FUNC: u-looking-at-hand?  ...  {H2} The seamlessness observed in real-time turn-taking comes from the co-operation of multiple processes with different (a) update frequencies, (b) target perceptionaction loop times, and (c) speed-accuracy  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-2367-1_8 fatcat:rkkczeszkvgi5pnmsij3ohnjs4

Interlocutors and Interactions: Examining the Interactions Between Students With Complex Communication Needs, Teachers, and Eye-Gaze Technology

Rhonda McEwen, Asiya Atcha, Michelle Lui, Roula Shimaly, Amrita Maharaj, Syed Ali, Stacie Carroll
2020 Human-Machine Communication  
Results show that eye gaze served as a functional communication system for the majority of the children.  ...  We found voice affect to be a strong determinant of communicative success between students and both of their communicative partners: the teachers (humans) and the technologies (machines).  ...  Results show that eye gaze was intentionally used to perform three cognitive tasks with high accuracy, suggesting that eye gaze could be used for communication by people with similar limitations (Baptista  ... 
doi:10.30658/hmc.1.7 fatcat:7x44bilm5bdbbeij6dsgfflxki

Flying over uneven moving terrain based on optic-flow cues without any need for reference frames or accelerometers

Fabien Expert, Franck Ruffier
2015 Bioinspiration & Biomimetics  
To test these two guidance principles, we built a tethered tandem rotorcraft called BeeRotor (80 grams), which was tested flying along a high-roofed tunnel.  ...  The aerial robot adjusts its pitch and hence its speed, hugs the ground and lands safely without any need for an inertial reference frame.  ...  great accuracy .  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-3182/10/2/026003 pmid:25717052 fatcat:vuwapjppsbe5zplprfyxzqt6eq

Why we need biased AI – How including cognitive and ethical machine biases can enhance AI systems [article]

Sarah Fabi, Thilo Hagendorff
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Ultimately, this paper is the first tentative step to explicitly pursue the idea of a re-evaluation of the ethical significance of machine biases, as well as putting the idea forth to implement cognitive  ...  But it is not the bias per se that determines the accuracy of a model, but the trade-off between bias and variance.  ...  This paper is a first and tentative step in this direction.  ... 
arXiv:2203.09911v1 fatcat:he25ahw43vgvxb5e5jpozdx6ca

Teacher Background and Student Needs

Peter Rondinone
1991 Journal of Basic Writing  
We can determine with some degree of accuracy and agreement from others whether or not a word form is correct or whether an essay has a topic sentence or whether all sentences end with the proper punctuation  ...  A second new direction is video. The Key School in Indianapolis is experimenting with video evaluation of children.  ...  The new approach is enabling students to become fluent in writing and reading before having to produce grammatically correct pieces or to comprehend academic material.  ... 
doi:10.37514/jbw-j.1991.10.1.05 fatcat:xrmdu3ddhfeitfb5skbiqcggnm

What We Don't Know About Spreadsheet Errors Today: The Facts, Why We Don't Believe Them, and What We Need to Do

Ray Panko
2016 arXiv   pre-print
This paper also argues that our biggest need, based on empirical data, is to do massively more testing than we do now.  ...  The second is that errors are extremely difficult to detect and correct. The third is that spreadsheet developers and corporations are highly overconfident in the accuracy of their spreadsheets.  ...  Our brains govern these saccades, directing our gaze to things that the brain judges we need to see more clearly.  ... 
arXiv:1602.02601v1 fatcat:y3lemkugv5g4jl6kkggp4pd2fm

Political Issues and Voter Need for Orientation [chapter]

2016 Agenda Setting  
Their persistent difficulty is to secure maps on which their own need, or someone else's need, has not sketched in the coast of Bohemia.  ...  There is one on the stock exchange, and the news of price movements is flashed over tickers with dependable accuracy.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315538389-22 fatcat:qgca7hw6l5ez5jea37gj34ytvi

Intelligent Object Shape and Position Identification for Needs of Dynamic Luminance Shaping in Object Floodlighting and Projection Mapping

Sebastian Słomiński, Magdalena Sobaszek
2020 Energies  
In order to make it possible to adjust the content to specific objects in the scene, it is necessary to correctly identify them and place them in the accepted frame of reference.  ...  viewer's gaze.  ...  Similar systems perform well while directing the light from dynamic moving heads in hybrid systems, where the presence of a light operator is always important.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en13236442 fatcat:e5caofvb6zhzdgjs5i6okw4bue

Do Aging and Dual-Tasking Impair the Capacity to Store and Retrieve Visuospatial Information Needed to Guide Perturbation-Evoked Reach-To-Grasp Reactions?

Kenneth C. Cheng, Jay Pratt, Brian E. Maki, Katsumi Watanabe
2013 PLoS ONE  
The present study aimed to determine whether this capacity is compromised by effects of aging.  ...  Citation: Cheng KC, Pratt J, Maki BE (2013) Do Aging and Dual-Tasking Impair the Capacity to Store and Retrieve Visuospatial Information Needed to Guide Perturbation-Evoked Reach-To-Grasp Reactions?  ...  Acknowledgements Assistance from Stephanie Middleton, Simon Jones, Sandra McKay and Carmen Ho is gratefully acknowledged. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079401 pmid:24223942 pmcid:PMC3818305 fatcat:ua5mblcehfcs3dgdm3tfplseaa

Why natural science needs phenomenological philosophy

Steven M. Rosen
2015 Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology  
Through an exploration of theoretical physics, this paper suggests the need for regrounding natural science in phenomenological philosophy.  ...  Phenomenological philosophy is elaborated through Merleau-Ponty's concept of depth and is then brought into focus for use in theoretical physics via qualitative work with topology and hypercomplex numbers  ...  The new quantum theory could predict laboratory findings to a high degree of accuracy by adding just one parameter, h.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2015.06.008 pmid:26143599 fatcat:7nvshxs6rrfg3pqqfs4dud56qi

Eye Movements and Reading: What Teachers Need to Know [chapter]

Jay Samuels, Timothy Rasinski, Elfrieda Hiebert
2011 What Research Has to Say About Reading Instruction  
For example, they should know how to motivate reluctant readers and they need to know about the work of the eye in reading In addition, if there is a problem that relates to the eyes or to faulty eye movements  ...  To meet the increasing demands of the marketplace, teachers need to know more than what methods seem to work.  ...  the distance the eye moves in a backward direction is usually a word or less..  ... 
doi:10.1598/0829.02 fatcat:3dltfyhnzjbqfcoxtyzx3foh24

The Present Status of the Practice of Medicine, and the Urgent Need of More Stringent Application of Hygienic and Sanitary Laws

WILLARD S. EVERETT
1902 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal  
But happily an exhibition of great learning is not needed now.  ...  It is not easy for one endowed with only common faculties of observation and reason, to imagine in what direction improvement in surgical processes can much farther go.  ...  And if there are those among the older practitioners who ask if the best interests of the sick and the dying are always subserved in this way; whether the accuracy of a mathematical demonstration is always  ... 
doi:10.1056/nejm190206261462601 fatcat:7hraofqllbdbtmonkk4ytwr55q

Variation in female songbird state determines signal strength needed to evoke copulation [article]

Ammon Perkes, Bernd Pfrommer, Kostas Daniilidis, David White, Marc F Schmidt
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
It is the female response to male signals that determines courtship success.  ...  In most songbirds, females control reproduction via the copulation solicitation display (CSD), an innate, stereotyped posture produced in direct response to male displays.  ...  To 764 qualify as CSD, the tail needed to be raised above the body.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.05.19.444794 fatcat:3zij6htb55a2tli7sdm5aq6r6u
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