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Iodine: Verifying Constant-Time Execution of Hardware [article]

Klaus v. Gleissenthall, Rami Gökhan Kıcı, Deian Stefan, Ranjit Jhala
2019 arXiv   pre-print
A promising way to avoid timing vulnerabilities is to devise --- and verify --- conditions under which a hardware design is free of timing variability, i.e., executes in constant-time.  ...  In this paper, we present Iodine: a clock precise, constant-time approach to eliminating timing side channels in hardware.  ...  This work was supported in part by gifts from Fujitsu and Cisco, by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number CNS-1514435, by ONR Grant N000141512750, and by the CONIX Research Center, one of  ... 
arXiv:1910.03111v1 fatcat:vgvybt6xjzcu5nt6u7jntaadde

Solver-Aided Constant-Time Circuit Verification [article]

Rami Gokhan Kici and Klaus v. Gleissenthall and Deian Stefan and Ranjit Jhala
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present Xenon, a solver-aided method for formally verifying that Verilog hardware executes in constant-time.  ...  Xenon scales to realistic hardware designs by drastically reducing the effort needed to localize the root cause of verification failures via a new notion of constant-time counterexamples, which Xenon uses  ...  Verifying Constant-Time Execution.  ... 
arXiv:2104.00461v1 fatcat:rpkzyxlss5billotbqinhp35lu

A Survey on RISC-V Security: Hardware and Architecture [article]

Tao Lu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper summarizes the representative security mechanisms of RISC-V hardware and architecture. Based on our survey, we predict the future research and development directions of RISC-V security.  ...  The Internet of Things (IoT) is an ongoing technological revolution. Embedded processors are the processing engines of smart IoT devices.  ...  that the hardware executes in a constant time.  ... 
arXiv:2107.04175v1 fatcat:hr6avyprj5dvpav2pvnmfmvg2a

A Methodology For Creating Information Flow Specifications of Hardware Designs [article]

Calvin Deutschbein, Andres Meza, Francesco Restuccia, Ryan Kastner, Cynthia Sturton
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present a methodology for creating information flow specifications of hardware designs.  ...  By combining information flow tracking and specification mining, we are able to produce information flow properties of a design without prior knowledge of security agreements or specifications.  ...  constant values.  ... 
arXiv:2106.07449v1 fatcat:tthuari24rbezgoukkh6kx7ase

Mining Secure Behavior of Hardware Designs [article]

Calvin Deutschbein
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Specification miners use a form of machine learning to specify behaviors of a system by studying a system in execution. However, specification mining was first developed for use with software.  ...  Complex hardware designs offer unique challenges for this technique.  ...  both constants with different constant values.  ... 
arXiv:2108.09249v1 fatcat:hldkifb4qvas7dt7hsybgphooy

Cone-Beam Micro-CT System Based on LabVIEW Software

Ciprian N. Ionita, Keneth R. Hoffmann, Daniel R. Bednarek, Ravishankar Chityala, Stephen Rudin
2007 Journal of digital imaging  
Each step in the chain takes care of one or two hardware commands at a time; the execution of the sequence can be modified according to the CBCT system design.  ...  Additionally, writing flexible code to control the hardware components of a CBCT system combined with designing a friendly graphical user interface (GUI) can be cumbersome and time consuming.  ...  Gaffen and Todd Evans of the UB Dentistry Department for the mouse jaw, and to Bruce A. Davidson and Paul R.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10278-007-9024-9 pmid:17333411 pmcid:PMC2553273 fatcat:idj7yjrprjczpcszwxu4pqmcke

A parallelizable approach for mining likely invariants

Alessandro Danese, Luca Piccolboni, Graziano Pravadelli
2015 2015 International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis (CODES+ISSS)  
However, to achieve a high accuracy, they require to analyse a huge number of (long) execution traces, which results in time-consuming phases.  ...  Execution traces composed of millions of simulation instants can be efficiently analysed.  ...  The iteration on all the time windows of T exits as soon as all invariants have been verified on at least one time window (lines 29-30 and 51-52).  ... 
doi:10.1109/codesisss.2015.7331382 dblp:conf/codes/DanesePP15 fatcat:wq423462frgwffo4ebio522uce

An Exhaustive Approach to Detecting Transient Execution Side Channels in RTL Designs of Processors [article]

Mohammad Rahmani Fadiheh, Alex Wezel, Johannes Mueller, Joerg Bormann, Sayak Ray, Jason M. Fung, Subhasish Mitra, Dominik Stoffel, Wolfgang Kunz
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Hardware (HW) security issues have been emerging at an alarming rate in recent years. Transient execution attacks, in particular, pose a genuine threat to the security of modern computing systems.  ...  UPEC scales to a wide range of HW designs, including in-order processors (RocketChip), pipelines with out-of-order writeback (Ariane), and processors with deep out-of-order speculative execution (BOOM)  ...  Another HW verification approach targeting timing vulnerabilities is Iodine [19] , which, for an RTL model, verifies whether a given operation executes in a constant-time manner.  ... 
arXiv:2108.01979v2 fatcat:bb2ivpd5irczzexro2yqvm547u

Operating System for Wireless Embedded Systems Powered by Energy Harvesters [chapter]

Attila Strba, Tibor Krajčovič
2012 Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering  
By having the best and worst execution time of the primitive the typical execution time of the primitive has to be determined.  ...  With the help of the execution profiler the worst case and best case execution time of primitive operations can be determined.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-3558-7_27 fatcat:rxp57uazbze3bb46mc5ormmfta

Ultrafast Fourier Transform with a Femtosecond-Laser-Driven Molecule

Kouichi Hosaka, Hiroyuki Shimada, Hisashi Chiba, Hiroyuki Katsuki, Yoshiaki Teranishi, Yukiyoshi Ohtsuki, Kenji Ohmori
2010 Physical Review Letters  
The evolution time is 145 fs, which is shorter than the typical clock period of the current fastest Si-based computers by 3 orders of magnitudes.  ...  An optically tailored vibrational wave packet in the iodine molecule implements four-and eight-element discrete Fourier transform with arbitrary real and imaginary inputs.  ...  careful reading of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.104.180501 pmid:20482157 fatcat:3abkn72x6nbejcmraxfqbqz4iq

Nanosecond resistive switching in Ag/AgI/PtIr nanojunctions

Botond Sánta, Dániel Molnár, Patrick Haiber, Agnes Gubicza, Edit Szilágyi, Zsolt Zolnai, András Halbritter, Miklós Csontos
2020 Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology  
Our results demonstrate the potential of Ag-based filamentary memristive nanodevices to serve as the hardware elements in high-speed neuromorphic circuits.  ...  The high-speed switching capabilities are explored by a custom-designed microwave setup that enables time-resolved studies of subsequent set and reset transitions upon biasing the Ag/AgI/PtIr nanojunctions  ...  Scheer for providing the opportunity of the internship at BME. Funding This work was supported by the BME-Nanonotechnology FIKP grant of EMMI (BME FIKP-NAT) and the NKFI K119797 and K128534 grants.  ... 
doi:10.3762/bjnano.11.9 pmid:31976200 pmcid:PMC6964644 fatcat:ytghozao35bydpdtl7repkoza4

Lightweight Automatic Error Detection by Monitoring Collar Variables [chapter]

João Santos, Rui Abreu
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The other pattern verifies the range of a variable per (successful) execution. If the range is constant across executions, then the variable is not monitored.  ...  Results show a reduction of 52.04% on average in the number of monitored variables, while still maintaining a good detection rate with only 3.21% of executions detecting non-existing errors (false positives  ...  IODINE [12] is a framework for extracting dynamic invariants for hardware designs. It has been shown that accurate properties can be obtained from using dynamic invariants.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34691-0_16 fatcat:zs5up2fhsbe4dapaej4z6l3xj4

Source strength verification and quality assurance of sterile, pre-loaded iodine-125 seed trains used for prostate brachytehrapy

Maryam Afsarigolshan
We investigated a method to verify the positions and strengths of brachytherapy seeds loaded into implant needles.  ...  Good correlation between detector reading and exposure time, as well as between detector reading and source strength, demonstrated the linear characteristic of the detecto [...]  ...  seeds be verified in such cases.  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0167373 fatcat:a2ufi4orwzhalaurwg2nnwj7ty

Concurrent Bug Detection Using Invariant Analysis

Bidush Kumar Sahoo, Mitrabinda Ray
2018 International Journal of Engineering & Technology  
The bug detection is done by checking the interleaving of threads which is not available in operational phases. So, static analysis is one of the preferred approaches for detection of concurrent bug.  ...  Invariant based testing technique is one approach of static analysis used for detecting the concurrent bugs.  ...  Program Invariants A program invariant is a character that remains constant throughout the execution of the program [11] .  ... 
doi:10.14419/ijet.v7i3.4.14666 fatcat:rg3qlcvsqzemfdlvfdbgiwtg3y

On the impossibility of effectively using likely-invariants for software attestation purposes

Alessio Viticchié, Cataldo Basile, Fulvio Valenza, Antonio Lioy
2018 Journal of Wireless Mobile Networks, Ubiquitous Computing, and Dependable Applications  
On the server, an integrity Verifier uses the received values to check likely-invariants and establish trustworthiness of the target application.  ...  Likely-invariants, as opposed to the "true" invariants described before, are inferred from the analysis of traces collected by executing the applications on selected inputs [12] .  ...  Acknowledgments The research described in this paper is part of the ASPIRE project, co-funded by the European Commission (FP7 grant agreement no. 609734).  ... 
doi:10.22667/jowua.2018.06.30.001 dblp:journals/jowua/ViticchieBVL18 fatcat:zy2lp6recjd43iejdmvuveimem
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