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The authors empirically investigate the effectiveness of MC/DC testing vis-à-vis white-box pairwise, 3-way and 4-way testing. ... T-way testing is another prominent testing technique that helps to limit the combinatorial explosion of black-box test cases. ... In this paper, we compared the effectiveness of MC/DC test cases with white-box designed pairwise, 3-way and 4-way test cases. ...doi:10.1049/iet-sen.2018.5309 fatcat:z7dqczfgazh23d53iyxiv6djdi
Box exteriors were black or white and plywood boxes comprised vents. ... At the study site, the tested black boxes are considered most thermally suitable for bats during average summer conditions. However, during temperature extremes black boxes likely become too hot. ... The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript or in the decision to publish the results. ...doi:10.3390/environments6020013 fatcat:5fmqu5icdjfblok2q32fsjklbq
investigating the time-course of physiological stress responses in fish [e.g. 7-9]. ... h i g h l i g h t s • We develop a new combined diving and scototaxis test of anxiety in fish. • We compare box (in water) and net (out of water) transfer between tanks. • Net transfer results in less ... Acknowledgements Thanks to Christos Ioannou of the School of Biological Sciences at the University of Bristol for use of fish, laboratories and equipment. Thanks also to Irene Voellmy ...doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2016.03.015 pmid:26965568 pmcid:PMC4850245 fatcat:c7gt5ni73zdzvcqioee3fa3pli
Sounds of rat movement and white noise acted as control treatments, with each sound tested against a silent control in the opposite side of the arena. ... When sound cues were played above an empty bait box, rats were attracted to spend time close to 50 kHz rat calls, climbing on top of boxes, regardless of the sex of subject or caller. ... Acknowledgments We thank John Waters, Rachel Spencer, Joshua Beeston, Amanda Davidson and Dr Richard Humphries for technical support and other members of the Mammalian Behaviour and Evolution Group for ...doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0211601 pmid:30958822 pmcid:PMC6453455 fatcat:dk3riodzazdvjhldmnvgfi7spe
illuminated) and white (brightly illuminated) test box. ... illuminated white area, delaying the initial movement into the black section and increasing the time spent, rearings and line crossings in the white area. ... The injection of diazepam into the MRN had a similar effect although GR38032F from the white (W) to the black (B) section of the test box (after first placement in the white area) following injection ...doi:10.1111/j.1476-5381.1989.tb11821.x pmid:2522335 pmcid:PMC1854346 fatcat:p5au4o6whbb7xbibg23ah3iyya
A real thermally activated test building is used to compare the white-, grey-, and black-box modeling paradigms in prediction and control performance. ... It is also observed that most of the complexity of the physics-based model arises from the building envelope while this part of the building is the most sensitive to weather forecast uncertainty. ... White-box model of the Vliet building test room and heating system. (a) White-box model of the building envelope of the test room; (b) White-box model of the heating system. ...doi:10.3390/buildings12050539 fatcat:wsb56e5inncrbe74vr3obov67a
20 This study investigated the effect of stimulus height on the ability of horses to learn a simple visual discrimination task. ... Eight horses were trained to perform a two-choice black/white discrimination with stimuli presented at one of two heights: at ground level or at a height of 70cm from the ground. ... Two-way mixed analyses of variance were conducted with the within subjects factor of height (of stimulus) and the between subjects factor of P o s t -P r i n t stimulus (black or white designated correct ...doi:10.2527/2003.8171715x pmid:12854807 fatcat:ypx7qppi6vhu5jvkm7al2gcxi4
To fill this gap, we propose the first black-box adversarial attack method against health risk prediction models named MedAttacker to investigate their vulnerability. ... To evaluate their robustness, existing research conducts adversarial attacks in the white/gray-box setting where model parameters are accessible. ... Comparison with White-box Attack. To evaluate the effectiveness of black-box adversarial attacks on EHRs, we compare the attack results between black-box adversarial attacks and white-box ones. ...arXiv:2112.06063v1 fatcat:jiiues7sere6lfjs2x2d76vy5m
The testing apparatus consisted of the training unit converted into a T maze by de- taching the goal box, replacing it with a choice point chamber, and adding the original goal boxes to the chamber. ... Each group was further divided into two groups of six each, one of which was trained on the black goal box and one on the white box. ...
Non-social anxiety is reflected by the percentage of time spent in the white box of the black-white box and the percentage of time spent on the open arms in the elevated plus-maze. ... (b) Effects of PTZ (15 mg/kg, i.p.) on non-social anxiety and locomotion of male rats on the plus-maze. Data are means + SEM, *po0.05 vs vehicle, Students's t-test. ... ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank Dr Morris Manning for generously providing the neuropeptide receptor antagonists. ...doi:10.1038/npp.2011.95 pmid:21677650 pmcid:PMC3176581 fatcat:2ksavcmnhjh5rdv4puii7cmzka
The present study was aimed at developing a new inhibitory avoidance task, based on training and/or testing rats in multiple contexts, to investigate accuracy of memory. ... These findings indicate that the inhibitory avoidance discrimination task is a novel variant of the well-established inhibitory avoidance task suitable to investigate accuracy of memory. ... (Box B) (paired t-tests: Shock box vs. ...doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00060 pmid:25814942 pmcid:PMC4357306 fatcat:y4vyowzjjjdcrnpiw6ekedxe64
In the right goal box, one half of each interior side was painted black, and one half white, in such a way that the box had two black and two white corners. ... Va. 48, "No 198 A TEST FOR SIGN-GESTALT EXPECTANCIES UNDER CONDITIONS OF NEGATIVE MOTIVATION LEIGH MINTURN Cornell University The present experiment is intended as an investigation of the minimal conditions ...
The use of mice with targeted deletion of the serine racemase (SR) enzyme has been an important tool to uncover the physiological and pathological roles of D-serine. ... d-serine is the major co-agonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) at CA3/CA1 hippocampal synapses, the activation of which drives long-term potentiation (LTP). ... Latency for first entry into the black box (C), number of transitions between black and white boxes (D) percentage of time spent in the white compartment, (E) in the black and white box of WT (n = 19) ...doi:10.3390/ijms21249447 pmid:33322577 fatcat:4udhhi5ar5amldpccfzouz6le4
Physical, emotional, and cognitive functions were examined using the open field, black and white box, object recognition, horizontal bar, wire hanging, balancing, footprint, and locomotor tests. ... DBA/2CrSlc mice were divided into chamber and IVC groups. Differences in the structure of the two cages considered whether the mouse could dangle or not. ... Acknowledgments: We would like to thank Izumi Nagata, Frontier Laboratories for Value Creation and SAPPORO HOLDINGS LTD. for helping with the animal experiments. Conflicts of ...doi:10.3390/ani10040746 pmid:32344780 fatcat:5sqdrdujmrfebdbixo73bmxcre
Measures of brain complexity were extracted using fractal dimension (FD) and calculated using the box-counting method. ... The purpose of this study is to examine changes over a five year period in brain structural complexity in late life, and to investigate cognitive correlates of any changes. ... Acknowledgement The authors would like to thank to the participants from the Aberdeen 1936 Birth Cohort studies for their voluntary contribution to these projects. ...doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.06.054 pmid:24993896 fatcat:dlyyeztygfbphlktlpj5vhq6a4
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