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Investigation into the Effect of Atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM2.5 and PM10) Concentrations on GPS Signals

Lawrence Lau, Jun He
2017 Sensors  
This paper investigates the effect of the concentration of PM2.5/PM10 particles on GPS signals and validates the aforementioned approximate model with a carrier-to-noise ratio (CNR)-based empirical method  ...  Both the approximate model and the empirical results show that the atmospheric PM2.5/PM10 particles and their concentrations have a negligible effect on GPS signals and the effect is comparable with the  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s17030508 pmid:28273798 pmcid:PMC5375794 fatcat:vns7dujn6bfa5lxtoxbouf3rcy

Practicalities of mapping PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations on city-wide scales using a portable particulate monitor

Michael E. Deary, Samantha J. Bainbridge, Amy Kerr, Adam McAllister, Thomas Shrimpton
2016 Air quality, atmosphere and health  
We report on the practicalities of using a laser light scattering portable particulate monitor (Turnkey Instruments DustMate), in combination with a GPS, to map PM 10 and PM 2.5 concentrations on city-wide  ...  Fine particulate matter is considered to be the most significant ambient air pollutant in terms of potential health impacts.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Comm ons Attribution 4.0 International License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11869-016-0394-3 pmid:27867427 pmcid:PMC5093208 fatcat:u2vpqiyxqbarvgamzd3pkmhem4

Seasonal Variation of Physical and Chemical Properties in TSP, PM10 and PM2.5 at a Roadside Site in Beijing and Their Influence on Atmospheric Visibility

Yan-Ju Liu, Ting-Ting Zhang, Qing-Yang Liu, Ren-Jian Zhang, Zhen-Quan Sun, Mei-Gen Zhang
2014 Aerosol and Air Quality Research  
The PM mass concentrations, and the concentrations of ions, EC, OC and metals in PM 10 and PM 2.5 were measured, and their correlation with visibility, as well as the influence of weather factors on visibility  ...  The results showed that daily mean concentrations of TSP, PM 10 and PM 2.5 were 75-1350 µg/m 3 (mean 275.8), 29-448 µg/m 3 (mean 187) and up to 300 µg/m 3 (mean 92.6), with the number of days exceeding  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thanks are given to NSFC (41175104, 41035110), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (8142017, 8144044) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2010DFA22770) for funds support  ... 
doi:10.4209/aaqr.2013.01.0023 fatcat:voy6dajqtvglxnflnoagdwn3bm

Detection of Particulate Matter Changes Caused by 2020 California Wildfires Based on GNSS and Radiosonde Station

Jinyun Guo, Rui Hou, Maosheng Zhou, Xin Jin, Guowei Li
2021 Remote Sensing  
A new method based on the difference (ΔPWV) between the PWV of virtual radiosonde stations network and GNSS-derived LPWV is proposed to detect the changes of particulate matter in the atmosphere during  ...  It is concluded that because of the high sensitiveness of ΔPWV to the change of particulate matter, the GNSS technique can be used as an effective new approach to detect the change of particulate matter  ...  Acknowledgments: We are very grateful to SONEL for providing the GPS data. We are very grateful to the ECMWF and the University of Wyoming for providing the PWV data.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13224557 fatcat:ixvkml3fvvbxbkkcfcom45hxge

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle-Borne Sensor System for Atmosphere-Particulate-Matter Measurements: Design and Experiments

Tonghua Wang, Wenting Han, Mengfei Zhang, Xiaomin Yao, Liyuan Zhang, Xingshuo Peng, Chaoqun Li, Xvjia Dan
2019 Sensors  
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) particulate-matter (PM) monitoring system was developed that can perform three-dimensional stereoscopic observation of PM2.5 and PM10 in the atmosphere.  ...  Averaged relative errors for the PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations measured by the two systems were 6.2% and 6.6%, respectively, implying that the UAV system could be used for monitoring PM in an atmosphere  ...  ; and C.L. advised on the experiment protocol.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20010057 pmid:31861895 pmcid:PMC6982869 fatcat:a7htsqplnbdwfphxhsttmjpt3i

Particulate Matter Profiles along the Rack Railway Route Using Low-Cost Sensor

Abdul Samad, Anas Maali, Bernd Laquai, Ulrich Vogt
2021 Atmosphere  
The results showed that the PM concentrations were dominated by fine particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM1) along the route of the rack railway.  ...  The rack railway in Stuttgart was utilized as means of transportation for this low-cost monitoring system with which the temporal and spatial distribution of the PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 concentration along  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos12020126 fatcat:zsxrez2xpjebpkph7wjkd4sab4

Towards the Development of a Low Cost Airborne Sensing System to Monitor Dust Particles after Blasting at Open-Pit Mine Sites

Miguel Alvarado, Felipe Gonzalez, Andrew Fletcher, Ashray Doshi
2015 Sensors  
The integration of the system required the modification and integration of an opto-electrical dust sensor, SHARP GP2Y10, into a small fixed-wing and multi-rotor copter, resulting in the collection of data  ...  Current air quality monitoring methods rely on limited numbers of fixed sampling locations to validate a complex fluid environment and collect sufficient data to confirm model effectiveness.  ...  Acknowledgments The first author would like to acknowledge the support of the Centre for Mine Land Rehabilitation (CMLR) at UQ SMI, the Science and Engineering Faculty at QUT, and from the UQ eGatton program  ... 
doi:10.3390/s150819667 pmid:26274959 pmcid:PMC4570391 fatcat:yny3ksqomrfspogljst3ozv5xy

A Review of Low-Cost Particulate Matter Sensors from the Developers' Perspectives

Brigida Alfano, Luigi Barretta, Antonio Del Giudice, Saverio De Vito, Girolamo Di Francia, Elena Esposito, Fabrizio Formisano, Ettore Massera, Maria Lucia Miglietta, Tiziana Polichetti
2020 Sensors  
scientific and industrial interest in low-cost particulate matter sensors (LCPMS).  ...  After illustrating the basic definitions related to particulate matter (PM) and its measurements according to international regulations, the device's operating principle is presented, focusing on a discussion  ...  The "concentration resolutio" and "indication error" concentrations in the various dimensional bins of the output signal (PM1, PM2.5, and PM10 concentrations) are partly due to this effect.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20236819 pmid:33260320 fatcat:rusdybicd5egxhztsxv2zu5csa

A bacterial bioreporter panel to assay the cytotoxicity of atmospheric particulate matter

Nivi Kessler, James J. Schauer, Sharon Yagur-Kroll, Sahar Melamed, Ofir Tirosh, Shimshon Belkin, Yigal Erel
2012 Atmospheric Environment  
Numerous studies have demonstrated that elevated concentrations of suspended atmospheric particulate matter (PM) are associated with adverse health effects.  ...  In the present study, we analyzed the surface concentration of PM10 (Particulate Matter with a diameter of less than 10 μm) and other physically linked variables over Southeastern China under calm weather  ...  Varrica Insights into the speciation of Sb in samples of brake linings, brake pad wear residues, road dust, and atmospheric particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5 were obtained combining several well established  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.09.048 fatcat:io4k5yahovcgvgzpnrxd6mynym

Validating and Comparing Highly Resolved Commercial "Off the Shelf" PM Monitoring Sensors with Satellite Based Hybrid Models, for Improved Environmental Exposure Assessment

Dan Lesser, Itzhak Katra, Michael Dorman, Homero Harari, Itai Kloog
2020 Sensors  
While many studies were conducted in regard to air pollution and potential effects, this paper serves as a pilot scale investigation into the spatial and temporal variability of particulate matter (PM)  ...  We present how these tests and COTS sensor-kits could then be used to further explain the continuity and dispersion of particulate matter in similar areas.  ...  Figure 8 . 8 Average particulate matter (PM) per 1 km 2 pixel in September of 2005-2015 in the city of Beer Sheva based on satellite model predictions (Top: PM2.5, bottom: PM10).  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21010063 pmid:33374352 fatcat:yy7pq2ftyjeo5hfeenvxu4bbye

Novel Approaches to Air Pollution Exposure and Clinical Outcomes Assessment in Environmental Health Studies

Yarza, Hassan, Shtein, Lesser, Novack, Katra, Kloog, Novack
2020 Atmosphere  
environmental effects on human health.  ...  We suggest that the adoption of these novel methods will change the research paradigm heavily relying on ecological methodology and support development of the new clinical practices preventing adverse  ...  Remote Sensing The integration of satellite-based remote sensing data in air pollution hybrid models became widely used over the last decade, specifically for particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) [7, 34  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos11020122 fatcat:xpuefsrjwzgcffeag2fgd56p4a

Short-term transcriptome and microRNAs responses to exposure to different air pollutants in two population studies

Almudena Espín-Pérez, Julian Krauskopf, Marc Chadeau-Hyam, Karin van Veldhoven, Fan Chung, Paul Cullinan, Jolanda Piepers, Marcel van Herwijnen, Nadine Kubesch, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Paolo Vineis (+2 others)
2018 Environmental Pollution  
Personal exposure levels measurements of particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), ultrafine particles (UFPC), nitrogen oxides (NO2, NO and NOx), black carbon (BC) and carbon oxides (CO and CO2) were registered  ...  Most data on health risks are related to long-term exposure, so the aim of this study is to investigate the impact of short-term exposure (two hours) to air pollutants on the blood transcriptome and microRNA  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the EXPOsOMICS European FP7 research projects (Grant number 308610).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.06.051 pmid:29980036 fatcat:tdkup3flunfgbip25acqoujbmq

Developing of Low-Cost Air Pollution Sensor—Measurements with the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Poland

Sławomir Pochwała, Arkadiusz Gardecki, Piotr Lewandowski, Viola Somogyi, Stanisław Anweiler
2020 Sensors  
Additionally, a very important function is the ability to perform measurements of PM2.5 and PM10 suspended particulates.  ...  Because of the three-dimensional positioning from GPS receiver, users can plot points and use colors reflecting a concentration of measured features to better visualize the air pollution.  ...  version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20123582 pmid:32599921 pmcid:PMC7348723 fatcat:ub6pfwmvtvf57jc63kvqtcofqi

An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle-Based Gas Sampling System for Analyzing CO2 and Atmospheric Particulate Matter in Laboratory

Chaoqun Li, Wenting Han, Manman Peng, Mengfei Zhang, Xiaomin Yao, Wenshuai Liu, Tonghua Wang
2020 Sensors  
We developed and tested an unmanned aerial vehicle-based gas sampling system (UGSS) for collecting gases and atmospheric particulate matter (PM).  ...  CO2 and PM2.5/10 above the corn field are used as the test species to validate the accuracy of the CO2 gas and PM concentrations collected by UGSS.  ...  Acknowledgments: We are grateful to Dingyi Wang, Senior Research Fellow, University of New Brunswick, for the English corrections and guidance.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20041051 fatcat:q7wctijllncmnnxjd4fmlzfvjy

Urban Particulate Matter Induces Changes in Gene Expression in Vascular Endothelial Cells that Are Associated with Altered Clot Structure In Vitro

Xiaoxi Pan, Yun Gong, Ya Xu, Robert Ariens, Michael Routledge
2018 Thrombosis and Haemostasis  
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the potential for urban particulate matter to induce changes in clot structure through interaction with vascular endothelial cells.  ...  Conclusion These changes are consistent with increased procoagulant activity of air pollution particulate matter–treated endothelial cells and suggest that particulate matter has the potential to promote  ...  Materials and Methods Particulate Matter Preparation PM10 collected from an air intake filtration system of a major exhibition center in Prague, Czech Republic (SRM 2787) and diesel particulate matter  ... 
doi:10.1160/th17-05-0362 pmid:29378354 fatcat:knjzzgedsjgbpnq2dfxka7jlqe
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