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Investigating the relationship between implicit and explicit memory: Evidence that masked repetition priming speeds the onset of recollection

Joanne L. Park, David I. Donaldson
2016 NeuroImage  
Memory theories assume that unconscious processes influence conscious remembering, but the exact nature of the relationship between implicit and explicit memory remains an open question.  ...  ERPs reveal that repetition priming speeds the onset of recollection, providing a novel demonstration that unconscious memory processes can have a measureable, functional, influence on conscious remembering  ...  J.L.P. and D.I.D. are members of the SINAPSE collaboration (, a pooling initiative funded by the Scottish Funding Council and the Chief Scientific Office of the Scottish Executive.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.06.013 pmid:27291494 fatcat:l56kj3pvnff3zl7tvnqdm3fyrm

Transfer-appropriate processing in recognition memory: Perceptual and conceptual effects on recognition memory depend on task demands

Colleen M. Parks
2013 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
perceptual implicit memory tasks.  ...  Results showed that the levels of processing effect decreased and the effect of modality increased when tests were made perceptually demanding.  ...  One major set of challenges came early on from the memory systems account of implicit memory, which maintained that the neural structures supporting implicit and explicit memory were distinct from one  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0030911 pmid:23231004 fatcat:ugftkihnsjfj5h47hfxas6nwwi

The hippocampus reevaluated in unconscious learning and memory: at a tipping point?

Deborah E. Hannula, Anthony J. Greene
2012 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Only recently have we come to realize that the putative systemic division of labor between conscious and unconscious memory is not so clean.  ...  A primary goal of this review is to examine recent evidence that has been advanced against the view that the hippocampus is selectively critical for conscious memory.  ...  When a preview of the scene was provided, disproportionate viewing of the associated face was evident approximately 500-750 ms after three-face display onset and preceded explicit recognition of that face  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00080 pmid:22518102 pmcid:PMC3324888 fatcat:mlx5kr4wergazjzkifkf6dlbjm

Neural Substrates of Remembering – Electroencephalographic Studies [chapter]

J.L. Voss, K.A. Paller
2008 Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference  
Evidence for the independence of implicit and explicit memory can also be derived from contrasts between neural correlates of encoding responsible for later perceptual priming versus recollection.  ...  Here we will highlight one distinction that has been particularly amenable to investigation with ERPs, that between explicit memory and forms of implicit memory known collectively as priming.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-012370509-9.00106-6 fatcat:v6ysaruhvja2ln22up7fxabehe

Event-related Potentials Associated with Masked Priming of Test Cues Reveal Multiple Potential Contributions to Recognition Memory

Anna M. Woollams, Jason R. Taylor, Frini Karayanidis, Richard N. Henson
2008 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
To investigate the time courses and neural sources of fluency, familiarity, and recollection, we conducted an event-related potential (ERP) study of recognition memory using masked priming of test cues  ...  & The relationship between recognition memory and repetition priming remains unclear. Priming is believed to reflect increased processing fluency for previously studied items relative to new items.  ...  Sachiko Kinoshita, to whom we are extremely grateful for help with the design and implementation of the research.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2008.20076 pmid:18211248 fatcat:huumf6phinbtflcnurjm26ziim

Implicit memory for object locations depends on reactivation of encoding-related brain regions

Anna Manelis, Catherine Hanson, Stephen José Hanson
2010 Human Brain Mapping  
Another group of subjects was made aware of this relationship at the onset of the visual search task.  ...  This study explored the correspondence between implicit memory and the reactivation of encoding-related brain regions.  ...  To manipulate the implicit memory performance, we changed subjects' awareness of the relationship between the stimuli of the object detection task and that of the search task.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.20992 pmid:21157878 pmcid:PMC3065329 fatcat:asl2eew4tfac7ncthmuuf3tqby

A passive and objective measure of recognition memory in Alzheimer's disease using Fastball memory assessment

George Stothart, Laura J Smith, Alexander Milton, Elizabeth Coulthard
2021 Brain  
We present Fastball, a new EEG method for the passive and objective measurement of recognition memory, that requires no behavioural memory response or comprehension of the task .  ...  Fastball provides an alternative way of testing recognition responses that holds promise as a functional marker of disease pathology in stages where behavioural performance deficits are not yet evident  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Rik Henson of the University of Cambridge for his invaluable comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awab154 pmid:34544117 pmcid:PMC8564696 fatcat:b67fhg3uhjdcpfih5kzusxm4ka

Reactivating a Reactivation Theory of Implicit Memory

Gordon H. Bower
1996 Consciousness and Cognition  
Implicit and explicit memory tasks are interpreted within a traditional memory theory that distinguishes associations between different classes of memory units (sensory features, logogens, imagens, concepts  ...  A critical assumption of the theory is that presentation of a given item strengthens its sensory and contextual associations independently; this permits the theory to explain various dissociations of implicit  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The writer's research is supported by Grant MH-47575 from the National Institute of Mental Health. The writer is grateful to William P. Banks for his suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1006/ccog.1996.0004 pmid:8978523 fatcat:f2hd46h5r5fwlftyypkc75k6qi

Neurophysiological Manifestations of Recollective Experience during Recognition Memory Judgments

Michael E. Smith
1993 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
To examine the neurophysiological concomitants of these different types of internal experience, eventrelated potentials (ERPs) were recorded while subjects engaged in a modified recognition memory procedure  ...  Decisions regarding whether an item has been previously encountered are typically accompanied by one of two distinct forms of subjective awareness: either a general sense of familiarity, or conscious recollection  ...  Similarly, it reflects the emphasis that is made herein on the relationship between the phenomenon and "explicit" rather than "implicit" measures of memory (cf. Schacter, 1987) . 2.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.1993.5.1.1 pmid:23972116 fatcat:gcjxaeecnfhlbbnac2pkjjlmja

Exploring the role of attention during implicit memory retrieval

Jeffrey P. Lozito, Neil W. Mulligan
2010 Journal of Memory and Language  
It was found that, across all experiments, none of the secondary tasks reduced levels of priming for any of the implicit tests.  ...  This study investigated the role of attention during implicit memory retrieval across four experiments using a test-phase division of attention.  ...  Fourth, one could examine implicit memory for relationships between items (relational priming).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2010.06.007 fatcat:bz2ku55ujvflhie2bs52es6r5m

Conceptual fluency increases recollection: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence

Wei Wang, Bingbing Li, Chuanji Gao, Huifang Xu, Chunyan Guo
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
These study findings provide further evidence for the relationship between fluency and recollection.  ...  We found that previous conceptual priming effects on conceptual fluency only increased the incidence of recollection responses.  ...  Acknowledgments The present study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (31271078) and Beijing Municipal Commission of Education Key program of science and technology (KZ201410028034  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00377 pmid:26175678 pmcid:PMC4485059 fatcat:3q7pcb2x2zeexish7mspict4bi

Activity reductions in perirhinal cortex predict conceptual priming and familiarity-based recognition

Wei-Chun Wang, Charan Ranganath, Andrew P. Yonelinas
2014 Neuropsychologia  
Our results demonstrate that the PRC contributes to both conceptual priming and familiarity-based recognition, which may reflect a common role of this region in implicit and explicit memory retrieval.  ...  Using a free association priming task, the current study tested the prediction that PRC indexes conceptual priming independent of contributions from perceptual and response repetition.  ...  Acknowledgements This study was supported by grants R01 MH083734 and F31 MH096346 from the NIMH. The authors thank Dr. Jon Simons for helpful feedback. Appendix A.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.10.006 pmid:24157537 pmcid:PMC3923843 fatcat:dkuylkvufjetfbwwxuzfclvoey

Masked repetition priming hinders subsequent recollection but not familiarity: A behavioral and event-related potential study

Bingbing Li, Wei Wang, Chuanji Gao, Chunyan Guo
2016 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
The present study used the masked repetition priming paradigm in the study phase and the R/K paradigm in the test phase to investigate whether repetition priming can hinder recognition memory and which  ...  Converging behavioral and ERP results indicated that masked repetition priming hindered subsequent recollection but not familiarity.  ...  Author Note The present study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China 31271078, and Beijing Municipal Commission of Education Key program of science and technology (KZ201410028034  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13415-016-0431-6 pmid:27197527 fatcat:k432cd4jzfgjngebz2srwtr2qe

fMRI evidence of word frequency and strength effects during episodic memory encoding

Greig I. de Zubicaray, Katie L. McMahon, Matthew M. Eastburn, Simon Finnigan, Michael S. Humphreys
2005 Cognitive Brain Research  
Shiffrin, Modeling the effects of repetitions, similarity, and normative word frequency on judgments of frequency and recognition memory, J. Exp. Psychol.: Learn Mem.  ...  In addition to investigating encoding strength, we addressed if study involves accessing prior representations of repeated items via the same mechanism as that at test [J.L. McClelland, M.  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to Brendan Miller, Yvette Stonier, Sonya Faint and Michael Walsh for their assistance with conduct-ing the study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2004.10.002 pmid:15722213 fatcat:mjnc7qnlnzd6jcwd4s73bnpyfu

Manipulating letter fluency for words alters electrophysiological correlates of recognition memory

Heather D. Lucas, Ken A. Paller
2013 NeuroImage  
One current topic of debate concerns the extent to which familiarity is driven by the same fluency sources that give rise to certain implicit memory phenomena.  ...  Familiarity may be tied to conceptual fluency, given that familiarity and conceptual implicit memory can exhibit similar neurocognitive properties.  ...  Findings from our laboratory and others suggest that one key to deconstructing familiarity lies in a closer examination of its relationship to the implicit memory phenomena of priming (Dew and Cabeza,  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.07.039 pmid:23871869 pmcid:PMC4032787 fatcat:yo56ltghevfufggh3y5e2gyx3u
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