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Autonomous Vehicles and Vulnerable Road-Users—Important Considerations and Requirements Based on Crash Data from Two Countries

Andrew Paul Morris, Narelle Haworth, Ashleigh Filtness, Daryl-Palma Asongu Nguatem, Laurie Brown, Andry Rakotonirainy, Sebastien Glaser
2021 Behavioral Sciences  
and represent scenarios in which future connected and autonomous vehicles may be challenged in terms of safe manoeuvring. (3) Road intersections are currently very common locations for vulnerable road-user  ...  This could be further compounded by changes to nonverbal communication that currently exist between road-users, which could become more challenging once CAVs become more widespread.  ...  Data Availability Statement: Data for Great Britain can be found online at dataset/cb7ae6f0-4be6-4935-9277-47e5ce24a11f/road-safety-data (accessed on 30 March 2021).  ... 
doi:10.3390/bs11070101 fatcat:uvam76rgozahfnqyiu3z3z4qeq

Identifying Conflict Points for the Examination of Automated Vehicles in the Presence of Vulnerable Road Users

Anysia Mayerhofer, Inbal Haas, Felix Gabriel, Bernhard Friedrich
2020 Transportation Research Procedia  
As a first step in examining this interaction, there is a need for detecting relevant conflict points involving both types of road users (automated vehicles and vulnerable road users).  ...  As a first step in examining this interaction, there is a need for detecting relevant conflict points involving both types of road users (automated vehicles and vulnerable road users).  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure in the project AFiM 16AVF2112A of the funding program Automated and Connected Driving.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2020.03.138 fatcat:kzvzvguwz5dgxjouvzpyzg54ge

On the Needs and Requirements Arising from Connected and Automated Driving

Konstantinos Antonakoglou, Nadia Brahmi, Taimoor Abbas, Antonio Eduardo Fernandez Barciela, Mate Boban, Kai Cordes, Mikael Fallgren, Laurent Gallo, Apostolos Kousaridas, Zexian Li, Toktam Mahmoodi, Erik Ström (+4 others)
2020 Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks  
Future 5G systems have set a goal to support mission-critical Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communications and they contribute to an important step towards connected and automated driving.  ...  To achieve this goal, the communication technologies should be designed based on a solid understanding of the new V2X applications and the related requirements and challenges.  ...  This information reflects the consortium's view, but the consortium is not liable for any use that may be made of any of the information contained therein.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jsan9020024 fatcat:3q24u736jbhfvjo3qvjffkhxra

Passenger opinions of the perceived safety and interaction with automated shuttles: A test ride study with 'hidden' safety steward

Sina Nordhoff, Jork Stapel, Bart van Arem, Riender Happee
2020 Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice  
with both passengers and other road users.  ...  A B S T R A C T A necessary condition for the effective integration of automated vehicles in our daily lives is their acceptance by passengers inside and pedestrians and cyclists outside the automated  ...  We thank Panagiotis Loukaridis, Hanna Buntz, and Rand Abu Ajamia for accompanying us on the ride with the automated vehicle as hidden stewards, and thank Tabea Weiβ and Tim Warner for coding the data from  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tra.2020.05.009 fatcat:vlufyuohabejnplzgtt33muqly

Chair for Intelligent Transportation Systems–Sustainable Transport Logistics 4.0

Yisheng Lv
2021 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine  
on general road safety in a shared space for vulnerable road users (VRUs) and vehicles [8] .  ...  Automated Connected Transportation Data transfers between vehicles and other road users and infrastructure enable the development of new applications for increasing the safety and efficiency of transport  ... 
doi:10.1109/mits.2021.3081895 fatcat:zztztafxpvduro6chyb6iraiiy

Standardized Test Procedure for External Human–Machine Interfaces of Automated Vehicles

Christina Kaß, Stefanie Schoch, Frederik Naujoks, Sebastian Hergeth, Andreas Keinath, Alexandra Neukum
2020 Information  
The article elucidates underlying considerations and details of the test protocol that serves as framework to measure the behavior and subjective evaluations of non-automated road users when interacting  ...  with automated vehicles in an experimental setting.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank Stefanie Ebert, Thomas Stemmler, and Florian Fischer for their technical support. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info11030173 fatcat:iexiymfxyfepviiiepa4u6lt3a

Communication between road users and the influence of increased car automation

Christine Chaloupka, Ralf Risser
2020 Transactions on Transport Sciences  
This paper puts a special focus on car automation's impact on the communication between road users including interaction between highly automated vehicles and vulnerable road users (VRUs).  ...  This is expected to be the case especially during the transition phase where vehicles with different degrees of automation are on the road and where many road users outside vehicles move about, e.g. in  ...  especially among (highly) automated cars and vulnerable road users.  ... 
doi:10.5507/tots.2019.014 fatcat:ajbe3r3gwbhxzjpfansgqgsehy

Architecture and Enablers of 5G V2X Network Slice for Reliable and Low-latency Communications

Apostolos Kousaridas, Panagiotis Spapis, Laurent Gallo, Bernadette Villeforceix, YunXi Li, Wanlu Sun, Massimo Condoluci, Liang Hu, Toktam Mahmoodi, Ricard Vilalta, Markus Dilinger
2018 Zenodo  
vehicles to be connected to the networks and also to be able to communicate with each other with ultra-high reliability and very low latency.  ...  Leveraging such kind of connectivity will enable disruptive new applications that will allow improving driving efficiency and boosting road safety.  ...  In all these configurations, a road user (either a vulnerable user or a vehicle) constitutes one end, whereas the other end can either be a remote server, a server located at the edge of the cellular network  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2525603 fatcat:hgt6ojgsgjflnmr3ehg66xwzbi

Vulnerable road users and the coming wave of automated vehicles: Expert perspectives

Wilbert Tabone, Joost de Winter, Claudia Ackermann, Jonas Bärgman, Martin Baumann, Shuchisnigdha Deb, Colleen Emmenegger, Azra Habibovic, Marjan Hagenzieker, P.A. Hancock, Riender Happee, Josef Krems (+6 others)
2021 Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives  
Acknowledgements This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 860410.  ...  The question here is whether the road infrastructure should communicate with road users, and how the communication between AVs and VRUs should take place.  ...  While this can be a good solution for vulnerable road users like pedestrians, it can also be overwhelming.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trip.2020.100293 fatcat:rwtx64g63ngk5ps6m4elho6qge

Multi-Access Edge Computing for Vehicular Networks: A Position Paper

Ridha Soua, Ion Turcanu, Florian Adamsky, Detlef Fuhrer, Thomas Engel
2018 2018 IEEE Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps)  
The latter is of paramount importance for automated services, which are supposed to be always-on and always-available.  ...  Also, by revealing MEC-inherent security vulnerabilities, we argue for the need of adequate security and privacy-preserving schemes in MEC-enabled vehicular architectures.  ...  driving, self-parking, and Vulnerable Road User (VRU) detection.  ... 
doi:10.1109/glocomw.2018.8644392 dblp:conf/globecom/SouaTAFE18 fatcat:g2hi3d3mcbeljkfjdwmowolghy

Response of Vulnerable Road Users to Visual Information from Autonomous Vehicles in Shared Spaces

Walter Morales Alvarez, Miguel Angel de Miguel, Fernando Garcia, Cristina Olaverri-Monreal
2019 2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC)  
We assess behavioral patterns and determine the impact of the coexistence of AVs and other road users on general road safety in a shared space for VRUs and vehicles.  ...  To enhance the public's perception of road safety and trust in new vehicular technologies, we investigate in this paper the effect of several interaction paradigms with vulnerable road users by developing  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported by the Austrian Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) Endowed Professorship for Sustainable Transport Logistics 4.0.  ... 
doi:10.1109/itsc.2019.8917501 dblp:conf/itsc/Morales-Alvarez19 fatcat:2hsgcd7ewnbkzfbtqyfn4sgl6m

Highly Automated Learning for Improved Active Safety of Vulnerable Road Users [article]

Maarten Bieshaar and Günther Reitberger and Viktor Kreß and Stefan Zernetsch and Konrad Doll and Erich Fuchs and Bernhard Sick
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Highly automated driving requires precise models of traffic participants. Many state of the art models are currently based on machine learning techniques.  ...  The initial models are iteratively refined in three steps: (1) detection and context identification, (2) novelty detection and active learning and (3) online model adaption.  ...  FU 1005/1-1 and SI 674/11-1.  ... 
arXiv:1803.03479v1 fatcat:uq5yhceemvhazjryy4viggrjhy

Special Issue: Advances in Vehicular Networks

Barbara M. Masini, Cristiano M. Silva, Ali Balador
2020 Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks  
Connected vehicles are expected to transform the way we travel through the creation of a safe, interoperable wireless communication network among road actors, infrastructures, and objects [...]  ...  the awareness range of connected and automated vehicles with information received from neighboring vehicles, the infrastructure or vulnerable road users (VRUs).  ...  on cooperative driving and vulnerable road user (VRU) detection.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jsan9040050 fatcat:zz7hhhxutfgxfksl72yl7sikiu

Do engineer perceptions about automated vehicles match user trust? Consequences for design

F. Walker, J. Steinke, M.H. Martens, W.B. Verwey
2020 Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives  
A B S T R A C T To maximize road safety, driver trust in an automated vehicle should be aligned with the vehicle's technical reliability, avoiding under-and over-estimation of its capabilities.  ...  The results suggest that user trust and engineer perceptions of vehicle reliability are often misaligned, with users sometimes under-trusting and sometimes over-trusting vehicle capabilities.  ...  Acknowledgments This research is supported by the Dutch Domain Applied and Engineering Sciences, which is part of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), and which is partly funded  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trip.2020.100251 fatcat:jpjdgyh6cna47f6pjayiko2nre

D.1.4: Functional requirements of selected use cases

Robert Hult, Martin Skoglund, Mats Jonasson, Anders Thorsén
2019 Zenodo  
This report presents use cases enabling testing and validation of Connected and Automated Driving (CAD).  ...  Functional Requirements regarding KETs Source Safety first for automated driving V2X communication: in some cases, the ego can communicate and interact with other (vulnerable) road users to tell  ...  PILOT Automated driving vehicles are required to communicate and interact with other (vulnerable) road users, depending on the ODD and the use cases Determine if specified nominal performance is not  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4581419 fatcat:e7pwtlzykzfrdfznnyrqessjru
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