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Scientific Reasoning in Science Education: From Global Measures to Fine-Grained Descriptions of Students' Competencies

Moritz Krell, Andreas Vorholzer, Andreas Nehring
2022 Education Sciences  
In modern science- and technology-based societies, competencies that allow citizens to reason scientifically play a key role for science- and technology-based careers as well as for democratic co-determination  ...  We argue that research would profit from examining and reporting scientific reasoning by using more fine-grained perspectives in addition to the rather global grain sizes typically reported.  ...  On the basis of this "dual search", Klahr and colleagues distinguished between the scientific reasoning processes of hypotheses generation ("search hypothesis"), experimental design ("test hypothesis")  ... 
doi:10.3390/educsci12020097 fatcat:ehpgqew2ofg2jhufaks7eou4ea

A Fine-Grained Analysis of User Activity on Mobile Applications: The Sensitivity Level Perception

Saud Alotaibi, Steven Furnell, Nathan Clarke
2015 International Journal for Information Security Research  
user action in a process may require protection.  ...  The main aim of this research is to investigate when to authenticate the mobile user by focusing on the sensitivity level of each intra-process (within the application) and understanding whether a certain  ...  Consequently, intra-process security should be addressed, and fine-grained authentication control should be provided against unauthorised use based on the sensitivity level of each process within the application  ... 
doi:10.20533/ijisr.2042.4639.2015.0068 fatcat:qqorfhxknvbpfcffjmd33zz5fe

Editorial: Security and Dependability of Cloud Systems and Services

Stefano Russo, Marco Vieira
2017 IEEE Transactions on Services Computing  
RepCloud provides fine-grained attestations for the trust of a cloud computing base, exploiting a decentralized attestation scheme.  ...  The security of cloud storage systems is investigated by  ...  Attribute-based encryption (ABE) is known to support fine-grained access control; and outsourced ABE allows users to access encrypted data stored in cloud.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsc.2017.2735778 fatcat:xfymhphlzrezlewf3a62twnzti

A probabilistic framework for tracking uncertainties in robotic manipulation [article]

Huy Nguyen, Quang-Cuong Pham
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we demonstrate the benefit of this fine-grained knowledge of uncertainties in an actual assembly task.  ...  In agreement with common manipulation pipelines, we decompose the process into two subsequent stages, namely perception and physical interaction.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported in part by NTUitive Gap Fund NGF-2016-01-028 and SMART Innovation Grant NG000074-ENG.  ... 
arXiv:1901.00969v1 fatcat:qzgfmi2rb5botan2bwd3axlvrm

International Conference on Smart Computing and Communication (SmartTech-2017)

Deepshikha Bhargava, Ramesh C Poonia, Swapnesh Taterh
2018 Journal of Biology and Today s World  
An attempt is made to investigate techniques used for the grain quality analysis. The main attempt is made to investigate foreign particles in grain sample.  ...  Analyzing the grain sample manually is more time consuming and complicated process, and there are high chances of errors with subjectivity of human perception.  ...  In this paper, application of search-based Flower Pollination Algorithm has been investigated for this purpose.  ... 
doi:10.15412/j.jbtw.01070107 fatcat:kxwja67k3zaolpfhr7izgincaq

Deep domain adaptation for describing people based on fine-grained clothing attributes

Qiang Chen, Junshi Huang, Rogerio Feris, Lisa M Brown, Jian Dong, Shuicheng Yan
2015 2015 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)  
We address the problem of describing people based on fine-grained clothing attributes.  ...  example, by mobile phones or surveillance cameras.  ...  For instance, criminal investigation processes often involve searching for suspects based on detailed descriptions provided by eyewitnesses or compiled from images captured by surveillance cameras.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cvpr.2015.7299169 dblp:conf/cvpr/ChenHFBDY15 fatcat:uqxdx75jt5bldd7kruaoovbnoi

Context-Driven Progressive Enhancement of Mobile Web Applications: A Multicriteria Decision-Making Approach

Heiko Desruelle, Frank Gielen
2014 Computer journal  
Personal computing has become all about mobile and embedded devices.  ...  This article proposes a context-aware software platform for the development and delivery of self-adaptive mobile applications over the Web.  ...  Fine-grained mobile progressive enhancement.  ... 
doi:10.1093/comjnl/bxu061 fatcat:o3ohn6kaofc5zomshal7eojike

On the Use of Safety Certification Practices in Autonomous Field Robot Software Development: A Systematic Mapping Study [chapter]

Johann Thor Mogensen Ingibergsson, Ulrik Pagh Schultz, Marco Kuhrmann
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Our findings from reviewing 49 papers show that standards, if at all, are barely used.  ...  This paper presents the findings from a systematic mapping study in which we study the state-of-the-art in developing software for safety-critical software for autonomous field robots.  ...  The question addresses fine-grained coding-related practices, such as code generation or code reuse, as well as methodical process-related practices, i.e., traditional or agile software development.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-26844-6_25 fatcat:ppn3d45ecnbcxonzcondl73iqi

Answer Interaction in Non-factoid Question Answering Systems

Chen Qu, Liu Yang, W. Bruce Croft, Falk Scholer, Yongfeng Zhang
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval - CHIIR '19  
In this paper, we use Amazon Mechanical Turk to investigate three answer presentation and interaction approaches in a non-factoid question answering setting.  ...  Web search logs provide large amounts of data about how people interact with ranked lists of documents, but very little is known about interaction with answer texts.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported in part by the Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval, NSF IIS-1715095 and ARC DP180102687.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3295750.3298946 dblp:conf/chiir/Qu0CSZ19 fatcat:xwmxk4ltv5htbm3775mlg7cydu

Vagueness Intuitions and the Mobility of Cognitive Sortals

Bert Baumgaertner
2012 Minds and Machines  
I do so by developing an idealized cognitive model of a categorization faculty which has mobile and dynamic sortals ('classes', 'concepts' or 'categories') and formally prove that the degree of precision  ...  So if we were to test the model's middle age class against 67 again, the model would respond in the negative.  ...  The fundamental result will be that boundaries are not findable when searched for at a fine grain of scale. Generalization and Adaptive Lists Let us develop a model based on adaptive lists.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11023-012-9273-3 fatcat:mygpw3noivcphlzrecsfb34i2u

Deep Learning on Computational-Resource-Limited Platforms: A Survey

Chunlei Chen, Peng Zhang, Huixiang Zhang, Jiangyan Dai, Yugen Yi, Huihui Zhang, Yonghui Zhang
2020 Mobile Information Systems  
In pursuant to these solutions, we identify challenges to be addressed.  ...  As a result, performing DL on mobile or embedded platforms is becoming a common requirement.  ...  However, some topics still remain to be investigated. For instance, DeepShark uses external storage as the cache to support fine-grained memory utilization.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8454327 fatcat:pocvmihd7jcw7ig544s2yduovu

Deep-water fine-grained sediments; history, methodology and terminology

D. A. V. Stow, D. J. W. Piper
1984 Geological Society Special Publication  
These are: (a) an historical outline of the research that has made both possible and necessary the workshop and the volume; (b) a review of the methodology currently used in the study of fine-grained sediments  ...  To introduce this collection of papers presented at an international research workshop in Halifax, Canada (1982), we highlight briefly three aspects of deep-water fine-grained sediments that are alluded  ...  Fine-grained sediment facies in deep water can mostly be interpreted in terms of these depositional processes, although it must be recognized that the processes are in fact part of a continuum, and that  ... 
doi:10.1144/gsl.sp.1984.015.01.01 fatcat:bazjy4r2tbbo3ffybf25u45yiy

Exploring students' backtracking behaviors in digital textbooks and its relationship to learning styles [article]

Bo Jiang, Meijun Gu, Chengjiu Yin
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The purpose of this study is to explore students' backtracking patterns in using a digital textbook and reveal the relationship between backtracking behaviors and academic performance as well as learning  ...  In addition, most backtrackers are reflective and visual learners, and the seven backtracking features are good predictors in automatically identifying learning styles.  ...  dimensions of procession, perception, and input.  ... 
arXiv:2205.14822v1 fatcat:jha4r3eapvgrdbueskgv7zwb6u

Security and Privacy in the Medical Internet of Things: A Review

Wencheng Sun, Zhiping Cai, Yangyang Li, Fang Liu, Shengqun Fang, Guoyan Wang
2018 Security and Communication Networks  
Instead of going to the hospital for help, patients' health-related parameters can be monitored remotely, continuously, and in real time, then processed, and transferred to medical data center, such as  ...  In addition, we make in-depth study on the existing solutions to security and privacy issues, together with the open challenges and research issues for future work.  ...  [11] designed a secure cryptographic primitive called attribute-based multikeyword search over encrypted personal health records in multiowner setting to support both fine-grained access control and  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/5978636 fatcat:odfuofjixnf25cdi7haxinhyny

An Effective Method to Predict Air Pollutants using Random Forest Algorithm

Miss. Vadaka Keerthi
2019 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
The interpolation, prediction, and feature analysis of fine-gained air quality are three important topics in the area of urban air computing.  ...  In general, the solutions to these topics can extract extremely useful information to support air pollution control, and consequently generate great societal and technical impacts.  ...  In this project, we improve a everyday and superb approach called DAL to unify the interpolation, prediction, feature selection and evaluation of the fine-grained air pleasant into one model.  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2019.6129 fatcat:rhpbteklk5ejvcdglsds6pouna
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