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Introspective Agents: Confidence Measures for General Value Functions [article]

Craig Sherstan, Adam White, Marlos C. Machado, Patrick M. Pilarski
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Here we advocate that the agent should also predict internally generated signals regarding its own learning process - for example, an agent's confidence in its learned predictions.  ...  This position paper builds on the idea of encoding knowledge as temporally extended predictions through the use of general value functions.  ...  GVFs present a novel approach to the general problem of introspection within intelligent agents.  ... 
arXiv:1606.05593v1 fatcat:l7h27asdivd3zc52ddul3ijkci

Introspection Through Litigation

Joanna C. Schwartz
2014 Social Science Research Network  
Furthermore, if agents' contributions are partial rather than perfect substitutes (that is, if the agents' functions overlap but are not fully redundant), then the contributions from multiple agents may  ...  Introspection through litigation combines the recognized value of organizational introspection with the observed power of litigation to unearth information.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2383605 fatcat:goyoq5eujzgbdcsdnrdkln72xu

IVOA: Introspective Vision for Obstacle Avoidance [article]

Sadegh Rabiee, Joydeep Biswas
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present an approach for introspective vision for obstacle avoidance (IVOA) -- by leveraging a supervisory sensor that is occasionally available, we detect failures of stereo vision-based  ...  By projecting the 3D coordinates where the plans agree and disagree onto the images used for vision-based perception, IVOA generates a training set of reliable and unreliable image patches for perception  ...  [3] look into probabilistic function approximators such as Gaussian processes as well as boot strapped classifiers that use the consensus of an ensemble of models as a measure of confidence.  ... 
arXiv:1903.01028v2 fatcat:fgcfaz7sjba45myd6322pt6ezu

Online robot introspection via wrench-based action grammars

Juan Rojas, Shuangqi Luo, Dingqiao Zhu, Yunlong Du, Hongbin Lin, Zhengjie Huang, Wenwei Kuang, Kensuke Harada
2017 2017 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)  
Multiclass Support Vector Machines (SVMs) were used offline, while online probabilistic SVMs were are used to give temporal confidence to the introspection result.  ...  The vocabulary is generated by segmenting and encoding the data.  ...  The accuracy of the classifier may sometimes be 100, but we do not have an measure of confidence. The class probabilities can be considered a per class confidence measure.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iros.2017.8206438 dblp:conf/iros/0001LZDLHKH17 fatcat:kytgt4ufajelnpzx44owzf36zy

A hesitant defense of introspection

Uriah Kriegel
2013 Philosophical Studies  
Much of the paper focuses on a specific challenge to it, which I call Schwitzgebel's Challenge: the claim that introspection is so untrustworthy that its indispensability for a genuine understanding of  ...  observable; so, any legitimate understanding of the mind must take account of introspective observations of conscious experiences.  ...  experimental tasks that ingeniously use exclusively third--person measures (often reaction times) to generate non--introspective evidence for the introspectively formed hypothesis.A fine example of this  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11098-013-0148-0 fatcat:eaf56xv3ozfpzektumcyi7b4bm

Endpoint Configuration Compliance Monitoring via Virtual Machine Introspection

Darrell Kienzle, Ryan Persaud, Matthew Elder
2010 2010 43rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
Our approach utilizes (1) a virtual machine architecture on the endpoint system to protect the monitoring function and (2) virtual machine introspection of the end user's environment.  ...  We describe a system for externally monitoring endpoint configuration compliance of an end user system that provides a high assurance monitoring function and data.  ...  Client endpoints running the EC-CAM agent software have a specific system architecture to support the external monitoring functionality via virtual machine introspection.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2010.182 dblp:conf/hicss/KienzlePE10 fatcat:2htnc7rknrbgzhq3zfzrx42i4a

Robot introspection with Bayesian nonparametric vector autoregressive hidden Markov models

Hongmin Wu, Hongbin Lin, Yisheng Guan, Kensuke Harada, Juan Rojas
2017 2017 IEEE-RAS 17th International Conference on Humanoid Robotics (Humanoids)  
Robot introspection, as opposed to anomaly detection typical in process monitoring, helps a robot understand what it is doing at all times.  ...  Our approach showed a stronger ability to generalize and was able to better model the subtask with complex dynamics in a computationally efficient way.  ...  Such patterns vary when the same task is executed by different agents.  ... 
doi:10.1109/humanoids.2017.8246976 dblp:conf/humanoids/WuLGH017 fatcat:nipui4jmvncfnkrm6fjpjs2ya4

SoK: Introspections on Trust and the Semantic Gap

Bhushan Jain, Mirza Basim Baig, Dongli Zhang, Donald E. Porter, Radu Sion
2014 2014 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy  
An essential goal of Virtual Machine Introspection (VMI) is assuring security policy enforcement and overall functionality in the presence of an untrustworthy OS.  ...  Overall, this paper aims to create an essential checkpoint in the broader quest for meaningful trust in virtualized environments through VM introspection.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank our shepherd, Virgil Gligor, and the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/sp.2014.45 dblp:conf/sp/JainBZPS14 fatcat:zpldjgsmcfdvhgx252dewbh33y

Introspection and Good Intentions Are Not Enough

Sandra Scarr
1987 Contemporary Psychology  
Introspection and Good Intentions Are Not Enough Joseph Goldstein, Anna Freud, Albert J.  ...  The Development of Sex-Related Differences in Cognitive Functioning. eading and evaluating Test Design R presents a clear example of a schism that has plagued psychology for genera- tions: How can the  ... 
doi:10.1037/027205 fatcat:szxar74fufahhajfe23czti4fe

A Manifesto for an Introspective Digital Archaeology

Jeremy Huggett
2015 Open Archaeology  
AbstractThis paper presents a grand challenge for Digital Archaeology of a different kind: it is not technical in and of itself, it does not seek out technological solutions for archaeological problems  ...  It argues that currently this area is under-theorised, under-represented, and under-valued, yet it is increasingly fundamental to the way in which we arrive at an understanding of the past.  ...  value.  ... 
doi:10.1515/opar-2015-0002 fatcat:jkyohuoh4bf6tfg7jmrwnsi3di

Learning Policy for Robot Anomaly Recovery Based on Robot Introspection [chapter]

Xuefeng Zhou, Hongmin Wu, Juan Rojas, Zhihao Xu, Shuai Li
2020 Nonparametric Bayesian Learning for Collaborative Robot Multimodal Introspection  
Zhou et al., Nonparametric Bayesian Learning for Collaborative Robot Multimodal Introspection, https://doi.  ...  Then, we heuristically generate a set of synthetic demonstrations for augmenting the learning by appending a multivariate Gaussian noise distribution with mean equal to zeros and covariance equal to ones  ...  With the help of the task generalization and introspective capabilities for each movement primitives, two task exploration policies are proposed for responding the anomalies: reverse execution or human  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-6263-1_6 fatcat:v6cjejtmebdprayfwbjmgeoeku

Incremental Learning Introspective Movement Primitives from Multimodal Unstructured Demonstrations

Hongmin Wu, Zhihao Xu, Wu Yan, Qianxin Su, Shuai Li, Xuefeng Zhou
2019 IEEE Access  
However, conventional learning methods mostly focus on the kinesthetic variables and ignore those critical introspective capacities in manipulation such as movement generalization and assessment of the  ...  In this paper, we investigate the association of generalization, fault detection, fault diagnoses, and task exploration during manipulation task, and call such movement primitives augmented with introspective  ...  Liu for their assistance on system development and Prof. J. Rojas for his revision on English writing throughout this project.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2947529 fatcat:hwypvbiz55clrkfwcg5ojkjsyq

Introspective multistrategy learning: On the construction of learning strategies

Michael T. Cox, Ashwin Ram
1999 Artificial Intelligence  
A central problem in multistrategy learning systems is the selection and sequencing of machine learning algorithms for particular situations.  ...  This is typically done by the system designer who analyzes the learning task and implements the appropriate algorithm or sequence of algorithms for that task.  ...  We thank Tucker Balch, Kurt Eiselt, Karen Haigh, Janet Kolodner, Kenny Moorman, Mimi Recker, Juan Carlos Santamaria, Tony Simon, Austin Tate, Manuela Veloso and the anonymous reviewers for comments on  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(99)00047-8 fatcat:6m2vpnokt5awhmcctnof6csgxi

The Why's the Limit: Curtailing Self-Enhancement With Explanatory Introspection

Constantine Sedikides, Robert S. Horton, Aiden P. Gregg
2007 Journal of Personality  
We tested whether explanatory introspection (i.e., generating reasons for why one might or might not possess personality traits) constitutes one such constraint.  ...  Experiment 1 demonstrated that explanatory introspection curtails self-enhancement.  ...  Measures SD PRE ratings. Participants responded to two items for each trait.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2007.00457.x pmid:17576359 fatcat:wmxh5tbkezdr5ftk2fzzatykdm

Smart Regulation in times of COVID 19: An introspective preliminary analysis for its application in Ecuador

Jennifer Vanessa Zaldumbide Vaca, Angie Nathaly Santacruz Mediavilla, Pamela Fernanda Heredia Pazmiño
2020 Revista Facultad de Jurisprudencia  
A fundamental entity for the development of this type of regulation is the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), whose main objective is to create policies that improve the quality  ...  In order do this, it must be considering the principles of governance, proper preparation for its application, and the professionalism of all market players.  ...  Another solution was the creation of a tool that measures the cost of the regulation, this to have an estimate of what the monetary values would be to assume, and to be able to generate recommendations  ... 
doi:10.26807/rfj.vi8.305 fatcat:atuxntj6abfsviyd2ob54b5txq
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