133 Hits in 7.1 sec

Philosophy enters the optics laboratory: Bell's theorem and its first experimental tests (1965–1982)

Olival Freire
2006 Studies in history and philosophy of modern physics  
It focuses on the period between 1965, when Bell published what now we call Bell's theorem, and 1982, when Aspect published the results of his experiments.  ...  I argue that what was considered good physics after Aspect's experiments was once considered by many a philosophical matter instead of a scientific one, and that the path from philosophy to physics required  ...  I consulted the John Francis Clauser Personal Papers due to kindness of Joan Bromberg, who provided me copies of them.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.shpsb.2005.12.003 fatcat:g7cxizqpx5gcxi3jrr3kgc6vzu

Böhm theorem and Böhm trees for the Λμ-calculus

Alexis Saurin
2012 Theoretical Computer Science  
Though, in 2001, David and Py proved [2] that Böhm's theorem, which is a fundamental result of the untyped λ-calculus, cannot be lifted to Parigot's calculus.  ...  The aim of this section is to give an introduction to Böhm's result in the λ-calculus, emphasize its consequences and significance and develop a discussion about Böhm theorems beyond the scope of the λ-calculus  ...  Acknowledgements The author wishes to thank Pierre-Louis Curien, Dale Miller, Simona Ronchi della Rocca and Hugo Herbelin for their advice and guidance as well as the anonymous reviewers for their relevant  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2012.02.027 fatcat:7mgc7lwf5bfvbfch5v5ue263by

From the No-Signaling Theorem to Veiled Non-locality

Subhash Kak
2013 NeuroQuantology  
According to the no-signaling theorem, the nonlocal collapse of the wavefunction of an entangled particle by the measurement on its twin particle at a remote location cannot be used to send useful information  ...  In practical terms, decoherence and noise compel us to view the wavefunction as representing knowledge of potential outcomes rather than the reality.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported in part by the National Science Foundation grant CNS-1117068.  ... 
doi:10.14704/nq.2014.12.1.705 fatcat:m3knklilrjbofjde6iqo7eetim

Understanding quantum physics through simple experiments: from wave-particle duality to Bell's theorem [article]

Ish Dhand, Adam D'Souza, Varun Narasimhachar, Neil Sinclair, Stephen Wein, Parisa Zarkeshian, Alireza Poostindouz, Christoph Simon
2018 arXiv   pre-print
has to relinquish the principle of locality, which requires that no causal influences should be faster than the speed of light and is a cornerstone of Einstein's theory of relativity.  ...  We derive all relevant quantum predictions using minimal mathematics, without introducing the advanced calculations that are typically used to describe quantum physics.  ...  Applications 33 VII. Discussion 34 I. INTRODUCTION Outcome Contributing history Amplitude Total Prob.  ... 
arXiv:1806.09958v3 fatcat:rmmplrmhpzgrfo54m7lnhxauzi

Introduction to linear logic and ludics, part II [article]

Pierre-Louis Curien
2005 arXiv   pre-print
We hope to offer a few computer science insights into this new theory.  ...  This paper is the second part of an introduction to linear logic and ludics, both due to Girard.  ...  Acknowledgements I wish to thank Song Fangmin and the University of Nanjing for an invitation in October 2001, which offered me the occasion to give a few lectures on linear logic, and Aldo Ursini and  ... 
arXiv:cs/0501039v1 fatcat:dc4ltgacqrg43lm6py4jb3a4ie

An Introduction to Quantum Entanglement: a Geometric Approach [article]

Karol Zyczkowski, Ingemar Bengtsson
2006 arXiv   pre-print
We present a concise introduction to quantum entanglement. Concentrating on bipartite systems we review the separability criteria and measures of entanglement.  ...  We hope also that it will provide a solid foundation for a new, emerging field of science-the theory of quantum information processing.  ...  See John Bell's (1987) [23] book for a sympathetic review of Bohm's arguments.  ... 
arXiv:quant-ph/0606228v1 fatcat:zphea25jyvca3h22qnvde5ypx4

Do we really understand quantum mechanics? Strange correlations, paradoxes, and theorems

F. Laloë
2001 American Journal of Physics  
Another general point that is emphasized is the necessity for the theory to predict the emergence of a single result in a single realization of an experiment.  ...  In another section the GHZ argument, the Hardy impossibilities, as well as the BKS theorem are introduced in simple terms.  ...  Needless to say, the fatalist attitude in science is even more subject to the difficulties of orthodox quantum mechanics concerning the impossibility to develop a theory without observers, etc..  ... 
doi:10.1119/1.1356698 fatcat:vkyduupw7bbbzn5dnyh6npbsdu

An introduction to quantum measurements with a historical motivation [article]

Leonardo Andreta de Castro, Olímpio Pereira de Sá Neto, Carlos Alexandre Brasil
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We provide an introduction to the theory of quantum measurements that is centered on the pivotal role played by John von Neumann's model.  ...  This introduction is accessible to students and researchers from outside the field of foundations of quantum mechanics and presented within a historical context.  ...  both the orthodoxy and some attempts to break with it.  ... 
arXiv:1908.03949v1 fatcat:wmv2srtr3rg57fiz2gcsv7zueu

Quantum Mechanics is About Quantum Information

Jeffrey Bub
2005 Foundations of physics  
The notion of quantum information is to be understood as a new physical primitive -- just as, following Einstein's special theory of relativity, a field is no longer regarded as the physical manifestation  ...  I argue that quantum mechanics is fundamentally a theory about the representation and manipulation of information, not a theory about the mechanics of nonclassical waves or particles.  ...  Acknowledgements The ideas in this paper originated during a research leave supported by a University of Maryland Sabbatical Leave Fellowship and a General Research Board Fellowship in 2001-2002.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10701-004-2010-x fatcat:mabg6ewphrebdchk6odvg2wv7q

On the Paradoxical Book of Bell [article]

Marek Zukowski
2015 arXiv   pre-print
The discussion concentrates around the Bell Theorem, its assumptions, consequences and frequent overinterpretations.  ...  The work is dedicated to AZ, one of the first orthodox people who noticed the richness of the implications of Bell's Theorem, on the occasion... he knows which.  ...  applications of quantum phenomena in quantum communication and quantum computation.  ... 
arXiv:quant-ph/0605034v2 fatcat:2ssrfzcfvjdo7asyjvt3trodge

A Semi-Harmonic Frequency Pattern Organizes Local and Non-Local States by Quantum Entanglement in both EPR-Studies and Life Systems

Hans J. H. Geesink, Dirk K. F. Meijer
2018 Journal of Modern Physics  
In many biological studies, windowing, both with regard to frequency and amplitude domains, has been found and non-coherent modulations of signals have also an influence on biological properties [7].  ...  This implies that the same discrete coherent frequency pattern of EM quantum waves that determine local and non-local states is also applicable to biological order and that quantum entanglement is a prerequisite  ...  History of Experimental EPR Realizations EPR and Bell's theorem have motivated researchers to improve the theory of quantum mechanics.  ... 
doi:10.4236/jmp.2018.95056 fatcat:5rgkaahnjfdutc4vqwrwoykfhu

Living in the Matrix: How a Scientific Conjecture was Turned into a Conspiracy Theory

Roberto Paura
2017 Messages, Sages and Ages  
of science in order to be better accepted by the public.  ...  Wider application of this perspective to other cases of pseudo-scientific beliefs and contemporary conspiracy theories (e.g. flat Earth or chemtrails) could provide useful suggestions on the most effective  ...  The first reference to the "Matrix theory" is in the 2001 book Children of Matrix.  ... 
doi:10.1515/msas-2017-0006 fatcat:uuilqlqhvbcqbbo6hd5t54vv6y

Consciousness: A Direct Link with Life's Origin? [article]

A. N. Mitra, Gargi Mitra-Delmotte
2011 arXiv   pre-print
Inspired by the Penrose-Hameroff thesis, we are intuitively led to examine an intriguing correspondence of 'induction' (by fields), with the complex phenomenon of (metabolism-sustained) consciousness:  ...  Acknowledgements: This essay is dedicated to the memory of ANM's mother, Rama Rani Mitra, on the occasion of her birth centenary (2011).  ...  Bohm's Thesis: Integral Duality of Mind and Matter For historical reasons, we start with a semi-intuitive model due to David Bohm (1990) who was led, by the conflict of quantum theory (discreteness)  ... 
arXiv:1102.3158v1 fatcat:nolqp2tupvgkblpovyzlryvita

Causality Is Logically Definable—Toward an Equilibrium-Based Computing Paradigm of Quantum Agent and Quantum Intelligence (QAQI) (Survey and Research)

Wen-Ran Zhang, Karl E. Peace
2014 Journal of Quantum Information Science  
Even though string theory was considered "theory of everything", it is criticized as not observable, not experimentally testable, and failed to provide falsifiable predictions [10] [11] .  ...  the unification of social and physical sciences as well as relativity and quantum mechanics.  ...  A major motivation of Bohm's cosmological order was to resolve the incompatibility between quantum theory and relativity theory.  ... 
doi:10.4236/jqis.2014.44021 fatcat:no4u6ddglvcsxbjnhh3dcqnouy

Explaining the Unobserved—Why Quantum Mechanics Ain't Only About Information

Amit Hagar, Meir Hemmo
2006 Foundations of physics  
According to Bub (2004, 2005) the philosophical significance of the theorem is that quantum theory should be regarded as a "principle" theory about (quantum) information rather than a "constructive" theory  ...  A remarkable theorem by Clifton, Bub and Halvorson (2003)(CBH) characterizes quantum theory in terms of information--theoretic principles.  ...  Introduction Quantum information theory has by now become to a large extent a new orthodoxy in the foundations of quantum mechanics.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10701-006-9065-9 fatcat:lkv3ai5ffrf7tpp72d44k4ul6m
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