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In the process we hope to develop a comprehensive theory of business communication. We present the logical structures and techniques we apply, and provide initial pro-totype testing results. ... We introduce our framework for logic-based composi-tional e-commerce interaction. ... Conclusion In conclusion, we have presented the goals of the Fair and Logical Trade project. ...doi:10.1504/ijbpim.2009.030984 fatcat:inoxdwbxinbfjjmlp3qbvfenee
The methodology encompasses a literature review on fair trade and builds upon ethnographic and participative research methods. ... within the project; second, it encompasses the reality of many emerging fair trade initiatives in Brazil which harness market forces to pursue local sustainable development. ... This paper draws extensively on earlier work that have well-documented the Arte Baniwa project. ...doi:10.1590/s1807-76922011000400005 fatcat:e3p3maj2rfe2rhmry44wzqulm4
It introduces Fair Trade and establishes a set of desiderata to guide the process of conceptualisation. ... This paper categorises the emerging conceptualisations of Fair Trade and explores which of them offers the best characterisation of the project. ... Introduction Fair Trade is a project attracting increasing attention in both public and academic domains. ...doi:10.1080/01436597.2010.488474 fatcat:ufmyvljl3vawbnk6xjbzcy7sz4
Importantly, the rhetoric was used to challenge policy, but not the underlying dominant logics. ... Second, existing literature on the DJI has focused on the government-industry relationship during the post-war period (1950s to 1960s) (Masrani and McKiernan 2011; ... introduced proponents of the original legislation spoke in opposition to this strong and direct challenge to the dominant free-trade institutional logic. ...doi:10.1504/ijmcp.2014.063850 fatcat:fsupq4hp4ff5dgpn4bmyo4ljpi
and other recent techno- logical developments. ... Another project fair was held on May | 12 in Stoughton, Mass., High School, sponsored by the Massachusetts Indus- | trial Education Society. ...
He introduced Anglo officials to “scenario planning,” borrowed from Shell Oil, to help project trends in the gold market, and became famous in South Africa for his scenario presentations. ... should be part of the second logic economy of small businesses. ...
It discusses the possibility of Fair Trade being re-absorbed by the market logic and captured by the dominant actors of the food system who, attracted by its success, have already adopted strategies to ... This article analyses Fair Trade, its evolution and the challenges it faces, in the light of the convention theory and its application to the ambit of agro-food. ... Acknowledgements This article benefits from the comments and the language corrections of David Goodman. ...doi:10.1016/s0743-0167(02)00051-7 fatcat:pjfbcmuqovbs5cigqwckyibj6u
Objectives: English for International Trade is a practical course focused on the international sale of goods. ... The lecture time was minimized and much time was spent coaching the students. The students wrote the import and export scenarios and prepared correspondence accordingly. ... From 2012 to 2018, the author was responsible for the GTEP (Glocal Trade Expert Incubating Program) project supported by MOTIE (Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy). ...doi:10.22682/bcrp.2019.2.1.43 fatcat:efbltgab5bfe7pq6tug3wkqblq
The value of travel time savings (VOTTS) is one of the most important variables for calculating the benefits of transportation projects. ... To solve these problems, a fuzzy logic rule-based approach is proposed. ... Twenty rules make use of the two variables GDP and traffic while six of those rules where introduced for fairness which make use of either traffic or GDP. ...doi:10.3390/su11040962 fatcat:dypzfupuzjc5th6q67dgjwrf3m
This study adopts an ecolinguistic approach to analyze logical resources in the news reports about the Sino-US trade war collected from the two sources, The Times of Britain and Sputnik News Agency of ... By observing the logical system for ecological discourse analysis, the study throws light on the ecological properties and values of the mainstream media between the two stakeholders. ... The British journalists tend to use addition relation to depict the current situation of the trade war and its influence on the British economy, and continuation relation to introduce big moments and events ...doi:10.1515/jwl-2021-0021 fatcat:uc3innczrjc5rggyziofimawhi
Instead of empowering the most vulnerable groups, those producing table wine for the domestic market, Fair Trade is actually further marginalizing them. ... Through the lenses of a sectoradjusted version of regulation theory, we show that the Fair Trade wine sector does not substantially deviate from the conventional wine economy in Argentina. ... We are also thankful to Lucía Garbarino for the graphic design of Figure 1 and to the two JRS referees for their insightful and constructive criticism. ...doi:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.02.002 fatcat:4mrr74jzzjdntmfcaudyvp4bs4
It enables to describe the event time, and extends the time characteristics of logical inference rules. ... We analyzed the Netbill protocol with the new approach and found that the fairness of the protocol is not satisfied, due to timeliness problem. ... Acknowledgements This work was sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. 61601476). ...doi:10.1587/transinf.2018edp7108 fatcat:ufcizczzxbfzfomc42ewuixfxy
Analytic Network Process (ANP) was introduced for determining the relative importance of a set of interdependent criteria concerned by the stakeholders (shipper/consignee, customer broker, forwarder, and ... The Safety and Technology is the most important construct of marine information system evaluation, whereas Charger is the least important construct. ... But Trade Van's drawback is the way it charge and price fairness. ...doi:10.12783/dteees/seeie2016/4548 fatcat:uy5mp2ermbbtfmby7bqh4g6f3e
The institutionalisation of fair-trade education in schools in the city of Bristol, south-west England is presented as an empirical case through which to consider how best to theorise the rationalities ... The ethics of everyday consumption has become a key concern for social and environmental justice campaigning by NGOs in the United Kingdom. ... The group also helped to introduce fair-trade issues into English, Art, Geography and Music and Drama curriculum-spaces, and has established links with Nicaraguan textile workers who visited the school ...doi:10.1068/d14908 fatcat:k7pxftmownbrvb3tb3rv7oi37i
Fuzzy Logic could be used in project estimation purposes efficiently by gathering size data on previously developed programs. ... Fuzzy logic uses membership functions to include linguistic variables and quantifiers. ... Different organizations use different methods depending on the type of projects, the inherent risks in the project and the technologies involved into them. ...doi:10.14419/ijet.v7i3.27.17747 fatcat:qn4j7w7uibdz7gf32i37e2bm4i
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