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Introducing teachers to computational thinking using unplugged storytelling

Paul Curzon, Peter W. McOwan, Nicola Plant, Laura R. Meagher
2014 Proceedings of the 9th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education on - WiPSCE '14  
We have explored the e↵ectiveness of using 'unplugged' methods (constructivist, often kinaesthetic, activities away from computers) with contextually rich storytelling to introduce teachers to these topics  ...  Many countries are introducing new school computing syllabuses that make programming and computational thinking core components.  ...  There are several potential uses of unplugged workshops: to teach computing concepts (such as binary numbers) directly to school students; to introduce the unplugged style of teaching to teachers; to demonstrate  ... 
doi:10.1145/2670757.2670767 dblp:conf/wipsce/CurzonMPM14 fatcat:zb2r7iqgejd4pfj6753ns4eify

The Development and Application of Computational Fairy Tales for Elementary Students

Jungho Park
2019 International Journal of Higher Education  
In this regard, this study worked to develop computational fairy tales (CFT) for coding beginners and applied it to the elementary school classroom environment in Korea.  ...  However, an answer to the question of what constitutes appropriate computing concepts for children (e.g. elementary school students) has not been fully answered.  ...  Storytelling as a pedagogical tool has been used for years in the humanities and in childhood education (Russell, 1994) . It can also be used as a tool to introduce computer science topics as well.  ... 
doi:10.5430/ijhe.v8n3p159 fatcat:wtuqfbthpzcflgmoyqaqpdthcy

Computational Thinking Education in the Asian Pacific Region

Hyo-Jeong So, Morris Siu-Yung Jong, Chen-Chung Liu
2019 The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher  
The importance of computational thinking (CT) education in the twenty-first century cannot be understated, as digital computing technologies have become an essential component of practically all human  ...  Due to their strength in the ICT industry, countries such as Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and China have launched national curricular reforms to address the current movement of CT education in K-12 education  ...  In general, unplugged activities refer to a set of learning activities to introduce coding without a computer and often involve the use of physical movement and tangible materials.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40299-019-00494-w fatcat:zwnsey6wwrfgldt5c5f2brzv3i

Improvement of Pre-Service Teachers' Computational Thinking Skills Through an Educational Technology Course

2021 Journal of individual differences in education  
Analysis of final projects also showed that pre-service teachers were able to use their problem solving, algorithmic thinking, and collaborative skills.  ...  This study examines the improvement of pre-service teachers' computational thinking skill levels through an educational technology course redesigned within the computational thinking context. 27 preservice  ...  Also, the current study used a survey to analyze pre-service teachers' computational thinking skill levels and used a rubric to examine what extent pre-service teachers used their computational thinking  ... 
doi:10.47156/jide.1027431 fatcat:4t25kylkwrfzxhuc637ut4322u

Coding as Literacy in Preschool: A Case Study

Ana Francisca Monteiro, Maribel Miranda-Pinto, António José Osório
2021 Education Sciences  
This study focuses on the introduction of three approaches to computation in preschool (3–6 years), specifically computational thinking, programming, and robotics, from a cross-curricular perspective.  ...  The purpose of the KML II project is to characterize how approaches to computation can be integrated into preschool and elementary education, across different knowledge domains.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the educators for conducting the activities that formed the basis for this study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/educsci11050198 doaj:94498dba19f041e0b83b79f0348a8ffb fatcat:e3ufbg3q3ngmfbzbpivp2m2c34

Teaching Computing without Computers: Unplugged Computing as a Pedagogical Strategy

Leonard BUSUTTIL, Marquita FORMOSA
2020 Informatics in Education. An International Journal  
It analyses students' reaction when exposed to such unplugged activities to assess the viability of using this pedagogy when teaching computing concepts in a formal setting.  ...  This paper investigates unplugged computing as a formal pedagogical strategy to teaching computing to a Maltese secondary class of Year 9 students.  ...  Furthermore, an activity covering computational thinking skills was used to introduce students to such skills, even though these are not specific requisites of the curriculum.  ... 
doi:10.15388/infedu.2020.25 doaj:44361504daed479a9f93daf628ef2832 fatcat:cowlvmaokbfr3buljn4zwprqku

Unplugged Computing and Semantic Waves

Jane Waite, Karl Maton, Paul Curzon, Lucinda Tuttiett
2019 Proceedings of the 1st UK & Ireland Computing Education Research Conference on ZZZ - UKICER  
We overview the theory, discuss how it applies to unplugged activities, and describe a case study where we apply it to a specific, widely used, unplugged activity.  ...  We explore how Legitimation Code Theory, and, in particular, semantic waves, provides a useful way to understand what makes unplugged computing activities effective (or not) in the classroom.  ...  We are grateful to James Donohue for introducing us to LCT at QMUL.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3351287.3351291 dblp:conf/ukicer/WaiteMCT19 fatcat:yfkaqrgkzbctjp55z5rcnclste

Remaking and reinforcing mathematics and technology with programming – teacher perceptions of challenges, opportunities and tools in K-12 settings

Niklas Humble, Peter Mozelius, Lisa Sällvin
2020 The international journal of information and learning technology  
Many teachers perceive programming as fun, but lack the time to learn and implement it, and view different programming tools as both complementary to each other and with individual opportunities and challenges.Practical  ...  different programming tools.Design/methodology/approachThe approach of a case study was used, with data collected from three instances of a professional development programming course for K-12 teachers  ...  The main opportunity with unplugged programming is that it is perceived as an easy and fun way to introduce or support programming and other activities, such as mathematics, computational thinking and  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijilt-02-2020-0021 fatcat:eihkhtbsefdunft5exhcv2l5ym

The Effect of Unplugged Coding Activities on Computational Thinking Skills of Middle School Students

2019 Informatics in Education. An International Journal  
The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of unplugged coding activities carried out with middle school students on their computational thinking skills.  ...  Finally, it was found out that unplugged coding activities had a positive effect on the improvement of computational thinking skills of the students.  ...  The main objective in computational thinking is not to force people to think like computers but to reveal a multidimensional thinking process by using the abstract reasoning skill like a computer scientist  ... 
doi:10.15388/infedu.2019.19 fatcat:4ty5qdtggrd3hn2i5owqbkwnau

And Now What Do We Do with Our Schoolchildren? [chapter]

G. Barbara Demo
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
After training activities introducing computing, most teachers seem to ask themselves "And now: what do we do with our schoolchildren?".  ...  Our commitment was to organize ten meetings to be attended by around two teachers for each school, half meetings during fall 2015 and half from March to April 2016.  ...  Unplugged programming Like many authors recommend, programming can be present in k-8 education using an environment suitable to the age of the students and to their previous experiences with computer  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-46747-4_10 fatcat:g6dq4iyqmvhojn5b5yr6gtk54e

Teaching digital skills to future teachers: a distance workshop experience

Floriana Falcinelli, Caterina Moscetti
2021 Research on Education and Media  
focusing coding and computational thinking applied to teaching in kindergarten and primary school.  ...  Floriana Falcinelli, the students experimented coding both without computer (unplugged) and using the Scratch software.  ...  It was an open online course offered by the University of Urbino to help teachers introduce computational thinking in the classroom.  ... 
doi:10.2478/rem-2021-0007 fatcat:gkmux5ah4vfnngnltggplaq4e4

Computational Thinking in Education: Where does it Fit? A systematic literary review [article]

James Lockwood, Aidan Mooney
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Computational Thinking (CT) has been described as an essential skill which everyone should learn and can therefore include in their skill set.  ...  Seymour Papert is credited as concretising Computational Thinking in 1980 but since Wing popularised the term in 2006 and brought it to the international community's attention, more and more research has  ...  Introduction For teachers, educational institutions and administrators to consider incorporating and introducing Computer Science and more specifically Computational Thinking (CT) into schools then it  ... 
arXiv:1703.07659v3 fatcat:3cb4ebwovrbj3pkz5bqjhz77je

Teacher Views on Programming Teaching

Funda DAĞ, Levent DURDU
2020 Adıyaman Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi  
According to the opinions reported in terms of students, students are uninterested to the course and they do not have computers at home for practicing.  ...  In the study where qualitative research method was adopted, teachers' answers to open-ended questions were subjected to content analysis and common themes were created.  ...  In this unplugged approach; it is emphasized that mathematics and computer topics can be taught to children or adults through storytelling and drama, and primary school children can learn advanced computer  ... 
doi:10.17984/adyuebd.629428 fatcat:uwrve2medjh6tnsbw452iz7txq

The Many Facets of Scratch [chapter]

G. Barbara Demo, Lawrence Williams
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Informatics experts, in particular informatics teachers, discover a pedagogical methodology they are not used to for introducing to programming.  ...  All the while, by using Scratch, we can introduce a number of fundamental elements of computer science.  ...  After all, Scratch was not initiated as a programming environment for a general use, and it is unreasonable to think of, or introduce it as such.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-09958-3_2 fatcat:qr75njrmafci7feu3c54omg6b4

Computational Thinking Enrichment: Public-Key Cryptography

2018 Informatics in Education. An International Journal  
thinking.  ...  The Computer Science Unplugged activities and project has been an influential STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics) initiative, providing enrichment and teaching activities supporting computational  ...  While it is intended to support teachers in promoting computational thinking and in implementing new Informatics curriculum requirements, it may not be the sort of academic work that teachers can use for  ... 
doi:10.15388/infedu.2018.06 fatcat:6bttv7snf5d4fj3jeqbg6snuru
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