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Interval Relations in Lexical Semantics of Verbs

Minhua Ma, Paul Mc Kevitt
2004 Artificial Intelligence Review  
Here the temporal relations within verb semantics, particularly ordered pairs of verb entailment, are studied using Allen's interval-based temporal formalism.  ...  Numerous temporal relations of verbal actions have been analysed in terms of various grammatical means of expressing verbal temporalisation such as tense, aspect, duration and iteration.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful for useful ideas and constructive comments on an earlier version of this paper from Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1023/b:aire.0000036260.50412.a8 fatcat:eekfetbmencexp22cnesp7nqdm

Situations and intervals

Rebecca J. Passonneau
1987 Proceedings of the 25th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
Each situation type has a distinct temporal structure, represented in terms of one or more intervals.  ...  It analyzes the tense and aspect of the real-verb to generate representations of three types of situations-states, processes and events--and to locate the situations with respect to the time at which the  ...  This approach to the compositional semantics of temporal reference is similar in spirit to interval semantics.  ... 
doi:10.3115/981175.981178 dblp:conf/acl/Passonneau87 fatcat:3q53rtz7znghhcjgaaht4a52a4

The Paradigmatic and Syntagmatic Priming Effect of Part of Speech Representation

Carol Lin Xue, Yi-Sheng Lv
2022 Complexity  
Priming effect experiment can test the correlation between the parts of speech feature and the lexical processing process.  ...  Part of speech feature is the representation between syntactic morphology and semantic category.  ...  In these experimental tasks, subjects are asked to estimate the semantic categories and semantic relations. e researchers calculate the subjects' response time to observe the semantic priming effect.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/5302799 fatcat:qoywnbbwezc7tgz2ikjy67uh4q

Automatic thematic role priming of related verbs in younger and older adults

Lisa A. Edmonds
2007 Brain and Language  
Using a lexical decision task with a short SOA (250ms), this study aims to: 1) replicate agent and patient priming of verbs in younger adults, 2) investigate agent and patient priming of verbs in older  ...  The results of this study replicate previous findings in younger adults (McRae et. al., 2005) showing that agents and patients generate expectancies for related verbs but not for unrelated verbs.  ...  "You will see a number of words and symbols. Please look at everything. When you seen a word in black, read it silently to yourself.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2007.07.048 fatcat:es2kgn5ivvbpfiqnrkhokrc37q

Phases in verbal semantics [chapter]

Volkmar Engerer
2014 Studies in Language Companion Series  
theory of the interaction of phasal verbs with their complements; and (3) Partee and Bennett's analysis of phasal verbs within their interval semantics.  ...  In the main Section 3 I try to integrate these approaches to the semantics of phasal verbs within a more elaborate and comprehensive model for the semantic description of phasal verbs.  ...  logical relations, in Conceptual Semantics the notion of a boundary is the key to an understanding of phases in semantics.  ... 
doi:10.1075/slcs.152.06eng fatcat:ivkjt2sdsne4dgkgy5eccljxxa

Examining the evidence for an independent semantic analyzer: An ERP study in Spanish

Clare Stroud, Colin Phillips
2012 Brain and Language  
This effect appeared at the lexical verb in the fue conditions and at the auxiliary in the estaba conditions.  ...  The current study investigates in Spanish whether the evidence for an independent semantic analyzer is better explained by a standard architecture that rapidly integrates multiple sources of lexical, syntactic  ...  Acknowledgments Preparation of this paper was supported in part by fellowships to CS from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the Alberta Government, and by grants to CP from  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2011.02.001 pmid:21377198 fatcat:zzp2ks57cra7dcbh3l7e5ga7eq

No semantic illusions in the "Semantic P600" phenomenon: ERP evidence from Mandarin Chinese

Wing-Yee Chow, Colin Phillips
2013 Brain Research  
, semantically anomalous target words elicited no N400 effects when they were strongly semantically related to the preceding words, regardless of the presence of animacy violations.  ...  This paper evaluates two central pieces of evidence for accounts that propose a syntax-independent semantic composition mechanism, namely, the presence of P600 effects and the absence of N400 effects in  ...  This work was supported in part by NSF grant BCS-0848554 to CP.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2013.02.016 pmid:23422676 fatcat:gvzpq77xnfh4xneofex373k3xy

Rational Adaptation in Using Conceptual Versus Lexical Information in Adults With Aphasia

Haley C Dresang, Tessa Warren, William D Hula, Michael Walsh Dickey
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
A primed verb naming task examined the degree of facilitation each participant group received from either conceptual event-related or lexical collocate cues, compared to unrelated baseline cues.  ...  This prediction was examined by assessing the extent to which adults with chronic aphasia due to left-hemisphere stroke rely more on conceptual rather than lexical information during verb retrieval, as  ...  event-related cues but reduce the effects of lexical cue facilitation on verb naming.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.589930 pmid:33584469 pmcid:PMC7876333 fatcat:jg4dmgyo3bhxfkg6327eyvprum

What does being a noun or a verb mean?

Jean-Pierre Koenig, Karin Michelson
2020 Proceedings of the International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar  
Rather, Oneida inflecting lexical items are subject to two cross-cutting semantic classifications, one that concerns the sort of entities they describe, the other the sort of semantic relation they include  ...  Labels such as 'noun' and 'verb' can still be used for cross-linguistic comparison, as the semantic partition of lexical items corresponds to canonical nouns and verbs according to morphologists and some  ...  target lexical items on the basis both of the sort of entity they describe and the kind of semantic relations included in their semantic content.  ... 
doi:10.21248/hpsg.2020.6 fatcat:wagp7uev3ff57cpbt7rfravyum

Page 389 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 23, Issue 1 [page]

1989 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
verbs of motion, semantic analysis; nature/instrument components; 8900934 verbs of result, raising construction complements; lexical functional grammar framework; independent XCOMP singularity condition  ...  , aspectological terminology; verb aspect /noun gender analogy; 8900852 Russian verb-noun stable combinations; vesti ‘to conduct, to lead’ + noun; semantic typology; 8900893 Russian verbs of feeling, semantics  ... 

On the acquisition of lexical entries

James Pustejovsky
1987 Proceedings of the 25th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
We develop a theory of lexical semantics, the Eztended Aspect Calculus, which together with a ~maxkedness theory" for thematic relations, constrains what a possible word meaning can be.  ...  We then describe an implementation of this model, TULLY, which mirrors the stages of lexical acquisition for children.  ...  All faults and errors are of course my own.  ... 
doi:10.3115/981175.981199 dblp:conf/acl/Pustejovsky87 fatcat:gqhps7mwwnesbhffmx3h7wjrky

Registers in the System of Semantic Relations in plWordNet

Marek Maziarz, Maciej Piasecki, Ewa Rudnicka, Stan Szpakowicz
2014 Global WordNet Conference  
We discuss the position of register and markedness in wordnets with respect to semantic relations, and we list typical values of register.  ...  Lexicalised concepts are represented in wordnets by word-sense pairs. The strength of markedness is one of the factors which influence word use.  ...  Acknowledgment Co-financed by the Polish Ministry of Education and Science, Project CLARIN-PL, and the European Innovative Economy Programme project POIG.01.01.02-14-013/09.  ... 
dblp:conf/wordnet/MaziarzPRS14a fatcat:7x54mp6p4je3va64u7ar4dskqy

Take a stand on understanding: electrophysiological evidence for stem access in German complex verbs

Eva Smolka, Matthias Gondan, Frank Rösler
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
The lexical representation of complex words in Indo-European languages is generally assumed to depend on semantic compositionality.  ...  Theories of the lexical representation of German words need to incorporate this aspect of language processing in German.  ...  Is there a semantic transparency effect in the lexical representation of morphologically related German words?  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00062 pmid:25767442 pmcid:PMC4341544 fatcat:jz2jhbapo5dm3k7xbe2kj4qave

The Time-Course of Sentence Meaning Composition. N400 Effects of the Interaction between Context-Induced and Lexically Stored Affordances

Erica Cosentino, Giosuè Baggio, Jarmo Kontinen, Markus Werning
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
In order to explore this theoretical space, our ERP study investigates the time-course of the interaction between the lexically specified telic component of a noun (the function of the object to which  ...  verb as in "She uses the funnel to pour water into a container."  ...  Reuter for helpful comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00813 pmid:28603506 pmcid:PMC5445161 fatcat:jchj5bd6irfdtj6b7mec2f4wre

Page 46 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 14, Issue 2 [page]

1988 Computational Linguistics  
Section 3 briefly mentions some semantic distinc- tions pertaining to the verb in addition to lexical aspect, which PUNDIT does handle.  ...  Lexical aspect is the inherent semantic content of a lexical item pertaining to the temporal structure of the situation it refers to, and thus plays a major role in computing temporal information.  ... 
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