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Domain-specific iterative readability computation

Jin Zhao, Min-Yen Kan
2010 Proceedings of the 10th annual joint conference on Digital libraries - JCDL '10  
It iteratively computes the readability of domainspecific resources based on the difficulty of domain-specific concepts and vice versa, in a style reminiscent of other bipartite graph algorithms such as  ...  Hyperlink-Induced Topic Search (HITS) and the Stochastic Approach for Link-Structure Analysis (SALSA).  ...  [13] use the average term and concept familiarity scores from the Open Access and Collaborative Consumer Health Vocabulary (OAC CHV) as the the difficulty of terms and concepts.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1816123.1816155 dblp:conf/jcdl/ZhaoK10 fatcat:vcuyhdorq5hdtomplyvpdnzdja

User-Generated Content in Social Media (Dagstuhl Seminar 17301)

Tat-Seng Chua, Norbert Fuhr, Gregory Grefenstette, Kalervo Järvelin, Jaakko Paltonen, Marc Herbstritt
2018 Dagstuhl Reports  
This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 17301 "User-Generated Content in Social Media". Social media have a profound impact on individuals, businesses, and society.  ...  As users post vast amounts of text and multimedia content every minute, the analysis of this user generated content (UGC) can offer insights to individual and societal concerns and could be beneficial  ...  For queries/documents, which contain one of the controversial topics listed on the Wikipedia page, search/find documents that discuss (essay-like style) a topic.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.7.7.110 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/ChuaFGJP17 fatcat:bman5u6q5zdg7a6csnzwpba7sm

Ontologies and Knowledge Graphs in Oncology Research

Marta Contreiras Silva, Patrícia Eugénio, Daniel Faria, Catia Pesquita
2022 Cancers  
This study reviews the application of ontologies and knowledge graphs in cancer research.  ...  Ontologies enable data accessibility, interoperability and integration, support data analysis, facilitate data interpretation and data mining, and more recently, with the emergence of the knowledge graph  ...  building block of the P4 medicine vision (preventative, predictive, personalized and participatory).  ... 
doi:10.3390/cancers14081906 pmid:35454813 pmcid:PMC9029532 fatcat:t6erzohmvnextkix4infnk7kza

Where Was COVID-19 First Discovered? Designing a Question-Answering System for Pandemic Situations [article]

Johannes Graf, Gino Lancho, Patrick Zschech, Kai Heinrich
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Our implementation is based on the comprehensive CORD-19 dataset, and we demonstrate our artifact's usefulness by evaluating its answer quality based on a sample of COVID-19 questions labeled by biomedical  ...  On this basis, we derived prescriptive design knowledge in terms of design requirements and design principles, which we translated into the construction of a prototypical instantiation.  ...  While demand for health information is increasing, the readability of health information is low since scientific documents as a valuable source of verified knowledge are often written in a complex language  ... 
arXiv:2204.08787v1 fatcat:54jbog42aveaze2xcikqt25ei4

Improving the design of California's prescription drug monitoring program

Mustafa I Hussain, Ariana M Nelson, Gregory Polston, Kai Zheng
2019 JAMIA Open  
Even fewer have considered how practices differ across medical domains.  ...  We conducted 16 in-depth semi-structured interviews with practicing emergency and pain physicians regarding their procedures, problems, and proposed solutions surrounding their use of CURES, California's  ...  For example, the search form led some users to create overly specific search queries, an unnecessarily time-consuming task which often yielded search results that excluded relevant records.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jamiaopen/ooy064 pmid:31984351 pmcid:PMC6951861 fatcat:mxv47gjoj5ed5o245peohbdl3a

Searching Data: A Review of Observational Data Retrieval Practices in Selected Disciplines

Kathleen Gregory, Paul Groth, Helena Cousijn, Andrea Scharnhorst, Sally Wyatt
2019 Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology  
A cross-disciplinary examination of the user behaviors involved in seeking and evaluating data is surprisingly absent from the research data discussion.  ...  This review explores the data retrieval literature to identify commonalities in how users search for and evaluate observational research data in selected disciplines.  ...  Acknowledgements KG developed the frameworks, collected the data, and wrote the manuscript. PG, HC, SW, and AS contributed to theory development and editing.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.24165 pmid:31763358 pmcid:PMC6853156 fatcat:63iya57cm5bl5fnjru4gjwmioa

Searching Data: A Review of Observational Data Retrieval Practices in Selected Disciplines [article]

Kathleen Gregory, Paul Groth, Helena Cousijn, Andrea Scharnhorst, Sally Wyatt
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This review explores the data retrieval literature to identify commonalities in how users search for and evaluate observational research data.  ...  A cross-disciplinary examination of the user behaviours involved in seeking and evaluating data is surprisingly absent from the research data discussion.  ...  Acknowledgements KG developed the conceptual frameworks, collected the data, and wrote the manuscript. PG, HC, SW, and AS contributed to theory development and editing.  ... 
arXiv:1707.06937v3 fatcat:yrey6vb2wngddhuwrzadhbze5i

Credibility: A multidisciplinary framework

Soo Young Rieh, David R. Danielson
2007 Annual Review of Information Science and Technology  
Credibility has been examined across a number of fields ranging from communication, information science, psychology, marketing, and the management sciences to interdisciplinary efforts in human-computer  ...  usefulness and their likely level of accuracy.  ...  Special thanks are extended to Cliff Nass, Derek Hansen, and three anonymous reviewers for their insightful suggestions on earlier versions of this chapter.  ... 
doi:10.1002/aris.2007.1440410114 fatcat:gbf5leeuxvepjidwaaxn5vvlim

Toxicology ontology perspectives
EN

Barry Hardy
2012 ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation  
The field of predictive toxicology requires the development of open, public, computable, standardized toxicology vocabularies and ontologies to support the applications required by in silico, in vitro,  ...  OpenTox has provided a semantic web framework for the implementation of such ontologies into software applications and linked data resources.  ...  and implementation of QSARs (Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships) for toxicology, Project Reference Number Health- F5-2008-200787 (2008-2011). the research leading to these results has received  ... 
doi:10.14573/altex.2012.2.139 pmid:22562487 fatcat:ixzxgpvnbvd2peamgwe2loy5ge

LOINC: Origin, development of and perspectives for medical research and biobanking – 20 years on the way to implementation in Germany

Sebastian C. Semler
2019 Journal of Laboratory Medicine  
US (HL7, LOINC, SNOMED CT) developments and the interplay of various standardization initiatives.  ...  Different national definitions and e-health strategies resulting from this history will be a challenge for the future e-health harmonization in the EU.  ...  This information can then be used in search queries for specific samples. 2. The biobank in turn provides samples and clinical data to scientists.  ... 
doi:10.1515/labmed-2019-0193 fatcat:l6tzj6xblrgqpekeekwyt4qebq

Social tags in text and image search

Yong-Mi Kim
2010 Proceeding of the third symposium on Information interaction in context - IIiX '10  
In their study of the search process of consumers searching for health information, Toms and Latter (2007) distinguished between criteria employed when selecting links from the results page and when  ...  Across the two sample sets, the mean number of search terms per query was close to 2, and 61.7% of total queries were modified.  ...  What type of content or information did you have in mind when you started your search? How did you intend to find these type of content or information? For initial query formulation:  ... 
doi:10.1145/1840784.1840838 dblp:conf/iiix/Kim10 fatcat:zvzolvsmvbbufd2kenkutndyhq

A late-binding, distributed, NoSQL warehouse for integrating patient data from clinical trials

2019 Database: The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation  
As part of a comprehensive clinical data repository, we have developed a data warehouse that integrates patient data from any source, standardizes it and makes it accessible to study teams in a timely  ...  The result is a highly scalable, secure and redundant solution that combines the flexibility of a NoSQL store with the robustness of a relational query engine to support a broad range of applications,  ...  Abraham Thomas for their contributions to the development, deployment and support of the CDW and John Walker from the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research for valuable discussions during our initial  ... 
doi:10.1093/database/baz032 pmid:30854563 pmcid:PMC6409386 fatcat:mgmociltwba6jlf6trvvhnpjne

Big Data Curation [chapter]

André Freitas, Edward Curry
2016 New Horizons for a Data-Driven Economy  
The long tail allows data consumers to have a more comprehensive model of their domain that can be searched, queried, analysed, and navigated.  ...  Examples are keyword search, visual query interfaces, and natural language query interfaces over databases (Franklin et al. 2005; Freitas et al. 2012a, b; Kaufmann and Bernstein 2007) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-21569-3_6 fatcat:v4lm3qb75fde5jrd6afdrll2ea

Electronic Medical Records and Machine Learning in Approaches to Drug Development [chapter]

Ayaka Shinozaki
2020 Artificial Intelligence in Oncology Drug Discovery and Development  
This chapter will explore the role of EMRs in drug development while evaluating the viability and bottlenecks of their uses in data mining.  ...  source, a section on current clinical applications of EMRs, and a conclusion to summarize and imagine what a future drug research pipeline from EMR to patient treatment may look like.  ...  These symbolic rule-based searches allow for more information on dosage and non-standard terminologies to be identified during queries and are more capable of general ADE recognition [82] [83] [84] [85  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.92613 fatcat:g7dn33z4d5dc5gisqkyojroc3m

Toward an effective automated tracing process

Anas Mahmoud
2012 2012 20th IEEE International Conference on Program Comprehension (ICPC)  
The availability of traceability information has been proven vital to several software engineering activities such as program comprehension, impact analysis, feature location, software reuse, and verification  ...  Our main objective is to achieve performance levels, in terms of accuracy, efficiency, and usability, that are adequate for practical applications, and ultimately to accomplish a successful technology  ...  As the number of documents increases, matching the query to all documents can degrade the system performance.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icpc.2012.6240502 dblp:conf/iwpc/Mahmoud12 fatcat:2vz2rn5rinezbhywiwpl3hj4oy
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