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Semantic and Syntactic Interoperability Issues in the Context of SDI

Agnieszka Chojka
2020 Geomatics and Environmental Engineering  
Interoperability is one of the core concepts of Spatial Data Infrastructure due to the fact that exchange and access to spatial data is the foremost aim of any SDI.  ...  Spatial data exchange through SDI involves UML and GML application sche­mas that comprise semantic and syntactic interoperability respectively.  ...  This schema, using a conceptual schema language, defines how the universe of discourse is described as data [22] .  ... 
doi:10.7494/geom.2020.14.3.5 fatcat:7cyqmft6cveovnltq3akbusrgm

Considerations about the quality of UML and GML application schemas

Agnieszka Chojka
2020 Reports on Geodesy and Geoinformatics  
AbstractExchange of and access to spatial data is the principal goal of any Spatial Data Infrastructure, therefore, one of the key concepts of SDI is interoperability, especially semantic and syntactic  ...  Whereas application schemas and quality issues are one of the aspects that have to be considered to ensure a successful data interchange in SDI.Two types of application schema are widely used in the European  ...  It is a conceptual model expressed in the UML (conceptual schema language in terms of the ISO 19100 suite of geographic information standards) in accordance with the ISO 19109.  ... 
doi:10.2478/rgg-2020-0003 fatcat:yk5ywwt3jzhkzhrk67lkvy543a

Spatial information in European agricultural data management. Requirements and interoperability supported by a domain model

Katalin Tóth, Andrius Kučas
2016 Land Use Policy  
In spatial data infrastructures models presented in Unified Modelling Language (UML) are widely used to facilitate the uptake of standards and valorise best practices of various communities.  ...  Data compatibility and system interoperability are fundamental for crosswalks and collaboration between domains. The most frequently used references for information sharing are time and location.  ...  We are grateful to Valentina Sagris, Clemens Portele and Rokas Bartkevičius, who performed the external peer review of the UML reference model.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.05.023 fatcat:mkdbieekvjd57lthe5ywvvgbdi

Geodata for everyone - model-driven development and an example of INSPIRE WFS service

Meixia Feng
2016 Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards  
The process starts from the conceptual modeling of the geographic data to the end where data are distributed via WFS services and download services.  ...  This means that everyone is free to use, reuse and redistribute the geographic data published by the Danish Geodata Agency.  ...  ShapeChange uses a set of encoding rules to convert a UML model to GML schemas.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40965-016-0007-y fatcat:jzpc5ej43nfljfxrdte6l4bece

Supporting spatial data harmonization process with the use of ontologies and Semantic Web technologies

M. Strzelecki, A. Iwaniak, J. Łukowicz, I. Kaczmarek
2013 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
The paper focuses on proposing methods for supporting data harmonization process, by automated or supervised creation of mapping schemas with the use of ontologies, ontology matching methods and Semantic  ...  One of the issues connected with the problem of achieving interoperability is data harmonization.  ...  Application schemas for geographic information systems are usually available as UML class diagrams or XML-Schemas (GML application schemas), which are converted from UML diagrams created in accordance  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-xl-7-w2-231-2013 fatcat:fdi7emotfzhg7ct4meugmuqdd4

Semantic Interoperability through the Definition of Conceptual Model Transformations

Peter Staub, Hans Rudolf Gnägi, Andreas Morf
2008 Transactions on GIS  
Together with geometric operations this combination of two model mapping types provides an effective semantic interoperability.  ...  To solve the currently urgent problem of collecting critical data across system and country borders without modification of any source system, we present a model-based 4step procedure.  ...  Therefore interoperability is only guaranteed, is standard profiles of ISO19107 are defined as it is done by the standard ISO19137 "Geographic information -Core profile of spatial schema" (ISO, 2005)  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9671.2008.01095.x fatcat:dkjd6vhtnzhfrk4ttu77pcxlia

Modelling geospatial application databases using UML-based repositories aligned with international standards in geomatics

Jean Brodeur, Yvan Bédard, Marie-Josée Proulx
2000 Proceedings of the eighth ACM international symposium on Advances in geographic information systems - GIS '00  
This paper presents the result of recent work on the use of geospatial repositories to store the conceptual content of object oriented application database schemas and dictionaries aligned with international  ...  For the last 6 years, ISO/TC 211 and OGC have been developing standards about geographic information to enable access and interoperability of geographic information; parts of these standards impact directly  ...  The authors wish to acknowledge the support of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and of Geomatics Canada (Centre for Topographic Information in Sherbrooke) for this project  ... 
doi:10.1145/355274.355280 dblp:conf/gis/BrodeurBP00 fatcat:3mjhx3gsubc6xcq5c53sxi2aqu

Exposing vocabularies for soil as Linked Open Data

Giovanni L'Abate, Caterina Caracciolo, Valeria Pesce, Guntram Geser, Vassilis Protonotarios, Edoardo A.C. Costantini
2015 Information Processing in Agriculture  
the interoperability of soil datasets.  ...  However, the adoption of these standards so far has not reached the level of semantic interoperability, defined in the paper, which would facilitate the building of data services that reuse and combine  ...  Application schemas are specified in UML notation, version 2.1 according to ISO 19109 ''Geographic Information -Rules for application schema" [35] and the Generic Conceptual Model.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.inpa.2015.10.002 fatcat:44xbj4deovgn7izunwehwupqha

IFC Schemas in ISO/TC 211 Compliant UML for Improved Interoperability between BIM and GIS

Knut Jetlund, Erling Onstein, Lizhen Huang
2020 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
This study aims to improve the interoperability between the application domains of Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) by linking and harmonizing core information  ...  Many studies have investigated the integration of application schemas and data instances according to the BIM model IFC and the GIS model CityGML.  ...  Integration has become especially relevant with the extensive use of BIM for infrastructure, as infrastructure projects extend over large geographic areas and relate more to other features from the natural  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi9040278 fatcat:4f5mmzurxnaczek7u2ceidkpoi

On the Use of Geographic Information in Humanities Research Infrastructure: A Case Study on Cultural Heritage

Albina Mościcka, Agnieszka Zwirowicz-Rutkowska
2018 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
use of Unified Modeling Language (UML).  ...  The authors also demonstrate that the ISO 19100 series of geographical information standards may be a source of interesting conceptual solutions that may be used in the process of the standardization of  ...  The structure can be expressed using the language of the UML conceptual scheme (ISO 19109 and 19103) , as application schemas ( Figure 10 ).  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi7030106 fatcat:vpqrccihgrhfzhurh7oxle5u2y

Overview of the OGC CDB Standard for 3D Synthetic Environment Modeling and Simulation

Sara Saeedi, Steve Liang, David Graham, Michael Lokuta, Mir Mostafavi
2017 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
CDB defines the core conceptual models, use cases, requirements, and specifications for employing geospatial data in 3D M&S.  ...  Conventional approaches used local proprietary data models and formats. These approaches often lacked interoperability and created silos of content within the simulation community.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi6100306 fatcat:osa2jhwo3rh7pat7lsayltlv5y

Supporting GI standards with a model-driven architecture

Roy Grønmo
2001 Proceedings of the ninth ACM international symposium on Advances in geographic information systems - GIS '01  
GeNorway shall implement a Norwegian version of an OGC-conform Web Mapping test case built on top of the Norwegian Spatial Data Infrastructure (NGIS).  ...  GML application schemas in OpenGIS context are being developed by using XML Schema directly and without any relation to UML models.  ...  By Using the XMI for the data level we may derive yet another XML Schema for the city UML conceptual model.  ... 
doi:10.1145/512182.512184 fatcat:7of6irzhvjgszfm5e34t7k5pgi

Supporting GI standards with a model-driven architecture

Roy Grønmo
2001 Proceedings of the ninth ACM international symposium on Advances in geographic information systems - GIS '01  
GeNorway shall implement a Norwegian version of an OGC-conform Web Mapping test case built on top of the Norwegian Spatial Data Infrastructure (NGIS).  ...  GML application schemas in OpenGIS context are being developed by using XML Schema directly and without any relation to UML models.  ...  By Using the XMI for the data level we may derive yet another XML Schema for the city UML conceptual model.  ... 
doi:10.1145/512161.512184 dblp:conf/gis/Gronmo01 fatcat:of2rdzcopbhmlhs2avakpcs7ia

Developing an open geographic data model and analysis tools for disaster management: landslide case

A. C. Aydinoglu, M. S. Bilgin
2015 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
This study with an original conceptual approach aims to develop interoperable geographic data model and analysis tools to manage geographic data sets coming from different sources.  ...  An interoperable geographic data model for disaster management (ADYS), enabling up-to-date exchange of geographic data, was designed, compliant with the standards of ISO/TC211 Geographic Information/Geomatics  ...  Management with Geographic Information Systems".  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-15-335-2015 fatcat:afu2zt4guvgstnv57mvsgovyae

Integration of Heterogeneous Spatial Databases for Disaster Management [chapter]

Imen Bizid, Sami Faiz, Patrice Boursier, Jawahir Che Mustapha Yusuf
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Based on the proposed framework, we implemented a use case using heterogeneous data belonging to La Rochelle city in France.  ...  The integration of all relevant data for timely decision making is a challenging task due to syntactic, schematic and semantic heterogeneity.  ...  Service Provider affords the syntactic interoperability, the data models are conceptualized in UML 6 (Unified Modeling Language) and converted afterward into GML for sharing data.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-14139-8_10 fatcat:mq7hxvavn5af5jv7tmnz5mvkrq
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