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Internet- and App-Based Stress Intervention for Distance-Learning Students With Depressive Symptoms: Protocol of a Randomized Controlled Trial

Mathias Harrer, Jennifer Apolinário-Hagen, Lara Fritsche, Marie Drüge, Ludwig Krings, Korinna Beck, Christel Salewski, Anna-Carlotta Zarski, Dirk Lehr, Harald Baumeister, David Daniel Ebert
2019 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
Internet-based interventions have been shown to be effective in preventing and treating depression, but it remains unclear if interventions directed at academic stress also have this potential.  ...  Discussion: Results will provide the basis to assess the acceptance and effectiveness of Internet-delivered stress interventions in distance-learning students with symptoms of depression.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank Tanja Böhm, Nadine Frank, and Tomris Ohloff for serving as eCoaches in this study.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00361 pmid:31178770 pmcid:PMC6537513 fatcat:yobeln3nl5eqvae4aohma5mk4e

Internet- and mobile-based aftercare and relapse prevention in mental disorders: A systematic review and recommendations for future research

Severin Hennemann, Sylvia Farnsteiner, Lasse Sander
2018 Internet Interventions  
Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) may represent promising instruments in tertiary prevention.  ...  Best evidence base was found for symptom severity of depression and anxiety. Study results regarding recurrence and rehospitalization were inconsistent.  ...  base for the effects of IMIs in tertiary prevention.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.invent.2018.09.001 pmid:30510909 pmcid:PMC6205252 fatcat:dparron7trgp3kwp7bh4hfr7xu

Internet-based behavioural activation to improve depressive symptoms and prevent child abuse in postnatal women (SmartMama): a protocol for a pragmatic randomized controlled trial

Erika Obikane, Toshiaki Baba, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Soichiro Obata, Sayuri Nakanishi, Chie Murata, Emiko Ushio, Yukio Suzuki, Norihito Shirakawa, Mari Honda, Natsu Sasaki, Daisuke Nishi (+2 others)
2021 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth  
Internet-based behavioural activation (iBA) therapy has demonstrated its efficacy for improving postnatal depression.  ...  Secondary outcomes include maternal depressive symptoms, parental stress, bonding relationship, quality of life, maternal health care use, and paediatric outcomes such as physical development, preventive  ...  The aims of the study are as follows: (1) To investigate the effect of an internet-based behavioural activation program on improving depressive symptoms and preventing abusive behaviours toward their children  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12884-021-03767-9 pmid:33879065 fatcat:gb33linmfzfdbii35attd64tly

EFFECT OF AN INTERNET- AND APP-BASED STRESS INTERVENTION COMPARED TO ONLINE PSYCHOEDUCATION IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS WITH DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS: RESULTS OF A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Mathias Harrer, Jennifer Apolinário-Hagen, Lara Fritsche, Christel Salewski, Anna-Carlotta Zarski, Dirk Lehr, Harald Baumeister, Pim Cuijpers, David Daniel Ebert
2021 Internet Interventions  
A sample of N = 200 students with elevated levels of depression (CES-D ≥ 16) of a large distance-learning university were randomly assigned to either an Internet- and App-based stress intervention group  ...  The intervention was more effective for depressive symptoms compared to the CG, and so controlling for unspecific intervention effects.  ...  A recent meta-analytic review for Internet-based stress interventions reported an effect size of d = 0.43 for perceived stress, and a somewhat smaller effect of d = 0.34 on depressive symptoms (Heber  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.invent.2021.100374 pmid:33718001 pmcid:PMC7932886 fatcat:mwdb4qaf2nadrix43n63rbr4cu

Web-based coping skills training for women whose partner has a drinking problem

Robert G. Rychtarik, Neil B. McGillicuddy, Christopher Barrick
2015 Psychology of Addictive Behaviors  
significantly fewer depressive symptoms, d = -.65, 95% CI [-1.21, -.35], and situational anger, d = -.70, 95% CI [-1.62, -.64].  ...  Moreover, iCST appeared to prevent an increase in symptoms among those with low baseline symptom levels; DTC did not. Skill acquisition appeared to partially mediate changes observed.  ...  , George Gogos, who kept server and support software running, and to the coaching and research technician staff of the Stop Spinning MyWheels project without whom this study would not be possible.  ... 
doi:10.1037/adb0000032 pmid:25347016 pmcid:PMC4388753 fatcat:jwwkxwc2fjfmxhdlsruikqvsre

Roles and effectiveness of lay community health workers in the prevention of mental, neurological and substance use disorders in low and middle income countries: a systematic review

Byamah Brian Mutamba, Nadja van Ginneken, Lucy Smith Paintain, Simon Wandiembe, David Schellenberg
2013 BMC Health Services Research  
We conducted a systematic review of the literature with the aim of assessing the existing evidence base for the roles and effectiveness of LHWs in primary and secondary prevention of MNS disorders in low  ...  Reduction in symptoms of depression and improved child mental development were the common outcomes assessed.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the Library staff at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine for providing assistance with the development of search terms and access to some of the literature.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-412 pmid:24119375 pmcid:PMC3852794 fatcat:y6hjoz23ebgjjdktggybpsw4ua

Effectiveness of an Internet- and App-Based Intervention for College Students With Elevated Stress: Randomized Controlled Trial

Mathias Harrer, Sophia Helen Adam, Rebecca Jessica Fleischmann, Harald Baumeister, Randy Auerbach, Ronny Bruffaerts, Pim Cuijpers, Ronald C Kessler, Matthias Berking, Dirk Lehr, David Daniel Ebert
2018 Journal of Medical Internet Research  
Objective: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based, app-supported stress management intervention for college students.  ...  Conclusions: Internet-and mobile-based interventions could be an effective and cost-effective approach to reduce consequences of college-related stress and might potentially attract students with clinically  ...  In the past 3 years, RCK received support for his epidemiological studies from Sanofi Aventis, was a consultant for Johnson & Johnson Wellness and Prevention, Sage Pharmaceuticals, Shire, Takeda, and served  ... 
doi:10.2196/jmir.9293 pmid:29685870 pmcid:PMC5938594 fatcat:ylsdkyg6d5fhrbnld6irzb6vw4

Internet interventions for mental health in university students: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mathias Harrer, Sophia H. Adam, Harald Baumeister, Pim Cuijpers, Eirini Karyotaki, Randy P. Auerbach, Ronald C. Kessler, Ronny Bruffaerts, Matthias Berking, David D. Ebert
2018 International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research  
As part of the World Mental Health International College Student initiative, this systematic review and meta-analysis synthesizes data on the efficacy of Internet-based interventions for university students  ...  Universities could be an optimal setting to provide evidence-based care through the Internet.  ...  Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, and Dr. Chris Noone for providing us with original data used in this analysis. Inc., and Lake Nona Life Project. R. C.  ... 
doi:10.1002/mpr.1759 pmid:30585363 pmcid:PMC6877279 fatcat:64rvaqmtwjfbbgi6hpdes3i3aq

Policy and prevention efforts for gaming should consider a broad perspective

Nancy M Petry, Kristyn Zajac, Meredith Ginley, Jeroen Lemmens, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Chih-Hung Ko, Florian Rehbein
2018 Journal of Behavioral Addictions  
Reviewing the broader field of prevention research should help research and best practices move forward in abating problems that arise from excessive gaming.  ...  Some efforts have been directed toward preventing gaming problems from developing or persisting, but few approaches have been empirically evaluated. No known effective prevention intervention exists.  ...  Eventually, efficacious treatment and primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies may exist for IGD.  ... 
doi:10.1556/2006.7.2018.64 pmid:30111170 pmcid:PMC6426389 fatcat:fosm3loj6bcjzbl6runeje4lam

Treating anxiety and depression in older adults: randomised controlled trial comparing guided V. self-guided internet-delivered cognitive–behavioural therapy

Nickolai Titov, Vincent J. Fogliati, Lauren G. Staples, Milena Gandy, Luke Johnston, Bethany Wootton, Olav Nielssen, Blake F. Dear
2016 BJPsych Open  
Aims To compare clinician-guided and self-guided versions of a transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive–behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for adults aged 60 years and above.  ...  Symptoms of anxiety and depression are prevalent in older adults.  ...  , which is based on the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for GAD. 24 Secondary measures Two secondary measures were used: the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), a 15-item short-form screening measure for  ... 
doi:10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.002139 pmid:27703754 pmcid:PMC4995559 fatcat:4lsslxsbozfthlbn6yzvwelglu

Fibromyalgia syndrome: preventive, social and economic aspects

L. Altomonte, F. Atzeni, G. Leardini, A. Marsico, R. Gorla, R. Casale, G. Cassisi, S. Stisi, F. Salaffi, F. Marinangeli, M.A. Giamberardino, M. Di Franco (+12 others)
2011 Reumatismo  
The goal of secondary prevention is early detection of the disease when patients are largely asymptomatic and intervention improves outcome.  ...  Prevention may occur in clinical, community or population settings and is often classified into primary, secondary and tertiary types.  ... 
doi:10.4081/reumatismo.2008.1s.70 fatcat:6pzwyowwhrfftdqrq2jrrzlz6u

Re-examination of perinatal mental health policy frameworks for women signalling distress on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) completed during their antenatal booking-in consultation: a call for population health intervention

Sarah Khanlari, Bryanne Barnett AM, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, John Eastwood
2019 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth  
This provides a strong justification to explore the role of preventative programs for women who are distressed. A range of low-resource, population-based interventions are available and effective.  ...  Current policy frameworks focus on tertiary prevention models, and those women scoring 10 to 12, who could reasonably be considered as signalling distress or early signs of illness, are not currently offered  ...  Internet-delivered intervention Internet-based intervention holds promise for addressing barriers to detection and treatment for common mental disorders in the ante-and postnatal period.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12884-019-2378-4 pmid:31266468 pmcid:PMC6604146 fatcat:ztf2jp6tk5dpdgtasyshwyzvq4

The promotion of mental health and the prevention of mental health problems in child and adolescent

Sun Mi Cho, Yun Mi Shin
2013 Korean Journal of Pediatrics  
Caplan's (1964) application of the concepts of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention, which are common in a public health context, had an influence in developing early prevention models 7) .  ...  The goal of mental disorder prevention is the reduction of symptoms and ultimately of the mental disorder 6) .  ...  Conflict of interest No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.  ... 
doi:10.3345/kjp.2013.56.11.459 pmid:24348657 pmcid:PMC3859877 fatcat:zw5wsndcfvfidnvr74jq4v3wha

Trial for the Prevention of Depression (TriPoD) in final-year secondary students: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial

Yael Perry, Alison L. Calear, Andrew Mackinnon, Philip J. Batterham, Julio Licinio, Catherine King, Noel Thomsen, Jan Scott, Tara Donker, Sally Merry, Theresa Fleming, Karolina Stasiak (+2 others)
2015 Trials  
The aim of the present trial is to investigate the impact of SPARX-R, an online, gamified intervention based on cognitive behavioural principles, on the prevention of depression in secondary school students  ...  The primary outcome will be symptoms of depression, and secondary outcomes will include symptoms of anxiety, suicidal ideation and behaviours, stigma and academic performance.  ...  The funders had no role in the design of this study and will not have any role during its execution, analyses or data interpretation or in the decision to submit the results for publication.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0929-1 pmid:26458896 pmcid:PMC4603693 fatcat:e5szjv6ih5elzbl5gmyntckyvi

School-based interventions to prevent anxiety, depression and conduct disorder in children and young people: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Deborah M Caldwell, Sarah R Davies, Joanna C Thorn, Jennifer C Palmer, Paola Caro, Sarah E Hetrick, David Gunnell, Sumayya Anwer, José A López-López, Clare French, Judi Kidger, Sarah Dawson (+4 others)
2021 Public Health Research  
Objective The objective was to assess the comparative effectiveness of educational setting-based interventions for the prevention of anxiety, depression and conduct disorder in children and young people  ...  Future work Future trials for prevention of anxiety and depression should evaluate cognitive–behavioural interventions with and without a psychoeducation component, and include mindfulness/relaxation or  ...  Nevertheless, there was some evidence that school-based interventions are effective in preventing symptoms of anxiety, depression and conduct disorder.  ... 
doi:10.3310/phr09080 fatcat:g4xxzvzxifhtzcug2b5orbdyjq
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