Filters








908 Hits in 6.7 sec

Functional Relevance of Interindividual Differences in Temporal Lobe Callosal Pathways: A DTI Tractography Study

R. Westerhausen, R. Gruner, K. Specht, K. Hugdahl
2008 Cerebral Cortex  
Long distance communication in the human brain: timing constraints for inter-hemispheric synchrony and the origin of brain lateralization. Biol Res. 36:89--99.  ...  To examine the functional relevance of interindividual variability in callosal tracts, 17 right-handed male participants underwent structural and diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging.  ...  Interindividual Variability in Callosal Pathways d Westerhausen et al. Interindividual Variability in Callosal Pathways d Westerhausen et al.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhn173 pmid:18842665 fatcat:p2n5bprldfgknkm7gqd4qaky5e

Intra-subject replication of brain magnetic activity during the processing of speech sounds

Carsten Eulitz, Jonas Obleser, Aditi Lahiri
2004 Cognitive Brain Research  
This pattern was repeatable across sessions and independent of the source modeling strategy for left-hemispheric data.  ...  The spatial configuration of the different vowel sources was related to differences in acoustic/phonological features.  ...  The authors wish to thank Michaela Schlichtling, Valerie Zitzlsperger and Ursula Lommen for their help during data acquisition. We especially thank Eugen Diesch for supplying the stimulus material.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2003.11.004 pmid:14972361 fatcat:r6cvohilsnhk3k45bd7myd7bei

Postnatal development of layer IV in fronto-opercular region (Broca's area)

Cepanec Maja, Judaš Miloš
2010 Translational Neuroscience  
We found that: (1) the grade of granularity of layer IV in the fronto-opercular cortex displays a great interindividual variability throughout development as well as in the adult brain; (2) this variability  ...  is much more pronounced in the opercular area BA44 than in the triangular area BA45.  ...  The excellent technical assistance of Zdenka Cmuk, Danica Budinšćak and Božica Popović is gratefully appreciated.  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10134-010-0007-x fatcat:hnvsp6corzht7bmvcaebzisqhe

Interhemispheric auditory connectivity: structure and function related to auditory verbal hallucinations

Saskia Steinmann, Gregor Leicht, Christoph Mulert
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Moreover, a dichotic listening (DL) task showed that the interindividual variability in the interhemispheric auditory pathways was reflected in the behavioral outcome: stronger pathways supported a better  ...  Findings based on Diffusion-Tensor-Imaging (DTI) measurements revealed a remarkable interindividual variability in size and shape of the interhemispheric auditory pathways.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We wish to thank Shelley Esposito for helpful language editing.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00055 pmid:24574995 pmcid:PMC3920068 fatcat:k2nqkln6hnbr5nmrqmqgyv4yvy

Involvement of classical anterior and posterior language areas in sign language production, as investigated by 4 T functional magnetic resonance imaging

Jan Kassubek, Gregory Hickok, Peter Erhard
2004 Neuroscience Letters  
Activations showed a predominance of the left hemisphere for both groups.  ...  To investigate the cerebral organization for language production across the particular channels supporting linguistic behavior, a functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) study was conducted in deaf native  ...  Strick (Veterans Administration Medical Center, Syracuse, NY and State University of New York-HSC, Syracuse, NY, USA) for their continued support, the use of the 4 T scanner, and very valuable suggestions  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2004.04.088 pmid:15196669 fatcat:p4td4fiuv5ghvhdkclax5swnlq

A quantitative dendritic analysis of wernicke's area in humans. II. Gender, hemispheric, and environmental factors

Bob Jacobs, Matthew Schall, Arnold B. Scheibel
1993 Journal of Comparative Neurology  
On the whole, the left hemisphere maintained a slight advantage over the right hemisphere for all dendritic measures when all subjects were pooled, but these differences were not in a consistent direction  ...  Here we examine the relationship between the basilar dendrites of supragranular pyramidal cells in Wernicke's area and selected intrinsic (i.e., gender and hemisphere) and extrinsic (i.e., education and  ...  Nevertheless, laminar measures are subject to considerable individual variability and heterogeneity (cf. Thatcher et al., '871, particularly for the temporal speech cortex (Rabinowicz, '86) .  ... 
doi:10.1002/cne.903270108 pmid:8432910 fatcat:hf6rmam3k5bbroynyyvfef4n3e

Page 4583 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 83, Issue 11 [page]

1996 Psychological Abstracts  
Also, strong intra- and interindividual variability was observed in peak velocity patterns for both groups in achieving bilabial closures.  ...  The cri- teria for diagnosis includes absence of any other mental or physical disorder, onset in preschool years, lack of organicity and a controlling, often negative personality, in addition to the DSM-III-R  ... 

Typical and atypical language brain organization based on intrinsic connectivity and multitask functional asymmetries

Loïc Labache, Bernard Mazoyer, Marc Joliot, Fabrice Crivello, Isabelle Hesling, Nathalie Tzourio-Mazoyer
2020 eLife  
Such a loose hemispheric specialization for language permits the hosting of language in either the left and/or right hemisphere as assessed by a very high incidence of dissociations across various language  ...  Actually, the resting-state organization in the atypicals showed that their sentence processing was underpinned by left and right networks both wired for language processing and highly interacting by strong  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank their colleagues L. Zago and E. Mellet for their careful reading of the manuscript and V.  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.58722 pmid:33064079 pmcid:PMC7605859 fatcat:q34s3ir3djgjdp4qvpvdhwuwz4

Typical and atypical language brain organization based on intrinsic connectivity and multitask functional asymmetries [article]

Loic Labache, Bernard Mazoyer, Marc Joliot, Fabrice Crivello, Isabelle Hesling, Nathalie Tzourio-Mazoyer
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
The third was an atypical group (ATYP, N=30, 25 left-handers), having rightward ACTIV during the 3 language tasks but high Rs_DC in both hemispheres and high Rs_mIHHC.  ...  ATYP LangDom relies on a left SENT_CORE wired for language by default with strong interhemispheric connections with their right SENT_CORE.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank their colleagues L. Zago and E. Mellet for their careful reading of the manuscript and V.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.05.07.083006 fatcat:iv72t3dfdffjbk4hfjdzyebria

Reorganization of language-related neuronal networks in patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy - an fMRI study

M. Brazdil, P. Chlebus, M. Mikl, M. Pazourkova, P. Krupa, I. Rektor
2005 European Journal of Neurology  
A language laterality index (LI) was calculated from the number of activated voxels in the right and left anterior two-thirds of the hemispheres.  ...  In addition, different patterns of activation were proven in the cerebellum and other cortical as well as subcortical brain structures within both hemispheres.  ...  Acknowledgements The study was supported by Research Project MSˇMT Č R 28 11 01. The authors wish to express their thanks to Ms Anne Johnson for her assistance in the preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2004.01127.x pmid:15804243 fatcat:ohxgtdmo65hvjoloqvz6rjelqq

Effect of Familial Sinistrality on Planum Temporale Surface and Brain Tissue Asymmetries

N. Tzourio-Mazoyer, G. Simon, F. Crivello, G. Jobard, L. Zago, G. Perchey, P. Y. Herve, M. Joliot, L. Petit, E. Mellet, B. Mazoyer
2009 Cerebral Cortex  
Such findings had no counterparts in the right hemisphere, and the subject's handedness and sex were found to have no significant effect or interaction with FS on the left PT size.  ...  The FS1 subjects also exhibited increased gray matter volume, reduced hemispheric gray matter leftward asymmetry, and, in LHs, reduced strength of hand preference.  ...  Indeed, we previously reported that brain volume interacts with handedness and left PT surface on the interindividual variability in the functional lateralization for language comprehension and production  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhp209 pmid:19846471 fatcat:4gk64ly22bcwdgfvg4wbxocw5u

Converging evidence for differential specialisation and plasticity of language systems

Kshipra Gurunandan, Jaione Arnaez-Telleria, Manuel Carreiras, Pedro M. Paz-Alonso
2020 Journal of Neuroscience  
, lateralisation for language comprehension was highly variable across individuals, and (ii) with increasing non-native language proficiency, reading and speech comprehension displayed substantial changes  ...  A multi-pronged analytic approach revealed converging evidence for striking differences in hemispheric specialisation and plasticity between the language systems.  ...  Thus, the convergent results in the present work indicate that interindividual variability in lateralization for language comprehension is not an artifact of task or methodology, but that instead, language  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.0851-20.2020 pmid:33168623 pmcid:PMC7726546 fatcat:lvymqibxnzehxdxslynfkwfxge

Perspectives on (A)symmetry of Arcuate Fasciculus. A Short Review About Anatomy, Tractography and TMS for Arcuate Fasciculus Reconstruction in Planning Surgery for Gliomas in Language Areas

Andrea Di Cristofori, Gianpaolo Basso, Camilla de Laurentis, Ilaria Mauri, Martina Andrea Sirtori, Carlo Ferrarese, Valeria Isella, Carlo Giussani
2021 Frontiers in Neurology  
Thus, its preservation is important for the postoperative outcome, and DTI tractography is usually performed for planning surgery within the language-dominant hemisphere.  ...  However, the functional relevance of AF in the contralateral non-dominant hemisphere in case of tumoral or surgical lesion of the language-dominant AF is unclear.  ...  LATERALIZATION OF ARCUATE FASCICULUS IN RELATION TO HEMISPHERIC LANGUAGE DOMINANCE AND RECOVERY FROM APHASIA WM interindividual variability and interhemispheric variability have been confirmed by Rademacher  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2021.639822 pmid:33643213 pmcid:PMC7902861 fatcat:uzo3xasbbzcr5badgjgihpygpi

Cortical representation of vowels reflects acoustic dissimilarity determined by formant frequencies

Jonas Obleser, Thomas Elbert, Aditi Lahiri, Carsten Eulitz
2003 Cognitive Brain Research  
The results suggest the preservation of spectral dissimilarities as mapped in a F -F 1 2 vowel space in a cortical representation.   ...  This pattern of results was reliably found in a second experimental session after at least 5 days.  ...  Materials and methods Previous research on the functional organization of speech sounds in the human auditory cortex has suffered 2 .1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0926-6410(02)00193-3 pmid:12527095 fatcat:4b7swawfujdohpyu3l3tt6t5ei

Four new cytoarchitectonic areas surrounding the primary and early auditory cortex in human brains

Daniel Zachlod, Britta Rüttgers, Sebastian Bludau, Hartmut Mohlberg, Robert Langner, Karl Zilles, Katrin Amunts
2020 Cortex  
The cytoarchitectonic probabilistic maps of all areas show the localization of the areas and their interindividual variability.  ...  The architectonical organization of putatively higher auditory areas in the human superior temporal gyrus and sulcus is not yet well understood.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors would like to thank the laboratory team Markus Cremer, Sabrina Behuet and Jessica Teske-Bausch, Ferdag Kocaer and Ursula Blohm, for the preparation of histological tissue.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2020.02.021 pmid:32298845 fatcat:wee6dizt7rgqdlhqxaqt65qmtq
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 908 results