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Interferometric alignment of the X-SAR antenna system on the space shuttle radar topography mission

D. Geudtner, M. Zink, C. Gierull, S. Shaffer
2002 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
The on-orbit alignment of the antenna beams of both the X-band and C-band radar systems during operations of the shuttle radar topography mission/X-band synthetic aperture radar (SRTM/X-SAR) was a key  ...  Index Terms-SAR antenna beam alignment, SAR interferometry, shuttle radar topography mission/X-band synthetic aperture radar (SRTM/X-SAR).  ...  Basler, who were at the X-SAR radar data analyzer (RDA) position in the Payload Operations Control Center responsible for processing the X-SAR downlink data during the mission. Finally, they thank R.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2002.1010887 fatcat:laur74zehfdflnqqpe3izcfzfq

The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission

Tom G. Farr, Paul A. Rosen, Edward Caro, Robert Crippen, Riley Duren, Scott Hensley, Michael Kobrick, Mimi Paller, Ernesto Rodriguez, Ladislav Roth, David Seal, Scott Shaffer (+6 others)
2007 Reviews of Geophysics  
Current information about the Shuttle Radar Topography agreements call for the full resolution data covering the Mission can be found at: United States to be publicly available  ...  Acknowledgements some validation of the data set will be done. The data will also be delivered to the civilian archive at the U.S Work performed under contract to NASA.  ...  The baseline can be determined by obtaining a successful 11-day flight of the Shuttle Radar few ground control points, however the other effects Topography Mission (SRTM).  ... 
doi:10.1029/2005rg000183 fatcat:7blekvxp3rcrlk3sec5biineye

Metrology, attitude, and orbit determination for spaceborne interferometric synthetic aperture radar

Riley M. Duren, Ed Wong, Bill Breckenridge, Scott J. Shaffer, Courtney Duncan, Eldred F. Tubbs, Phil M. Salomon, Michael K. Masten, Larry A. Stockum
1998 Acquisition, Tracking, and Pointing XII  
The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), scheduled for a 10 day Space Shuttle flight in 1999, will use an Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (IFSAR) instrument to produce a near-global digital  ...  SRTM will achieve the required interferometric baseline by extending a receive-only radar antenna on a 60 meter deployable mast from the shuttle payload bay.  ...  The dedicated efforts of the entire AODA team in designing and implementing this system are gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.317529 fatcat:letyscs7ebbmdpqob23sgk4ogy

Attitude dynamics and control of a vertical interferometric radar tethered altimeter

1993 Journal of Guidance Control and Dynamics  
The output of the synthetic antennas is combined to form an interferometric synthetic aperture radar (SAR).  ...  Nerheim, N., ‘“Conceptual Design of an Antenna Position Sensor for the GLAM-VISTA (Global Topography Mission- Vertical Interfer- ometric SAR Tethered Altimeter) Mission,’’ Jet Propulsion Lab., In- teroffice  ... 
doi:10.2514/3.20998 fatcat:tgrwfruphfcifmsin6qhhlscqq

Synthetic aperture radar interferometry

P.A. Rosen, S. Hensley, I.R. Joughin, F.K. Li, S.N. Madsen, E. Rodriguez, R.M. Goldstein
2000 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Synthetic aperture radar interferometry is an imaging technique for measuring the topography of a surface, its changes over time, and other changes in the detailed characteristics of the surface.  ...  This paper reviews the techniques of interferometry, systems and limitations, and applications in a rapidly growing area of science and engineering.  ...  The European Space Agency and the National Space Development Agency of Japan provided ERS-1/2 and JERS data, respectively, through research initiatives.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5.838084 fatcat:p6htog22o5hb5foaou5ax3pt4a

Urban Sensing with Spaceborne Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar [chapter]

Hongyu Liang, Wenbin Xu, Xiaoli Ding, Lei Zhang, Songbo Wu
2021 The Urban Book Series  
AbstractSynthetic aperture radar (SAR) and interferometric SAR (InSAR) are state-of-the-art radar remote sensing technologies and are very useful for urban remote sensing.  ...  The technologies have some very special characteristics compared to optical remote sensing and are especially advantageous in cloudy regions due to the ability of the microwave radar signals used by the  ...  Based on the tandem SAR satellites TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X, the mission performs single-pass SAR interferometry based on advanced algorithms for phase filtering and unwrapping.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-8983-6_21 fatcat:npnt22a3zjbddkjfzgm7ab4qei

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Missions Employing Formation Flying

Gerhard Krieger, Irena Hajnsek, Konstantinos Panagiotis Papathanassiou, Marwan Younis, Alberto Moreira
2010 Proceedings of the IEEE  
| This paper presents an overview of single-pass interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) missions employing two or more satellites flying in a close formation.  ...  An outlook on future interferometric and tomographic concepts and developments, including multistatic SAR systems with multiple receivers, is provided.  ...  They also highly acknowledge the great effort and enthusiasm of both the DLR and the EADS Astrium teams to implement the ambitious TanDEM-X mission in space.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2009.2038948 fatcat:hgvhvfr4tvhsvhpwhdwgbu7m6e

Applications of SAR Interferometry in Earth and Environmental Science Research

Xiaobing Zhou, Ni-Bin Chang, Shusun Li
2009 Sensors  
Emphasis was placed on the applications of InSAR in seismology, volcanology, land subsidence/uplift, landslide, glaciology, hydrology, and forestry sciences.  ...  This paper provides a review of the progress in regard to the InSAR remote sensing technique and its applications in earth and environmental sciences, especially in the past decade.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the four anonymous reviewers for their very helpful comments and suggestions, which helped greatly improve the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s90301876 pmid:22573992 pmcid:PMC3345867 fatcat:554foqcapvf47kb43anjy7d4we

A tutorial on synthetic aperture radar

Alberto Moreira, Pau Prats-Iraola, Marwan Younis, Gerhard Krieger, Irena Hajnsek, Konstantinos P. Papathanassiou
2013 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Magazine  
and the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) at X-band and C-band in 2000.  ...  The application fields of these techniques were catapulted by the shuttle missions SIR-C/X-SAR (Shuttle Imaging Radar mission with X-, C-and L-band radars, the latter two being fully polarimetric) in 1994  ... 
doi:10.1109/mgrs.2013.2248301 fatcat:adkcmbk66vak7c3xhzorqxxmdm

TanDEM-X First DEM Acquisition: A Crossing Orbit Experiment

Paco Lopez-Dekker, Pau Prats, Francesco De Zan, Daniel Schulze, Gerhard Krieger, Alberto Moreira
2011 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  
This letter describes the first interferometric acquisitions and results obtained by the TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurements mission.  ...  The still very large 2-km cross-track baseline resulted in a 3.8-m interferometric height of ambiguity, producing extremely detailed images of the topography of the target area.  ...  The InSAR under small crossing angles was studied and demonstrated in the context of Shuttle Imaging Radar-B (SIR-B) interferometric experiments [4] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/lgrs.2011.2127444 fatcat:ca4zwu47b5fohpabhxxdoqqk4y

Phase Pattern Calibration for Interferometric Applications in Spaceborne SAR Systems

Markus Bachmann, Marco Schwerdt, Gabriel Castellanos Alfonzo, Dirk Schrank
2013 International Journal of Antennas and Propagation  
This paper demonstrates for the first time the usage of phase patterns in an operational interferometric SAR mission.  ...  Also for single-pass interferometric missions, the difference between the two antennas in terms of phase gradients is of major importance.  ...  The authors would like to thank the Calibration Team for deploying Corner Reflectors for the analysis and the SAR Processor/Interferometric Processor Team for processing the acquisitions and DEMs used  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/284698 fatcat:juqlo22a75hidiru66ht6drtdu

Mapping the world's topography using radar interferometry: the TOPSAT mission

H.A. Zebker, T.G. Farr, R.P. Salazar, T.H. Dixon
1994 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Radar interfuwnetric, techniques have been used to produce digital eleration models at these accuracies and are technologically feasible us the centerpiec.e of a spaceborne satellite mission designed to  ...  A radar interfernnieter is ,formed by combining the radar echoes veceiivd ut U pair of' antennus displwed across-track, and specialized datu processing i.esults in the elevation datu.  ...  radar, and one using a 24-cm-X radar, are technologically feasible.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5.338070 fatcat:sfnaasp3dzhmngeojr5ddynyam

Seasat—A 25-year legacy of success

Diane L. Evans, Werner Alpers, Anny Cazenave, Charles Elachi, Tom Farr, David Glackin, Benjamin Holt, Linwood Jones, W. Timothy Liu, Walt McCandless, Yves Menard, Richard Moore (+1 others)
2005 Remote Sensing of Environment  
The Seasat mission was launched on June 26, 1978, on an Atlas-Agena rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base.  ...  temperature, atmospheric water vapor content, rain rate, and ice coverage; and the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), to image the ocean surface, polar ice caps, and coastal regions.  ...  As with all spaceborne missions, Seasat was only accomplished through the contributions of many dedicated team members working toward the implementation of a unique vision.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2004.09.011 fatcat:b72ap4uobnglpaddmeuq7lom7m

Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry to Measure Earth's Surface Topography and Its Deformation

Roland Bürgmann, Paul A. Rosen, Eric J. Fielding
2000 Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science  
Synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR) from Earth-orbiting spacecraft provides a new tool to map global topography and deformation of the Earth's surface.  ...  This review gives a basic overview of InSAR for Earth scientists and presents a selection of geologic applications that demonstrate the unique capabilities of InSAR for mapping the topography and deformation  ...  Portions of this paper were written at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, with sponsorship from the  ... 
doi:10.1146/ fatcat:v57gdzdoofho5mfdzpozdqom2y

TanDEM-X: A Satellite Formation for High-Resolution SAR Interferometry

Gerhard Krieger, Alberto Moreira, Hauke Fiedler, Irena Hajnsek, Marian Werner, Marwan Younis, Manfred Zink
2007 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
This paper gives a detailed overview of the TanDEM-X mission concept which is based on the systematic combination of several innovative technologies.  ...  along-track baselines, as well as the use of new interferometric modes for system verification and DEM calibration.  ...  The authors would also like to thank all members of the joint DLR-EADS Astrium Team for their continuous effort and enthusiasm to implement the ambitious TanDEM-X mission in space as well as the numerous  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2007.900693 fatcat:fqyfpxk4qre5rk4tdjifdy7ffi
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