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Interconnecting computers: Architecture, technology, and economics [chapter]

Butler W. Lampson
1994 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Modern computer systems have a recursive structure of processing and storage elements that are interconnected to make larger elements.  ...  Computing nodes connected by a message-passing LAN. LANs bridged to form an extended LAN. Networks connected in a wide-area internet. All the computers in the world exchanging electronic mail.  ...  Interconnecting Computers: Architecture, Technology, and EconomicsComputer systems are made up of interconnected subsystems.The structure and methods are similar across the board.Better silicon and fiber  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-57840-4_21 fatcat:orlkdkt2wvhbdgvtq545gixqtm

Interconnecting eyeballs to content

Richard T.B. Ma, Dah-ming Chiu, John C. S. Lui, Vishal Misra, Dan Rubenstein
2008 Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on Economics of networked systems - NetEcon '08  
The payment structure of these interconnections are often negotiated and maintained via bilateral agreements.  ...  Our previous work demonstrates that the Shapley value has several desirable properties, and that if applied as the revenue model, selfish ISPs would yield globally optimal routing and interconnecting decisions  ...  interconnecting decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1403027.1403041 dblp:conf/sigcomm/MaCLMR08 fatcat:fnrxniusijfonju4kowxkpfili

Interconnected Cloud Computing Environments

Adel Nadjaran Toosi, Rodrigo N. Calheiros, Rajkumar Buyya
2014 ACM Computing Surveys  
Similarly, interconnected clouds, also called Inter-cloud, can be viewed as a natural evolution of cloud computing.  ...  Furthermore, it categorizes and identifies possible cloud interoperability scenarios and architectures.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Amir Vahid Dastjerdi, Mohsen Amini Salehi, Deepak Poola, and Nikolay Grozev for their constructive comments and suggestions on improving this survey.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2593512 fatcat:ppy53emxlvehjmhbd44ci4w6my

Optical interconnection networks for high-performance computing systems

Aleksandr Biberman, Keren Bergman
2012 Reports on progress in physics (Print)  
Enabled by silicon photonic technology, optical interconnection networks have the potential to be a key disruptive technology in computing and communication industries.  ...  We propose novel silicon photonic devices, subsystems, network topologies and architectures to enable unprecedented performance of these photonic interconnection networks.  ...  has adopted an economic imperative for delivering computing performance.  ... 
doi:10.1088/0034-4885/75/4/046402 pmid:22790508 fatcat:3nyeayt7l5di3grpw6mgjt4znq

Computing structures and optical interconnect: friends or foes?

Jan M. Van Campenhout, Sunny Bains, Leo J. Irakliotis
2000 Critical Technologies for the Future of Computing  
realize the di®erences between interconnect and communications; and (iii) singling out one property of optical interconnect, while disregarding less bene¯cial properties such as latency, area, power dissipation  ...  By means of examples taken from the computing area, we shall illustrate the profound impact of this context.  ...  In the case of processing, the evolution of both CMOS technology and computer architecture have been no less than phenomenal.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.409221 fatcat:bhuii3j3ana43hwqyni3dogfbq

Multi-cluster computing interconnection network performance modeling and analysis

Bahman Javadi, Mohammad K. Akbari, Jemal H. Abawajy
2009 Future generations computer systems  
Saeid 2006, Multi-cluster computing interconnection network performance modeling and analysis, in Abstract The overall performance of a distributed system is often depends on the effectiveness of its interconnection  ...  In particular, we address the problem of fat-tree based interconnection networks performance modeling for multi-user heterogeneous multi-cluster computing systems.  ...  Advances in computational and communication technologies has made it economically feasible to conglomerate multiple independent clusters leading to the development of large-scale distributed systems commonly  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.future.2008.07.010 fatcat:tm26w4lsmngtbjc3efwj7hbug4

Multi-Cluster Computing Interconnection Network Performance Modeling and Analysis

Bahman Javadi, Mohammad K. Akbari, Jemal H. Abawajy, Saeid Nahavandi
2006 2006 International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communications  
Saeid 2006, Multi-cluster computing interconnection network performance modeling and analysis, in Abstract The overall performance of a distributed system is often depends on the effectiveness of its interconnection  ...  In particular, we address the problem of fat-tree based interconnection networks performance modeling for multi-user heterogeneous multi-cluster computing systems.  ...  Advances in computational and communication technologies has made it economically feasible to conglomerate multiple independent clusters leading to the development of large-scale distributed systems commonly  ... 
doi:10.1109/adcom.2006.4289862 fatcat:x23ig3sv3rfytptucalcwz25ou

Hierarchical interconnection networks for multicomputer systems

S.P. Dandamudi, D.L. Eager
1990 IEEE transactions on computers  
Therefore, the underlying ProceSSor interconnection network plays an important and direct role in determining their performance.  ...  The queueing analysis is also validated both static (with no 'Ontention) and queueing HIERARCHICAL INTERCONNECTION NETWORKS Hierarchical interconnection networks (HIN's) are intuitively appealing when  ...  The distributed-memory systems are architecturally more simple and economical.  ... 
doi:10.1109/12.53600 fatcat:sam37pvpdjhuvpugwtbvjttx6a

"This is not how we imagined it": Technological affordances, economic drivers, and the Internet architecture imaginary

Niels ten Oever
2021 New Media & Society  
I draw on media studies, science and technology studies and international political economy, and use a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods to show how the Internet architecture's affordance  ...  After the privatization of the Internet architecture in the 1990s, the interplay between the architectural principles of end-to-end, permissionless innovation, and openness subverted equality among Internet  ...  consolidated technological and economic reality.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461444820929320 fatcat:i3xv3rai3jdhbhfpdtt6cfg3ye

Using MPLS-TP for Data-Center Interconnection [chapter]

Ashwin Gumaste, Chirag Taunk, Sarvesh Bidkar, Deval Bhamare, Tamal Das
2012 Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering  
Data center interconnectivity is particularly very important and essential for emerging applications such as cloud computing and financial trading.  ...  Current data center architectures are built using Ethernet switches or IP routers -both with significant cost and performance deficiencies.  ...  Conclusion The fast proliferation of data-center technology has implied a need for a scalable, acceptable and economical protocol for interconnection between servers, NAS and switches.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-30376-0_27 fatcat:pqrv7xpwc5agbob3w24gsveri4

A Survey of High-Performance Interconnection Networks in High-Performance Computer Systems

Ping-Jing Lu, Ming-Che Lai, Jun-Sheng Chang
2022 Electronics  
With the slowdown of Moore's Law, it is necessary to adopt new packaging design technologies to implement high-performance interconnection networks for high-performance computing.  ...  This article also comprehensively discusses the latest technologies and trends in this field.  ...  Gemini interconnect is the second-generation interconnect architecture of Cray highperformance computers.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11091369 fatcat:lv7nczjbsbe3jikypuw6bfbc4u

Toward an optimal foundation architecture for optoelectronic computing Part I Regularly interconnected device planes

Haldun M. Ozaktas
1997 Applied Optics  
By systematically examining the tree of possibilities for optoelectronic computing architectures and offering arguments that allow one to prune suboptimal branches of this tree, I come to the conclusion  ...  Thus I propose that this foundation architecture should provide a basis for future research and development in this area.  ...  Interconnection theory deals with the resulting system-level parameters such as size, power consumption, and speed and how these are affected by architectural and technological choices. B.  ... 
doi:10.1364/ao.36.005682 pmid:18259395 fatcat:buffqzdrlvfuzd3shacyn4skqq

Reconfigurable Silicon Photonic Interconnect for Many-Core Architecture [chapter]

Hang Guan, Sébastien Rumley, Ke Wen, David Donofrio, John Shalf, Keren Bergman
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Second, we show that connecting these memory modules in a reconfigurable interconnect permit to substantially offload NoC traffic.  ...  The portion of transistors devoted to compute operations can be maximized by off-loading as much as possible data-storage onto memory chips.  ...  PERFECT (Power Efficiency Revolution for Embedded Computing Technologies) program.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67630-2_7 fatcat:q4vuhpdy7fgnhmwvdtvtgzbl7y

An intra-chip free-space optical interconnect

Jing Xue, Michael Huang, Hui Wu, Eby Friedman, Gary Wicks, Duncan Moore, Alok Garg, Berkehan Ciftcioglu, Jianyun Hu, Shang Wang, Ioannis Savidis, Manish Jain (+2 others)
2010 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
The communications-centric nature of future high performance computing devices demands a fundamental change in intra-and inter-chip interconnect technologies.  ...  The architecture leverages a suite of newly-developed or emerging devices, circuits, and optics technologies.  ...  In this paper, we propose to leverage a suite of newlydeveloped or emerging device, circuits, and optics technologies to build a relay-free interconnect architecture: • Signaling: VCSELs (vertical cavity  ... 
doi:10.1145/1816038.1815975 fatcat:grlihetgpbarlifjxaq22xpmuy

Performance Analysis of Interconnection Networks for Multi-cluster Systems [chapter]

Bahman Javadi, J. H. Abawajy, Mohammad K. Akbari
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
With the current popularity of cluster computing systems, it is increasingly important to understand the capabilities and potential performance of various interconnection networks.  ...  Also, blocking and non-blocking network architecture model is proposed and are used in performance analysis of the system.  ...  Introduction Advances in computational and communication technologies has made it economically feasible to conglomerate multiple clusters of heterogeneous networked resources leading to the development  ... 
doi:10.1007/11428862_29 fatcat:k63v2uzc3zhs3loo45ccoofy5y
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