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Intercausal Independence and Heterogeneous Factorization [chapter]

Nevin Lianwen Zhang, David Poole
1994 Uncertainty Proceedings 1994  
Under the constructive definition, intercausal independence implies factorization of conditional probability.  ...  An inference algorithm is developed, which m a k es use of both conditional independence and intercausal independence to reduce inference complexity i n B a yesian networks.  ...  Research is supported by NSERC G r a n t OGP0044121 and by a travel grant from Hong Kong University o f Science and Technology.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-1-55860-332-5.50082-1 fatcat:vo5xlbktkzc5xguqhprforwk5a

Inter-causal Independence and Heterogeneous Factorization [article]

Nevin Lianwen Zhang, David L Poole
2013 arXiv   pre-print
An inference algorithm is developed, which makes use of both conditional independence and inter-causal independence to reduce inference complexity in Bayesian networks.  ...  It is well known that conditional independence can be used to factorize a joint probability into a multiplication of conditional probabilities.  ...  Research is supported by NSERC Grant OGP0044121 and by a travel grant from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.  ... 
arXiv:1302.6855v1 fatcat:j2o4xky6t5dv7aal7s7tvolsbi

Multiplicative Factorization of Noisy-Max [article]

Masami Takikawa, Bruce D'Ambrosio
2013 arXiv   pre-print
The noisy-or and its generalization noisy-max have been utilized to reduce the complexity of knowledge acquisition.  ...  Empirical studies show that our method is capable of computing queries in well-known large medical networks, QMR-DT and CPCS, for which no previous exact inference method has been shown to perform well  ...  Acknowledgements This paper has benefited from comments by Jane Jor gensen and the anonymous referees.  ... 
arXiv:1301.6742v1 fatcat:7rwkith33rhljbgxy7ur5pit54

A Differential Semantics of Lazy AR Propagation [article]

Anders L. Madsen
2012 arXiv   pre-print
and subsets of the evidence from a single propagation.  ...  We describe how both single and multi dimensional partial derivatives of the evidence may easily be calculated from a junction tree in LARP equilibrium.  ...  L. and D. Poole (1994). Intercausal In- Dechter, R. (1996). Bucket elimination: A unifying dependence and Heterogeneous Factorization.  ... 
arXiv:1207.1355v1 fatcat:to3puwbapjc4bj63udbt2gql3e

The Vallecas Project: A Cohort to Identify Early Markers and Mechanisms of Alzheimer's Disease

Javier Olazarán, Meritxell Valentí, Belén Frades, María Ascensión Zea-Sevilla, Marina Ávila-Villanueva, Miguel Ángel Fernández-Blázquez, Miguel Calero, José Luis Dobato, Juan Antonio Hernández-Tamames, Beatriz León-Salas, Luis Agüera-Ortiz, Jorge López-Álvarez (+4 others)
2015 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
The physiopathological mechanisms of late-onset AD are multiple, possibly heterogeneous, and not well understood.  ...  should provide avenues for prompt diagnosis and AD prevention.  ...  Acknowledgments The Vallecas Project is carried out in the Alzheimer Center Reina Sofía Foundation, funded by CIEN Foundation and Reina Sofía Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2015.00181 pmid:26483681 pmcid:PMC4588692 fatcat:5bacn7ftjjailgyk4o6atkrtti

Bayesian networks in neuroscience: a survey

Concha Bielza, Pedro Larrañaga
2014 Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience  
new observations with and without supervision.  ...  Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience October 2014 | Volume 8 | Article 131 | 2 FIGURE 2 | Example of dynamic BN structure with three variables X 1 , X 2 , and X 3 and three time  ...  from EPFL) and the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007(FP7/ -2013 under grant agreement no. 604102 (Human Brain Project).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fncom.2014.00131 pmid:25360109 pmcid:PMC4199264 fatcat:2ip7hztt4fexdj5cw4a2gpmgbu

A Bayesian Method to Mine Spatial Data Sets to Evaluate the Vulnerability of Human Beings to Catastrophic Risk

Lianfa Li, Jinfeng Wang, Hareton Leung, Sisi Zhao
2012 Risk Analysis  
Vulnerability of human beings exposed to a catastrophic disaster is affected by multiple factors that include hazard intensity, environment, and individual characteristics.  ...  The knowledgeand data-based BN provides a consistent platform to integrate a variety of factors, including those extracted by KDA and ARCSM to model vulnerability uncertainty.  ...  We also thank the reviewers for their constructive suggestions and the editors for their careful check and revisions, which further improved this article.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01790.x pmid:22404550 fatcat:7sol4xdyhbbfdgdyusdr6usbru

Cognitive Style Research: A Perspective for Integration

Peter G. W. Keen, Gloria Bronsema
1981 International Conference on Information Systems  
It reviews the overall issue of validity and identifies the four steps cognitive style research must accornplish to achieve coherence.  ...  The work is often criticized for its fragmentation and lack of validity. This paper proposes the uses of a single instrument, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).  ...  The tional and managerial), and academics are  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/KeenB81 fatcat:kjtqbvaq6jguvnlcnnb6mwzhsm

Olfactory coding in the turbulent realm [article]

Vincent Jacob, Christelle Monsempes, Jean-Pierre Rospars, Jean-Baptiste Masson, Philippe Lucas
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
Due to turbulence, olfactory signals travel as bursts of variable concentration and spacing and are characterized by long-tail distributions of odor/no-odor events, challenging the computing capacities  ...  Individual PNs but not individual ORNs encode the onset and offset of odor puffs for any temporal structure of stimuli.  ...  model prediction and PN responses to noise stimuli, independent samples. Left: the distribution histogram shows the heterogeneity of R² values. **: p<0.01 Wilcoxon's rank sum test.  ... 
doi:10.1101/179085 fatcat:3tutull7afdtbbdpvx7q63hjfq

Exploring the critical pillars and causal relations within the NRI: An innovative approach

Wei-Wen Wu, Lawrence W. Lan, Yu-Ting Lee
2012 European Journal of Operational Research  
within the NRI and to further explore the causal relations amongst them.  ...  The Report did not explore the critical pillars and causal relations for better decision making.  ...  Continuous encouragements and advices from the editor are also highly appreciated.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2011.10.013 fatcat:r3qjxpatrjaizhmp4oe23k2lxe

A review to identify key perspectives in PBL meta-analyses and reviews: trends, gaps and future research directions

Woei Hung, Diana H. J. M. Dolmans, Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer
2019 Advances in Health Sciences Education  
In the past 50 years, the original McMaster PBL model has been implemented, experimented, revised, and modified, and is still evolving.  ...  We identified three major waves in the PBL research development, analyzed their impact on PBL research and practice, and offered suggestions of research gaps and future directions for the field.  ...  This finding echoed the duration factor observed by Dolmans et al. (2016) and Kong et al. (2014) discussed earlier.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10459-019-09945-x pmid:31768786 fatcat:xxml6b4ipvaaraab5md6tlcywu

COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown and Religious Mediatization of Social Sustainability. A Case Study of Romania

Mihaela Alexandra Tudor, Anamaria Filimon Benea, Stefan Bratosin
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Specifically, it highlights and discusses the conditions for producing the meaning of social sustainability as a result of religious mediatization during the months of March, April and May 2020, a period  ...  with strong religious connotations since it involved the dates of the major annual feasts celebrated by the three majority monotheistic religions, i.e., the Christian Easter, the Muslim Ramadan and the  ...  These results show that the religious media treatment of the social issues related to sustainability is sectoral and unrelated to conceptual intercausality.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18052287 pmid:33669049 pmcid:PMC7967677 fatcat:hsr5tbmy4rganldpkl3in5incq

Fetishised Objects and Humanised Nature: Towards an Anthropology of Technology

Bryan Pfaffenberger
1988 Man  
Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Man.  ...  JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive.  ...  Any study of technology's 'impact' is in consequence the study of a complex, intercausal relationship between one form of social behaviour and another.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2802804 fatcat:qavuh2qutnaobdufuzxa5srqri

Bayesian environment representation, prediction, and criticality assessment for driver assistance systems

Matthias Schreier
2017 at - Automatisierungstechnik  
In addition, a maneuver-based, long-term trajectory prediction and criticality assessment system is introduced and the application of all methods within the advanced driver assistance system PRORETA 3  ...  They are obtained by a novel method for grid mapping and tracking in dynamic environments.  ...  persons decreased by a factor of 1.5 and the number of deaths even decreased by more than a factor of 6.  ... 
doi:10.1515/auto-2016-0129 fatcat:3ekhvcltd5bsnfrrcrx7s5twoi

Robustness and Accuracy of Bayesian Information Fusion Systems

Gregor Pavlin, Jan Nunnink, Frans Groen, Leonidas Guibas, Uwe D. Hanebeck, Thomas C. Henderson
Modern situation assessment and controlling applications often require efficient fusion of large amounts of heterogeneous and uncertain information.  ...  It turns out that Bayesian networks (BN) are suitable for a significant class of such applications, since they facilitate modeling of very heterogeneous types of uncertain information and support efficient  ...  Let's assume three independent fragments relative to variable H and a sequence of factor reinforcements r H 1 = h 1 , r H 2 = h 1 and r H 3 = h 2 .  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagsemproc.05381.3 fatcat:4o7almnv4fep5ig2brnzda4wdi
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