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Summarization Design for Interactive Cross-Language Question Answering [chapter]

Daqing He, Jianqiang Wang, Jun Luo, Douglas W. Oard
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper describes an experimental investigation of interactive techniques for cross-language information access.  ...  The task was to answer factual questions from a large collection of documents written in a language in which the user has little proficiency.  ...  Cross-Language Question Answering (CLQA) is a special case of the QA task in which the questions and the documents that contain the answers are expressed in different languages.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11519645_36 fatcat:jo3bvotegfbubavx3eyn6bs56q

Users' Perceptions of Searching in FlickLing

Evgenia Vassilakaki, Frances C. Johnson, Richard J. Hartley, David Randall
2009 Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum  
It appears from our preliminary findings that there is variation in our users perceptions of searching for images across languages and their approach to using translations and that this occurs regardless  ...  Preliminary finding regarding users' switching between the two modes, users' thinking of languages and their answers to the two questionnaires on trust and confidence are only reported here.  ...  would be much harder than searching in English", "I just found that I had to think about a lot of things like you have to find the image and try to translate it as well as find out if it is in English  ... 
dblp:conf/clef/VassilakakiJHR09 fatcat:kyqbiiqbuvfc5doyxvifion2ra

A Review of Question Answering Systems

Bolanle Ojokoh, Emmanuel Adebisi
2019 Journal of Web Engineering  
Question Answering (QA) targets answering questions defined in natural language.  ...  These issues include Question Processing, Question Classes, Data Sources for QA, Context and QA, Answer Extraction, Real time Question Answering, Answer Formulation, Multilingual (or cross-lingual) question  ...  Monolingual question answering systems In this system, user's query, resource documents and system's answer are expressed in asingle language.  ... 
doi:10.13052/jwe1540-9589.1785 fatcat:g4bbctufvjd6fkijclxd5rnth4

MIA 2022 Shared Task: Evaluating Cross-lingual Open-Retrieval Question Answering for 16 Diverse Languages [article]

Akari Asai, Shayne Longpre, Jungo Kasai, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Rui Zhang, Junjie Hu, Ikuya Yamada, Jonathan H. Clark, Eunsol Choi
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We present the results of the Workshop on Multilingual Information Access (MIA) 2022 Shared Task, evaluating cross-lingual open-retrieval question answering (QA) systems in 16 typologically diverse languages  ...  In this task, we adapted two large-scale cross-lingual open-retrieval QA datasets in 14 typologically diverse languages, and newly annotated open-retrieval QA data in 2 underrepresented languages: Tagalog  ...  We thank GENGO translators to translate questions into Tamil and Tagalog. we thank the EvalAI team, particularly Ram Ramrakhya, for their help with hosting the shared task submission site.  ... 
arXiv:2207.00758v1 fatcat:upipd6sp5vhcjfmmmjcmpmaqtm

EXAMS: A Multi-Subject High School Examinations Dataset for Cross-Lingual and Multilingual Question Answering [article]

Momchil Hardalov, Todor Mihaylov, Dimitrina Zlatkova, Yoan Dinkov, Ivan Koychev, Preslav Nakov
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We propose EXAMS -- a new benchmark dataset for cross-lingual and multilingual question answering for high school examinations.  ...  We collected more than 24,000 high-quality high school exam questions in 16 languages, covering 8 language families and 24 school subjects from Natural Sciences and Social Sciences, among others.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful questions and comments. We thank the AI2 Aristo Team for providing the data splits used for pre-training on SciEN datasets.  ... 
arXiv:2011.03080v1 fatcat:5lorr5p5encmpanb66jp5ctkki

QA Dataset Explosion: A Taxonomy of NLP Resources for Question Answering and Reading Comprehension [article]

Anna Rogers, Matt Gardner, Isabelle Augenstein
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We also discuss the implications of over-focusing on English, and survey the current monolingual resources for other languages and multilingual resources.  ...  We further discuss the current classifications of "reasoning types" in question answering and propose a new taxonomy.  ...  However, it is a characterization of the answers to the questions, rather than the process used to answer the question.  ... 
arXiv:2107.12708v1 fatcat:sfwmrimlgfg4xkmmca6wspec7i

Categorical effects in children's colour search: A cross-linguistic comparison

Christine A. Daoutis, Anna Franklin, Amy Riddett, Alexandra Clifford, Ian R. L. Davies
2006 British Journal of Developmental Psychology  
Cross-category search was more efficient than within-category search in the English group, but this advantage was absent in the Himba.  ...  If performance is better with the cross-category pair than with the within-category pair, this is evidence for CP.  ...  The present study No simple answers to the questions about the origin and nature of CP emerge from the foregoing brief review.  ... 
doi:10.1348/026151005x51266 fatcat:fbuiyg74oncrfeojtm2puzmtp4

Utilisation of Metadata Fields and Query Expansion in Cross-Lingual Search of User-Generated Internet Video

Ahmad Khwileh, Debasis Ganguly, Gareth J. F. Jones
2016 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
Recent years have seen significant efforts in the area of Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) for text retrieval.  ...  While there has been some limited work on Cross-Language Video Retrieval (CLVR) for professional videos, such as documentaries or TV news broadcasts, there has to date, been no significant investigation  ...  This in fact is a classical use-case for Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) which seeks to enable users to enter search queries in one language to retrieve relevant content in another one.  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.4775 fatcat:f2p34oyn4rfhrlpa6g7grzxqky

Comparative Evaluation of Cross-language Information Retrieval Systems [chapter]

Carol Peters
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
of interest wherever and however it is stored, regardless of form or language.  ...  In recognition of this, five years ago, the DELOS Network for Digital Libraries launched the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF), with the objective of promoting multilingual information access by providing  ...  This task was the interactive counterpoint to the fully automatic cross-language question-answering task in CLEF 2003 and 2004 [10] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-31842-2_16 fatcat:4ad3pwr6pnhr5n6v3gwzsqd4cu

Searching spontaneous conversational speech

Franciska de Jong, Douglas W. Oard, Roeland Ordelman, Stephan Raaijmakers
2007 SIGIR Forum  
. • The redundancy present in human language meant that search effectiveness held up well over a reasonable range of transcription accuracy. • Sufficiently accurate Large-Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition  ...  Preface Nearly a decade ago, we learned from the TREC Spoken Document Retrieval (SDR) track that searching speech was a "solved problem."  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This paper is dedicated to the memory of my doctoral supervisor Karen Spärck Jones for her generosity and indefatigable support of her students.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1328964.1328982 fatcat:wwpzqq7ndrfedh4imhoznvccl4

Language Assessment of Students Who are Linguistically Diverse: Why a Discrete Approach is Not the Answer

Asha K. Jitendra, Elba Rohena-Diaz
1996 School psychology review  
School Psychology Review 1996, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 40-56 Language Assessment of Students Who are Linguistically Diverse: Why a Discrete Approach is Not the Answer Asha K.  ...  In general, results indicated that José experi- enced difficulties in English when answering questions, requesting information, expressing feelings, describing solutions, and expressing imagination.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02796015.1996.12085801 fatcat:mskhl6um6bavxbj3wxug55ws3m

In search of immersion teacher educators' knowledge base

Laurent Cammarata, Martine Cavanagh
2018 Journal of Immersion and Content-Based Language Education (JICB)  
Thus, it is difficult to know whether or not ITEs are ready and able to support the pedagogical transition toward better-integrated practice in the immersion classroom.  ...  it has long been touted as a key ingredient to successful immersion practice, no research to date has examined immersion teacher educators' (ITEs) knowledge base as it relates to the work of content, language  ...  They also do better on college entrance exams than their monolingual peers.  ... 
doi:10.1075/ fatcat:yeoif4mphvex7jkhdq6pa6xhey

Pretrained Transformers for Text Ranking: BERT and Beyond

Andrew Yates, Rodrigo Nogueira, Jimmy Lin
2021 Proceedings of the 14th ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining  
Although the most common formulation of text ranking is search, instances of the task can also be found in many natural language processing applications.  ...  The goal of text ranking is to generate an ordered list of texts retrieved from a corpus in response to a query for a particular task.  ...  field is heading.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3437963.3441667 fatcat:6teqmlndtrgfvk5mneq5l7ecvq

Cross-Language Evaluation Forum: Objectives, Results, Achievements

Martin Braschler, Carol Peters
2004 Information retrieval (Boston)  
The Cross-Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF) is now in its fourth year of activity.  ...  CLEF is an activity conducted by the CLEF project consortium, of which the two authors are but two members.  ...  The aim of this track is both to stimulate monolingual work in the question answering area on languages other than English and to encourage the development of the first experimental systems for crosslanguage  ... 
doi:10.1023/b:inrt.0000009438.69013.fa fatcat:pu7xyyfwkzhjdh7wptsn3qsuce

Cross-language Information Retrieval [article]

Petra Galuščáková, Douglas W. Oard, Suraj Nair
2022 arXiv   pre-print
When the documents to be searched are in a language not known by the searcher, neither assumption is true. In such cases, Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) is needed.  ...  This chapter reviews the state of the art for CLIR and outlines some open research questions.  ...  Oard. iCLEF 2004 track overview: Interactive cross- language question answering. In F. Borri, C. Peters, and N.  ... 
arXiv:2111.05988v2 fatcat:4f3qbtcswvdavhzhufehdlbyry
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