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Similarity and Categorization
This research reported here was funded by ESRC grants R000 222 700 and R000 237 412 to Philippe G. Schyns ... Acknowledgements Frédéric Gosselin was supported by scholarships from the Fonds pour la formation de Chercheurs et l'Aide à la Recherche (FCAR) and from the University of Glasgow during this research. ... SLIP also allows a more precise study of the interactions between the specific requests of information associated with different categorizations and the perception of the input itself. ...doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506287.003.0012 fatcat:lu4svrwyavce3ezigijgbrvfpq
In Experiment 2 (auditory modality), schema category responses depended on age and were inXuenced by both within-and between-category perceptual similarity relations. ... This research explores the way in which young children (5 years of age) and adults use perceptual and conceptual cues for categorizing objects processed by vision or by audition. ... While describing the role of slot-Wller categories, Nelson (1983) focused on the relations between event schemas and taxonomic knowledge. ...doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2005.10.001 pmid:16330042 fatcat:xml5kmazivbqpbdr27pwzpdagi
(U Glasgow, Dept of Psychology, Glasgow, Scotland) Interactions between taxonomic knowledge, categorization, and perception. [In: (PA Vol 88:26251) Similarity and categorization. ... [from the introduction] — In this chapter, the authors unite many of the themes raised in previous chapters, considering the interaction between conceptual categoriza- tion, our knowledge of existing taxonomies ...
In their lead articles, both Kowalski and Zimiles (2006) and O'Hanlon and Roberson (2006) declare a general relation between color term knowledge and the ability to conceptually represent color. ... The complexities of the interaction are taken up in the current commentary, especially with regard to the neuropsychological evidence. ... Acknowledgment The author is supported by an EU Grant (12984), Stages in the Evolution and Development of Sign Use (SEDSU), and by a Leverhulme major research Grant (F/07 605/D). ...doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2006.03.001 pmid:16620866 fatcat:inaa6iuegjf2fohksc2apnmiai
Memory & Cognition
The relation of mutual dependence between perceptual learning and theory development throughout the continuum of expertise is considered. ... Triad-similarity judgments, feature-salience ratings, and verbal protocols were used to investigate the effects of theories on the recruitment of features across different categorization contexts, as well ... There were significant interactions between knowledge group and domain [F(3,40) = 38.372, P < .0001] and between knowledge group and triad type [F(3,40) = 50.755,p < .0001]. ...doi:10.3758/bf03201148 pmid:9584444 fatcat:pgz3neziafdflhybq2ymgptlyy
Two experiments explored the existence and the development of relations between action representations and object representations. ... Implications of these results for the organization and development of conceptual knowledge are discussed. ... in collecting and analyzing data. ...doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00624.x pmid:17973800 fatcat:conve3npyjhfhgk2sny7xzzlfe
Proceedings of the 2005 joint conference on Smart objects and ambient intelligence innovative context-aware services: usages and technologies - sOc-EUSAI '05
The conceptual framework is based on the new Interruption Taxonomy and uses Bayesian Belief Networks as a decision-support aid. ... Domainspecific knowledge, subjective and objective measures gathered during the pilot study, were used to investigate the relevance of each taxonomic factor and to select a suitable way to categorize it ... Constructing the BBN-based model The selection and categorization of the taxonomic factors was followed by the phase of constructing the BBN-based model. ...doi:10.1145/1107548.1107593 fatcat:2pbpgbzfifglzn22krl2tnf5ra
Ear and Hearing
Some theories distinguish between categorical domains, such as natural kind (biologic; e.g., plants) and artifactual (man-made; e.g., clothing), suggesting differences in domain-specific knowledge and ... Overall, results between HI and normative groups exhibited striking similarity. ... Searcy, Julie Pressley, and Anastasia Villescas (data collection, analysis, and/or presentation), and Justin Rachels and Anthony Tyler (computer programming). ...doi:10.1097/01.aud.0000240596.56622.0c pmid:17086079 fatcat:saaoxnyjnnb4xcjyjarc24uxzm
, categorization, and knowledge representation [10, 14, 15] , and do not consider how the linguistic categories under investigation are rooted in a broader cultural value system nor do they consider how ... The relationship between culture, language, and thought has long been one of the most important topics for those who wish to understand the nature of human cognition      [10 ... They found that, at a global level, all three groups were similar in preferring thematic over taxonomic relations in forced choice categorization, and in relying on taxonomic rather than thematic relations ...doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.10.011 pmid:29506807 fatcat:grjpfvqrqbf5xmcsobi5zlwwci
Geoghegan has developed a theory of information processing which shows how speakers use information about context, knowledge of the social background of their participants, and perception of the environment ... 794 AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST [76,1974 The differences between folk categorization and technological and scientific categories is illustrated in the work of Eugene Hunn (n.d.) who contrasted the ornithologist ...
To this end, this study confirmed the interaction effect of category types (goal-derived vs. taxonomic) and the degree of psychological ownership (higher vs. lower). ... In this context, there are typical goal-derived and taxonomic categories in the method of structuring information. ... The interaction effect between category types and psychological ownership can be seen in the graph below (see Figure 3 ). ...doi:10.3390/su12083321 doaj:0e28ed8d8d4d474a9cbae245e98de006 fatcat:i7oxfyn5pnhqlo7dvckn4haixm
Language, Brain, and Cognitive Development
We define literacy as the ability to read and write, and education as the whole corpus of knowledge acquired, for a large part, through the exercise of literacy. ... Morais and R. Kolinsky What Is Literacy? Literacy is highly correlated with education. However, the two notions are distinct and can be separated empirically. ... The apparent discrepancy between these data and Luria's (1976) can be accounted for in two ways: either people who are not stimulated to think categorically lose this knowledge, or they keep taxonomic ...doi:10.7551/mitpress/4108.003.0037 fatcat:tjgvlnowjvffdk6kpr5arp55de
Ss who failed in the critical logical categorization tasks exhibited both taxonomic and slot-filler categorization behavior when (1) given a perceptual vs categorical alternative, (2) objects were des- ... —Hypothesized that 96 children (aged 5.3-6.11 yrs) would exhibit categorical behav- ior (in forced-choice/association or sorting of the taxonomic and slot-filler type) and schematic behavior when performing ...
Because the conceptual system shares mechanisms with perception and action, it is non-modular. ... (modular vs. non-modular), (2) representation (amodal vs. modal), (3) abstraction (decontextualized vs. situated), (4) stability (stable vs. dynamical), and (5) organization (taxonomic vs. action-environment ... As Barsalou (1999) notes, simulations provide a powerful interface between cognition and perception. ...doi:10.1080/769813547 fatcat:2zolftb7wrhbfegwkupico3zke
Because the conceptual system shares mechanisms with perception and action, it is non-modular. ... (modular vs. non-modular), (2) representation (amodal vs. modal), (3) abstraction (decontextualized vs. situated), (4) stability (stable vs. dynamical), and (5) organization (taxonomic vs. action-environment ... As Barsalou (1999) notes, simulations provide a powerful interface between cognition and perception. ...doi:10.1080/01690960344000026 fatcat:t3v4fuaaijbdzjs62mvolzkigy
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