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Time to Abandon the Notion of Personal Choice in Dietary Counseling for Obesity?

Bradley M. Appelhans, Matthew C. Whited, Kristin L. Schneider, Sherry L. Pagoto
2011 Journal of the American Dietetic Association  
Current approaches to dietary counseling for obesity are heavily rooted in the notion of "personal choice" Typically, patients receive education about dietary contributions to energy balance and are then  ...  encouraged to make dietary choices (e.g., food selections, portion sizes) consistent with weight loss.  ...  The focus on short-term behavioral goals may be especially important considering that the rate of initial short-term weight loss is predictive of long-term weight loss outcomes (96) , and that unrealistic  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jada.2011.05.014 pmid:21802557 pmcid:PMC3148487 fatcat:nvznbo4yvrgyfeoi5bsol4sl5e

The neurocognitive connection between physical activity and eating behaviour

R. J. Joseph, M. Alonso-Alonso, D. S. Bond, A. Pascual-Leone, G. L. Blackburn
2011 Obesity Reviews  
The link pertains to executive functions, which rely on brain circuits located in the prefrontal cortex.  ...  Understanding how physical activity and eating behaviours interact on a neurocognitive level may help to maintain a healthy lifestyle in an obesogenic environment. obesity reviews Physical activity restrains  ...  between neural circuits.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-789x.2011.00893.x pmid:21676151 pmcid:PMC3535467 fatcat:6os3xjt3avg2dkdxj57wx5fiii

The determinants of food choice

Gareth Leng, Roger A. H. Adan, Michele Belot, Jeffrey M. Brunstrom, Kees de Graaf, Suzanne L. Dickson, Todd Hare, Silvia Maier, John Menzies, Hubert Preissl, Lucia A. Reisch, Peter J. Rogers (+1 others)
2016 Proceedings of the Nutrition Society  
However, to produce policy recommendations that are likely to be effective, we need to be able to make valid predictions about the consequences of proposed interventions, and for this, we need a better  ...  the real life human condition, and formal models that encapsulate scientific knowledge from diverse disciplines, and which embed understanding in a way that enables policy-relevant predictions to be made  ...  has counterproductive effects in the long term.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s002966511600286x pmid:27903310 fatcat:2judr3iukzadbiulhcf5wveosu

Reward and Decision Making

2002 Neuron  
The dopamine system and key cortical and substanding of drug addiction, resulting in the opportunity cortical neural circuits have been implicated in motifor the development of more effective and targeted  ...  adaptaexpression, the organization of behavior sequences, setions that may be responsible for the persistent and lection of appropriate responses, and decision making. compulsive drug-seeking behavior  ...  • Brain systems mediating prediction of behavioral The interaction between these pathways in the brain choice and decision making: what are the systems-level and peripheral signals of energy status  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0896-6273(02)00970-4 fatcat:2nziqvsxxbgo3npgtjgxewcavu

How we decide what to eat: Toward an interdisciplinary model of gut–brain interactions

Hilke Plassmann, Daniela Stephanie Schelski, Marie‐Christine Simon, Leonie Koban
2021 Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science  
Such bidirectional links between gut microbiome and the brain systems underlying dietary decision-making may lead to self-reinforcing feedback loops that determine long-term dietary patterns, body mass  ...  Everyday dietary decisions have important short-term and long-term consequences for health and well-being.  ...  , long-term dietary patterns, and health.  ... 
doi:10.1002/wcs.1562 pmid:33977675 fatcat:agqdaq227nckhpjzgus6wn3aae

Overlapping Neural Endophenotypes in Addiction and Obesity

Andréanne Michaud, Uku Vainik, Isabel Garcia-Garcia, Alain Dagher
2017 Frontiers in Endocrinology  
Neurocognitive studies have shown that obesity and addiction are both associated with increased impulsive decision-making and attention bias in response to drug or food cues, respectively.  ...  The trait is thought to result from the interaction between high arousal responses to potential rewards and poor self-control.  ...  Supporting this model, stronger functional coupling between the DLPFC and the VMPFC has been associated with successful dietary weight loss (102) and healthier dietary decisions (151) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fendo.2017.00127 pmid:28659866 pmcid:PMC5469912 fatcat:lkzynl2dajaoxix6ta6zkpgrs4

Psychological and neural contributions to appetite self-regulation

Luke E. Stoeckel, Leann L. Birch, Todd Heatherton, Traci Mann, Christine Hunter, Susan Czajkowski, Lisa Onken, Paige K. Berger, Cary R. Savage
2017 Obesity  
Results: Self-regulation of appetite involves a complex interaction between multiple domains, including cognitive, neural, social, and goal-directed behaviors and decision-making.  ...  and neural factors that contribute to appetite dysregulation in the context of obesity.  ...  Tempting situations of various kinds require the capacity to delay gratification and make decisions based on anticipated long-term consequences.  ... 
doi:10.1002/oby.21789 pmid:28229541 pmcid:PMC5328502 fatcat:2j4kfvcemnbqlegosl4ahwot2u

Neurobehavioral Inhibition of Reward-driven Feeding: Implications for Dieting and Obesity

Bradley M. Appelhans
2009 Obesity  
in instances of short-term food shortage or famine.  ...  cortex (PFC), and delineate a theoretical model in which hedonic feeding is viewed as the product of an interaction between appetitive motivation and inhibitory control.  ...  This inhibition is represented at the neural level in dorsolateral areas of the PFC, at the motivational level in decision-making and attention allocation, and at the behavioral level in dietary restraint  ... 
doi:10.1038/oby.2008.638 pmid:19165160 fatcat:nuvoijky5nfzxd5cbbxoxk3wi4

Appetitive traits from infancy to adolescence: Using behavioral and neural measures to investigate obesity risk

Susan Carnell, Leora Benson, Katherine Pryor, Elissa Driggin
2013 Physiology and Behavior  
Another challenge will be to combine comprehensive behavioral and neural assessments of appetitive traits with measures of relevant genetic and environmental factors within long-term prospective studies  ...  We come into the world with enduring predispositions towards food, which interact with environmental factors to influence our eating behaviors and weight trajectories.  ...  choices and help predict prognosis and treatment response.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.02.015 pmid:23458627 pmcid:PMC3725261 fatcat:6gypg5mdhzecbksmdwbtg5tpxq

Obesity: Pathophysiology and Intervention

Yi Zhang, Ju Liu, Jianliang Yao, Gang Ji, Long Qian, Jing Wang, Guansheng Zhang, Jie Tian, Yongzhan Nie, Yi Zhang, Mark Gold, Yijun Liu
2014 Nutrients  
Dieting and physical exercise offer the mainstays of obesity treatment, and anti-obesity drugs may be taken in conjunction to reduce appetite or fat absorption.  ...  Currently, in developed countries and developing countries alike, the food industry is rather successful in the mass production and marketing of calorie-dense foods [13] .  ...  Lifestyle interventions remain the cornerstone of obesity treatment, but adherence is poor and long-term successes modest because of significant barriers both on the part of affected individuals and health  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu6115153 pmid:25412152 pmcid:PMC4245585 fatcat:4fiw2mvsvfhstnzh5sxnkb4da4

Learning and Memory Processes and Their Role in Eating: Implications for Limiting Food Intake in Overeaters

Suzanne Higgs, Eric Robinson, Michelle Lee
2012 Current Obesity Reports  
Understanding the role of psychological factors involved in overeating is critical if we are to develop effective interventions to curb the rise of obesity that is associated with the modern food environment  ...  We also consider how learning and memory processes interact with satiety processes and how higher-level cognitive systems modulate responses to food cues.  ...  It has been argued that information about recent eating encoded in memory is factored into decision making about future food intake and that the hippocampus is a potential neural substrate [58, 59] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13679-012-0008-9 fatcat:mzzv242pdfb7fduaazju2fit3q

Dietary Restraint Violations Influence Reward Responses in Nucleus Accumbens and Amygdala

Kathryn E. Demos, William M. Kelley, Todd F. Heatherton
2011 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Activity in the left amygdala demonstrated the reverse interaction.  ...  The present study investigates the neural correlates of such selfregulatory failures using fMRI.  ...  INTRODUCTION Obesity is a major health problem with both physical and psychological consequences, yet treatment success remains elusive.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2010.21568 pmid:20807052 pmcid:PMC3034108 fatcat:4fr537akyfehfix5drlnrztxye

Obesity and the Neurocognitive Basis of Food Reward and the Control of Intake

Hisham Ziauddeen, Miguel Alonso-Alonso, James O Hill, Michael Kelley, Naiman A Khan
2015 Advances in Nutrition  
With the rising prevalence of obesity, hedonic eating has become an important theme in obesity research.  ...  Here, we begin by examining the brain reward system and the evidence for its dysregulation in human obesity.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Kent C Berridge for providing valuable feedback on the manuscript and Chor San Khoo, Frances Coletta, Heather Steele, and Beth Bradley for their assistance in organizing the symposium  ... 
doi:10.3945/an.115.008268 pmid:26178031 pmcid:PMC4496739 fatcat:ml4gzcvdbvbdhojwjdrtzmb72i

To What Extent Memory Could Contribute to Impaired Food Valuation and Choices in Obesity?

Zhihao Zhang, Géraldine Coppin
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
A rapidly growing literature on the interaction between memory and decision-making has begun to highlight the integral role of memory in decision making especially in the real world, as well as the role  ...  of the hippocampus in supporting flexible decision making.  ...  decision making in obesity.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02523 pmid:30618948 pmcid:PMC6297373 fatcat:myosu5uzcbbeheg7524fgkchxa

Shared and unique mechanisms underlying binge eating disorder and addictive disorders

Erica M. Schulte, Carlos M. Grilo, Ashley N. Gearhardt
2016 Clinical Psychology Review  
In order to examine associations between problematic eating behaviors, such as binge eating and "food addiction," we propose the need to move past examining similarities and differences in symptomology  ...  This paper reviews the evidence for mechanisms that are shared (i.e., reward dysfunction, impulsivity) and unique for addiction (i.e., withdrawal, tolerance) and eating disorder (i.e., dietary restraint  ...  Thus, as seen in addiction, a maladaptive decision-making process may occur in individuals with BED, where the short-term reward of highly processed food is chosen instead of long-term health benefits.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2016.02.001 pmid:26879210 pmcid:PMC5796407 fatcat:5bx6cwlww5atzht7637sexlugm
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