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Interactions between Language and Attention Systems: Early Automatic Lexical Processing?

Yury Shtyrov, Teija Kujala, Friedemann Pulvermüller
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="MIT Press - Journals"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rvtepewc6vewtddjhxdnivd43q" style="color: black;">Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
The data indicate that the earliest stages of word processing are not affected by attentional demands and may thus possess certain automaticity, with attention effects on lexical processing accumulating  ...  ■ An ongoing debate is whether and to what extent access to cortical representations is automatic or dependent on attentional processes.  ...  Acknowledgments We wish to thank Pasi Piiparinen, Teemu Peltonen, Marja Riistama, Oleg Korzyukov, William Marslen-Wilson, and four anonymous referees for their contribution at different stages of this  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2009.21292">doi:10.1162/jocn.2009.21292</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19580394">pmid:19580394</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7i3qwiwouzcklli2r6d4ou3kra">fatcat:7i3qwiwouzcklli2r6d4ou3kra</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211014013417/https://watermark.silverchair.com/jocn.2009.21292.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAsswggLHBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggK4MIICtAIBADCCAq0GCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMLjXRWxbV56RkP1-cAgEQgIICfndRWT6Z-JjwmDeVyCXv1eQ8M1uj3p4ybKkKqX708I7wCGsq0dCYM6dIWi2BjZeoZQ8DqlE7s0emI3HuDz1B3NpCYJL3TrIn9lyiOCpVfqQ3aLSlEzcO3jdtcKzWvwrPwXYWKEveKhwL8ONlK7zD86S1lP77mt3a6IrDPc7X0aSrLJElpKS1ELWOgVJZbX4uwfn-WZh0yJueXDognvV3Sg_HYEY-A6ppAGWtCjhAuRByMpTVmjFH947C0-JULbmMgaUnhG8gVeFdfyCbXKSM_cVBIgQHwhPVbl-C4-kLADBIcauBsfJRJLcO2jTBgKKeFze7sY1b4HaxmmKJnbtZn02p-ZmXwIDY7QLGIr5yrZdIBaU8XiO4p971IGwB_N5BtWFD1HPJ9kruxb9kfE3eCnU6qnhVhNLxUacYGRkrfneBcLl6C_1plHpcVh6zfqWrULyPeaZwuU7naGUD05m8bv659XcpHOh3XhKvowgzqoVL8sNTpmQLDTLeiIUhWHrksEctnZn234JRmoooeCzpSVhuR0MzYftABLb5sx2-OSsp_ZDcjVadhkKxcl9RvOAB0Zx8aWF2r9lHTSyIRCHJ5Aeo-OSnOLyF3KVbwb85rSY6ZpAaEt3CvjHvS555iS6x-QcrpdZTOAH0NHiYlOh8VZFSDEFjHhDRNMw0Hl6ibALfxLcYQaHcuRHLxQF9-gEh_veDWkXxm2ii7yBDmIiCzXa5DtH4BJjy8mVxzmVtjUfmxZBVjqONAtqvOJwtADmUbIMC0b7UHpnONVTKqlttYp7T1JsvJNoI5F5W830yGOXDM5ml1R0WKTJQ6BzDfbvYiBcsQNb-Q_MQ-V3IT5Jz" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/21/2a/212a70f198e1a5a1d2555ad45f220285281eabcb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn.2009.21292"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> mitpressjournals.org </button> </a>

The interaction between language and visual spatial attention systems in grammatical gender processing. An N2pc study

Sendy Caffarra, Francesca Pesciarelli, Cristina Cacciari
<span title="2013-08-02">2013</span> <i title="Informa UK Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6fymmoub2rckfembzfmw2rfobq" style="color: black;">Cognitive Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
This ERP study employed an N2pc paradigm to investigate possible functional interactions between mechanisms of visual spatial attention and grammatical gender processing.  ...  These results suggest that this component could be influenced by grammatical features, supporting a functional interaction between processes mediating visual spatial attention and agreement computation  ...  Studies on visual spatial attention also helped to characterize the functional relationship between attention-driven processes and language processing in the human brain.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2013.823392">doi:10.1080/17588928.2013.823392</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24168201">pmid:24168201</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/tycxfqa66vcqvovglzyf367ghq">fatcat:tycxfqa66vcqvovglzyf367ghq</a> </span>
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Perceptual Correlates of Turkish Word Stress and Their Contribution to Automatic Lexical Access: Evidence from Early ERP Components

Hatice Zora, Mattias Heldner, Iris-Corinna Schwarz
<span title="2016-01-20">2016</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wrk3kouosrhcxiprcbguskdipu" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
Considering that P3a is associated with involuntary allocation of attention to salient changes, the manipulations of f 0 in the absence of lexical processing lead to an intentional evaluation of pitch  ...  However, there were processing differences between the prosodic features, most significantly in f 0 : While f 0 manipulation elicited a slightly right-lateralized frontally-maximal MMN in words, it elicited  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank Anders Eriksson and Hartmut Traunmüller for their feedback and the reviewers for their valuable comments.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2016.00007">doi:10.3389/fnins.2016.00007</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26834534">pmid:26834534</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4718990/">pmcid:PMC4718990</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4lejmruzufaibnkp6y3nixsdee">fatcat:4lejmruzufaibnkp6y3nixsdee</a> </span>
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Speech perception as an active cognitive process

Shannon L. M. Heald, Howard C. Nusbaum
<span title="2014-03-17">2014</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/j33hgvvadjhazfxeupgxga54ai" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
Although theories of speech perception have begun to incorporate some active processing, they seldom treat early speech encoding as plastic and attentionally guided.  ...  An alternative view is that speech recognition, even in early stages, is an active process in which speech analysis is attentionally guided.  ...  Although theories of speech perception have begun to incorporate some active processing, they seldom treat early speech encoding as plastic and attentionally guided.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00035">doi:10.3389/fnsys.2014.00035</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24672438">pmid:24672438</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3956139/">pmcid:PMC3956139</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6cgzsquk7zcz3iaxjqcshkdxy4">fatcat:6cgzsquk7zcz3iaxjqcshkdxy4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/download/pubmed-PMC3956139/PMC3956139-fnsys.2014.00035.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> File Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0e/9f/0e9fda48593e2a9d502a997a509b40b73243d717.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00035"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3956139" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Design and Evaluation of Metaphor Processing Systems

Ekaterina Shutova
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="MIT Press - Journals"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/e4yflo6sufcufjwloald7xudm4" style="color: black;">Computational Linguistics</a> </i> &nbsp;
System design and evaluation methodologies receive significant attention in natural language processing (NLP), with the systems typically being evaluated on a common task and against shared datasets.  ...  Since metaphor interpretation requires complex analogical comparisons and projecting inference structures across domains, the task of automatic metaphor processing is challenging.  ...  Metaphor Identification Systems Early approaches to metaphor relied on information in hand-crafted knowledge bases, followed by metaphor identification in and with the help of lexical resources.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1162/coli_a_00233">doi:10.1162/coli_a_00233</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xndjednwznb6ldr54xh6r4u6wu">fatcat:xndjednwznb6ldr54xh6r4u6wu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808213541/http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~es407/papers/EvalPaper.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f0/a6/f0a6757ab01beb617e6528abeea55474188d461b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1162/coli_a_00233"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mitpressjournals.org </button> </a>

The CALO Meeting Assistant System

Gokhan Tur, Andreas Stolcke, Lynn Voss, Stanley Peters, Dilek Hakkani-Tur, John Dowding, Benoit Favre, Raquel Fernandez, Matthew Frampton, Mike Frandsen, Clint Frederickson, Martin Graciarena (+10 others)
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zcz4ey2iwffxtgaodtf5jtebmy" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing</a> </i> &nbsp;
system.  ...  The CALO Meeting Assistant (MA) provides for distributed meeting capture, annotation, automatic transcription and semantic analysis of multiparty meetings, and is part of the larger CALO personal assistant  ...  CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK We have presented a system for automatic processing of tasks involving multiparty meetings.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tasl.2009.2038810">doi:10.1109/tasl.2009.2038810</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uy43ygwqxvbjzcxuq5rl3mdbua">fatcat:uy43ygwqxvbjzcxuq5rl3mdbua</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20141016185533/https://staff.fnwi.uva.nl/r.fernandezrovira/papers/2010/CALO_IEEE2010.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bb/6e/bb6ed3bdda4ccafe8bd1c7c494d9cf2e059eb385.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tasl.2009.2038810"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Role of constrained computational systems in natural language processing

Aravind K. Joshi
<span title="">1998</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/weoplee4x5anpi62cco5v4higa" style="color: black;">Artificial Intelligence</a> </i> &nbsp;
These ideas serve to unify theoretical, computational and statistical aspects of natural languages processing in AI.  ...  The use of constrained systems for modeling leads to some novel ways of describing locality of structures and brings out the relationship between the complexity of description of primitives and local computations  ...  Adopting primitives with complex descriptions requires us to have richly annotated corpora of texts, dialogues, and various interactive situations, either obtained automatically or most likely, semi-automatically  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/s0004-3702(98)00065-4">doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(98)00065-4</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/n2cly2iwdnfd3ci2h2nou7ktb4">fatcat:n2cly2iwdnfd3ci2h2nou7ktb4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190415175428/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/82313302.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c2/c9/c2c9b215af4ddfe93d575ea5ec3fb30c73bda745.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/s0004-3702(98)00065-4"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Investigating Bilingual Processing: The Neglected Role of Language Processing Contexts

Yan Jing Wu, Guillaume Thierry
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
We propose that future studies should test the effect of language context on cross-language interactions in a systematic way, by controlling and manipulating the extent to which the experiment implicitly  ...  How do the two languages of bilingual individuals interact in everyday communication?  ...  also to shed light on the difference in architecture between the bilingual and the monolingual language systems.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00178">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00178</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21833239">pmid:21833239</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3153788/">pmcid:PMC3153788</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pz4lbx4e4ncsrd6wph3eu7mgx4">fatcat:pz4lbx4e4ncsrd6wph3eu7mgx4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171007163452/http://publisher-connector.core.ac.uk/resourcesync/data/Frontiers/pdf/c93/aHR0cDovL2pvdXJuYWwuZnJvbnRpZXJzaW4ub3JnL2FydGljbGUvMTAuMzM4OS9mcHN5Zy4yMDEwLjAwMTc4L3BkZg%3D%3D.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/68/58/6858e1f5d57083b2b8f717d45f3dc856392005f7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00178"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3153788" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Use of NLP Tools in CALL System for Arabic

MOHSEN MARAOUI, MOUNIR ZRIGUI, GEORGES ANTONIADIS
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="World Scientific Pub Co Pte Lt"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tvjamivss5htvohgvnsaswyqmu" style="color: black;">International Journal of Computer Processing Of Languages</a> </i> &nbsp;
This article focuses on the development of Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools for Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL).  ...  Second, we used these tools to create a number of educational applications for learning the Arabic language by using the proposed system SALA (an NLP-based authoring system, organized into three distinct  ...  The setting and the automatic evaluation of an activity require special attention, and in case of a system error the teacher must make a correction manually.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1142/s1793840611002449">doi:10.1142/s1793840611002449</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5sko77bjofa6hnabxxwge3yhui">fatcat:5sko77bjofa6hnabxxwge3yhui</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190221030402/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/2da9/3456486e230f4c8f67670e0c796d5bbd2e15.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/2d/a9/2da93456486e230f4c8f67670e0c796d5bbd2e15.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1142/s1793840611002449"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> worldscientific.com </button> </a>

Attention, intention and domain-specific processing

Matthew Finkbeiner, Kenneth I. Forster
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2gvktplqc5gm7mwsea6qgdwy4m" style="color: black;">Trends in Cognitive Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Thus, although we agree that attention might be a prerequisite of nonconscious processes, we suggest that there is no reason to think that higher-level cognitive systems directly modulate domain-specific  ...  By contrast, we argue that the demonstrated modulation of nonconscious cognitive processes by attention occurs at a predomainspecific stage of processing.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Max Coltheart and five anonymous reviewers for their comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2007.11.003">doi:10.1016/j.tics.2007.11.003</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18178512">pmid:18178512</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/z7ya5lyjxnahxjv4fu7cs6j3fa">fatcat:z7ya5lyjxnahxjv4fu7cs6j3fa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20080724043706/http://www.maccs.mq.edu.au/~mfinkbei/papers/Finkbeiner%20&amp;%20Forster%20(2008).pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a5/a8/a5a8bf2414507da31395d60943fda9f7803085f7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2007.11.003"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Situated Dialogue Processing for Human-Robot Interaction [chapter]

Geert-Jan M. Kruijff, Pierre Lison, Trevor Benjamin, Henrik Jacobsson, Hendrik Zender, Ivana Kruijff-Korbayová, Nick Hawes
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> Cognitive Systems Monographs </i> &nbsp;
The advantage of factorizing grammatical analysis into separate inferenceand lexical retrieval processes is that the system can use information about the situated-and task-context to prime attention in  ...  Multi-level integration in language processing Until the early 1990s, the dominant model of language comprehension was that of a modular, stage-like process. See for example [23] .  ...  lexical and syntactic forms of ambiguity.  ... 
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<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808002155/http://folk.uio.no/plison/pdfs/cogx/my-cosy-book.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6c/4b/6c4be1b091059e414280755bd308fb436645e7d2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11694-0_8"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Language Processing in Bilingual Speakers [chapter]

Ana I. Schwartz, Judith F. Kroll
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="Elsevier"> Handbook of Psycholinguistics </i> &nbsp;
The lexical identification system, an embellishment of the BIA model seen in Figure 3 , represents lexical and sub-lexical information in each language and their interactions.  ...  Furthermore, it will require that a principled account of the relation between sub-lexical, lexical, semantic, and syntactic processes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-012369374-7/50026-2">doi:10.1016/b978-012369374-7/50026-2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3x6wm5vmqraynoexza7okfcx6m">fatcat:3x6wm5vmqraynoexza7okfcx6m</a> </span>
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Integrating top-down and bottom-up strategies in a text processing system

Lisa F. Rau, Paul S. Jacobs
<span title="">1988</span> <i title="Association for Computational Linguistics"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/su2rcizddfcajmiqunpi6pu2qq" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the second conference on Applied natural language processing -</a> </i> &nbsp;
Four knowledge sources, including syntactic and semantic information and domain knowledge, interact in a flexible manner.  ...  The system currently reads newspapers stories in the domain of corporate mergers and acquisitions.  ...  automatic language acquisition.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3115/974235.974259">doi:10.3115/974235.974259</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/anlp/RauJ88.html">dblp:conf/anlp/RauJ88</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/n424iliujbcfjpgb5mnkgly6gq">fatcat:n424iliujbcfjpgb5mnkgly6gq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20101011070620/http://www.aclweb.org:80/anthology/A/A88/A88-1018.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4f/10/4f10f261b24185ba603a3b80f2ddd011a37914d1.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3115/974235.974259"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Early lexical processing of Chinese words indexed by Visual Mismatch Negativity effects

Dawei Wei, Margaret Gillon Dowens, Taomei Guo
<span title="2018-01-22">2018</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tnqhc2x2aneavcd3gx5h7mswhm" style="color: black;">Scientific Reports</a> </i> &nbsp;
words is processed early and automatically.  ...  Although Mismatch Negativity (MMN) effects indicating early, automatic lexical processing have been reported in the auditory language modality, so far these have not been reliably obtained in MMN studies  ...  In another study, early and automatic lexical processing in Russian was investigated using a vMMN paradigm 27 .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-19394-y">doi:10.1038/s41598-018-19394-y</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29358675">pmid:29358675</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5778037/">pmcid:PMC5778037</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zf4ridaj5zhdbg3nwngj56bxqq">fatcat:zf4ridaj5zhdbg3nwngj56bxqq</a> </span>
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Electrophysiology of normal and pathological language processing

Sonja A Kotz, Angela D Friederici
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lf45grdhn5bz7dlodripwlkcsu" style="color: black;">Journal of Neurolinguistics</a> </i> &nbsp;
It is shown that the high temporal resolution of the ERP method allows not only to differentiate between early and late syntactic processes in normals, but also to specify the pathological changes of particular  ...  The paper describes the three language-related event-related brain potentials (ERP) components: the N400 correlated with processes of semantic integration, the early mainly left accentuated anterior negativity  ...  such as the early automatic parsing process and the late process of syntactic integration.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/s0911-6044(02)00008-8">doi:10.1016/s0911-6044(02)00008-8</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zswgto4kxbhjrowi4e7dancn2e">fatcat:zswgto4kxbhjrowi4e7dancn2e</a> </span>
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