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Love hurts: An fMRI study

Yawei Cheng, Chenyi Chen, Ching-Po Lin, Kun-Hsien Chou, Jean Decety
2010 NeuroImage  
To what extent does imagining a loved-one differs from imagining an unfamiliar individual being in painful situations?  ...  In this functional MRI study, participants were exposed to animated stimuli depicting hands or feet in painful and non-painful situations, and instructed to imagine these scenarios from three different  ...  City Government (97001-62-020) and Academia Sinica (AS-99-TP-AC1).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.02.047 pmid:20188182 fatcat:nhjsso4ifrbtjlxzxxcig7x6si

Visioning in the brain: An fMRI study of inspirational coaching and mentoring

Anthony I. Jack, Richard E. Boyatzis, Masud S. Khawaja, Angela M. Passarelli, Regina L. Leckie
2013 Social Neuroscience  
We used fMRI to measure BOLD responses associated with these two coaching styles.  ...  In contrast, coaching to the Negative Emotional Attractor (NEA), by focusing on externally defined criteria for success and the individual's weaknesses in relation to them, does not show sustained change  ...  A meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging studies of self-and other judgments reveals a spatial gradient for mentalizing in medial prefrontal cortex.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17470919.2013.808259 pmid:23802125 fatcat:6fzcqmehufgzrgl4nxf45ojqn4

Hypnotic analgesia reduces brain responses to pain seen in others

Claire Braboszcz, Edith Brandao-Farinelli, Patrik Vuilleumier
2017 Scientific Reports  
Results Effect of hypnotic analgesia on brain responses during self-perception of pain.  ...  Our results provide novel support to the view that self-nociception is involved during empathy for pain, and demonstrate the possibility to use hypnotic procedures to modulate higher-level emotional and  ...  We are grateful to Corrado Corradi-Dell' Acqua, Gil Sharvit and Tomas Ros for their valuable advice on the task design and analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10310-4 pmid:28852151 pmcid:PMC5575101 fatcat:auil6b2o55aixpqc54ueko3pei

Neural signatures of human fear conditioning: an updated and extended meta-analysis of fMRI studies

M A Fullana, B J Harrison, C Soriano-Mas, B Vervliet, N Cardoner, A Àvila-Parcet, J Radua
2015 Molecular Psychiatry  
Our associated meta-analysis of functional deactivations -a scarcely addressed dynamic in fMRI fear conditioning studies -also suggests the existence of a coordinated brain response potentially underlying  ...  We attempt to provide an integrated summary on these findings with the view that they may inform ongoing studies of fear conditioning processes both in healthy and clinical populations, as investigated  ...  Fear conditioning in an abdominal pain model: neural responses during associative learning and extinction in healthy subjects. PLoS One 2013; 8: e51149. 60.  ... 
doi:10.1038/mp.2015.88 pmid:26122585 fatcat:lp5b3iziwjapdev26ibo5lybn4

Reminders of mortality decrease midcingulate activity in response to others' suffering

Siyang Luo, Zhenhao Shi, Xuedong Yang, Xiaoying Wang, Shihui Han
2013 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Subjective fear of death also moderated the co-variation of MCC/dMPFC and left insular activity during perception of others in pain.  ...  Our findings indicate that reminders of mortality decrease neural responses to others suffering and this effect is mediated by the subjective fear of death.  ...  Most fMRI studies of empathy for pain have found increased activity in both the MCC/dMPFC and AI/IFG in response to perceived pain in others.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nst010 pmid:23327932 pmcid:PMC3989130 fatcat:pqvlv3mnafeilfkjlf4nr4vdba

Neural mechanisms of modulations of empathy and altruism by beliefs of others' pain

Tao Yu, Shihui Han
2021 eLife  
Moreover, lack of beliefs of others' pain attenuates neural responses to their pain expressions within 200 ms after face onset and modulates neural responses to others' pain in the insular, post-central  ...  This perception-emotion-behavior reactivity is the core of human altruism but does not always occur in real life situations.  ...  The funder had no role in the conceptualization, design, data collection, analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.66043 pmid:34369378 pmcid:PMC8373377 fatcat:3khtey2vungyvkn6ggluumkmwq

Neural mechanisms underlying regulation of empathy and altruism by beliefs of others' pain [article]

Tao Yu, Shihui Han
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Moreover, decreasing beliefs of others' pain attenuates neural responses to perceived cues signaling others' pain within 200 ms after stimulus onset and modulate neural responses to others' pain in the  ...  This perception-emotion-behavior reactivity is the core of human altruism but does not always occur in real life situations.  ...  These brain regions also constitute the neural 738 network underlying cognitive empathy  the processes of taking others' perspectives, 739 mentalizing, and self-other distinction (Shamay-Tsoory, 2011;  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.01.18.427136 fatcat:qed7ocgxizbprcsxic54jeutw4

Justice for the average Joe: The role of envy and the mentalizing network in the deservingness of others' misfortunes

David S. Chester, Caitlin A. J. Powell, Richard H. Smith, Jane E. Joseph, Gayannėe Kedia, David J. Y. Combs, C. Nathan DeWall
2013 Social Neuroscience  
These responses are mirrored in deservingness judgments, as enviable individuals' misfortunes are perceived as deserved and those of non-enviable individuals perceived as undeserved.  ...  To explore this phenomenon, we utilized fMRI to test the hypotheses that (A) non-enviable targets' misfortunes would be associated with activation of brain regions that mediate empathic responding (pain  ...  ENVY AND DESERVINGNESS Based on self-report methods, evidence suggests that these disparate pain and pleasure responses to misfortune linked with enviability are also related to how much an individual  ... 
doi:10.1080/17470919.2013.846278 pmid:24138447 fatcat:l4oixda5yrcrrf7utppplhqztq

The Role of Impairments in Self-Other Distinction in Borderline Personality Disorder: A Narrative Review of Recent Evidence

Celine De Meulemeester, Benedicte Lowyck, Patrick Luyten
2021 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
However, studies directly focusing on self-other distinction (SOD) in BPD are scarce, and these findings have not yet been integrated with novel insights into the neural mechanism involved in SOD.  ...  Furthermore, both behavioral and neuroscientific data converge to suggest that SOD impairments in BPD reflect an inability to shift between self and other representations according to task demands.  ...  Switching between representations of self and other is crucial for successful social interaction, as some interpersonal situations call for the inhibition of the self in order to take the perspective of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.04.022 pmid:33901500 fatcat:xvq3e4cpszgrbnuz2qvbsis3wq

Human Empathy Through the Lens of Social Neuroscience

Jean Decety, Claus Lamm
2006 The Scientific World Journal  
We discuss data from recent behavioral and functional neuroimaging studies with an emphasis on the perception of pain in others, and highlight the role of different neural mechanisms that underpin the  ...  experience of empathy, including emotion sharing, perspective taking, and emotion regulation.  ...  However, these findings are at odds with fMRI studies of empathy for pain, which did not detect any changes in the somatosensory cortex during the perception of pain in others [22, 23, 24] .  ... 
doi:10.1100/tsw.2006.221 pmid:16998603 pmcid:PMC5917291 fatcat:pyslxmkrijea3inmyku6hmprda

Affective Response to a Loved One's Pain: Insula Activity as a Function of Individual Differences

Viridiana Mazzola, Valeria Latorre, Annamaria Petito, Nicoletta Gentili, Leonardo Fazio, Teresa Popolizio, Giuseppe Blasi, Giampiero Arciero, Guido Bondolfi, Ben J. Harrison
2010 PLoS ONE  
In the mapping of individual differences, these results shed new light on variability in neural networks of emotion.  ...  Citation: Mazzola V, Latorre V, Petito A, Gentili N, Fazio L, et al. (2010) Affective Response to a Loved One's Pain: Insula Activity as a Function of Individual Differences. PLoS ONE 5(12): e15268.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to acknowledge the contribution of Andrea Calandrelli, MD, for the pain threshold tests, and of Valeria Mazzola for the acquisition of visual stimuli.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015268 pmid:21179564 pmcid:PMC3002948 fatcat:7bllxstpmvfldgpnb7uyxwtrvy

What Are You Feeling? Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Assess the Modulation of Sensory and Affective Responses during Empathy for Pain

Claus Lamm, Howard C. Nusbaum, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Jean Decety, Eric Warrant
2007 PLoS ONE  
This study investigated how two different top-down mechanismsattention and cognitive appraisal -affect the perception of pain in others and its neural underpinnings. Methodology/ Principal Findings.  ...  This automatic response was modulated by areas involved in self/other distinction and valence attribution -including the temporo-parietal junction and medial orbitofrontal cortex.  ...  during the perception of pain in self and others [34] .  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001292 pmid:18091986 pmcid:PMC2144768 fatcat:k2jqpknoxfeu5mbpj4hsqsscdq

The Functional Architecture of Human Empathy

Jean Decety, Philip L. Jackson
2004 Behavioral & Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews  
Empathy involves not only the affective experience of the other person's actual or inferred emotional state but also some minimal recognition and understanding of another's emotional state.  ...  Empathy accounts for the naturally occurring subjective experience of similarity between the feelings expressed by self and others without loosing sight of whose feelings belong to whom.  ...  Jackson, Meltzoff, and Decety (2004) recently conducted an fMRI study to identify the whole neural network engaged in the perception of pain in other individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1534582304267187 pmid:15537986 fatcat:mz7orhpebfa4fhje6fvxmzxgs4

Compassion As an Intervention to Attune to Universal Suffering of Self and Others in Conflicts: A Translational Framework

S. Shaun Ho, Yoshio Nakamura, James E. Swain
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
The compassion meditation is based on Buddhist philosophy that mental suffering is rooted in conceptual thoughts that give rise to generic mental images of self and others and subsequent biases to preserve  ...  As interpersonal, racial, social, and international conflicts intensify in the world, it is important to safeguard the mental health of individuals affected by them.  ...  In an empirical study (Sommer et al., 2007) , the dmPFC in DMN was more activated when individuals predicted what others might do on the basis of a belief that was identical with the self 's perspective  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.603385 pmid:33505336 pmcid:PMC7829669 fatcat:5kjernnz7fbd5bhydp4pfyplby

Cerebral Lateralization of Pro- and Anti-Social Tendencies

David Hecht
2014 Experimental Neurobiology  
Holistic perception emphasizes similarities rather than differences, takes a long-term perspective, is associated with divergent thinking and seeing other points-of-view, and it mediates a personal mode  ...  Empathy Several EEG studies suggest that empathy -the ability to take someone else's emotional perspective -is mediated by neural structures within the RH.  ... 
doi:10.5607/en.2014.23.1.1 pmid:24737936 pmcid:PMC3984952 fatcat:m7sbmjiplbegvlyljpxxkek7o4
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