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Electronic health records: new opportunities for clinical research

P. Coorevits, M. Sundgren, G. O. Klein, A. Bahr, B. Claerhout, C. Daniel, M. Dugas, D. Dupont, A. Schmidt, P. Singleton, G. De Moor, D. Kalra
2013 Journal of Internal Medicine  
Acknowledgements The research leading to these results has received support from the Innovative Medicines Initiative Joint Undertaking under Grant agreement no. 115189, resources of which are composed  ...  of financial contribution from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/ 2007-2013) and EFPIA companies' in kind contribution.  ...  Achieving broad-based, scalable and computable semantic interoperability across multiple domains requires the integration of multiple standards, which therefore must be mutually consistent, coherent and  ... 
doi:10.1111/joim.12119 pmid:23952476 fatcat:olz2kzxo2fchpkuietigzrvbn4

A tagging system for section headings in a CEN standard on patient record

A R Mori, F Consorti, E Galeazzi
1998 Proceedings. AMIA Symposium  
CEN is developing a series of standards for transmission of patient records. We present here preliminary results to produce a standard on section headings in record systems.  ...  In fact, tags can be used to organize data within a record and allow for multiple views, without imposing a unique, fixed structure to the record.  ...  Work partially financed by the EU Project HC2018 GALEN-IN-USE. We are grateful to David Markwell and to members of CEN/TC251/PT27.  ... 
pmid:9929320 pmcid:PMC2232276 fatcat:loamqatq65cnlk63y2lmlqof3m

Survey of Interoperability in Electronic Health Records Management and Proposed Blockchain Based Framework: MyBlockEHR

Rahul G. Sonkamble, Shraddha P. Phansalkar, Vidyasagar M. Potdar, Anupkumar M. Bongale
2021 IEEE Access  
Interoperability in Electronic Health Records (EHR) is significant for the seamless sharing of information amongst different healthcare stakeholders.  ...  semantic interoperability?  ...  Smart contracts can be used to enforce the consent of the patients for updates [6] [13] [14] [18] [19] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3129284 fatcat:o4shlvvcmvfahkstrxvq3piq64

An Ontology-Based Electronic Medical Record for Chronic Disease Management

Ashraf Mohammed Iqbal, Michael Shepherd, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
2011 2011 44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank Dr. Michael Shepherd for supervising me towards my Masters Thesis.  ...  It would not be possible for me to complete my work without his proper guidance, support, encouragements and patience.  ...  An Electronic Medical Record (EMR) is the key component of a clinical information system to capture the longitudinal medical records of patients.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2011.61 dblp:conf/hicss/IqbalSA11 fatcat:sxerihvrlffxxnl7qughysn5aa

Med2Meta: Learning Representations of Medical Concepts with Meta-Embeddings [article]

Shaika Chowdhury, Chenwei Zhang, Philip S. Yu, Yuan Luo
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Distributed representations of medical concepts have been used to support downstream clinical tasks recently.  ...  Electronic Health Records (EHR) capture different aspects of patients' hospital encounters and serve as a rich source for augmenting clinical decision making by learning robust medical concept embeddings  ...  The projection to a common meta-embedding space would therefore lead to coherent enforcement of mutual and correlative information present in the embeddings.  ... 
arXiv:1912.03366v2 fatcat:pnsbi2nf3jh7tcyavu3lshpjvi

Integrating Clinical Trial Imaging Data Resources Using Service-Oriented Architecture and Grid Computing

Stefan Baumann El-Ghatta, Thierry Cladé, Joshua C. Snyder
2010 Neuroinformatics  
Clinical trials which use imaging typically require data management and workflow integration across several parties.  ...  We identify opportunities for all parties involved to realize benefits with a modular interoperability model based on service-oriented architecture and grid computing principles.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank David Tuch for his helpful comments and advice during the creation of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12021-010-9072-z pmid:20449775 pmcid:PMC2974907 fatcat:vqyyuz3g7veenmmzjs2ooaejgi

User-centered semantic harmonization: A case study

Chunhua Weng, John H. Gennari, Douglas B. Fridsma
2007 Journal of Biomedical Informatics  
Methods such as ontology alignment or use of metadata neither scale nor fundamentally alleviate semantic heterogeneity among information sources.  ...  clinical research from a variety of sources and modeling agreed-upon semantics shared by the technical harmonization committee and the developers of these models.  ...  The authors express their great appreciation to the two reviewers for their constructive and insightful review comments. The manuscript has benefited tremendously from the reviews.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2007.03.004 pmid:17452021 fatcat:toyojd6ggvgbbpl4zc3wgj2pwe

Governance of Autonomous Agents on the Web: Challenges and Opportunities [article]

Timotheus Kampik, Adnane Mansour, Olivier Boissier, Sabrina Kirrane, Julian Padget, Terry R. Payne, Munindar P. Singh, Valentina Tamma, Antoine Zimmermann
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Towards this end, this paper motivates the need for alignment and joint research across the Multiagent Systems, Semantic Web, and WoT communities, introduces a conceptual framework for governance of autonomous  ...  The study of autonomous agents has a long tradition in the Multiagent Systems and the Semantic Web communities, with applications ranging from automating business processes to personal assistants.  ...  Singh acknowledges support from the US National Science Foundation under grant IIS-1908374.  ... 
arXiv:2202.02574v1 fatcat:oto6ib442zawta3bneuqwayrhy

A Blockchain Framework for Managing and Monitoring Data in Multi-Site Clinical Trials [article]

Olivia Choudhury, Noor Fairoza, Issa Sylla, Amar Das
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To reduce the administrative burden, time, and effort of ensuring data integrity and privacy in multi-site trials, we propose a novel data management framework based on permissioned blockchain technology  ...  We show that our framework ensures enforcement of IRB-related regulatory requirements across multiple sites and stakeholders.  ...  To enforce data integrity and coherence across all sites, smart contract functions define and verify a set of criteria that must be met prior to data entry.  ... 
arXiv:1902.03975v1 fatcat:rg6ppgdohzfzfkmp5qit6x3w3m

Preface to Third Edition [chapter]

Philip Newell
2012 Recording Studio Design  
If achievements exceed aspirations, satisfaction is recorded as positive; if aspirations exceed achievements, there is dissatisfaction. There is no simple mechanism for comparison between dimensions.  ...  I should like to mention just two of these, which illustrate how this approach might be used to explain the resolution of syntactic ambiguities by use of semantic cues. L.  ...  But entropy is the logarithm of a probability; hence information, the negative of entropy, can be interpreted as the logarithm of the reciprocal of the probability the "improbability," so to speak.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-240-52240-1.05003-1 fatcat:cvk23mncevesrjghb6mvs3drku

Integrating reasoning and clinical archetypes using OWL ontologies and SWRL rules

Leonardo Lezcano, Miguel-Angel Sicilia, Carlos Rodríguez-Solano
2011 Journal of Biomedical Informatics  
Clinical archetypes, which are formal definitions of specific clinical concepts defined as specializations of a generic reference (information) model, provide a mechanism to express data structures in  ...  Semantic interoperability is essential to facilitate the computerized support for alerts, workflow management and evidence-based healthcare across heterogeneous electronic health record (EHR) systems.  ...  Section 5 subsequently reports on a method for attaching reusable clinical rules to the OWL representation of archetypes, providing examples that are useful for implementing patient safety mechanisms.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2010.11.005 pmid:21118725 fatcat:gjalew7rtzc4dn3s25rv4fys6q

The Development of a National Approach to CDA: Successes, Challenges and Lessons Learned in Australia

Williams PAH, Gaunt S, Grieve G, McCauley V, Leslie H
2012 European Journal for Biomedical Informatics  
This incorporates CDA into both the shared Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record and for document exchange point-to-point.  ...  Australia has been in the process of designing and implementing a national ehealth system for a number of years.  ...  It allows a method to use exible free text clinical notes whilst providing a structure to enable comparison of documents based on the underlying information model and semantic encoding by utilising standard  ... 
doi:10.24105/ejbi.2012.08.3.7 fatcat:xvfycocyf5f2ngmtbqgopdfnbm

Distributed cognition and knowledge-based controlled medical terminologies

J.J Cimino
1998 Artificial Intelligence in Medicine  
The knowledge they include is being used to support distributed cognition in two forms: complex medical decisions involving multiple people and applications, and coordination of maintenance of the terminologies  ...  Controlled medical terminologies (CMTs) are playing central roles in clinical information systems and medical knowledge resource applications.  ...  A somewhat different approach is to integrate DSSs directly with clinical systems such that relevant patient information is transferred to the DSS directly.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0933-3657(97)00048-1 pmid:9520222 fatcat:rutk4nmezrfflnivghcrsa42x4

DITrust Chain: Towards Blockchain-based Trust Models for Sustainable Healthcare IoT Systems

Eman M Abou-Nassar, Abdullah M. Iliyasu, Passent M El-Kafrawy, Oh-Young Song, Ali Kashif Bashir, Ahmed A. Abd El-Latif
2020 IEEE Access  
Whereas confidentiality, accessibility and reliability of medical data are accorded high premium in IoHT, semantic gaps and lack of appropriate assets or properties remain impediments to reliable information  ...  to solve fusion and integration issues are facilitated via different zones of the IoHT infrastructure.  ...  mechanisms to achieve data integration between two types of models.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2999468 fatcat:yavbtc2lpvh2dbtkdxp2lmhav4

Remote health care cyber-physical system: quality of service (QoS) challenges and opportunities

Tejal Shah, Ali Yavari, Karan Mitra, Saguna Saguna, Prem Prakash Jayaraman, Fethi Rabhi, Rajiv Ranjan
2016 IET Cyber-Physical Systems  
There is a growing emphasis to find alternative non-traditional ways to manage patients to ease the burden on health care services largely fuelled by a growing demand from sections of population that is  ...  Hadoop) and scalable infrastructure (e.g. clouds), there remains a significant gap in the areas of heterogeneous data collection, real-time patient monitoring, and automated decision support (semantic  ...  The aim is to integrate all relevant information for decision making: patient's environment and present condition (derived using semantic tagging of sensor data), background domain knowledge, and patient's  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-cps.2016.0023 fatcat:sir2fiwfjnbl3efgutzf3rn2yi
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