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Integrating fire spread patterns in fire modelling at landscape scale

Andrea Duane, Núria Aquilué, Assu Gil-Tena, Lluís Brotons
2016 Environmental Modelling & Software  
Here we present MedSpreadda model that evaluates the weights of five landscape factors in fire spread performance.  ...  Fire spread modelling in landscape fire succession models needs to improve to handle uncertainty under global change processes and the resulting impact on forest systems.  ...  difficult to model at landscape scale.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.10.001 fatcat:juq7zbws6vesnfe6zpnynw3lf4

Forest Fire Occurrence and Modeling in Southeastern Australia [chapter]

Shahriar Rahman, Hsing-Chung Chang, Christina Magill, Kerrie Tomkins, Warwick Hehir
2018 Forest Fire  
Two fire spread models, SPARK and Amicus, have been developed and facilitated fire spread mapping and modeling in Australia.  ...  Identification of occurrence patterns of large fires, fire mapping, determination of fire spreading mechanisms, and fire effect modeling are some of the best measures to plan and mitigate fire effects.  ...  LANDscape Succession Model (LANDSUM) is a spatiallyexplicit stochastic simulation model which has been used to understand fire occurrence and fire spreading at local and regional scale [48] .  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.76072 fatcat:w2d3s2tstzbprkf5aolxrizts4

SPATIAL CONTROLS OF OCCURRENCE AND SPREAD OF WILDFIRES IN THE MISSOURI OZARK HIGHLANDS

Jian Yang, Hong S. He, Stephen R. Shifley
2008 Ecological Applications  
The application of spatial point pattern data analysis would also be valuable to researchers working on landscape forest fire models to integrate historical ignition location patterns in fire simulation  ...  Spatial point pattern analysis and landscape succession fire model (LANDIS) were used to create maps to show the contrast.  ...  We are grateful to Margaret Olson of the Mark Twain National Forest for providing compiled fire occurrence and burned patches GIs data.  ... 
doi:10.1890/07-0825.1 pmid:18686582 fatcat:eaemwtjayrg4biyhgvoybznsom

Development at the wildland urban interface and the mitigation of forest-fire risk

V. Spyratos, P. S. Bourgeron, M. Ghil
2007 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Many actual fire landscapes in the United States appear to have spreading properties close to this transition.  ...  Moreover, our results highlight ways for regulation at this interface to help mitigate fire risk. fire-spread model ͉ percolation theory ͉ regime diagram ͉ regulatory policy ͉ threshold behavior  ...  No model so far takes into consideration the direct influence of houses on fire spread at the landscape scale.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.0704488104 pmid:17717082 pmcid:PMC1950891 fatcat:hvnei2xxvfhrzl5dyjvxgpwnw4

SPATIALLY EXPLICIT AND STOCHASTIC SIMULATION OF FOREST-LANDSCAPE FIRE DISTURBANCE AND SUCCESSION

Hong S. He, David J. Mladenoff
1999 Ecology  
Landscape simulation models offer an approach to studying such systems at broad scales. Fire can be simulated spatially using mechanistic or stochastic approaches.  ...  Influence of adjacent land types is shown as fires spread across land type boundaries, although modified in spread and severity.  ...  This work was funded in part through a cooperative agreement with the USDA Forest Service Northern Global Change Program.  ... 
doi:10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[0081:seasso]2.0.co;2 fatcat:r52an3lwybbkle75r63shmdwry

Spatially Explicit and Stochastic Simulation of Forest-Landscape Fire Disturbance and Succession

Hong S. He, David J. Mladenoff
1999 Ecology  
Landscape simulation models offer an approach to studying such systems at broad scales. Fire can be simulated spatially using mechanistic or stochastic approaches.  ...  Influence of adjacent land types is shown as fires spread across land type boundaries, although modified in spread and severity.  ...  This work was funded in part through a cooperative agreement with the USDA Forest Service Northern Global Change Program.  ... 
doi:10.2307/176981 fatcat:4564phjsdbeldljcmf2wwjj3i4

A classification of landscape fire succession models: spatial simulations of fire and vegetation dynamics

Robert E Keane, Geoffrey J Cary, Ian D Davies, Michael D Flannigan, Robert H Gardner, Sandra Lavorel, James M Lenihan, Chao Li, T.Scott Rupp
2004 Ecological Modelling  
A classification of spatial simulation models of fire and vegetation dynamics (landscape fire succession models or LFSMs) is presented.  ...  The classification was developed to provide a foundation for comparing models and to help identify the appropriate fire and vegetation processes and their simulation to include in coarse scale dynamic  ...  Acknowledgements This work was partially conducted as part of the Landscape Fires working group supported by the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS), a Center funded by the National  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2004.03.015 fatcat:buw37645yvawnahz3h5yzt5jum

Landscape heterogeneity and fire behavior: scale-dependent feedback between fire and grazing processes

Jay D. Kerby, Samuel D. Fuhlendorf, David M. Engle
2006 Landscape Ecology  
Our landscape fire simulation supports the supposition that feedbacks between landscape patterns and ecological processes are scale-dependent, in this case spatial scale of fuel loading altering fire spread  ...  Fire spread was simulated through each model landscape from 80 independent, randomly located ignition points.  ...  Funding was provided through a grant by the Joint Fire Sciences Program (Grant #201814G905) and by the Oklahoma Agricultural  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10980-006-9039-5 fatcat:xagu4a2iang5dil7ub5xweqw54

Studying the effects of fuel treatment based on burn probability on a boreal forest landscape

Zhihua Liu, Jian Yang, Hong S. He
2013 Journal of Environmental Management  
In this study, we used a spatially explicit simulation model (LANDIS) to conduct wildfire risk assessments and optimize the placement of fuel treatments at the landscape scale.  ...  We then prioritized landscape-scale fuel treatment based on maps of burn probability and fuel loads (calculated from the interactions among tree composition, stand age, and disturbance history), and compared  ...  LANDIS model and its parameterization Landscape-scale fuel treatment and its evaluation required a spatially explicit modeling of succession, spatially varied ignition patterns, mechanistic fire spread  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.11.004 pmid:23246764 fatcat:pj7vi726djhtnjvtls4atmdcc4

Page 514 of The Journal of Applied Ecology Vol. 36, Issue 4 [page]

1999 The Journal of Applied Ecology  
However, it should be re-iter¬ ated that the model as presented here was not designed as an in situ fire management tool, but rather it used time- and space-dependent spread parameters to determine the  ...  Turner etal. (1987) and Turner & Dale (1991) have used simple percolation models in binary (flammable vs. non-flammable) landscapes to explore the spread of contagious dis¬ turbances such as fire in spatially  ... 

Application of simulation modeling for wildfire risk assessment and management [chapter]

Michele Salis, Alan A. Ager, Mark A. Finney, Fermin Alcasena Urdiroz, Bachisio Arca, Olga Muñoz Lozano, Paul Santoni, Donatella Spano
2014 Advances in forest fire research  
The inherent complexity of risk management and fuel treatment planning has led to a rapid increase in the application of fire spread and behavior modeling software for both research and operational applications  ...  that influence landscape wildfire spread, while the latter does not.  ...  To analyze uncertainty associated with wildfire events in terms of timing, location, rate of spread, intensity, and duration, simulation of thousands fires at landscape scales are commonly performed.  ... 
doi:10.14195/978-989-26-0884-6_181 fatcat:2fjwlm5dzfbzlffx6ewe7fre7y

A landscape model of variable social-ecological fire regimes

Robert Scheller, Alec Kretchun, Todd J. Hawbaker, Paul D. Henne
2019 Ecological Modelling  
Unlike fire ignition and spread, empirical data of fire intensity are not available at the regional scale.  ...  These approaches to modeling ignition and fire spread are designed for landscape scales and interact with vegetation patterns, fuel loads, topography, and weather, but do not directly incorporate vegetation  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2019.03.022 fatcat:urb7pxsx7zgkfdyr4nxoda7rti

Toward a Theory of Landscape Fire [chapter]

Donald McKenzie, Carol Miller, Donald A. Falk
2010 Ecological Studies  
In the case of fire, the mechanisms for this pattern-process dynamic are reasonably well understood at the fine scales for which fire behavior models were built (Johnson and Miyanishi 2001; Linn et al  ...  How much of the landscape needs to be "treated" (in ERS terms, the spatial pattern of PE altered) to reduce the spread and growth of a fire? There are also temporal-scaling issues.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-0301-8_1 fatcat:oaqjhuy4uvel7pw6oj7cqljsrm

Comparison of the Sensitivity of Landscape-fire-succession Models to Variation in Terrain, Fuel Pattern, Climate and Weather

Geoffrey J. Cary, Robert E. Keane, Robert H. Gardner, Sandra Lavorel, Mike D. Flannigan, Ian D. Davies, Chao Li, James M. Lenihan, T. Scott Rupp, Florent Mouillot
2006 Landscape Ecology  
The models that represented fire ignition and spread in a relatively complex fashion were more sensitive to changes in all four factors because they explicitly simulate the processes that link these factors  ...  & drier) and weather (year-to-year variability) was determined for four existing landscape-fire-succession models (EMBYR, FIRESCAPE, LANDSUM and SEM-LAND) and a new model implemented in the LAMOS modelling  ...  Acknowledgements This work was partially conducted as part of the Landscape Fires working group supported by the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, a Center funded by the National Science  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10980-005-7302-9 fatcat:d2sjiqolzndttfboysz2hpfqbm

Forest landscape models: Definitions, characterization, and classification

Hong S. He
2008 Forest Ecology and Management  
Previous model classification efforts have led to a broad group of models from site-scale (non-spatial) gap models to continental-scale biogeographical models due to a lack of definition of landscape models  ...  This paper provides definitions of key terminologies commonly used in forest landscape modeling to classify forest landscape models.  ...  Discussions with Yang Jian were helpful in writing this paper. I thank Louis Iverson, Robert Keane, and two anonymous reviewers for their suggestions that greatly improved this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.08.022 fatcat:bykci7viuzcsnkfajzgkhrdxau
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