Filters








381 Hits in 6.3 sec

Integrating Domain Knowledge in AI-Assisted Criminal Sentencing of Drug Trafficking Cases [chapter]

Tien-Hsuan Wu, Ben Kao, Anne S.Y. Cheung, Michael M.K. Cheung, Chen Wang, Yongxi Chen, Guowen Yuan, Reynold Cheng
2020 Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications  
We study the applicability of machine learning (ML) techniques in predicting prison terms of drug trafficking cases.  ...  In particular, we study how legal domain knowledge can be integrated with ML models to construct highly accurate predictors.  ...  Second, the sentencing of drug trafficking cases generally follows guidelines established in "tariff cases".  ... 
doi:10.3233/faia200861 fatcat:gpiarkqdcbephhmzkd3zyvlldi

ANITA's text analysis services for fighting online illegal trafficking of drugs, weapons and false charity claims: A lateral thinking approach

Vincenzo Masucci, Jacopo Colombo, Ciro Caterino, Filippo Nardelli
2021 Nauka bezbednost policija  
Is the case of accessories for weapons such as sights for rifles or glass vessels used to produce the drugs themselves?  ...  The particularity of the work carried out in the ANITA project is to adopt a lateral thinking approach and the supervised generation of knowledge from the analysed contents.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The work presented in this paper was supported by the European Commission under contract H2020-787061 ANITA Advanced tools for fighting oNline Illegal TrAfficking.  ... 
doi:10.5937/nabepo26-33849 fatcat:enn3j2ywzvg2nio6zpzjqzsola

Predictive Policing for Public Safety and Security Using AI

N Lakshminarayan, Mahaan Krishna, J M Sree Vishnu
2018 Zenodo  
As neural networks are increasingly utilized to capture and process data, we look at the benefits and dangers of future AI systems used in policing and security.  ...  Life using AI becomes more prevalent in the next few decades. Keeping people safe could be the major challenge in coming days.  ...  Organized crimes such as drug trafficking, gang violence and serial robberies requires the creation and maintenance of various relationships.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1403620 fatcat:jsd2yy7ezrczlccpptvnuta7tq

Fighting cybercrime: a review and the Taiwan experience

Wingyan Chung, Hsinchun Chen, Weiping Chang, Shihchieh Chou
2006 Decision Support Systems  
We focus on a case study of fighting cybercrime in Taiwan and discuss problems faced. Finally, we propose several recommendations to advance the work of fighting cybercrime. D  ...  In this paper, we define different types of cybercrime and review previous research and current status of fighting cybercrime in different countries that rely on legal, organizational, and technological  ...  Technological approach In 2003, the Criminal Investigation Bureau, the main task force fighting against cybercrime, set up the Criminal Knowledge Base System (CKBS) that integrates heterogeneous data from  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dss.2004.06.006 fatcat:vkq4niiikzh3lf2pnh22vdrmkm

Artificial Intelligence Crime: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Foreseeable Threats and Solutions

Thomas C. King, Nikita Aggarwal, Mariarosaria Taddeo, Luciano Floridi
2019 Science and Engineering Ethics  
However, one unintended consequence of the recent surge in AI research is the potential re-orientation of AI technologies to facilitate criminal acts, term in this article AI-Crime (AIC).  ...  AIC is theoretically feasible thanks to published experiments in automating fraud targeted at social media users, as well as demonstrations of AI-driven manipulation of simulated markets.  ...  , and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11948-018-00081-0 pmid:30767109 fatcat:5em6uekrarfrlpqyjfpdcuzuom

The Tenuous Relationship Between the Fight Against Money Laundering and the Disruption of Criminal Finance

Mariano-Florentino Cuellar
2002 Social Science Research Network  
In the process, the fight is supposed to undermine the process of financing and profiting from crimes ranging from drug trafficking to terrorism. Yet this fight delivers less than what it promises.  ...  The fight against money laundering is supposed to disrupt laundering in its various forms-especially what is done by third party launderers and leaders of criminal organizations.  ...  in the prosecution of drug traffickers.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.354740 fatcat:2cei5cctirhphlrvxxfuojnble

The Tenuous Relationship Between the Fight Against Money Laundering and the Disruption of Criminal Finance

Mariano-Florentino Cuellar
2003 Social Science Research Network  
In the process, the fight is supposed to undermine the process of financing and profiting from crimes ranging from drug trafficking to terrorism. Yet this fight delivers less than what it promises.  ...  The fight against money laundering is supposed to disrupt laundering in its various forms-especially what is done by third party launderers and leaders of criminal organizations.  ...  in the prosecution of drug traffickers.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.445000 fatcat:ydyrgjz6ybh27jobgerpip7xze

Adjusting to COVID-19 under the English Criminal Justice System

Rudi Fortson
2021 eucrim – The European Criminal Law Associations Forum  
They can be easily accessed by clicking on the underlined text in the online version of the journal.  ...  Legal effects of COVID-19 The Associations for European Criminal Law and the Protection of Financial Interests of the EU is a network of academics and practitioners.  ...  case of knowledge deficits.  ... 
doi:10.30709/eucrim-2021-017 fatcat:omnp735fevaknhoxpz4bln4zyy

Harmonization of Procedural Safeguards of Suspected and Accused Persons : State of the Matter in Spain

Félix Valbuena González
2020 eucrim – The European Criminal Law Associations Forum  
(CR) Anti-Drug Trafficking Results 2019 In 2019, Eurojust and the EU Member States tackled illicit drug trafficking worth over € 2.8 billion.  ...  and utility of AI systems, which cannot remain in a purely technical domain.  ...  ; (b) in the case of minor offences, the person against whom the criminal proceedings are directed has exercised his or her right to be assisted by a lawyer and it is so agreed by the court or tribunal  ... 
doi:10.30709/eucrim-2020-005 fatcat:jrisgw2vwzbshbye7jjz3cw3qm

Sequence Generation Network Based on Hierarchical Attention for Multi-Charge Prediction

Kongfan Zhu, Baosen Ma, Tianhuan Huang, Zeqiang Li, Haoyang Ma, Yujun Li
2020 IEEE Access  
a vital role in the judgment of criminal cases.  ...  The application of multi-label text classification in charge prediction aims at forecasting all kinds of charges related to the content of judgment documents according to the actual situation, which plays  ...  CJO consists of criminal cases published by the Chinese government from China Judgement Online 1 and CAIL is another criminal case dataset of ''Chinese AI and Law Challenge''. 2 We selected 148,841 pieces  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2998486 fatcat:5j3ghgoaxfaupmdg522yifaafy

Ethnography Inside: Female Imprisonment, "Prison Pain" and the Criminalization of the Acehnese in Indonesia

Silvia Vignato
2020 Antropologia  
In 2011, my former research-assistant in Aceh, Indonesia, was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for drug dealing.  ...  Conversely, I shall underline how such individualization of suffering also leads to obliterate the political weight of female criminal sentencing in a post-conflict, post-disaster social environment.  ...  I have finally related the story of my relationship with my former assistant after she was imprisoned and underlined how her becoming a drug-criminal, in my view, is strongly enmeshed into her growth in  ... 
doi:10.14672/ada20201691175-200 doaj:ad43842124284cc28e276e09b4cb2df2 fatcat:dkbkgyy4enh7jfmgleq6eejw4y

Intelligence and Security Informatics for Homeland Security: Information, Communication, and Transportation

H. Chen, F.-Y. Wang, D. Zeng
2004 IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print)  
He serves on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Database Management and International Journal of Intelligent Information Technologies.  ...  integrate transportation research and information technologies.  ...  First, we randomly chose 50 people from a combined list of wanted suspects and known drug traffickers. We only selected people that appear in both TPD and PCSD records.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tits.2004.837824 fatcat:rsufnsdx2ragtb5izqibloybse

Promoting Ethical Awareness in Communication Analysis: Investigating Potentials and Limits of Visual Analytics for Intelligence Applications [article]

Maximilian T. Fischer, Simon David Hirsbrunner, Wolfgang Jentner, Matthias Miller, Daniel A. Keim, Paula Helm
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Intelligence analysis of communications data in investigative journalism, criminal intelligence, and law present particularly interesting cases, as they must take into account the often highly sensitive  ...  We introduce, at first, the common technological systems used in communication analysis, further discussing the domain-specific ethical implications, tensions, and risks involved.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors acknowledge the financial support by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany (BMBF) in the framework of PEGASUS under the program "Forschung für die zivile  ... 
arXiv:2203.09859v1 fatcat:xvn5zxix25al7i6u23n4d7zvmm

A 20-Year Community Roadmap for Artificial Intelligence Research in the US [article]

Yolanda Gil, Bart Selman
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Decades of research in artificial intelligence (AI) have produced formidable technologies that are providing immense benefit to industry, government, and society.  ...  The deployment of AI systems has not only created a trillion-dollar industry that is projected to quadruple in three years, but has also exposed the need to make AI systems fair, explainable, trustworthy  ...  Today's AI systems perform acceptably in low-stakes domains, but that level of performance can be unacceptable in high-stakes environments such as medical diagnosis, robotics, loan approvals, and criminal  ... 
arXiv:1908.02624v1 fatcat:jza6i2tzufgeracsou77qukbu4

American Indian methamphetamine and other drug use in the Southwestern United States

Alyssa A. Forcehimes, Kamilla L. Venner, Michael P. Bogenschutz, Kevin Foley, Meredith P. Davis, Jon M. Houck, Ericke L. Willie, Peter Begaye
2011 Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology  
Background-To investigate the extent of methamphetamine and other drug use among American Indians (AI) in the Four Corners region, we developed collaborations with Southwestern tribal entities and treatment  ...  We collected and analyzed self-reported drug use data from 300 AI clients/relatives who completed the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) in the context of treatment at three diverse addiction treatment programs  ...  We are grateful for the support of the Navajo Nation Human Research Review Board.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0025431 pmid:21988577 pmcid:PMC3415471 fatcat:tl5oqmfpnrcs5k2ihickw4gzlq
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 381 results