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A conceptual model for assessing rainfall and vegetation trends in sub-Saharan Africa from satellite data

A. Hoscilo, H. Balzter, E. Bartholomé, M. Boschetti, P. A. Brivio, A. Brink, M. Clerici, J. F. Pekel
2014 International Journal of Climatology  
Policymakers, governments and aid agencies require operational environmental monitoring in support of evidence-based policy-making and resource deployment in crisis situations.  ...  (human land use or ecological disturbance) changes.  ...  information used for integration of environmental concerns.  ... 
doi:10.1002/joc.4231 fatcat:l2w7mibqx5frpbsggqz2zleo74

Simulating the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Varietal Diversity in Mali (West-Africa) Using Agent-Based Modeling Approach

Mahamadou Belem, Didier Bazile, Harouna Coulibaly
2018 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
This paper presents a generic, agent-based model that simulates the dynamics of crop varietal diversity at the village level in Mali under di erent socio-economic, environmental and policy scenarios.  ...  The model is designed to integrate social, economic, environmental, and policy factors . A participatory approach with scientists, farmers and policy makers has been implemented to achieve this goal.  ...  Development (CIRAD, France), and all of the farmers, researchers and stakeholders who took part in the various modeling sessions in Mali and France.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.3690 fatcat:y6qdct6nbvgy3nhetk3rnwmlvq

Development of an integrated generic model for multi-scale assessment of the impacts of agro-ecosystems on major ecosystem services in West Africa

Mahamadou Belem, Mehdi Saqalli
2017 Journal of Environmental Management  
This paper presents an integrated model assessing the impacts of climate change, agro-ecosystem and demographic transition patterns on major ecosystem services in West-Africa along a partial overview of  ...  The resulting Model for West-Africa Agro-Ecosystem Integrated Assessment (MOWASIA) is ecologically generic, meaning it is designed for all sudano-sahelian environments but may then be used as an experimentation  ...  Acknowledgments This work was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through the West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.07.018 pmid:28728002 fatcat:aozwrm5tj5dnxpfumv4hdvadja

Environmental Sustainability: The Ecological Footprint in West Africa

Sandra T. Marquart-Pyatt
2015 Human Ecology Review  
Effective and suitable environmental policies are needed in order to address the policy gap as well as reduce the EF level to the balance point by appropriate executive activities covering the implementation  ...  It is a resource accounting tool which could be applied in environmental planning and management focusing on natural resource consumption.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We are grateful to the Global Footprint Network, especially the members of the research team, who have played a major role in gaining a better understanding of the EF concept as well as  ... 
doi:10.22459/her.22.01.2015.05 fatcat:wvczkvyyifa2bl6ico64xrbchi

Integrating Land Change Science and Savanna Fire Models in West Africa

Paul Laris
2013 Land  
Fire is a key component of many land use systems and a determinant of land change.  ...  There is a growing concern that climate change will cause more catastrophic fires, but in many areas the impacts will be mediated by human land use practices.  ...  Acknowledgements The Author would like to thank the National Geographic Society which provided funding for parts of this research.  ... 
doi:10.3390/land2040609 fatcat:ylyyummwabgkvphqppegfwahvu

The impact of agricultural research: evidence from West Africa

Niels Röling
2010 Development in Practice  
systems should be designed in a framework of co-construction, co-execution and co-evaluation.  ...  An effective innovative agricultural policy would demand the initial acknowledgment that a break from the past is necessary to 'produce more and better' in Africa and that successful agricultural research  ...  There are many reports of NERICA's positive impact on farmers' livelihood across SSA, from Guinea in West Africa to Uganda in East Africa.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09614524.2010.513724 fatcat:dqdtkcqma5fh5d4qxgppdz7kpi

Assessing Impacts of Land Use Changes on the Hydrology of a Lowland Rainforest Catchment in Ghana, West Africa

Michael Aduah, Graham Jewitt, Michele Toucher
2017 Water  
Impact assessments of actual and potential land use (LU) changes on hydrology are vital in land use planning, which is a prerequisite for effective water resources management.  ...  In this study, impacts of actual, as well as potential, LU changes on the hydrology of the Bonsa catchment (1482 km 2 ), Ghana, West Africa, were assessed using the Agricultural Catchments Research Unit  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors wish to thank the University of KwaZulu Natal (UKZN) for the financial support to publish this paper and the anonymous reviewers for their comments.  ... 
doi:10.3390/w10010009 fatcat:zlqvy5wbqbaexa4y5k467eh2ra

Potential impact of climate and socioeconomic changes on future agricultural land use in West Africa

Kazi Farzan Ahmed, Guiling Wang, Liangzhi You, Miao Yu
2016 Earth System Dynamics  
In this study, we compare the contributions of climate change and socioeconomic development to potential future changes of agricultural land use in West Africa using a prototype land use projection (LandPro  ...  demand is projected using a model for policy analysis of agricultural commodities and trade.  ...  Using integrated assessment models (IAMs) is another approach to combine the socioeconomic aspects and the climatic systems into a same analytical framework.  ... 
doi:10.5194/esd-7-151-2016 fatcat:abojqbdsabhd5mdcjvuzozbwmy

Selective Adoption: How Port Authorities in Europe and West Africa Engage with the Globalizing 'Green Port' Idea

Eric Tamatey Lawer, Johannes Herbeck, Michael Flitner
2019 Sustainability  
By engaging with the expanding literature on policy mobilities and drawing on empirical information collected through interviews with port officials from four ports in Europe and West Africa, we argue  ...  The scholarly debate on 'green ports' since it emerged in the policy discourse of international maritime organizations has largely focused on exploring the economic benefits associated with implementing  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su11185119 fatcat:56oklam5qfc7vljx3c4aletrla

Integrated Flood Risk Assessment of Rural Communities in the Oti River Basin, West Africa

Kossi Komi, Barnabas Amisigo, Bernd Diekkrüger
2016 Hydrology  
This study performs an integrated flood risk assessment for rural communities of the Oti River Basin in Togo, West Africa.  ...  Flood damage in West Africa has increased appreciably during the last two decades.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Abbreviations The following abbreviations are used in this manuscript:  ... 
doi:10.3390/hydrology3040042 fatcat:vn7ru7lvyvdtzfho74iibbhp24

Agricultural productivity in relation to climate and cropland management in West Africa

Altaaf Mechiche-Alami, Abdulhakim M. Abdi
2020 Scientific Reports  
Here, we attempt to discriminate between the impacts of climate and other factors (e.g. land management/degradation) on crop production across West Africa using satellite remote sensing.  ...  Using the combination of a an attribution framework and residual trend anlaysis, we discriminate between climate and other impacts on crop productivity.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to LUCID, a Linnaeus Centre of Excellence at Lund University funded by the Swedish Research Council Formas (Grant 259-2008-1718), and the Swedish Research Council (Grant  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-59943-y pmid:32098992 fatcat:a5g23mpuxrhebkmr5ixystx2jm

System dynamic modelling of electricity planning and climate change in West Africa

Abiodun S. Momodu, Lucy Kivuti-Bitok
2018 AAS Open Research  
This article demonstrates the use of System Dynamics Modelling (SDM) for that purpose; to manage the development of energy growth with reduced impact in regards to climate change.  ...  was used to develop the model.  ...  A third study 21 assesses "extreme temperatures and heat waves impacts on electricity consumption in some cities in West-Africa".  ... 
doi:10.12688/aasopenres.12852.1 fatcat:m7x35jj3sbczxifobl2alaxkei

System dynamic modelling of electricity planning and climate change in West Africa

Abiodun S. Momodu, Lucy Kivuti-Bitok
2018 AAS Open Research  
This article demonstrates the use of System Dynamics Modelling (SDM) for that purpose; to manage the development of energy growth with reduced impact in regards to climate change.  ...  Methods: Vensim DSS version 6.2 was used to develop the model.  ...  A third study 22 assesses "extreme temperatures and heat waves impacts on electricity consumption in some cities in West-Africa".  ... 
doi:10.12688/aasopenres.12852.2 fatcat:gqioavrnyzehbbcuesw2tgh43e

Future Climate Change Impacts on Streamflows of Two Main West Africa River Basins: Senegal and Gambia

Ansoumana Bodian, Alain Dezetter, Lamine Diop, Abdoulaye Deme, Koffi Djaman, Aliou Diop
2018 Hydrology  
This research investigated the effect of climate change on the two main river basins of Senegal in West Africa: the Senegal and Gambia River Basins.  ...  Once the model was calibrated and validated, we simulated streamflow at Bafing Makana and Mako stations in the near future at a daily scale.  ...  Climate Models (RCM) forced by GCM outputs in the West Africa region with a spatial resolution of 50 km.  ... 
doi:10.3390/hydrology5010021 fatcat:4aza7i75ing2ldbtxwfnq6mkha

Regional Assessment of the Food Security Situation in West Africa with GIS

E. C. Merem, Y. Twumasi, J. Wesley, M. Alsarari, S. Fageir, M. Crisler, C. Romorno, D. Olagbegi, A. Hines, G. S. Ochai, E. Nwagboso, S. Leggett (+3 others)
2019 Food and Public Health  
At the same time, there exists limited use of mix scale tools of GIS and descriptive statistics in gauging food security and agricultural activities in West Africa.  ...  In the case of West Africa known for its abundance of natural and human resources, farming not only represents approximately over a third of the region's wealth and more than half of the work force, but  ...  This model ushered in a path towards self-sufficiency through greater outputs in farm operations vital for the citizens of West Africa.  ... 
doi:10.5923/j.fph.20190902.04 fatcat:3zvklsqp6nbbljm6cvwmjqxfbq
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