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Integrated correction of ill-formed sentences [chapter]

Kyongho Min, William H. Wilson
1997 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper describes a system that performs hierarchical error recovery, and detects and corrects a single error in a sentence at the lexical, syntactic, and/or semantic levels.  ...  in a local tree, and, at the semantic level, the distance between the semantic form containing the error, and normal act templates.  ...  This paper focuses on the automatic correction of ill-formed sentences by a method that integrates information from three levels (lexical, syntactic, and semantic).  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-63797-4_90 fatcat:sgwdzgxvdfd23ongcwjfnbf2na

Integrated control of chart items for error repair

Kyongho Min, William H. Wilson
1998 Proceedings of the 36th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
The system employs a parser for well-formed sentences and a second parser for repairing single error sentences.  ...  The system is composed of four subsystems: for lexical, syntactic, surface case, and semantic processing. The subsystems are controlled by an integrated-agenda system.  ...  This paper describes the automatic correction of ill-formed sentences by using integrated information from three levels (lexical, syntactic, and semantic).  ... 
doi:10.3115/980691.980711 dblp:conf/acl/MinW98 fatcat:fxhavkdk7fgwposp4d6t53mv6m

Transfer from free-recall pair learning to free-recall sentence learning

James H. Crouse
1969 Psychonomic Science  
The sentence list was presented in exactly the same manner as List land the Ss now were told that for a sentence to be correct the three words had to be given in correct order.  ...  Martin, 1965), then sentence learning will be fastest when the list I pairs form an A-B, A-B transfer paradigm with the words from the corresponding sequences of the sentences, learning will be intermediate  ...  The manner in which the sequences are used to integrate the sentences during Task 2 may be quite complex.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03336268 fatcat:ma2xumeva5df5lk6fi6o3gm5yy

Parsing Ill-Formed Text Using an Error Grammar

Jennifer Foster, Carl Vogel
2004 Artificial Intelligence Review  
An error grammar is derived from a conventional grammar on the basis of an analysis of a corpus of observed ill-formed sentences.  ...  The approach is based on the concept of an error grammar which is a grammar of ungrammatical sentences.  ...  The increase in number of parses for the set of ill-formed sentences is expected, since the robust recovery algorithm is essentially proposing ways of correcting an ill-formed sentence, and each correction  ... 
doi:10.1023/b:aire.0000036259.68818.1e fatcat:2ekkshx4gjfwlct7swknr7edfy

Page 254 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 25, Issue 2 [page]

1999 Computational Linguistics  
A more serious limitation of this approach is that it fails to parse ill-formed and extragrammatical strings such as those encountered in spoken utterances and unre- stricted texts.  ...  Thus the parsing speedup gained by this integration is a factor of about 30.  ... 

Performance Improvement of Drug Effects Extraction System from Japanese Blogs

Shiho Kitajima, Rafal Rzepka, Kenji Araki
2013 2013 IEEE Seventh International Conference on Semantic Computing  
As the first step, the purpose of this paper is to extract descriptions of the effects caused by taking drugs as a triplet of expressions -drug name, object of change, and its effect -from illness survival  ...  Information disclosed to the public by patients is very important for people who are suffering from same illness because such information can be a source of knowledge and encouragement.  ...  The number of correct triplets that could not be extracted by the combined system was only 1. This demonstrated that an integrated approach is effective in raising recall.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsc.2013.71 dblp:conf/semco/KitajimaRA13 fatcat:sbji4zn2unhirfhjwz3bfu7j5e

An Intelligent Computer Assisted Language Learning System for Arabic Learners

Khaled F Shaalan 1
2005 Computer Assisted Language Learning  
Furthermore, we propose a mechanism of correction by the learner which allows the learner to correct the typed sentence independently, and allows the learner to realise that what the error is.  ...  The learners are encouraged to produce sentences freely in various situations and contexts and guided to recognise by themselves the erroneous or inappropriate functions of their misused expressions.  ...  Both the well-and ill-formed structure of the input sentence can be recognised. The learner should be allowed to correct the typed sentence independently.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09588220500132399 fatcat:27bsnur6zzhr5d5yv6g4qolxh4

Semantic and syntactic processing in Chinese sentence comprehension: Evidence from event-related potentials

Zheng Ye, Yue-jia Luo, Angela D. Friederici, Xiaolin Zhou
2006 Brain Research  
Participants were auditorily presented with Chinese ba sentences, which were either correct, semantically incorrect, syntactically incorrect, or both semantically and syntactically incorrect.  ...  The broadly distributed negativity, which occurred during the N400 latency range observed in the three violation conditions, is thought to reflect thematic integration processes in the sentence-final position  ...  Acknowledgments This study was supported by grants from China National Pandeng Program (95-special-09), Ministry of Science and Technology (2002CCA01000), and Ministry of Education (01002, 02170), Chinese  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2005.11.085 pmid:16412999 fatcat:ixirqg7q6jhy7oa2rkbqbbfg6u

Interactive Vocabulary Acquisition in XTRA

Cheng-ming Guo
1987 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
The emphasis of this paper is on the use of semantic preference violations in the detection of the need to learn new word senses.  ...  Two types of learning are discussed, word learning and word sense learning. Each type of learning undergoes three routine processes: detection, acquisition, and evaluation.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS My deep appreciation is due to all members of our natural language processing group, particularly to Xiuming Huang, Dan Fass, ana Yorick Wilks, for their encouragement, advice and help  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/Guo87 fatcat:ftg2f4liznhtzeugz5fydtavye

Triple Stigma: Persons with Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Problems in the Criminal Justice System

Stephanie Hartwell
2004 Criminal Justice Policy Review  
The dually diagnosed are more likely to be serving sentences related to their substance use, to be homeless and violate probation after release, and recidivate to correctional custody.  ...  For this analysis, basic comparisons are made across mentally ill individuals involved with the criminal justice system and the dually diagnosed portion of the population and an analysis of the current  ...  and felony sentences, the program did not implement the Substance Abuse Index form until after the 1st full year of program operation. 3 To date, only 47% of the expected forms are complete. 4 Therefore  ... 
doi:10.1177/0887403403255064 fatcat:rjwrccnktne5dlrsyzkbzlj4wi

Sentence at Department of Corrections

Richard Horton
1995 The Lancet  
Vivien Choo Sentence at Department of Corrections We have received the following perplexing letter.  ...  , and none of the empirical : claims was correct.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(95)91344-0 fatcat:c6oi373winf5zpc6prs4lvixyy

Transforming Spontaneous Telegraphic Language to Well-Formed Greek Sentences for Alternative and Augmentative Communication [chapter]

Georgios Karberis, Georgios Kouroupetroglou
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We first describe the general architecture of the system that accepts compressed, incomplete, grammatically and syntactically ill-formed text and produces a correct full sentence.  ...  To be accepted by the communication partner, the output should be a correct oral sentence of a natural language.  ...  Part of the work reported in this paper was carried out within the framework of the AENEAS project (contract 98AMEA19), funded by the EPET II Programme of the Greek General Secretariat for Research and  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-46014-4_15 fatcat:tkpmhe7xsfapto4mgv55oaqgae

Neural mechanisms underlying word- and phrase-level morphological parsing

Alina Leminen, Sini Jakonen, Miika Leminen, Jyrki P. Mäkelä, Minna Lehtonen
2016 Journal of Neurolinguistics  
The experimental conditions included 1) well-formed grammatical sentences (correct condition), 2) sentences containing morphosyntactic violations (adjectiveenoun number agreement violations), 3) morphological  ...  Here, electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) responses were recorded simultaneously during silent reading of Finnish sentences.  ...  last authors; a KONE foundation project grant to the first author, as well as an Emil Aaltonen Foundation project grant and University of Helsinki 3-year grants to the last author.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jneuroling.2015.10.003 fatcat:noxuvvjywfav7okrxju44uy3tu

Exploring the use of online machine translation for independent language learning

Ana Niño
2020 Research in Learning Technology  
Google Translate has been widely listed as an independent language learning (ILL) resource and we cannot deny its role for ongoing education.  ...  The free availability of online machine translation (OMT) on the Internet via computers, tablets and smartphones makes it convenient for use by language students of all levels.  ...  integration of OMT in the language class, the use of OMT as a form of ILL, OMT and academic dishonesty, translation evaluation, the most and least useful OMT features and some alternatives to avoid too  ... 
doi:10.25304/rlt.v28.2402 fatcat:v3k6ax7ln5h6tar4y4e5viywcm

Page 275 of Dsh Abstracts Vol. 10, Issue 3 [page]

1970 Dsh Abstracts  
But fewer errors were made when the correct answer was the agent of the verb. This might have been the effect of a specific ques- tion form.—Author SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT 1264. ARNOLD, R. D.  ...  The verb was SPEECH 275 seen to be closely related to the grammatical subject of the sentence, which is to be ex- pected if the sentences were not being trans- formed.  ... 
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