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Exploring Agency in Capstone Design Problem Framing

Vanessa Svihla, Tryphenia Peele-Eady, Amber Gallup
2021 Studies in Engineering Education  
Purpose: Framing agency—defined as making decisions that are consequential to framing design problems and learning through this process—sheds light on students' treatment of design problems; by framing  ...  Because of prior experience solving well-structured problems that have single, correct answers, students often struggle to direct their own design work and may not understand the need to frame ill-structured  ...  Watkins, who contributed to analysis of other data sets, resulting in refinements to the analytic procedure for the current study.  ... 
doi:10.21061/see.69 doaj:9280ab7634cf47c6827ac471d1e0ed0d fatcat:3n6kxfvxlzfjpivpjjw3ddx7ki

The Design Models We Have Are Not the Design Models We Need

Stepahnie Moore
2021 Journal of Applied Instructional Design  
When critiqued through the lens of accessibility and equity and racial and economic inequalities, areas where present design models fall short become apparent.  ...  Whitbeck (1996) presents a design-anchored approach to ethics that provides a way to think about the intersection of instructional design and social justice.  ...  In the instructional design field, the model(s) designers learn and use in practice have significant influence on how the problems are framed, but do these models do justice to the complex problems designers  ... 
doi:10.51869/104/smo fatcat:qzz6tbqmh5cnlnova6sbvqa7rm

An intelligent computer-assistant for stylistic instruction

Julie Payette, Graeme Hirst
1992 Computers and the Humanities  
In an attempt to remedy some of the deficiencies of existing instructional software, STASEL's design demonstrates how stylistic instruction can be effectively computerized, while laying the groundwork  ...  Unlike conventional style checkers, the system performs a complete syntactic analysis of its input, and takes the student's stylistic intent into account when providing a diagnosis.  ...  Acknowledgements The research outlined in this article was conducted at the University of Toronto with financial support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00116346 fatcat:igglto73brfclet2o3goapi5he

How instructional design experts use knowledge and experience to solve ill-structured problems

Peggy A. Ertmer, Donald A. Stepich, Cindy S. York, Ann Stickman, Xuemei (Lily) Wu, Stacey Zurek, Yuksel Goktas
2008 Performance Improvement Quarterly  
This study examined how instructional design (ID) experts used their prior knowledge and previous experiences to solve an ill-structured instructional design problem.  ...  the problem situation, 3) incorporated a mental model of the ID process in their problem analyses, and 4) came to similar conclusions about how to respond to the situation, despite differences in their  ...  We present our findings in the form of four assertions that were developed through our analysis and interpretation of the data.  ... 
doi:10.1002/piq.20013 fatcat:ibu35w3tovczfe2tffxedbmm7i

A Simulator for LLVM Bitcode [article]

Petr Ročkai, Jiří Barnat
2019 arXiv   pre-print
C++ programs and structured heap visualisation.  ...  The main features of the simulator include precise control over thread scheduling, automatic checkpoints and reverse stepping, support for source-level information about functions and variables in C and  ...  As detailed in Section 2, it is a difficult task to analyse problem reports from automated analysis and verification tools, and a simulator can be very helpful in this regard.  ... 
arXiv:1704.05551v2 fatcat:byu66o3r2narvnvalsohdmwqq4

Teaching Finite Elements in Agricultural Engineering

J. Turner, S. Young, R. Grisso, C. Anderson, T. Grant, D. Evans, T. Nichols, D. Robinson
1985 Transactions of the ASAE  
A description of an introductory course in finite element modeling methods is given. The course subject matter is presented with discussion of topic emphasis and presentation approach.  ...  The approximate time devoted to each subject is given and methods of computer implementation of concepts are described. Typical student projects conducted in the course are presented.  ...  MASS AND DAMPING MATRICIES 3. FREE HARMONIC VIBRATION a. EIGENVALUE PROBLEM 4. COMPUTER IMPLEMENTATION a. 2-D FRAME ANALYSIS Finite element course outline.  ... 
doi:10.13031/2013.32201 fatcat:ekvrmvorsbddjiykimofqrclfa

An Improved DMRS Design Scheme of LTE-Advanced Uplink

Xiaowen Li, Youbo Feng, Dan Wang
2015 International Journal of Smart Home  
Sequence Hopping (GSH) and the OCC joint instructions method of pilot design.  ...  According to requirement of LTE-Advanced uplink pilot design, introducing orthogonal cover code (OCC) as a supplement, analysis and study of the current problems, proposes a Circular Shift (CS), Group/  ...  Li Xiaowen for all his kindness and help.  ... 
doi:10.14257/ijsh.2015.9.4.18 fatcat:7ifr5is2ofakhexe7h337ekauy

Programmed Instruction: A Perspective

John E. Coulson
1963 Journal of Teacher Education  
Problems that arise in teaching synthe- sizing behavior through programmed instruction will be discussed in a later portion of this paper.  ...  In this way the student can concentrate on the analysis of in- dividual frames but can also view the frame or step in the perspective of the over-all solu- tion.  ... 
doi:10.1177/002248716301400404 fatcat:2omz7qiwkbe6pacpa2u77noi3i

Strategic information provision and experiential variety as tools for developing adaptive leadership skills

Johnathan K. Nelson, Stephen J. Zaccaro, Jeffrey L. Herman
2010 Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research  
Prior integrative reviews have described how these strategies can promote adaptability by fostering skills in cognitive frame-switching and flexibility.  ...  In this article, we summarize prior research on two training techniques that develop such expertise: experiential variety and strategic information provision in the form of instructions, performance feedback  ...  changing environments and how they derive solutions through these frames.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0019989 fatcat:dqcznqir4rg4bdor7xaejgdj5i

Supporting Preservice Science Teachers' Ability to Attend and Respond to Student Thinking by Design

2015 Science Education  
eScholarship provides open access, scholarly publishing services to the University of California and delivers a dynamic research platform to scholars worldwide.  ...  This article benefitted from critical feedback from two anonymous reviewers and the editor of this journal.  ...  Many thanks go out to Mary Kennedy, Elizabeth van Es, and Lynsey Gibbons who provided their thoughtful comments on this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1002/sce.21182 fatcat:2i4pgwympramzohvah7mmqusla

A Case Study of the Design Practices and Judgments of Novice Instructional Designers

Meina Zhu, Merve Basdogan, Curtis J. Bonk
2020 Contemporary Educational Technology  
The data sources of this case study include 11 training lesson plans generated by 37 students through a semester and six semi-structured interviews.  ...  In the midst of the various challenges that were encountered, framing judgment, core judgment, instrumental judgment, navigational judgment, and appearance judgment were manifested in the design process  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank Indiana University Professors Elizabeth Boling and Erik Stolterman who influenced aspects of this manuscript with their consultative advice and design ideas and  ... 
doi:10.30935/cedtech/7829 fatcat:yjdpagjx5narxmlvs6ttluz6ie

PHOTON PBL: problem-based learning in photonics technology education

Nicholas Massa, Richard Audet, Judith Donnelly, Fenna Hanes, Marijke Kehrhahn, Marc Nantel
2015 Tenth International Topical Meeting on Education and Training in Optics and Photonics  
research labs from across the US, a comprehensive series of multimedia-based PBL instructional resource materials and offering faculty professional development in the use of PBL in photonics technology  ...  Problem-based learning (PBL) is an educational approach whereby students learn course content by actively and collaboratively solving real-world problems presented in a context similar to that in which  ...  Acknowledgements PHOTON Problem Based Learning (PBL): A Photonics Professional Development Project  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2207514 fatcat:kwg4t7i6zraaxiw3bpyz2nmscq

Mathematics in the making: Mapping verbal discourse in Pólya's "Let Us Teach Guessing" lesson

Mary P. Truxaw, Thomas C. DeFranco
2007 Journal of Mathematical Behavior  
The lesson begins with a frame of reference and builds meaning cyclically/recursively through inductive processes-that is, moving from specific cases, through recursive cycles, toward more general hypotheses  ...  This paper describes a detailed analysis of verbal discourse within an exemplary mathematics lesson-that is, George Pólya teaching in the Mathematics Association of America [MAA] video classic, "Let Us  ...  The lesson began with a frame of reference (i.e., the 5PP) and built meaning cyclically/recursively through inductive processes-that is, establishing common meaning related to the problem and to problem-solving  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jmathb.2007.05.002 fatcat:2kx3riplibbbtm4kh4jcv5akoy

Conceptualizations of Students with and without Disabilities as Mathematical Problem Solvers in Educational Research: A Critical Review

Rachel Lambert, Paulo Tan
2017 Education Sciences  
Problem solving, then, is studied in very different ways for learners with and without disabilities. Students without disabilities are studied through close analysis of learning, often individual.  ...  Abstract: Students with disabilities are often framed as "the problem" and have limited opportunities to engage in standards based mathematics leading to persistent underachievement.  ...  Another way the problem can be framed is through limited access to standards-based mathematics, which includes both conceptual and procedural instruction [3] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/educsci7020051 fatcat:vw75qnj46zflliztfftzoeqemq

Teacher Teams and Distributed Leadership: A Study of Group Discourse and Collaboration

Jay Paredes Scribner, R. Keith Sawyer, Sheldon T. Watson, Vicki L. Myers
2007 Educational Administration Quarterly  
Conclusions: The nature of teams in shared governance structures-the fact that teams can organize to either find or solve problems-has important implications for the creative and leadership capacity of  ...  innovative problem-finding and problem-solving activities.  ...  The situational distribution of leadership through team structures creates a context that frames these constitutive processes.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0013161x06293631 fatcat:rip4yi5av5h3tacgna7wz5wlhy
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