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An Empirical Guide to the Behavior and Use of Scalable Persistent Memory [article]

Jian Yang, Juno Kim, Morteza Hoseinzadeh, Joseph Izraelevitz, Steven Swanson
2019 arXiv   pre-print
memory software for the real 3D XPoint DIMM.  ...  After nearly a decade of anticipation, scalable nonvolatile memory DIMMs are finally commercially available with the release of Intel's 3D XPoint DIMM.  ...  Operation Modes 3D XPoint DIMMs can operate in two modes (Figure 1 (a)): Memory and App Direct. Memory mode uses 3D XPoint to expand main memory capacity without persistence.  ... 
arXiv:1908.03583v1 fatcat:vdni6qh2wnhwfo7mfzmudv7faa

Introduction to the special issue on Self-managing and Hardware-Optimized Database Systems 2019

Shimin Chen, Panos K. Chrysanthis, Khuzaima Daudjee, Meichun Hsu, Mohammad Sadoghi
2020 Distributed and parallel databases  
In "Initial Experience with 3D XPoint Main Memory", Liu and Chen experiment with 3D XPoint main memory, the first commercially available main memory NVM solution targeting mainstream computer systems.  ...  They find that 3D XPoint conforms to many assumptions about NVM in previous simulation or emulation studies: it is 2-3X slower than DRAM, and persisting data from CPU cache to 3D XPoint incurs drastic  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10619-020-07313-y fatcat:mlgyadkydnhvrarsoptbtjufei

Evaluation of a high-performance storage buffer with 3D XPoint devices for the DUNE data acquisition system

Adam Abed Abud, Kurt Biery, Carlos Chavez, Pengfei Ding, Eric Flumerfelt, John Freeman, Giovanna Lehmann Miotto, Marco Roda, Philip Rodrigues, Roland Sipos, Alessandro Thea, Brett Viren (+6 others)
2021 EPJ Web of Conferences  
The DUNE detector is a neutrino physics experiment that is expected to take data starting from 2028.  ...  The data acquisition (DAQ) system of the experiment is designed to sustain several TB/s of incoming data which will be temporarily buffered while being processed by a software based data selection system  ...  A high level overview of the 3D XPoint technology 3D XPoint is a non-volatile memory (NVM) technology that has been jointly developed by both Intel® and Micron Technology Inc.®.  ... 
doi:10.1051/epjconf/202125104013 fatcat:qpt24dfvizf3vg32h6ubprp2ie

An Experimental Analysis of the Use of Different Storage Technologies on a Relational DBMS

Francisco D. B. S. Praciano, Italo C. Abreu, Javam C. Machado
2020 Journal of Information and Data Management  
Recently, several alternatives to HDDs have emerged, such as the solid-state drives (SSDs) based on non-volatile memory (NVM) technology such as 3D XPoint and the new generations of dynamic random access  ...  memories (DRAMs).  ...  XPoint, DRAM 3D XPoint, DRAM Custom, LinkBench [Wu et al. 2019] SSD, 3D XPoint SSD, 3D XPoint (as cache) TPC-H [Didona et al. 2020] SSD, 3D XPoint - Custom This work HDD, 3D XPoint, DRAM HDD, 3D XPoint  ... 
doi:10.5753/jidm.2020.1868 fatcat:iu6chawgmrdwnhnjheztxzvjny

On Using Non-Volatile Memory in Apache Lucene [article]

Ramdoot Pydipaty, Amit Saha
2018 arXiv   pre-print
With non-volatile memory in DIMM form factor (NVDIMM), software now has access to durable, byte-addressable memory with write latency within an order of magnitude of DRAM write latency.  ...  We show modest improvements by using NVM but, our empirical study suggests that bigger impact requires redesigning Lucene to access NVM as byte-addressable memory using loads and stores, instead of accessing  ...  Figure 5 : 5 Search Bench Performance, arranged in increasing gains from le to right. 500ns for 3D-XPoint DIMM compared to 100ns for DRAM and 30microsec for SSD [6] 2 Since 3D-XPoint in DIMM form  ... 
arXiv:1804.04343v1 fatcat:rgwy4e3r5vev7mhbzw257l3xpm

Characterizing the performance of intel optane persistent memory

Lingfeng Xiang, Xingsheng Zhao, Jia Rao, Song Jiang, Hong Jiang
2022 Proceedings of the Seventeenth European Conference on Computer Systems  
Furthermore, we discover that the mismatch between cacheline access granularity and the 3D-Xpoint media access granularity negatively impacts the effectiveness of CPU cache prefetching and leads to wasted  ...  persistent memory bandwidth.  ...  As shown in Figure 1 , the benchmark uses strided read aligned with the 256B 3D-Xpoint access granularity (referred as an XPLine).  ... 
doi:10.1145/3492321.3519556 fatcat:kqewpy3xzbhcxctxnax2xl6jmy

An on-board surgical tracking and video augmentation system for C-arm image guidance

S. Reaungamornrat, Y. Otake, A. Uneri, S. Schafer, D. J. Mirota, S. Nithiananthan, J. W. Stayman, G. Kleinszig, A. J. Khanna, R. H. Taylor, J. H. Siewerdsen
2012 International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery  
DRRs generated from the perspective of the C-arm X-ray detector demonstrated sub-mm accuracy (0.37 ± 0.20 mm) in correspondence with the real X-ray image.  ...  Purpose Conventional tracker configurations for surgical navigation carry a variety of limitations, including limited geometric accuracy, line-of-sight obstruction, and mismatch of the view angle with  ...  Experiments were carried out in the Johns Hopkins Hospital Minimally Invasive Surgical Training Center (MISTC) with support from Dr. Michael Marohn (Johns Hopkins Medical Institute) and Ms.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11548-012-0682-9 pmid:22539008 fatcat:ttbso6up7fe75ibpbkxhwclz4u

CoPA: Cold Page Awakening to Overcome Retention Failures in STT-MRAM Based I/O Buffers [article]

Mostafa Hadizadeh, Elham Cheshmikhani, Maysam Rahmanpour, Onur Mutlu, Hossein Asadi
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Our evaluations show that employing CoPA leads to three orders of magnitude lower failure rate with negligible performance degradation (1.1%) and memory overhead (1.2%).  ...  We compare CoPA with the state-of-the-art schemes over several workloads based on physical journaling.  ...  (3D-XPoint, Flash, and FeRAM) [17, [27] [28] [29] [30] .  ... 
arXiv:2202.13409v1 fatcat:jsblyju4zja7jfmdbvndsbetzu

Hardware Memory Management for Future Mobile Hybrid Memory Systems [article]

Fei Wen, Mian Qin, Paul Gratz, Narasimha Reddy
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Recently, a wide spectrum of NVM technologies, including phase-change memories (PCM), memristor, and 3D XPoint have emerged.  ...  Insufficient DRAM main memory will incur frequent data swaps between memory and storage, a process that hurts performance, consumes energy and deteriorates the write endurance of typical flash storage  ...  Conclusions A wide spectrum of non-volatile memory (NVM) technologies are emerging, including phase-change memories (PCM), memristor, and 3D XPoint.  ... 
arXiv:2004.05518v1 fatcat:kmvaxfx53zfstfhrj2kf5zvrru

Towards data reliable crossbar-based memristive memories

Amirali Ghofrani, Miguel Angel Lastras-Montano, Kwang-Ting Cheng
2013 2013 IEEE International Test Conference (ITC)  
A series of breakthroughs in memristive devices have demonstrated the potential of using crossbar-based memristor arrays as ultra-high-density and low-power memory.  ...  The results of a case study show that the average overheads of area, performance and energy consumption for achieving data reliability, over a baseline unreliable memory system, are 3%, 4%, and 19% respectively  ...  The fabrication process is CMOS-friendly [24] , and efficient methods exist to stack layers of such memories [10] which facilitate the integration of 3D memristive memories with CMOS computing cores  ... 
doi:10.1109/test.2013.6651928 dblp:conf/itc/GhofraniLC13 fatcat:a4ad365rvfdhzftxbsozjihuaa

An Empirical Performance Evaluation of Multiple Intel Optane Solid-State Drives

Jaehyun Han, Guangyu Zhu, Sangmook Lee, Yongseok Son
2021 Electronics  
Emerging Non-Volatile Memory Express (NVMe) technology has attracted considerable attention in cloud computing by delivering high I/O performance in latency and bandwidth.  ...  We analyzed multiple NVMe SSDs with RAID in terms of different performance metrics via synthesis and database benchmarks.  ...  Author Contributions: J.H. were the main researcher who initiated and organized the research reported in the paper.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10111325 fatcat:out5po2ybjbmdaa3anvvyqxlbm

An Efficient and Wear-Leveling-Aware Frequent-Pattern Mining on Non-Volatile Memory [article]

Jiaqi Dong, Runyu Zhang, Chaoshu Yang, Yujuan Tan, Duo Liu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The proposed WFPM is evaluated by a series of experiments based on realistic datasets from diversified application scenarios, where WFPM achieves 32.0% performance improvement and prolongs the NVM lifetime  ...  However, existing frequent-pattern mining algorithms are designed for DRAM, instead of persistent memories (PMs), which can lead to severe performance and energy overhead due to the utterly different characteristics  ...  The emerging Non-Volatile Memories (NVMs), such as Phase-Change Memory (PCM) [9] and 3D-XPoint [10] , are considered as the promising DRAM replacement for computer main memory.  ... 
arXiv:2001.05157v1 fatcat:gryng3llhbduncz3j7knaw6wdq

Using Intel Optane Devices for In-situ Data Staging in HPC Workflows [article]

Pradeep Subedi, Philip E. Davis, J. J. Villalobos, Ivan Rodero, and Manish Parashar
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Intel recently released the Optane drive, which features 3D XPoint memory technology. This device can be deployed as an SSD or as persistent memory.  ...  Emerging non-volatile memory technologies (NVRAM) offer alternatives to hard drives that are persistent, while providing similar latencies to DRAM.  ...  Intel and Micron recently released Optane SSD based on 3D-XPoint memory technology. It is claimed to be faster and more endurable than NAND flash based memory devices [3] , [1] , [5] .  ... 
arXiv:1807.09651v1 fatcat:w323wni4urdozkbjqk565ijcpq

Optimizing Heap Memory Object Placement in the Hybrid Memory System with Energy Constraints

Taeuk Kim, Safdar Jamil, Joongeon Park, Youngjae Kim
2020 IEEE Access  
Our extensive experiments in comparison with Memory Object Classification and Allocation (MOCA) framework showed that our solution is 4.17× less costly in terms of the memory object profiling and reduce  ...  INDEX TERMS Hybrid main memory system (HMMS), memory object placement, energy consumption.  ...  If the major workload in the system requires both low latency and high density, then the main memory configuration with either RLDRAM or 3D-XPoint will not produce optimal results.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3009432 fatcat:q6i2a7vqynhppgqtba265jhqvy

Optimizing databases by learning hidden parameters of solid state drives

Aarati Kakaraparthy, Jignesh M. Patel, Kwanghyun Park, Brian P. Kroth
2019 Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment  
Solid State Drives (SSDs) are complex devices with varying internal implementations, resulting in subtle differences in behavior between devices.  ...  Some of the experiments reported in this work were run on CloudLab [28] .  ...  SSD-S, SSD-T, and SSD-M are NAND flash based, whereas SSD-I is built with 3D XPoint memory.  ... 
doi:10.14778/3372716.3372724 fatcat:wh7qmqtatva2vlm4sykvvdglby
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