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Infrared-Based Autonomous Navigation for Civil Aircraft Precision Approach and Landing

Lei Zhang, Zhengjun Zhai, Lang He, Wensheng Niu
2019 IEEE Access  
INDEX TERMS Civil aircraft, autonomous navigation, infrared image, runway detection, approach and landing.  ...  Precise navigation is a fundamental problem of aircraft safety approach and landing.  ...  DISCUSSION In this paper we have proposed a novel infrared-based autonomous navigation method for civil aircraft precision approach and landing.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2893062 fatcat:3tsi4tg725du5nrulxiizp6fqq

Using Ground-Based Passive Reflectors for Improving UAV Landing

Dmitry Yasentsev, Timofey Shevgunov, Evgeny Efimov, Boris Tatarskiy
2021 Drones  
Various landing systems and approaches are analyzed, and their key advantages and disadvantages are summarized; afterwards, an approach with passive reflectors is considered.  ...  describing still remaining challenges and subjects for further research.  ...  Satellite Landing System (SLS) Approaches relying on satellite navigation are a type of area navigation, meaning navigation that allows an aircraft to choose any course within a network of navigation beacons  ... 
doi:10.3390/drones5040137 fatcat:jqitfmloxfasloragoo5xiq2qa

Automatic Take Off, Tracking and Landing of a Miniature UAV on a Moving Carrier Vehicle [chapter]

Karl Engelbert Wenzel, Andreas Masselli, Andreas Zell
2010 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles  
The system provides small errors and allows for safe, autonomous indoor flights.  ...  at a constant distance and landing on a platform on the carrier in motion.  ...  The setup can also be used for safe automatic approaching and landing after a successful autonomous GPS-based or manual flight.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1110-5_15 fatcat:wqhfd4hh55gztdanrrvtyis2gi

Automatic Take Off, Tracking and Landing of a Miniature UAV on a Moving Carrier Vehicle

Karl Engelbert Wenzel, Andreas Masselli, Andreas Zell
2010 Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems  
The system provides small errors and allows for safe, autonomous indoor flights.  ...  at a constant distance and landing on a platform on the carrier in motion.  ...  The setup can also be used for safe automatic approaching and landing after a successful autonomous GPS-based or manual flight.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10846-010-9473-0 fatcat:6myweoj7wbetvhxolq34lkf7mm

Infrared-Inertial Navigation for Commercial Aircraft Precision Landing in Low Visibility and GPS-Denied Environments

Lei Zhang, Zhengjun Zhai, Lang He, Pengcheng Wen, Wensheng Niu
2019 Sensors  
This paper proposes a novel infrared-inertial navigation method for the precise landing of commercial aircraft in low visibility and Global Position System (GPS)-denied environments.  ...  The experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed method could be used for the precise landing of commercial aircraft in low visibility and GPS-denied environments.  ...  Introduction Landing is the most accident-prone phase of flight for both military and civil aircraft.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19020408 fatcat:yy2d7umoorghzep6ilp3764xpy

Autonomous Control of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Victor M. Becerra
2019 Electronics  
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are being increasingly used in different applications in both military and civilian domains [...]  ...  VTOL Vertical take-off and landing R&D Research and development  ...  Special thanks go to the Editorial Board of MDPI Electronics journal for the opportunity to edit this special issue, and to the Electronics Editorial Office staff for the hard and attentive work in keeping  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics8040452 fatcat:z7cp6j3g45exrhdcnzksae2ryy

Low-Cost Navigation and Guidance Systems for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles — Part 1: Vision-Based and Integrated Sensors

Roberto Sabatini, Celia Bartel, Anish Kaharkar, Tesheen Shaid, Leopoldo Rodriguez, David Zammit-Mangion, Huamin Jia
2012 Annual of Navigation  
, with a special focus on precision approach and landing, where Vision Based Navigation (VBN) techniques can be fully exploited in a multisensor integrated architecture.  ...  Various existing techniques for VBN were compared and the Appearance-Based Approach (ABA) was selected for implementation.  ...  As a first step, we designed and tested a VBN sensor employing appearance-based techniques and specifically tailored for UAV low-level flight, including precision approach and landing operations.  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10367-012-0019-3 fatcat:6rujsuenubdw5necab7z2w5bi4

Aircraft dynamics model augmentation for RPAS navigation and guidance

Francesco Cappello, Roberto Sabatini, Subramanian Ramasamy
2016 2016 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS)  
Fig. 7 . 7 UVIGA horizontal channel -ADM precision approach and landing performance. Fig. 8 . 8 UVIGA horizontal channel -ADM precision approach and landing performance. TABLE I .  ...  The ADM in UVIGA system was tested especially in precision approach and landing phases of flight, which are the most demanding and critical phases, for determining its performance.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icuas.2016.7502644 fatcat:hvgqbr5rabfavlkqfnn5fymhku

A Low-cost Vision Based Navigation System for Small Size Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Applications

Roberto Sabatini R
2013 Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering  
with a special focus on precision approach and landing, where Vision Based Navigation (VBN) techniques can be fully exploited in a multisensory integrated architecture.  ...  Various existing techniques for VBN are compared and the Appearance-based Navigation (ABN) approach is selected for implementation.  ...  As a first step, we designed and tested a VBN sensor employing appearance-based techniques and specifically tailored for UAV low-level flight, including precision approach and landing operations.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2168-9792.1000110 fatcat:jyskf36ubbamhoyqamjv7fsgca

Localization Framework for Real-Time UAV Autonomous Landing: An On-Ground Deployed Visual Approach

Weiwei Kong, Tianjiang Hu, Daibing Zhang, Lincheng Shen, Jianwei Zhang
2017 Sensors  
This approach is definitely suitable for landing within the global navigation satellite system (GNSS)-denied environments.  ...  One of the greatest challenges for fixed-wing unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAVs) is safe landing. Hereafter, an on-ground deployed visual approach is developed in this paper.  ...  Author Contributions: W.K. proposed and designed the ground-based navigation system architecture. W.K. and T.H. implemented the vision algorithms to test the capability of the system.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s17061437 pmid:28629189 pmcid:PMC5492450 fatcat:jfxasj7zjnfvxhtyazbpefjihi

Optical Navigation Sensor for Runway Relative Positioning of Aircraft during Final Approach

Antal Hiba, Attila Gáti, Augustin Manecy
2021 Sensors  
Precise navigation is often performed by sensor fusion of different sensors. Among these sensors, optical sensors use image features to obtain the position and attitude of the camera.  ...  Runway relative navigation during final approach is a special case where robust and continuous detection of the runway is required.  ...  The authors acknowledge the technical support of colleagues at SZTAKI and ONERA, and thankful for the coordination of the VISION project to Yoko Watanabe.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21062203 pmid:33801137 pmcid:PMC8004248 fatcat:abcboykje5grnjylmqrpslbkpe

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SOME UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES DEPLOYED IN MARITIME SURVEILLANCE

Sanja Bauk, Nexhat Kapidani, Luis Sousa, Žarko Lukšić, Agim Spuža
2020 Zenodo  
In addition, weaknesses as complexity of the systems and the requirement of highly skilled personnel for these aircraft design, production, operation and maintenance, along with opportunities like lower  ...  As examples, the Zephyr pseudo-satellite, as well as the AR5 and the AR3 medium altitude unmanned aircraft have been presented.  ...  There is a strong argument in favor of increasing initiatives for testing, validating and integrating unmanned systems within current surveillance infrastructures (both land and maritime based), as these  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4399137 fatcat:v5jleivddnguznuk5xj72i2o2a

Performances of Some Autonomous Assets in Maritime Missions

Sanja Bauk
2020 TransNav: International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation  
-High level of autonomous navigation, collecting data and -Lower operational costs in comparison with manned coming back to the seasurface vessel. aircrafts used for the same mission profiles.  ...  no need for -Being tight and waterproof. aircraft downtime for pilot rendition.  ... 
doi:10.12716/1001.14.04.12 fatcat:gei5ro6cdfdepjwsgl3bcza67q

An Innovative Procedure for Calibration of Strapdown Electro-Optical Sensors Onboard Unmanned Air Vehicles

Giancarmine Fasano, Domenico Accardo, Antonio Moccia, Attilio Rispoli
2010 Sensors  
The method has been applied to the alignment of the visible and infrared cameras installed onboard the experimental aircraft of the Italian Aerospace Research Center and adopted for in-flight obstacle  ...  This paper presents an innovative method for estimating the attitude of airborne electro-optical cameras with respect to the onboard autonomous navigation unit.  ...  Increased situational awareness is also very important in manned flight, e.g. in the approach and landing phases under bad visibility conditions.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s100100639 pmid:22315559 pmcid:PMC3270860 fatcat:wp4uw7c3frasredqru4ngdm6sm

Airborne Multisensor Tracking for Autonomous Collision Avoidance

G. Fasano, D. Accardo, A. Moccia, L. Paparone
2006 2006 9th International Conference on Information Fusion  
The hardware setup is composed by a pulsed radar, two infrared cameras, and two visible cameras used as aiding sensors, thus the adoption of a fusion algorithm was mandatory to obtain the most accurate  ...  The paper describes the different modes and the relevant attainable performances of the developed tracking algorithm. The adopted data fusion technique for tracking is the Kalman filter.  ...  Flight Path Execution -Autonomous Approach and Landing; -Obstacle Detect, Sense, and Avoid (DS&A); -Autonomous Runway Search and Lock; -.Enhanced Remote Piloting.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icif.2006.301724 dblp:conf/fusion/FasanoAMP06 fatcat:bvf64m7rzbb6vcbxqs2aqhsszy
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