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Information-Theoretic Neuro-Correlates Boost Evolution of Cognitive Systems

Jory Schossau, Christoph Adami, Arend Hintze
2015 Entropy  
Here we propose and test a number of information-theoretic (as well as network-based) measures that can be used in conjunction with a fitness maximization objective (so-called "neuro-correlates") to evolve  ...  We find that judiciously chosen neuro-correlates can significantly aid GAs to find the highest peaks.  ...  Representations R, a measure for the amount of information that a brain represents within internal states, is a new information-theoretical measure of cognitive function that correlates with fitness [  ... 
doi:10.3390/e18010006 fatcat:dtrhydsmtfcgjmn74cdamjtvhi

An Integrative Account of Neural Network Interaction: Neuro-Messenger Theory

Tien-Wen Lee
2021 World Journal of Neuroscience  
In contrast to conventional concepts of encoding and decoding, the processes of encoding in source node, issuing neuro-messengers, and recovering information at target node are summarized as "three-facet  ...  Neuro-messenger is a sparse code which does not have to carry every detail of the dynamics in source node.  ...  Conflicts of Interest The author declares no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.4236/wjns.2021.112011 fatcat:tgh2id2r55c4lhih4msxtesjky

Social learning and evolution: the cultural intelligence hypothesis

C. P. van Schaik, J. M. Burkart
2011 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Moreover, more frequent opportunities for social learning should boost an individual's repertoire of learned skills.  ...  The cultural intelligence hypothesis can also account for the unusual cognitive abilities of humans, as well as our unique mechanisms of skill transfer.  ...  Intelligence must likewise be assayed indirectly, using neuro-anatomical measures, although theoretically there is no obvious best measure [84] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2010.0304 pmid:21357223 pmcid:PMC3049085 fatcat:2wsqacg2v5ckrhrlhrwyrupr64

Index [chapter]

2021 Cognitive Computing for Human-Robot Interaction  
functions of, 22À25 works, 21À22 cognitive system architecture with closed perception action loop, 21f Cognitive skills of human, 1 Cognitive system, 1À2 Cognitive-based trust, 106 Cold ablation  ...  cHRI), 200À201 Cognitive informatics (CI), 20 Cognitive information technology architecture (CIT architecture), 28À31, 30f, 31f Cognitive models of robot control, 204 Cognitive neuroscience, 87 Cognitive  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-323-85769-7.00024-0 fatcat:elwoct6va5fxnn37abjdykp3ca

Again, How Much Can We Boost IQ?

Arthur R. Jensen
1983 Contemporary Psychology  
But what are we to make of chapters on neuropeptides and memory, on the localization of mem- ories in the nervous system, on the hip- pocampus and memory, on the neuro- chemical and learning consequences  ...  important correlates.  ... 
doi:10.1037/021629 fatcat:dv47yjsoozdu7g34dxehd5q4oq

Modelling the coevolution of joint attention and language

T. Gong, L. Shuai
2012 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
The simulation results and statistical analysis show that: (i) the level of JA is correlated with the understandability of the emergent language; and (ii) CS can boost an initially low level of JA and  ...  learning and cultural transmission to language evolution.  ...  This work was supported in part by the Society of Scholars in the Humanities in the University of Hong Kong. We thank Morten Christiansen from Cornell University for valuable comments on this work.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.1431 pmid:22977146 pmcid:PMC3479722 fatcat:kffccnd6gffa7ie7nyyttmt67i

States Of Consciousness in Sleep, Dream and Beyond: A Biothermodynamic and Neurocybernetic Evolutionary Study

P.K. Roy, D.D. Majumder
2000 Journal of Intelligent Systems  
-* Sleep -• Dream -*· Lucidity Lucidity has three phases of increasing cognitive or information-processing levels: Lucid dream -• Luminous lucidity Ecstasic lucidity.  ...  The equation for evolution of cognitive activation (ψ) in dream or lucid ecstasis is derived as ψ = ψ 0 [1+A exp (at)].  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors deeply acknowledge the help that they received from their colleagues at the Indian Statistical Institute, Universities of Connecticut and  ... 
doi:10.1515/jisys.2000.10.1.57 fatcat:comhpi4whne77kih4hum3nvl2i

Social Neuro AI: Social Interaction as the "Dark Matter" of AI

Samuele Bolotta, Guillaume Dumas
2022 Frontiers in Computer Science  
This article introduces a three-axis framework indicating how AI can be informed by biological examples of social learning mechanisms.  ...  Second, intelligence occurs in time as opposed to over time, and this is naturally incorporated by dynamical systems.  ...  This is exactly what "Neuro-AI" aims at: drawing on how evolution has shaped the brain of humans and of other animals in order to create more robust agents (Figure 2 ).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcomp.2022.846440 fatcat:chmdlrbdivbjzbobrrf7r4swza

Emerging Roles of Long Non-Coding RNAs as Drivers of Brain Evolution

Geraldine Zimmer-Bensch
2019 Cells  
In stark contrast to the highly conserved repertoire of protein-coding genes, thousands of lncRNAs have newly appeared during primate nervous system evolution with hundreds of human-specific lncRNAs.  ...  The human brain displays the largest relative volume of any animal species and the most remarkable cognitive abilities.  ...  Hence, enriching the ways of information in neuronal communication through lncRNAs could have further contributed to the boost in computational power characterizing the human brain.  ... 
doi:10.3390/cells8111399 pmid:31698782 pmcid:PMC6912723 fatcat:cx262cprk5ezvk33r5r4n7s5dy

Genomic Taxonomy Boost by Lexical Clustering

Kosi Gramatikoff
2014 Journal of Investigative Genomics  
Introduction August Schleicher, Ernst Haeckel, and other 19 th century linguists viewed language as a living system. 1 Darwin was influenced by this view and proposed that evolution of species and evolution  ...  We envision that our approach will be applicable to rapid and revealing comparison of whole individual genomes, and will be an important tool for analysis and correlation of "omics" data.  ...  system and target neurons.  ... 
doi:10.15406/jig.2014.01.00004 fatcat:7ycrl6ghsbckpnodey2djaqv6y

Info-Relational Cognitive Operability of the Posterior Cingulate Cortex According to the Informational Model of Consciousness

Florin Gaiseanu
2020 International Journal of Psychological and Brain Sciences  
Therefore, the specific operability of PCC in terms of cognitive centers is that of an informational switcher, mainly operating with Iknow/Iwant to explore the self-status reflected in Iam, within day-dreaming  ...  Based on the analysis of the accumulated experimental data and on the informational concepts of the Informational Model of Consciousness (IMC), in this article is presented an informational modeling of  ...  Florin Filip and to the members of the Science and Technology of Information in the  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.ijpbs.20200504.12 fatcat:pqyegfb2s5g6jncoayng5ihpi4

Cerebrospinal Fluid HIV Escape from Antiretroviral Therapy

Francesca Ferretti, Magnus Gisslen, Paola Cinque, Richard W. Price
2015 Current HIV/AIDS Reports  
In this setting, there is concern that uncontrolled CSF HIV replication, even at low levels, might theoretically lead to development of resistance and systemic viral failure.  ...  Secondary escape appears rare, but is of theoretical interest as it relates to or contrasts with the other two types of escape.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11904-015-0267-7 pmid:25860317 fatcat:jpycfr7rxjhdxpyeacfelh3c34

Biophysical Mechanisms Supporting Conscious Perception: Prospects for an Artificial Astrocyte

Alfredo Pereira Jr, Alfredo Pereira Jr
2011 Nature Precedings  
of the integrated information content.  ...  A pilot experiment of a single artificial astrocyte is suggested, both as a test for the hypothesis of astroglial information integration and a multimedia technological application of the model.  ...  The corresponding second requirement for the conscious substrate system would be that the cognitive functions it carries are not independent, but correlated to each other.  ... 
doi:10.1038/npre.2011.6484.1 fatcat:vwoy4vntyvhgbb3j5nkwqjv5zu

Biophysical Mechanisms Supporting Conscious Perception: Prospects for an Artificial Astrocyte

Alfredo Pereira Jr, Alfredo Pereira Jr
2011 Nature Precedings  
of the integrated information content.  ...  A pilot experiment of a single artificial astrocyte is suggested, both as a test for the hypothesis of astroglial information integration and a multimedia technological application of the model.  ...  The corresponding second requirement for the conscious substrate system would be that the cognitive functions it carries are not independent, but correlated to each other.  ... 
doi:10.1038/npre.2011.6484 fatcat:swbpo7zum5g77pmvew7dkx7564

MR-guided radiation therapy: transformative technology and its role in the central nervous system

Yue Cao, Chia-Lin Tseng, James M. Balter, Feifei Teng, Hemant A. Parmar, Arjun Sahgal
2017 Neuro-Oncology  
MR-guided radiation therapy Neuro-Oncology This article reviews the current state-of-the-art MRI technologies, hybrid MRL systems, and physiological and metabolic MRI, as well as their clinical applications  ...  Key words brain tumors | magnetic resonance imaging | metabolic and physiological imaging | MRI-linac systems | radiation therapy Neuro-Oncology 19, ii16-ii29, 2017 | doi:10.1093/neuonc/nox006 ii17 Cao  ...  a potential boost target.  ... 
doi:10.1093/neuonc/nox006 pmid:28380637 pmcid:PMC5463498 fatcat:cfh4uhejovddbkm3nfeh72s6xm
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