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Information foraging in E-voting

Ravi K. Vatrapu, Scott P. Robertson
2009 Proceedings of the 27th international conference extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems - CHI EA '09  
Interaction analysis of the case study data consisted of applying Information Foraging Theory to understand participant specific behaviors in searching and browsing.  ...  The case study consists of a participant observed while searching and browsing the internet for campaign information in a mock-voting situation while taking notes that were to be shared with others.  ...  S3 reported voting in only major elections and having voted in the US general election of 2004 but not in the midterm election of 2006.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1520340.1520574 dblp:conf/chi/VatrapuR09 fatcat:ii7qj5sf7bgiregq6pv7xspmgq

An Information Foraging Analysis of Note Taking and Note Sharing While Browsing Campaign Information

Ravi Vatrapu, Scott Robertson
2010 2010 43rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
In this paper, we present an experimental study of political information foraging in the context of evoting.  ...  Implications for the voter centered design of e-voting portals are discussed.  ...  information foraging behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2010.57 dblp:conf/hicss/VatrapuR10 fatcat:qi6uvvqyvffbtjzqglha5dahuu

Under a neighbour's influence: public information affects stress hormones and behaviour of a songbird

J. M. Cornelius, C. W. Breuner, T. P. Hahn
2010 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
However, the physiological mechanisms by which direct foraging assessments and public information are integrated to affect behaviour remain largely unknown.  ...  Red crossbills are irruptive migrants that are considered sensitive to changes in food availability and use public information in decision making.  ...  Thus, in group A the majority vote is stay whereas in group B the majority vote is leave.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0164 pmid:20356895 pmcid:PMC2894903 fatcat:iojaw62unndp7k5yhzi3b5foma

The Robust Beauty of Majority Rules in Group Decisions

Reid Hastie, Tatsuya Kameda
2005 Psychological review  
The authors provide an original evaluation of 9 group decision rules based on their adaptive success in a simulated test bed environment.  ...  The conclusions of the present analysis support the popularity of majority and plurality rules in truth-seeking group decisions.  ...  The research was partly supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 14310048 from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan to Tatsuya Kameda.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0033-295x.112.2.494 pmid:15783295 fatcat:c452ub6mlbc2hbhrx6n6e2f2fa

PLEM: a Web 2.0 driven Long Tail aggregator and filter for e‐learning

Mohamed Amine Chatti, Anggraeni, Matthias Jarke, Marcus Specht, Katherine Maillet
2010 International Journal of Web Information Systems  
The Personal Learning Environment (PLE) driven approach to learning suggests a shift in emphasis from a teacher driven knowledge-push to a learner driven knowledge-pull learning model.  ...  Abstract The Personal Learning Environment (PLE) driven approach to learning suggests a shift in emphasis from a teacher driven knowledge-push to a learner driven knowledge-pull learning model.  ...  The output of this step is a set of vote vectors V in which v(e) = (v1(e) , v2(e), …, vm(e)) represents the votes on the learning entity e; vj(e) is the number of votes on e retrieved from service sj.  ... 
doi:10.1108/17440081011034466 fatcat:azovfjvk7fhmfbvyb5tykwe6ui

Group decisions in humans and animals: a survey

L. Conradt, C. List
2009 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
It emerges that group decisions in animals pose many similar questions to those in humans.  ...  The purpose of the present issue is to integrate and combine approaches in the social and natural sciences in an area in which theoretical challenges and research questions are often similar, and to introduce  ...  Formally, S is evolutionarily stable if, for any T, either E(S, S)O E(T, S) or [E(S, S)ZE(T, S) and E(S, T)OE(T, T)], where E(A, B) is the pay-off of playing a strategy A against a strategy B.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0276 pmid:19073475 pmcid:PMC2689721 fatcat:zzvqnohrybh7hccbliyje2z5c4

Structure and Marketing Opportunities on Dairy Farms in Konya Province, Turkey

Ahmad Jawid Muradi, Cuma Akbay
2018 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management  
crop area in total farm planting area is around 39%, there are positive and statistically relationship between farm size group and average forage crops.  ...  On a lactation period, milk yield per cow was 5493.8 kg/head and the average lactation period was 260 days, and the results of ANOVA; average forage crop area was 78.92 decares and share of the forage  ...  Economics and Profitability of Sheep and Goat Production in Turkey Under New  ... 
doi:10.18535/ijsrm/v6i10.em05 fatcat:xptr366xzjfdnfyk5wm45huevq

Page 15 of Journal of Economic Entomology Vol. 14, Issue 1 [page]

1921 Journal of Economic Entomology  
E. Hinps, In Charge Voted that the report be accepted; that Dr.  ...  The bill failed to receive a two-thirds vote in the legislature, this being  ... 

Page 7 of The Journal of Applied Ecology Vol. 38, Issue 5 [page]

2001 The Journal of Applied Ecology  
The challenge is how to use the information that does exist effectively. The method we have used is closest to vote-counting.  ...  However, instead of the repeated trials nature of vote-counting proving a problem (Hedges & Olkin 1980; Gurevitch & Hedges 1999), we have explicitly used it to inform us about the likelihood of species  ... 

Generic, scalable and decentralized fault detection for robot swarms

Danesh Tarapore, Anders Lyhne Christensen, Jon Timmis, Xiaosong Hu
2017 PLoS ONE  
In particular, we analyze our system's capacity to correctly detect robots with faults, false positive rates, performance in a foraging task in which each robot exhibits a composite behavior, and performance  ...  In this paper, we present a generic fault-detection system for robot swarms.  ...  The final feature vector for each observed robot is then updated by a simple majority vote on the most recently received feature-vector information in the past W l s, counting each voter only once.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0182058 pmid:28806756 pmcid:PMC5555700 fatcat:hojwn4jgcvhyhmeabwf7o3zk2u

A Neuro-Fuzzy Approach Based Voting Scheme For Fault Tolerant Systems Using Artificial Bee Colony Training

D. Uma Devi, P. Seetha Ramaiah
2015 Zenodo  
Voting algorithms are extensively used to make decisions in fault tolerant systems where each redundant module gives inconsistent outputs.  ...  This has been successfully overcome in literature using fuzzy theory.  ...  [24] introduced a new hybrid history based voting algorithm for the proposed smart mobile e-health monitoring system.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1108099 fatcat:wghwx3h3w5d7rp45cqo2wdd7ue

Applying science to pressing conservation needs for penguins

P. Dee Boersma, Pablo García Borboroglu, Natasha Jeanne Gownaris, Charles-André Bost, Andre Chiaradia, Susie Ellis, Tom Schneider, Phillip Seddon, Alejandro Simeone, Alejandro Neil Trathan, Lauren J. Waller, Barbara Wienecke
2019 Conservation Biology  
Debido a que sus poblaciones son pequeñas o están declinando rápidamente, estos pingüinos requieren colaboración científica e intervención política inmediatas.  ...  We, the Steering Committee of the International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission Penguin Specialist Group, determined that the penguin species in most critical need of conservation  ...  We tallied our votes and calculated weighted scores by dividing the number of votes for each priority by the total number of votes available.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cobi.13378 pmid:31257646 pmcid:PMC7027562 fatcat:h372n5vzwzgjdecjzqezxiyoky

The Epistemology of Democracy

Elizabeth Anderson
2006 Episteme: A journal of individual and social epistemology  
Dewey's model is superior to the others in its ability to model the epistemic functions of three constitutive features of democracy: the epistemic diversity of participants, the interaction of voting with  ...  It views democracy as an institution for pooling widely distributed information about problems and policies of public interest by engaging the participation of epistemically diverse knowers.  ...  Socially dispersed information can be transmitted in three forms: talk, votes, and market prices. Markets respond primarily to price information; democratic states primarily to talk and votes.  ... 
doi:10.3366/epi.2006.3.1-2.8 fatcat:ukaljlnsz5bqlnaksp34ac5kgi

The Epistemology of Democracy

Elizabeth Anderson
2006 Episteme: A journal of individual and social epistemology  
Socially dispersed information can be transmitted in three forms: talk, votes, and market prices. Markets respond primarily to price information; democratic states primarily to talk and votes.  ...  Th e Condorcet Jury Th eorem puts the two forms of information pooling characteristic of democracy-votes and talk-potentially at odds with one another.  ... 
doi:10.1353/epi.0.0000 fatcat:f64353xtjrg4rewu4mesmcaxmm

Democracy under uncertainty: The wisdom of crowds and the free-rider problem in group decision making

Tatsuya Kameda, Takafumi Tsukasaki, Reid Hastie, Nathan Berg
2011 Psychological review  
A collateral result demonstrated that, compared to a dictatorial decision scheme guided by the best member in a group, the majority/plurality decision rules can pool information effectively and produce  ...  A behavioral experiment demonstrated that cooperators and free riders coexist in a stable manner in groups performing with the nonlinear production function.  ...  In both cases, individuals (computer agents in the simulation study and human participants in the behavioral experiment) were required to decide whether to cooperate or defect before voting on a foraging  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0020699 pmid:20822292 fatcat:qskpvggatbdxnocxsgroojxqw4
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