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A Machine learning approach for rapid disaster response based on multi-modal data. The case of housing shelter needs [article]

Karla Saldana Ochoa, Tina Comes
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Based on a database of 19 characteristics for more than 200 disasters worldwide, a fusion approach at the decision level was used.  ...  One of the most immediate needs of people affected by a disaster is finding shelter.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the Reviewers and Editor for their helpful comments and constructive suggestions.  ... 
arXiv:2108.00887v2 fatcat:oot7ittlsjhxbm7ouimlpurzza

Understanding temporal and spatial variations of viral disease in the US: The need for a one-health-based data collection and analysis approach

Evan O'Brien, Irene Xagoraraki
2019 One Health  
A holistic approach, incorporating publicly available clinical data for human, livestock, and wildlife disease occurrence, together with environmental data reported in federal and state databases such  ...  An example analysis approach is presented for Michigan, United States, which is a state with large urban centers as well as a sizeable rural and agricultural population.  ...  The authors declare that they have no competing interest or any conflict of interest in this work.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.onehlt.2019.100105 pmid:31709295 pmcid:PMC6831848 fatcat:oyigvqhjtnacraxwbjbesoelj4

Information visualization

Nahum Gershon, Stephen G. Eick, Stuart Card
1998 Interactions  
An alternative and more demanding approach is to study the problem first and then look for appropriate solutions, for example, using information visualization, if appropriate.  ...  The development of scientific and engineering principles for the generation of visualizations (to users with diverse needs and capabilities) and a methodology for solving problems with information visualization  ... 
doi:10.1145/274430.274432 fatcat:7tmnfvtwfzf3ddtg7wx3z2hr3y

Information Visualization

N. Gershon, S.G. Eick
1997 IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications  
We badly need to develop scientific and engineering principles for generating visualizations (given users with diverse needs and capabilities) and a methodology for solving problems with information visualization  ...  Information Visualization Some state-of-the-art developments Over the years the visualization community has developed a diverse array of visualization techniques suitable for specific data and information  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcg.1997.595265 fatcat:wc3frrj4xjeq7nze27rgaoxrfq

Information Visualization [chapter]

Daniel A. Keim
2005 Exploring Geovisualization  
Information visualization and visual data mining can help to deal with the flood of information.  ...  There are a large number of information visualization techniques that have been developed over the last two decades to support the exploration of large data sets.  ...  For analyzing the patterns, the user needs to drill-down and access details of the data. Visualization technology may be used for all three steps of the data exploration process.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-008044531-1/50420-6 fatcat:fdrhnaaturhi7hmz2tueqsq7lm

Business Information Visualization

David P. Tegarden
1999 Communications of the Association for Information Systems  
With the flood of data produced by today's information systems, something must be done to allow business decision-makers to extract the information the data contains.  ...  The recent advances in visualization technologies provide the capability to begin to use human visual/spatial abilities to solve the abstract problems found in business.  ...  It was received on September 2, 1998 and was with the author for approximately one month. The paper was originally given as a Tutorial at AIS Americas '98, Baltimore, MD, in August 1998.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1cais.00104 fatcat:swfy4huur5btnhxxe27czxiurm

Web-based information visualization

R.M. Rohrer, E. Swing
1997 IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications  
Visualization applications targeted for the Web need to account for this.  ...  A Web undercarriage affects how you approach visualization. The Web provides a loose coupling between data, users, and applications.  ...  Special thanks to Nahum Gershon for stimulating discussion and presentation suggestions. Information Visualization 58 July/August 1997  ... 
doi:10.1109/38.595269 fatcat:d2mm6lx5zfeh7bm2ntzbhn2r3e

Visual information extraction

Yonatan Aumann, Ronen Feldman, Yair Liberzon, Benjamin Rosenfeld, Jonathan Schler
2006 Knowledge and Information Systems  
In this paper, we show how to make use of this visual information for information extraction.  ...  Most information extraction systems ignore most of this visual information, processing the text as a linear sequence of words. Thus, much valuable information is lost.  ...  In such a system, the visual approach presented here would be one of the components in a combined, integrated approach. The development of such a system is left for future research.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10115-006-0014-x fatcat:fk3xzs3lt5ezpaklq4hydtit7q

Visualizing Qualitative Information

Debra Sloane
2014 The Qualitative Report  
The abundance of qualitative data in today's society and the need to easily scrutinize, digest, and share this information calls for effective visualization and analysis tools.  ...  Amid a discussion of the need for more powerful qualitative analysis and visualization tools, this article presents a device that takes us toward better representations of qualitative results.  ...  This demonstrates the need for tools that help users visually analyze findings, share results and connect data directly to findings.  ... 
doi:10.46743/2160-3715/2009.1407 fatcat:2m5pcznmsrbbln2fyusnco6iny

Visualizing Uncertain Information

Alan M. MacEachren
1992 Cartographic Perspectives  
As a basis from which to develop methods for visualizing uncertain information, this paper addresses the difference between data quality and uncertainty, the application of Bertin's graphic variables to  ...  In these early stages of scientific analysis or policy formulation, providing a way for analysts to assess uncertainty in the data they are exploring is critical to the perspectives they form and the approaches  ...  This idea was offered by Michael Goodchild during the NCGIA Visualization of Data Quality Specialist Meeting.  ... 
doi:10.14714/cp13.1000 fatcat:w5r3mwbetvflxgipe4hcm3ah2a

Interpreting Information Visualization [chapter]

Karolina Uggla
2021 Digital Human Sciences: New Objects – New Approaches  
Information visualization has become a prevailing part of our visual culture, a research field, and a line of work for designers.  ...  First, there is a need to refer to some different definitions and general concepts, such as the naming of phases in the visualization process, the naming of different visualization types, and their components  ...  For instance, Andy Kirk's Data Visualisation (2019), a handbook aimed at designers, uses a pragmatic approach to the concept of data.  ... 
doi:10.16993/bbk.e fatcat:j4wjfhbvqzf4llolaxiyh7azji

Exploring information visualization

Margit Pohl, Sylvia Wiltner, Silvia Miksch
2010 Proceedings of the 3rd BELIV'10 Workshop on BEyond time and errors: novel evaLuation methods for Information Visualization - BELIV '10  
Interactive Information Visualization methods engage users in exploratory behavior. Detailed information about such processes can help developers to improve the design of such methods.  ...  Subjects in our study engaged in some activities (e.g. adding data, changing form of visualization) significantly more than in others.  ...  The visualization is based on a spring metaphor and leads to the formation of clusters of persons who gave similar answers. Morse and Lewis [22] describe a similar approach.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2110192.2110195 dblp:conf/beliv/PohlWM10 fatcat:hssfraajvrapljlbym25swgqte

Information visualization and visual data mining

D.A. Keim
2002 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
In this paper, we propose a classification of information visualization and visual data mining techniques which is based on the data type to be visualized, the visualization technique and the interaction  ...  Information visualization and visual data mining can help to deal with the flood of information.  ...  For analyzing the patterns, the user needs to drill-down and access details of the data.  ... 
doi:10.1109/2945.981847 fatcat:aou6bbjg7fdthfpy5hsd4kw3mu

How Information Visualization Novices Construct Visualizations

L Grammel, M Tory, M Storey
2010 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
It remains challenging for information visualization novices to rapidly construct visualizations during exploratory data analysis.  ...  We conducted an exploratory laboratory study in which information visualization novices explored fictitious sales data by communicating visualization specifications to a human mediator, who rapidly constructed  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors wish to thank the members of the CHISEL and VisID groups at the University of Victoria, Sigrid Dösseler and the reviewers for their valuable feedback and editing suggestions  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvcg.2010.164 pmid:20975131 fatcat:xviy5evam5d4tm4vcnyonrwtxy

Visual information seeking

Christopher Ahlberg, Ben Shneiderman
1994 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems celebrating interdependence - CHI '94  
This paper offers new principles for visual information seeking (VIS).  ...  A key concept is to support browsing, which is distinguished from familiar query composition and information retrieval because of its emphasis on rapid filtering to reduce result sets, progressive refinement  ...  The key to these principles is understanding the enormous capacity for human visual information processing.  ... 
doi:10.1145/191666.191775 dblp:conf/chi/AhlbergS94c fatcat:j3jljd3zkjhklk6kb4opk4cura
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